Preliminary Results

RNS Number : 6892H
eEnergy Group PLC
25 November 2022
 

25 November 2022

eEnergy Group plc

("eEnergy" or "the Group")

 

Preliminary Results

 

eEnergy (AIM: EAAS), the Net Zero energy services provider, is pleased to announce its preliminary results for the year ended 30 June 2022 ("FY22").

 

Financial highlights

·

Revenue up 63% to £22.1 million (2021: £13.6 million)

Energy Management revenues of £11.6 million (2021: £2.2 million)

Energy Services revenues of £10.5 million (2021: £11.4 million)

·

Adjusted EBITDA (1)   up 264% to £3.0 million (2021: £0.8 million)

·

Profit before tax and exceptional items (2)   of £1.6 million (2021: profit of £0.1 million)

·

Contracted future revenues increased 384% to £25.3 million (2021: £5.2 million)

·

Energy Management revenues 20% higher than pre-acquisition revenues of Utility Team and Beond combined

·

  A year of significant investment in launching the integrated eEnergy proposition

·

Today, separately announced a £2.5 million capital raise through a new sub-ordinated debt facility from Hawk Investment Holdings, an existing shareholder of eEnergy, FFIH, a new strategic investor, and all Directors of the company in order to strengthen the Group's balance sheet to address a tightened liquidity position and to support growth of the business and continued investment in eEnergy's market leading platform

 

Operational achievements

·

Margins maintained or improved across Energy Management and Energy Services divisions

·

The launch of a single, clear and integrated proposition, under the eEnergy brand

·

Established robust cross-sell proposition and process

·

Acquisition of UtilityTeam completed in September 2021 and integrated into a single Energy Management business during the year

·

Increased ownership stake in measurement platform MY ZeERO from 51% to 85.5%

·

Delivered commercial launch of MY ZeERO with 898 smart meters ordered for a total contract value of £1.1 million with 559 installed as at 30 June 2022

·

Launched new services eCharge and eSolar, both of which have delivered strong organic growth

·

Strengthening of the leadership team of both Energy Management and Energy Services

·

Extension of the project funding facility with SUSI Partners

 

 

 

FY2023 Trading and Outlook

·

The Board believes the business has seen an inflection point in revenue and earnings as a result of the energy crisis which has driven strengthening customer appetite through enhanced financial returns from tackling energy waste and migrating to Net Zero

·

This has contributed to a strong start to the year with Q1 £7.6 million revenue, up 90% on prior year

·

Q1 Energy Services sales of £4.1 million TCV, up 120% on same period last year, record month in October with sales of £3 million in the month. This equates to average TCV sales per quarter since January of £4.6 million

·

TCV of £15.6 million signed since 1 January 2022 up 77% on same period last year, including £5.3m TCV with existing customers

·

Contracted future revenues ('Forward Order Book') in Energy Management at 30 September 2022 of £25.4 million, up 39% since 31 December 2021 and 18% since 30 June 2022

·

Contracted future revenues in Energy Services of £3.1 million at 30 September 2022, implying c.69% coverage of Q2 revenue budget. "Forward Order Book" increased in Q2 to imply 100% coverage for Q2 revenue target

·

Total value of proposal pipeline (excluding Solar) for installation this financial year up 16% year-on-year (as at 30 September 2022), with 42% of the pipeline from repeat customers and 51% in Education.

·

8.9 MW of solar projects under Heads of Terms as at end September 2022, forecast to convert to c. £1.5 million margin contribution during H2

·

Awarded a framework agreement with a multi-academy trust for LED lighting projects over 48 academies for an estimated £2.5 million in revenues, subject to survey and contracts, expected in the coming months (to be funded using trade creditor facilities)

·

Average contract duration in Energy Management of 28 months at 30 June 2022, up 27% from prior year

·

Strong contracted forward order book and year-to-date trading gives visibility on delivering H1 budgeted revenue

·

However, the Company has experienced a tightened liquidity position subsequent to the year-end. As at 31 October 2022, prior to drawdown on the new subordinated debt facility, the Company had a cash balance of £114k

·

In addition to the new £2.5 million subordinated debt facility, the Board has taken a number of working capital and trading initiatives in order to mitigate this and improve cash generation going forward

·

The Group continues to expect material year-on-year Revenue and EBITDA growth for FY23, benefiting from strong organic growth

 

Commenting on the results, Harvey Sinclair, CEO, said : "This financial year has been pivotal for eEnergy as we have invested in launching our unified proposition under a single integrated brand. We have continued to grow organically and through acquisition, and the volatility seen across the energy sector has only made our offering more attractive. These huge tailwinds continue to present the Company with significant opportunities and our forward order book has never been stronger.

"We have continued to launch innovative products and services allowing our customers to accelerate their Net Zero strategies with no upfront capital investment. Following record revenues in Q4, we entered the new financial year with a strong new business pipeline and a contracted forward order book of £25 million. Post year-end we have raised additional capital through a new subordinated debt facility in order to strengthen the Group's tightened liquidity position. The Board is encouraged by the macroeconomic outlook and is confident in the long term prospects of the business as the UK continues on its journey to be Net Zero by 2050."

Note: (1) Adjusted EBITDA is EBITDA excluding Exceptional Items. Exceptional Items are those items which, in the opinion of the Directors, should be excluded in order to provide a consistent and comparable view of the underlying performance of the Group's ongoing business, including the costs incurred in delivering the 'Buy & Build' strategy associated with acquisitions and strategic investments, costs of restructuring and transforming acquired businesses and share-based payments.

Note: (2) Profit before tax and Exceptional Items includes within Exceptional Items brand impairment charges shown below EBITDA.

 

Contacts:

 

eEnergy Group plc

Tel: +44 20 7078 9564

Harvey Sinclair, Chief Executive Officer

Crispin Goldsmith, Chief Financial Officer

 

info@eenergyplc.com www.eenergyplc.com

Singer Capital Markets  (Nominated Adviser and Joint Broker)

Tel: +44 20 7496 3000

Justin McKeegan, Asha Chotai, James Maxwell (Corporate Finance)

Tom Salvesen (Corporate Broking)



Canaccord Genuity Limited  (Joint Broker)

Tel: +44 20 7523 8000

Max Hartley, Tom Diehl (Corporate Broking)

Kit Stephenson (Sales)



Tavistock (Financial PR & IR)

Tel: +44 207 920 3150

Jos Simson, Heather Armstrong, Katie Hopkins

 

eEnergy@tavistock.co.uk

 About eEnergy Group plc

eEnergy (AIM: EAAS) is a Net Zero energy services provider, empowering organisations to achieve Net Zero by tackling energy waste and transitioning to clean energy, without the need for upfront investment. It is making Net Zero possible and profitable for all organisations in four ways: 

·

Transition to the lowest cost clean energy through our digital procurement platform and Energy Management services.

·

Tackle energy waste with granular data and insight on energy use and dynamic Energy Management. 

·

Reduce energy use with the right energy efficiency solutions without upfront cost. 

·

Reach Net Zero with onsite renewable generation and electric vehicle (EV) charging. 

eEnergy is a Top 5 B2B energy company and has been awarded The Green Economy Mark by London Stock Exchange. 

 



 

Chairman's statement

 

Introduction

I am pleased to report on what has been a pivotal year for eEnergy, as we established an integrated proposition under the eEnergy brand, enabling us to fulfil our vision to make Net Zero both possible and profitable for organisations.

With the foundations of our business model set last year, we have focused on integrating UtilityTeam and the other business units into a single, clear customer proposition; positioning eEnergy as a unique, end to end energy services business.

Our vision is clear, to enable every business to access the lowest cost clean energy, identify and tackle energy waste, reduce energy consumption and transition to an EV charging model through zero capital solutions.

While COVID-19 presented challenges for the business, including prolonged lockdowns in Ireland, eEnergy has weathered the storm from the pandemic and emerged stronger and well positioned to execute its growth strategy.

Energy Markets

Across Europe, wholesale energy prices have hit record highs, principally caused by Russia's invasion of Ukraine and the resulting effects to gas supply. Many countries across the continent have moved away from Russian gas sources both as a response to the war and in a move to diversify sources of supply. These macroeconomic changes have triggered an inflection point for all organisations across the world as they now attempt to mitigate energy costs and accelerate a move to, not just Net Zero but, energy independence away from the grid.

These massive tailwinds are now well established, and they provide a significant opportunity for eEnergy to accelerate its growth and to capture a share of this huge market opportunity which we predict will see explosive growth over the coming decade.

Strategy

Following a transformational year, eEnergy has continued to evolve its strategy and business model with the launch of its Solar and EV charging propositions and has now established a true end to end solution for organisations looking to transition to Net Zero.

The Company has invested considerable resource into its market leading platform in order to truly differentiate both its products but equally its operating model, which has enabled efficiencies and perfectly positions eEnergy for scalable growth.

eEnergy is establishing itself as a platform business within the Energy Management sector with many unique and innovative digital products that enable its customers to transition to Net Zero faster without the need for capital investment. Coupled with our Energy-as-a-Service model, it has never been easier for an organisation to transition to Net Zero.

We see great parallels with the way the Software-as-a-Service model revolutionised the IT and telecoms sector for businesses of all sizes. This revolution was not achieved overnight but today it is the new normal.

Our Energy-as-a-Service model is a significant enabler for customers adopting energy reduction solutions which we see as a major factor in driving future growth to the business, and as we continue to evolve our funding models for projects, we believe there is an exciting opportunity to start building forward recurring revenue streams, in particular within the metering and EV charging spaces.

While the adoption of this "As-a-Service" model in the UK's energy transition sector lags behind our international counterparts, in the United States, who have seen explosive growth in the last few years, we are now starting to see increased levels of education and awareness, in both the public and private sectors which together with the energy crisis, we believe will now accelerate adoption on a large scale.

Following the integration of its various services into a combined proposition under a single eEnergy brand, the business has embarked on a strategy of cross selling its energy reduction services to its more than 2,000 retained Energy Management customers. Although this takes time, we have been very encouraged by the levels of engagement and we are now securing much larger contracts to both existing and new clients, with Energy Services average project value up 44% and Energy Management average contract duration up 27%.

In May, eEnergy increased its ownership in the Group's MY ZeERO intelligent smart metering and analytics platform from 51% to 85.5%. We made our initial investment in MY ZeERO after we identified the opportunity to integrate proprietary energy analytics hardware and software into our Energy services division. The rollout of the smart meters has been hugely successful and further underpins eEnergy's differentiated and valuable proposition in the market.

Post year end, we have announced an additional £2.5 million investment in the business through a new subordinated debt facility in order to give the business additional cash resources to continue to navigate the working capital cycle of our growing business. Following this new investment in the company, the Board believes we are well positioned to benefit from the robust structural and regulatory drivers in the market. The Board are supporting this investment through a c. £0.5m participation in the debt facility.

People

The eEnergy team has seen significant growth in the last two years following the acquisitions of RSL, Beond, UtilityTeam and Measure My Energy growing from 33 to 128 people in less than 24 months with all teams now fully integrated into the wider eEnergy business. We are very pleased to have retained all the key talent across the divisions, as well as hiring top tier talent across the industry.

Furthermore, we have strengthened our senior leadership team within the year, with the addition of Delvin Lane, ex CEO of UtilityTeam, who is now MD of the Energy Management business, Simon Smith as MD of Energy Services. Louisa Gregory joined in September this year and stepped into the role of Chief People Officer and is a pivotal hire to the C suite as we develop our people strategy.

On the finance side, Crispin Goldsmith has been appointed as CFO of the Group and to the Board, previously holding the role of Chief Strategy & Commercial Officer. Crispin brings valuable experience and knowledge to eEnergy which has already benefited the continued growth of the business.

Outlook

eEnergy is very well positioned to benefit from exposure to significant regulatory and structural growth drivers in addition to tailwinds created by the energy crisis.

Energy security, consumption and management have become absolutely critical areas of focus for all organisations over the last 12 months, with the current environment providing increased levels of opportunity and awareness in the market for eEnergy's products and services to both new and existing customers.

The final quarter of the financial year was a record period for the business with revenues of £8.3 million and Adjusted EBITDA of £2.0 million. This momentum has continued into the new financial year providing a strong pipeline and the Board remains encouraged by the Group's progress to date and prospects for the future as eEnergy's proposition becomes ever more relevant.

I'd like to take this opportunity to thank the team for their hard work, our customers for their loyalty and our shareholders and debt provicers for their continued support.

David Nicholl

Non-Executive Chairman

25 November 2022

 



 

Chief Executive Officer's report

 

Introduction

Our mission to make Net Zero both possible and profitable for all organisations, has come of age this year. We are seeing sustained high energy prices which are expected to be prolonged as a result of the energy crisis across the UK and Europe, caused by a multitude of factors, none larger than the reduction of gas supply from Russia.

Alongside these high and increasing energy prices, the drive to tackle climate change has never been more prevalent; together these two market forces have provided a genuine inflection point for eEnergy and the Group is experiencing a huge increase in demand for our integrated Net Zero offering, with record growth in our new business pipeline as we enter the new financial year.

Following a busy FY21 where we successfully executed on our stated M&A strategy and cemented the foundations of our evolved business model, the focus for FY22 was to:

1. 

Fully integrate our acquisitions through a single operating model;

2. 

Invest in both our digital platform and our technology solutions; and

3. 

Integrate our end to end proposition under the single eEnergy brand.

Significant investment was made in the year in order to deliver these objectives. The integration of the various businesses has been a huge success and the single, clear and integrated proposition, under the eEnergy brand has been well received by customers, who are looking for an end to end solution to tackle energy costs and achieve Net Zero. This combined with the market drivers of high energy costs and an obligation to Net Zero resulted in a record Q4, which followed record contract signings achieved in Q3.

We successfully launched two new services:

1. 

A renewables proposition in eSolar, providing funded roof top solar solutions to our customers; and

2. 

An EV charging division with eCharge, both of which have surpassed expectations, since their launch in March 2022.

Additionally, we strengthened the management team welcoming Delvin Lane and Simon Smith as Managing Directors for each of the Energy Management and Energy Service businesses respectively.

Having secured additional debt funding subsequent to the year-end, eEnergy is ideally positioned to take advantage of these powerful market tailwinds as businesses and organisations seek to tackle high energy costs and the urgent need to cut carbon, in order to achieve stated Net Zero objectives. We believe we can deliver strong adoption in a challenging economic backdrop through our capital free energy conservation measures.

Results

For the year ended 30 June 2022 we posted results in line with revised market expectations as we continued to invest in our innovative suite of products and services. We have started to capitalise upon the increased cross-selling opportunities which exist across our existing in-contract client base, executing our strategy of delivering a holistic Net Zero market leading solution.

The year resulted in revenues of £22.1 million (2021: £13.6 million), split between Energy Management and Energy Services divisions 53% and 47% respectively. I am particularly pleased to report that this led to a 264% increase in Adjusted EBITDA of £3.0 million (2021: £0.8 million).

The performance of Energy Services during H1, impacted by the tail-end of Covid-related restrictions, was disappointing and weighed on the full-year performance. However, strong and consistent contract sales have been delivered since the start of H2, which drove record revenues for Q4 and a strong pipeline and continuing momentum into FY23.

Net Debt increased during the year as a result of increased levels of investment in software and one-off integration costs, together with an increased working capital requirement as we transitioned to new payment cycles with key partners. Net Debt (including lease liabilities) at the year end was £4.5 million (2021: net cash of £0.8 million) and our cash position (excluding restricted cash balances) was £1.4 million (2021: £3.3 million).

In February, we were pleased to announce the new revolving credit facility with Silicon Valley Bank, providing a revolving credit facility of £5.0 million over three years, with potential for additional capital facilities as eEnergy delivers on its growth plan in the future.

In April, we announced that we had entered into a new €10.0 million committed project funding facility to extend both the scope and scale of our financing arrangements with SUSI Partners AG ("SUSI"), extending the current relationship in Ireland to include the rest of the UK.

These partnerships, with a renowned growth investor and premier fund manager, validate the strength of eEnergy's proposition.

After eEnergy's first investment in MY ZeERO in April 2021, we were pleased to announce in May 2022 that we increased our ownership from 51% to 85.5%. The integration of this proprietary energy analytics hardware and software into our Energy Services division and rollout of the smart meters gives eEnergy a differentiated and valuable proposition in the market.

Offering

Our purpose is to make Net Zero both possible and profitable for businesses and organisations, without the need for capital investment.

We do this by enabling our customers to access the lowest cost, clean energy available, tackling energy wastage, reducing consumption and transitioning to lower cost, onsite energy generation and EV charging solutions.

We are a technology enabled, innovative platform business which differentiates us in the market and enables scalable long term growth.

We own and operate a proprietary marketplace procurement platform which provides "whole of market" pricing through an innovative reverse auction service.

We also own My ZeERO, which provides us with proprietary, intelligent smart metering technology and a cloud based analytics platform which allows circuit level energy monitoring and data insights which is central to tackling energy wastage and delivering validation of energy savings.

In parallel, our Energy Services division offers capital free energy reduction solutions, onsite renewable generation and EV charging solutions. We call this "energy as-a-service" which unlocks energy savings from which a service charge is payable, releasing net cash flow from day one to our clients.

In summary, we provide customers with an end to end solution to achieving Net Zero, reducing energy costs without the need for capital investment, in a capital constrained economic environment.

Strategy

After a transformative FY22, we now have a single clear proposition under the eEnergy brand, and a fully integrated operating model poised and ready for growth.

We have acquired a loyal and contracted customer base of over 2,000 clients which have a strong demand for energy and cost reduction and accessing lower cost energy through on site generation, which we expect to now leverage fully.

Our EV charging solution is well poised for rapid scale in what we expect to be a huge growth market opportunity for both new and existing customers.

Post year-end we announced a £2.5 million investment in the business through a new subordinated debt facility with the goal to give the business additional capacity and working capital headroom to benefit from the significant opportunities available as a result of the powerful market tailwinds and macroeconomic environment and continue to invest in growth.

Following this new debt funding, the Board expects to fund current forecast organic growth through operating cash generation. There may also be the potential to expand debt facilities from existing providers if appropriate.

 

Outlook

We are very pleased to see new business opportunities across both our Energy Management and Energy Services divisions grow during Q4 and we enter FY23 benefitting from a robust forward contracted order book, standing at £25.3 million at year end, and a strong sales pipeline. This positive start to FY23 underpins current market expectations for the year.

Looking ahead, the Board remains confident that eEnergy is well placed to utilise the opportunities available resulting from the macroeconomic trends and that we will continue to deliver on our strategic objectives.

Harvey Sinclair

Chief Executive Officer

25 November 2022

 

 



 

Chief Financial Officer's report

 

Group key performance indicators

·

Full year revenue of £22.1 million, 63% growth on FY21 revenue of £13.6 million

·

Adjusted EBITDA (1) of £3.0 million (FY21 £0.8 million)

·

Profit before tax and exceptional items (2)   of £1.6million (FY21 £0.1 million)

·

Cash balance (excluding restricted cash balances) at 30 June 2022 of £1.4 million (30 June 2021 - £3.3 million)

·

Net Debt (including £0.8 million of IFRS 16 lease liabilities) at 30 June 2022 was £4.4 million (30 June 2021 - Net cash of £0.8 million, including £0.7 million of lease liabilities)

 

Note: (1) Adjusted EBITDA is EBITDA excluding Exceptional Items. Exceptional Items are those items which, in the opinion of the Directors, should be excluded in order to provide a consistent and comparable view of the underlying performance of the Group's ongoing business, including the costs incurred in delivering the 'Buy & Build' strategy associated with acquisitions and strategic investments, costs of restructuring and transforming acquired businesses and share-based payments.

Note: (2) Profit before tax and Exceptional Items includes within Exceptional Items brand impairment charges shown below EBITDA.

Summary performance

FY22 was a year of significant progress for the Group, delivering revenues of £22.1 million (up 63% from £13.6 million in FY21) and Adjusted EBITDA of £3.0 million (up 264% from £0.8 million in FY21) in the face of unprecedented volatility in the energy markets.

Since coming to market in January 2020, eEnergy has completed four acquisitions including UtilityTeam, the Group's largest acquisition to date, which was completed in H1 FY22. These acquisitions have been complemented by organically developed new product opportunities to assemble a compelling and integrated customer proposition - helping organisations achieve Net Zero without the need for capital investment. eEnergy is now uniquely placed to support its customer base in their transition to Net Zero. And, with a backdrop of record energy prices, saving the customer significant cost while doing so.

Following the acquisition of UtilityTeam, FY22 saw rigorous focus on integrating the Group's people, products and operations. The benefits of this strategy are reflected in recent financial performance, with record Q4 revenues of £8.3 million and Adjusted EBITDA of £2.0 million, supported by the conversion of multi-product opportunities with new customers, the adoption of multiple new services by existing accounts and the benefits of scale efficiencies.

FY22 also saw substantial progress on balance sheet management, with an additional committed project funding facility with SUSI Partners AG and a successful refinancing of the Group's corporate debt facilities with Silicon Valley Bank both completed during H2 FY22. Both facilities have allowed eEnergy to benefit from increased access to funding at lower cost than previously.

The new corporate debt facility has facilitated improved balance sheet gearing, enabling deferred consideration from the acquisition of UtilityTeam and further investments in MY ZeERO to be funded through debt rather than equity. Net Debt excluding lease liabilities of £3.6 million at 30 June equated to 1.2x Adjusted EBITDA.

The Group ended the year well placed to deliver continued strong organic growth in FY23 with a Forward Order Book of £25.3 million (up from £18.3 million at 31 December 2021 and £5.2 million at 30 June 2021) and a strong pipeline of new business opportunities across both Energy Management and Energy Services expected to close early in FY23.

Net Debt increased by £5.2 million during the period as a result of investments made in our proprietary technology platforms and MY ZeERO eMeters, one-off costs of acquiring and integrating UtilityTeam, and the one-off impact of lengthened cash collection cycles in both Energy Management and Energy Services. Whilst this has led to reduced cash inflows in the short term, this will largely be offset going forward by increased cash flows from an enhanced contracted Forward Order Book.

Post year-end we announced an additional £2.5 million in debt funding into the business through a new subordinated debt facility in order to give the business the working capital headroom to continue to invest in growth, and benefit from the robust market tailwinds. We have also instigated a number of working capital initiatives to mitigate the Company's increased working capital requirement going forward, including progressing an off-balance sheet funding solution for MY ZeERO and diversifying supply chains.

Divisional performance

Energy Services

FY22, whilst disappointing from a P&L perspective, was nevertheless a pivotal year for Energy Services. H1 was impacted by an interrupted origination pipeline as a result of the aftereffects of Covid-related lockdowns. However momentum built strongly through H2 as surging energy prices and a widespread acknowledgement, following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, that these higher energy prices represented a 'new normal'. These factors substantially enhanced the economic case for the Energy Service solutions offered by eEnergy.

Aided by these favourable macroeconomic tailwinds, and complemented by the launch of eSolar and eCharge products during the period, the business secured sales with Total Contract Value ("TCV") of £9.7 million in H2, 64% up on the same period last year (H2 FY21 £5.9 million). This drove a 10% increase in TCV secured for the full year to £14.0 million (up from £12.7 million in FY21).

Performance in the UK was particularly strong with TCV secured in H2 of £8.5 million, up 100% on the same period last year, and full year TCV secured up 35% at £12.1 million (representing 87% of the total for the division).

Revenue performance was more modest, reflecting the lag between signing contracts and recognising the revenue associated with them. Full year revenues were marginally down on the previous year at £10.5 million (FY21 £11.4 million) with Ireland, where lockdowns were harsher and lifted later than in the UK, accounting for 90% of the shortfall. However the strong sales performance was evident during H2 with revenues of £5.8 million up 14% on last year (H2 FY21 £5.1 million) and the business delivering record revenues in Q4.

The business ended the year with a contracted Forward Order Book of £3.8 million (June 2021: £0.1 million) giving strong coverage for Q1 FY23 revenues.

Gross Margin after commissions for the year of 34.2% was consistent with FY21.

Operating costs were allowed to increase by £0.1 million, in part reflecting investment in a new divisional leadership team which has been instrumental in driving the improved sales momentum during H2 2022.

Energy Management

Likewise, FY22 was a year of significant change in Energy Management. The acquisition of UtilityTeam, completed in September 2021, established the Group as a Top 5 B2B energy company in the UK.

UtilityTeam contributed strategic relationships with an attractive customer base and a strong pool of talent which complemented eEnergy's existing capabilities and resources in Beond. The combined businesses have been operating as a single, integrated customer offering from February 2022.

Subsequent to the year-end, a new financial reporting platform has been launched for the combined entity.

Through the integration both employee and customer retention has remained strong. During the year 85% of customers were retained on renewal equating to a churn rate of only 6% per annum.

Financial performance for the combined business exceeded the targets set at the time of the acquisition. Energy Management revenues of £11.6 million for the full year were 432% up on FY21, reflecting the annualisation effect of the Beond acquisition (completed December 2020), the acquisition of UtilityTeam (completed September 2021), as well as strong organic growth in the business.

This organic growth is reflected in 18% growth in the contracted order book from £18.3 million at 31 December 2021 (after the acquisition of UtilityTeam) to £21.6 million at 30 June 2022.

Gross Margin increased by 770bps during the period to 80.7% reflecting improved management of the partnerships sales channel.

Operating costs were held flat as a percentage of revenues, reflecting investment of efficiency savings into growth and customer service delivery.

MY ZeERO, reported as part of the Energy Management division, successfully completed development of the next generation proprietary eMeter during the year with commercial launch during Q3 due to strong customer demand. By 30 June 2022, 898 meters with a TCV of £1.1 million were under contract with 559 of these installed.

Accelerated through acquisitions

FY22 saw both the acquisition of UtilityTeam, our largest acquisition completed to date, and an increase in ownership to take control of eEnergy Insights (the holding company for MY ZeERO) through exercise of our warrants in October 2021 and subsequent acquisition of minority investor stakes in May 2022 to take our ownership to 85.5% at the year-end.

The acquisition of UtilityTeam transformed eEnergy into a Top 5 B2B energy company and has given the opportunity to unlock £0.5 million operating efficiencies through leveraging the Energy Management platform built since the acquisition of Beond in December 2020. UtilityTeam further brought embedded, strategic relationships with an attractive customer base and a strong pool of talent into the eEnergy Group.

Integration completed

Subsequent to completing the acquisition of UtilityTeam, a significant investment was made in integrating the business into a single compelling platform with the key goals of:

·

Optimising customer-facing activities (sales and account management)

·

Sharing best practice capabilities

·

Unlocking platform synergies between the two legacy entities

Key milestones delivered during the period included:

·

Customer-facing teams merged from February with a single integrated sales platform

·

All clients migrated to eEnergy's proprietary reverse auction platform in March, with all auctions undertaken in the platform subsequently

·

Proprietary client portal launched to all auction customers in March

·

Annualised efficiency savings of £0.5 million realised, re-invested in growth and customer service delivery

To mark completion of the integration, the business adopted the 'eEnergy' brand from 1 July 2022 with the legacy brands of Beond and UtilityTeam both being retired from that point.

Through the integration, both customer and employee retention has remained strong and financial performance for the combined business has exceeded the targets set at the time of the acquisition.

Improved profitability

Growth in revenues has delivered significant scale benefits to the business. Adjusted EBITDA of £3.0 million represents a margin of 13.6% on revenue in FY22, up from 6.1% for FY21.

Profit before exceptional items, including impairment of acquired brand as part of the Energy Management integration, of £1.6 million was up 2,190% (FY21 £0.1 million).

These improvements were driven through scale efficiencies delivered in both the operating businesses and at Group level and an increased share of revenues from the higher margin Energy Management division (given annualisation of Beond performance and the mid-year acquisition of Beond).

Cash flow and working capital

Net Bank Debt (excluding lease liabilities) of £3.6 million at 30 June 2022 was £5.2 million higher than at 30 June 2021 following investment and inventory build in MY ZeERO, the development of our proprietary technology platforms and the one-off costs of acquiring and integrating UtilityTeam. Gross cash was £1.4 million as at 30 June 2022, a decrease from £3.3 million at 30 June 2021.

After exceptional costs, and adjusting for certain non-cash items, the business delivered a "cash loss", reflecting reported earnings, rent, finance costs and effects of non-cash items, of £0.5 million for the year.

Further organic growth investments totalled £1.4 million, including £0.6 million in platform development and £0.8 million in eMeter stock-build.

Moreover, both Energy Management and Energy Services divisions have experienced lengthened cash collection cycles resulting in lower cash generated in the period, but a higher contracted cash forward order book at period end to be collected in the future.

In Energy Management, availability of 'upfront' payments from energy suppliers has been more restricted. This resulted in lower cash receipts from completed contract signings in the year, with a correspondingly richer cash collection profile over the life of the contract. The net impact of this has been to push a net £3.4 million of cash collections from FY22 into future periods. This was partially mitigated by £1.2 million of net cash acquired with Utility Team.

In Energy Services, the move to a new committed financing facility announced in April 2022 came with a need to 'batch fund' once a month (rather than on an ad hoc basis once each deal completes), adding an estimated c. 2.5 weeks to the cash collection cycle. Additionally, success in winning larger, more valuable projects has increased average installation times. A particularly strong revenue month in June, with cash therefore collected after the year-end, had a net £1.6 million impact on cash collections in the period. In addition, c. £1.2 million of projects (including MY ZeERO) were held on the balance at the year-end, generating long-term recurring cash receipts beyond the period end. The overall impact was £3.0 million in working capital outflow.

This was mitigated by a £2.0 million net cash benefit from other working capital items in the period.

Cash at bank at 30 June 2022 of £1.4 million (excluding £0.4 million of restricted cash balances) was £1.9 million down on the year (30 June 2021 £3.3 million) as a result of these dynamics.

Funding

In February the Group completed a re-financing of the Group's corporate debt facilities, consolidating previous facilities with Beach Point Capital, Lloyds and Coutts into a single Revolving Credit Facility with Silicon Valley Bank. The initial committed facility is for £5.0 million and there is the potential to extend this, subject to credit approval, to support growth investments and bolt-on acquisitions in the future.

On completion of the re-financing the new facility delivered a 270bps reduction in interest costs compared to the blended cost of the previous facilities.

In April we entered into a new €10.0 million committed project funding facility with SUSI Partners AG. This facility extended both the scope and the scale of the Group's existing financing arrangements with SUSI, who were already the Group's funding partner in Ireland. Importantly, the facility allows funding of eEnergy's range of energy efficiency and onsite generation technologies, enabling eEnergy to continue to create innovative, market leading, capital free solutions for its customers.

The Board believes it is important to maintain a robust level of cash headroom in the business to allow the business to continue to deliver on its growth objectives. As such, the Company has taken a number of working capital initiatives, in addition to trading initiatives detailed above, in order to mitigate the tightened working capital position experienced following the period end. The Company has made good progress in securing off-balance sheet funding for MY ZeERO eMeters from an existing funding partner, and the Directors expect this, once implemented, to release additional cash for the Company from existing completed and contracted projects. The Company is also planning a measured rollout of eMeters with a strategy of this being self-funded through third party financing, rather than through the Group's balance sheet, going forward. Further, the Company continues successfully to diversify its supply chains across the business as part of the Company's inflation mitigation strategy, with additional benefits expected for working capital.

In order to strengthen the balance sheet further given the extended cash collections cycles, MY ZeERO investment, payment of liabilities and general working capital, subsequent to the year-end we announced a £2.5 million new subordinated debt facility in order to give the business the cash headroom to continue to invest in growth and benefit from the robust market tailwinds. As at 31 October 2022, prior to drawdown on the new subordinated debt facility, the Company had a cash balance of £114k.

Conclusion

FY22 has been a pivotal year for both the Group and the individual operating divisions. Successful completion of the integration of the two acquired Energy Management businesses, strong and accelerating customer engagement across multiple Group products and highly favourable market tailwinds mean the eEnergy Group ended the year with a strong platform to deliver continued rapid growth, both for the current year and into the future.

Crispin Goldsmith

Chief Financial Officer

25 November 2022

 



 

Consolidated statement of comprehensive income

For the year to 30 June 2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note

Year to

30 June  2022
£'000

Period to  30 June 2021

£'000

Continuing operations


 


Revenue from contracts with customers

5

22,096

13,596

Cost of sales

6

(9,131)

(8,059)

Gross profit


12,965

5,537

Operating expenses

7

(12,233)

(4,955)

Included within operating expenses are:




Exceptional items

7

2,289

248

Adjusted operating expenses


(9,944)

(4,707)

Adjusted earnings before interest, taxation, depreciation and amortisation


3,021

830

Earnings before interest, taxation, depreciation and amortisation


732

582

Depreciation, amortisation and impairment


(2,636)

(333)

Finance costs - net

10

(323)

(426)

Loss before tax


(2,227)

(177)

Income tax

11

736

205

(Loss) / profit for the year from continuing operations


(1,491)

28

Attributable to:




Members of the parent entity


(1,431)

28

Non-controlling interests


(60)

-

 


(1,491)

28

Other comprehensive income - items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit and loss




Change in the fair value of other current assets


-

34

Translation of foreign operations


(125)

102

Total other comprehensive (loss) / profit


(125)

136

Total comprehensive (loss) / profit for the year


(1,616)

164

Total comprehensive (loss) / profit for the year attributable to:




Members of the parent entity


(1,556)

164

Non-controlling interests


(60)

-

 


(1,616)

164





12

(0.72p)

0.01p



 

Consolidated statement of financial position

As at 30 June 2022

 

 

 

 

Note

As at

30 June  2022
£'000

As at  30 June  2021

Restated
£'000

NON-CURRENT ASSETS



 

Property, plant and equipment

13

458

80

Intangible assets

14

28,733

10,503

Right of use assets

21

777

610

Deferred tax asset

24

1,071

415

Investment in associate

15

-

155

Total non-current assets


31,039

11,763

Inventories

17

809

371

Trade and other receivables

18

16,022

5,513

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

26

21

140

Cash and cash equivalents

19

1,802

3,332

Total current assets


18,654

9,356

TOTAL ASSETS


49,693

21,119

NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES




Lease liability

21

399

434

Borrowings

22

5,011

1,245

Other liabilities

23

2,252

468

Deferred tax liability

24

1,318

415

Provision

25

860

-

Total non-current liabilities


9,840

2,562

CURRENT LIABILITIES




Trade and other payables

20

16,802

7,819

Lease liability

21

492

264

Borrowings

22

11

601

Total current liabilities


17,305

8,684

TOTAL LIABILITIES


27,145

11,246

NET ASSETS

 

22,548

9,873

Equity attributable to owners of the parent




Issued share capital

27

16,373

16,071

Share premium

27

47,360

33,014

Other reserves

28

261

601

Reverse acquisition reserve

28

(35,246)

(35,246)

Foreign currency translation reserve


(138)

(13)

Accumulated losses


(5,985)

(4,554)

Equity attributable to equity holders of the parent


22,625

9,873

Non-controlling interest


(77)

-

Total equity


22,548

9,873

 

 



 

Company statement of financial position

As at 30 June 2022

 

 

 

 

Note

As at

30 June  2022
£'000

As at  30 June  2021
£'000

NON-CURRENT ASSETS



 

Property, plant and equipment

13

28

-

Intangible assets

14

34

18

Right of use assets

20

279

-

Investment in associate

21

-

155

Investment in subsidiary

16

6,574

17,947

Total non-current assets


6,915

18,120

Loan to subsidiaries


24,380

579

Trade and other receivables

18

863

153

Cash and cash equivalents

19

91

1,187

Total current assets


25,334

1,919

TOTAL ASSETS


32,249

20,039

NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES




Deferred tax liability

24

-

-

Borrowings

22

-

-

Total non-current liabilities


-

-

CURRENT LIABILITIES




Trade and other payables

20

2,114

1,003

Lease liability

21

265

-

Loans from subsidiaries


-

1,452

Total current liabilities


2,379

2,455

TOTAL LIABILITIES


2,379

2,455





NET ASSETS

 

29,870

17,584





Equity attributable to owners of the parent




  Issued share capital

27

16,373

16,071

  Share premium

27

47,360

33,014

  Other reserves

28

1,087

567

  Accumulated losses


(34,950)

(32,068)

Total equity


29,870

17,584

 

 

 



 

Statements of cashflows

For the year ended 30 June 2022

 

 

 

Group

 

Company


Note

Year to  30 June 2022
£'000

Year to 30 June 2021
£'000

 

Year to  30 June 2022
£'000

Year to 30 June 2021
£'000

Cash flow from operating activities







Operating profit (loss) - continuing operations


(1,491)

28


(2,882)

(1,507)

Adjustments for:







Depreciation, amortisation and impairment


2,636

332


159

-

Finance cost (net)


264

376


(24)

(3)

Shares and warrants issue to settle expenses


-

486


-

485

Share based payments


520

301


520

301

Share of loss in associate


-

34


-

34

Foreign exchange movement


-

33


-

-

Gain on derecognition of contingent consideration


(1,032)

(1,444)


(1,032)

(1,444)

Operating cashflow before working capital movements


897

146


(3,259)

(2,134)

Increase in trade and other receivables


(9,857)

(2,406)


(706)

(127)

(Decrease) / increase in trade and other payables


165

2,761


(15)

504

(Increase) in inventories


(95)

(23)


-

-

Increase / (decrease) in deferred income


2,650

(264)


-

-

Net cash inflow (outflow) from operating activities


(6,240)

214


(3,980)

(1,757)

Cash flow from investing activities







Amounts received from (paid to) group undertakings


-

-


(8,448)

1,299

Acquisition of subsidiaries


(11,081)

(2,395)


-

(2,395)

Cash acquired on acquisition of subsidiaries


4,007

1,218


-

-

Cash from exercise of options in acquired business


-

521


-

-

Expenditure on intangible assets


(401)

(217)


(16)

(18)

Purchase of property, plant and equipment


(294)

(134)


(34)

-

Net cash inflow (outflow) from investing activities


(7,769)

(1,007)


(8,498)

(1,114)

Cash flows from financing activities







Interest (paid) received


(188)

(319)


-

-

Repayment of lease liabilities


(347)

(163)


-

-

Proceeds from the issue of share capital, net of issue costs


11,382

3,149


11,382

3,149

Proceeds from loans and borrowings


4,891

294


-

-

Repayment of borrowings


(3,287)

(314)


-

-

Net cash inflow from financing activities


12,451

2,647


11,382

3,149

Net (decrease) / increase in cash & cash equivalents


(1,558)

1,854


(1,096)

278

Effect of exchange rates on cash


28

-


-

-

Cash & cash equivalents at the start of the period


3,332

1,478


1,187

909

Cash & cash equivalents at the end of the year

18

1,802

3,332


91

1,187

 

The non cash consideration issued to acquire subsidiaries during the year was £3.0 million (2021: £9.0 million) and is disclosed for each acquisition in note 30.

Refer note 33 for net debt reconciliation.



 

Consolidated statement of changes in equity

For the year ended 30 June 2022

 



Share Capital

Share Premium

Reverse Acq-uisition Reserve

Other Reserves

Foreign Currency Reserve

Accum-ulated

Losses

Non-controlling interest

 

Total  Equity


 

£'000  

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

 

£'000

 











Balance at 30 June 2020


15,725

22,375

(35,246)

82

(115)

(4,582)

-

 

(1,761)

Other comprehensive loss


-

-

-

-

102

-

-


102

Change in fair value of other current assets


-

-

-

34

-

-

-


34

Profit for the year


-

-

-

-

-

28

-


28

Total comprehensive profit for the year attributable to equity holders of the parent


-

-

-

34

102

28

-


164

Issue of shares for cash


96

3,104

-

-

-

-

-


3,200

Issue of shares for acquisition of subsidiary


235

7,299

-

-

-

-

-


7,534

Issue of shares in settlement of fees


9

293

-

-

-

-

-


302

Share based payment


-

-

-

485

-

-

-


485

Exercise of warrants


6

159

-

-

-

-

-


165

Cost of share issue


-

(216)

-

-

-

-

-


(216)

Total transactions with owners


346

10,639

-

485

-

-

-


11,470

Balance at 30 June 2021


16,071

33,014

(35,246)

601

(13)

(4,554)

-

 

9,873

Other comprehensive loss


-

-

-

-

(125)

-

-


(125)

Loss for the year


-

-

-

-

-

(1,431)

(60)


(1,491)

Total comprehensive loss for the year attributable to equity holders of the parent


-

-

-

-

(125)

(1,431)

(60)


(1,616)

Issue of shares for cash


240

11,760

-

-

-

-

-


12,000

Issue of shares for acquisition of subsidiary


55

2,903

-

-

-

-

-


2,958

Issue of shares in exchange for loan notes


7

301

-

-

-

-

-


308

Acquisition of non-controlling interest


-

-

-

-

-

-

(17)


(17)

Acquisition of put option relating to non-controlling interests


-

-

-

(3,921)

-

-

-


(3,921)

Utilisation on acquisition of non-controlling interests


-

-

-

3,061

-

-

-


3,061

Share based payment


-

-

-

520

-

-

-


520

Cost of share issue


-

(618)

-

-

-

-

-


(618)

Total transactions with owners


302

14,346

-

(340)

-

-

(17)


14,291

Balance at 30 June 2022


16,373

47,360

(35,246)

261

(138)

(5,985)

(77)

 

22,548

 



 

Company statement of changes in equity

For the year ended 30 June 2022

 



Share Capital

Share Premium

Other Reserves

Accum-ulated Losses

 

Total  Equity


 

£'000  

£'000

£'000

£'000

 

£'000

 








Balance at 30 June 2020


15,725

22,375

82

(30,561)

 

7,621

Loss for the year


-

-

-

(1,507)


(1,507)

Total comprehensive loss for the year attributable to equity holders of the parent


-

-

-

(1,507)


(1,507)

Issue of shares for cash


96

3,104

-

-


3,200

Issue of shares for acquisition of subsidiary


235

7,299

-

-


7,534

Issue of shares in settlement of fees


9

293

-

-


302

Share based payment


-

-

485

-


485

Exercise of warrants


6

159

-

-


165

Cost of share issue


-

(216)

-

-


(216)

Total transaction with owners


346

10,639

485

-


11,470

Balance at 30 June 2021


16,071

33,014

567

(32,068)

 

17,584

Loss for the year


-

-

-

(2,882)


(2,882)

Total comprehensive loss for the year attributable to equity holders of the parent


-

-

-

(2,882)


(2,882)

Issue of shares for cash


240

11,760

-

-


12,000

Issue of shares for acquisition of subsidiary


55

2,903

-

-


2,958

Issue of shares in exchange for loan notes


7

301

-

-


308

Share based payment


-

-

520

-


520

Cost of share issue


-

(618)

-

-


(618)

Total transaction with owners


302

14,346

520

-

 

15,168

Balance at 30 June 2021


16,373

47,360

1,087

(34,950)

 

29,870

 

 



 

Notes to the financial information

For the year ended 30 June 2022

 

1  GENERAL INFORMATION

eEnergy Group plc ("the Company") is a public limited company with its shares traded on the AIM Market of the London Stock Exchange. eEnergy Group plc is a holding company of a group of companies (the "Group"). eEnergy is a digital energy services company, empowering organisations to achieve Net Zero by tackling energy waste and transitioning to clean energy, without the need for upfront investment. It is making Net Zero possible and profitable for all organisations in four ways: 

• Transition to the lowest cost clean energy through our digital procurement platform and Energy Management services. 

• Tackle energy waste with granular data and insight on energy use and dynamic Energy Management. 

• Reduce energy use with the right energy efficiency solutions without upfront cost. 

• Reach Net Zero with onsite renewable generation and electric vehicle (EV) charging. 

The Company is incorporated and domiciled in England and Wales with its registered office at 20 St Thomas Street, London, England, SE1 9RS. The Company's registered number is 05357433.

2  ACCOUNTING POLICIES

IAS 8 requires that management shall use its judgement in developing and applying accounting policies that result in information which is relevant to the economic decision-making needs of users, that are reliable, free from bias, prudent, complete and represent faithfully the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of the entity.

2.1  Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with UK adopted international accounting standards ("UK IFRS") and with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006.

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention as modified by financial assets and liabilities at fair value through profit or loss and other comprehensive income, and the recognition of net assets acquired under the reverse acquisition at fair value.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with UK IFRS requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of policies and reported amounts in the financial statements. The areas involving a higher degree of judgement or complexity, or areas where assumptions or estimates are significant to the financial statements, are disclosed in note 2.23.

The financial statements present the results for the Group and Company for the year ended 30 June 2022. The comparative period is for the year ended 30 June 2021.

The principal accounting policies are set out below and have, unless otherwise stated, been applied consistently in the financial statements. The consolidated financial statements are prepared in Pounds Sterling, which is the Group's functional and presentation currency, and presented to the nearest £'000.

2.2  New standards, amendments and interpretations

The Group and Company have adopted all of the new and amended standards and interpretations issued by the International Accounting Standards Board that are relevant to its operations and effective for accounting periods commencing on or after 1 July 2021.

No standards or Interpretations that came into effect for the first time for the financial year beginning 1 July 2021 have had an impact on the Group or Company.

2.3  New standards and interpretations not yet adopted

At the date of approval of these financial statements, the following standards and interpretations which have not been applied in these financial statements were in issue but not yet effective (and in some cases have not yet been adopted by the UK):

Standard

Impact on initial application

Effective date

Annual Improvements

2018-2020 Cycle

1 January 2023

IFRS 17

Insurance Contracts

1 January 2023

IAS 1

Classification of liabilities as Current or Non-current

1 January 2023

IAS 8

Accounting estimates

1 January 2023

IAS 12

Deferred tax arising from a single transaction

1 January 2023

 

The effect of these new and amended Standards and Interpretations which are in issue but not yet mandatorily effective is not expected to be material.

2.4  Going concern

The financial information has been prepared on a going concern basis, which assumes that the Group and Company will continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. In assessing whether the going concern assumption is appropriate, the Directors have taken into account all relevant information about the current and future position of the Group and Company, including the current level of resources and the ability to trade within the terms and covenants of its loan facility over the going concern period, being at least 12 months from the date of approval of the financial statements. The Directors have also taken into account the expected ability of the Group to raise additional equity or debt capital if required.

The directors note that the macroeconomic and geo-political environment have become less stable during the period. Increasing energy prices reinforce the importance of reducing consumption, and the directors therefore believe the business is well placed to continue to deliver strong growth despite this backdrop. However the directors note the environment does create heightened risk and uncertainties, including from inflationary pressures.

The Group has prepared budgets and cash flow forecasts covering the going concern period which have been stress tested for the negative impact of possible scenarios. The Group has identified additional working capital funding requirements and has secured a new £2.5 million subordinated loan facility to improve working capital headroom. £2.0m of this is unconditional with the balance subject to shareholders approving additional capacity to issue warrants attaching to the subordinated loan facility.

Taking these matters into consideration, the Directors consider that the continued adoption of the going concern basis is appropriate having prepared cash flow forecasts for the relevant period. The financial statements do not reflect any adjustments that would be required if they were to be prepared other than on a going concern basis.

2.5  Basis of consolidation

Subsidiaries are all entities (including structured entities) over which the Group has control. The Group controls an entity when the Group is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity. Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Group. They are deconsolidated from the date that control ceases.

The Group applies the acquisition method to account for business combinations. The consideration transferred for the acquisition of a subsidiary is the fair values of the assets transferred, the liabilities incurred to the former owners of the acquiree and the equity interests issued by the group. The consideration transferred includes the fair value of any asset or liability resulting from a contingent consideration arrangement. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair values at the acquisition date. The group recognises any non-controlling interest in the acquire on an acquisition-by-acquisition basis, either at fair value or at the non-controlling interest's proportionate share of the recognised amounts of acquiree's identifiable net assets.

Any contingent consideration to be transferred by the Group is recognised at fair value at the acquisition date. Subsequent changes to the fair value of the contingent consideration that is deemed to be an asset or liability is recognised either in profit or loss or as a change to other comprehensive income. Contingent consideration that is classified as equity is not re-measured, and its subsequent settlement is accounted for within equity.

Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred. Inter-company transactions, balances and unrealised gains on transactions between group companies are eliminated. Unrealised losses are also eliminated.

2.6  Associates

An associate is an undertaking in which the Group holds an equity investment and where the Group exercises significant influence over the operational and financial management of the undertaking, but not control. Associates are included in the financial statements and accounted for using the equity method. Under the equity method, the investment is initially recognised at cost, and the carrying amount is increased or decreased to recognise the investor's share of the profit or loss of the investee after the date of acquisition. The Group's investment in associates includes goodwill identified on acquisition.

2.7  Foreign currency translation

(i) Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the individual financial statements of each of the Group's entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates ('the functional currency'). The consolidated financial statements are presented in £ Sterling, which is the Company's presentation and functional currency. The individual financial statements of each of the Company's wholly owned subsidiaries are prepared in the currency of the primary economic environment in which it operates (its functional currency). IAS 21 The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates requires that assets and liabilities be translated using the exchange rate at period end, and income, expenses and cash flow items are translated using the rate that approximates the exchange rates at the dates of the transactions (i.e. the average rate for the period).

(ii) Transactions and balances

Transactions denominated in a foreign currency are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Assets and liabilities in foreign currencies are translated to the functional currency at rates of exchange ruling at the balance sheet date. Gains or losses arising from settlement of transactions and from translation at period-end exchange rates of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in the income statement for the period.

(iii) Group companies

The results and financial position of all the Group entities that have a functional currency different from the presentation currency are translated into the presentation currency as follows:

-  assets and liabilities for each balance sheet presented are translated at the closing rate at the date of the balance sheet;

-  income and expenses for each income statement are translated at the average exchange rate; and

-  all resulting exchange differences are recognised as a separate component of equity.

On consolidation, exchange differences arising from the translation of the net investment in foreign operations are taken to shareholders' equity. When a foreign operation is partially disposed or sold, exchange differences that were recorded in equity are recognised in the income statement as part of the gain or loss on sale.

2.8  Segment reporting

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision makers. The chief operating decision maker, who are responsible for allocating resources and assessing performance of the operating segments, has been identified as the executive Board of Directors.

2.9  Impairment of non-financial assets

Non-financial assets and intangible assets not subject to amortisation are tested annually for impairment at each reporting date and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable.

An impairment review is based on discounted future cash flows. If the expected discounted future cash flow from the use of the assets and their eventual disposal is less than the carrying amount of the assets, an impairment loss is recognised in profit or loss and not subsequently reversed.

For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are largely independent cash flows (cash generating units or 'CGUs').

2.10  Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash at bank and in hand, and demand deposits with banks and other financial institutions and bank overdrafts.

2.11  Financial instruments

IFRS 9 requires an entity to address the classification, measurement and recognition of financial assets and liabilities.

a) Classification

The Group classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories:

• those to be measured at amortised cost; and

• those to be measured subsequently at fair value through profit or loss.

The classification depends on the Group's business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flows.

The Group classifies financial assets as at amortised cost only if both of the following criteria are met:

• the asset is held within a business model whose objective is to collect contractual cash flows; and

• the contractual terms give rise to cash flows that are solely payment of principal and interest.

b) Recognition

Purchases and sales of financial assets are recognised on trade date (that is, the date on which the Group commits to purchase or sell the asset). Financial assets are derecognised when the rights to receive cash flows from the financial assets have expired or have been transferred and the Group has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership.

c) Measurement

At initial recognition, the Group measures a financial asset at its fair value plus, in the case of a financial asset not at fair value through profit or loss (FVPL), transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset.

Transaction costs of financial assets carried at FVPL are expensed in profit or loss.

The Group classifies energy credits as FVPL assets. Information about the method used in determining fair value is provided in note 25.

Debt instruments

Debt instruments are recorded at amortised cost: Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows, where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest, are measured at amortised cost. Interest income from these financial assets is included in finance income using the effective interest rate method. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition is recognised directly in profit or loss and presented in other gains/(losses) together with foreign exchange gains and losses.

d) Impairment

The Group assesses, on a forward looking basis, the expected credit losses associated with any debt instruments carried at amortised cost. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk. For trade receivables, the Group applies the simplified approach permitted by IFRS 9, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognised from initial recognition of the receivables. Impairment losses are presented as a separate line item in the statement of profit or loss.

2.12  Revenue recognition

Under IFRS 15, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, five key points to recognise revenue have been assessed:

Step 1: Identity the contract(s) with a customer;

Step 2: Identity the performance obligations in the contract;

Step 3: Determine the transaction price;

Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and

Step 5: Recognise revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.

The Group recognises revenue when the amount of revenue can be reliably measured, it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the entity, and specific criteria have been met for each of the Group's activities, as described below.

The Group bases its estimates on historical results, taking into consideration the type of customer, the type of transaction and the specifics of each arrangement. Where the Group makes sales relating to a future financial period, these are deferred and recognised under 'accrued expenses and deferred income' on the Statement of Financial Position.

The Group derives revenue from the transfer of goods and services overtime and at a point in time in the major product and service lines detailed below.

Energy Services

Revenues from external customers come from the provision of Energy Services (Energy Efficiency solutions, PV generation and EV charging capability) which will typically include the provision of technology at the outset of the contract and then an additional ongoing service over the term of the contract. The Group may assign the majority or all of its right and obligations under a client agreement to a Finance Partner but that assignment does not change the recognition of revenue under the contract..

a) As a Service

The Group will undertake to install technology which either delivers energy savings, generates energy or provides a service proposition to customers over the term of a contract, typically between 5 -10 years. The Group will design the solution to deliver the desired outcomes over the contract term, source and then install that technology. Once the installation has been accepted the customer will make payments monthly or quarterly over the contract term. The installation of the technology by the Company is typically considered to be the principal performance obligation.

Included within the agreement is an undertaking to ensure that the agreed outcomes are delivered and this may require the repair or replacement of faulty products. Where this performance obligation is not a material element of the client agreement revenue is not separately recognised and an accrual for the expected future costs is recognised as part of the cost of sale pro rata to the aggregate revenue that is recognised. Where this performance obligation is material the revenue is recognised rateably over the term of the contract as the performance obligation is satisfied.

b) Supply and installation of equipment

The Group will supply and install equipment for customers. Payment of the transaction price is typically due in instalments between the customer order and the installation being accepted or upon installation acceptance. Revenue is recognised as installations are completed.

c) Energy credits

From time to time the Group will receive consideration for both LaaS and supply & install contracts in Ireland in the form of energy credits. Energy credits are financial assets that are valued at fair value through profit or loss and their initial estimated value is included as part of the transaction price recognised as revenue. Energy credits are validated by the SEAI (the Irish regulator) and once validated are transferred to an undertaking that needs those energy credits, typically a power generation company. Any changes in the fair value of the energy credits between initial recognition and their realisation for cash are recorded as other gains or losses.

Energy Management

Revenue is comprised of fees received from customers or commissions received from energy suppliers, net of value-added tax, for the review, analysis and negotiation of gas and electricity contracts on behalf of clients in the UK.

To the extent that invoices are raised in a different pattern from the revenue recognition policy described below, entries are made to record deferred or accrued revenue to account for the revenue when the performance obligations have been satisfied.

All of the Group's Energy Management clients receive Procurement Services and many also receive Risk management, consulting and advisory services (together "Management Services"). These services will often be combined into a single contract but the Group separately identifies the relevant procurement obligations and recognises revenue when the relevant performance obligations have been satisfied.  Revenue is recognised for each of these as follows:

a) Procurement services

Procurement revenue arises when the Group provides services that lead to the client entering into a contract with an energy supplier. The Group typically receives a commission from the energy supplier based upon the amount of energy consumed by the client over the life of the contract.  As the services provided by the company are completed up to the point that the contract is signed between the client and the energy supplier the performance obligation is considered to be satisfied at that point and the revenue is recognised then. Contract signature may be considerably in advance of the date at which the supply contract will commence. The total amount of revenue recognised is based upon applying the historical energy consumption of the client to estimate the expected energy consumption over the term of the contract with the energy supplier. This revenue is then limited by an allowance for actual consumption to be lower than originally estimated and an allowance for the contract term not being completed. The balance of revenue not recognised at the point the energy supply contract is signed is recognised over the life of the contract in line with the client's actual consumption.

b) Energy Management services

As well as Procurement services the Group provides clients with a range of risk management, consulting and advisory services which include Bill Validation, Cost recovery, compliance services, ongoing market intelligence, ongoing account management and the development of hedging strategies. These services are typically provided evenly over the term of the contract and are therefore recognised rateably over the contract life.

Client segmentation

The Group's Energy Management clients are segmented into four categories based upon the balance of services they contract to receive from the Group. These categories are:

SME:

Small & Medium enterprise clients who typically only take procurement services.

Fixed:

Clients who typically take fixed procurement contracts with a limited range of management services.

Fixed Plus:

Clients who take a wider range of management services, including Bill Validation and / or Budget Management reporting.

Flex:

Clients who typically procure using a flex model with regular retrading of the procurement contract and more advanced risk management services.

Managed:

Clients who take one or more of the services above that have integrated EEaaS services (i.e. LaaS, MY ZeERO etc).

 

The overall proportion of revenue attributed by management to Procurement Services and recognised at the point the energy supply contract is signed ranges from 70% of the total expected contract value for SME to 17% for Flex and the average recognised across the portfolio for FY22 was 23%.

Cost of sales

Cost of sales represents internal or external commissions paid in respect of sales made. The Cost of sale is matched to the revenue recognised so for Procurement Services is recognised at the time the contract is signed and for Management Services rateably over the contract term.  To the extent the pattern of payment for these commissions is different from the costs being recognised accruals or prepayments are recorded in the balance sheet.

Other

a) Management services

The Group provides management services to customers and certain other parties under fixed fee arrangements.  Efforts to satisfy the performance obligation are expended evenly throughout the performance period and so the performance obligation is considered to be satisfied evenly over time and accordingly the revenue is recognised evenly over time.

2.13  Share based payments

The cost of equity-settled transactions with employees is measured by reference to the fair value of the equity instruments granted at the date at which they are granted and is recognised as an expense over the vesting period, which ends on the date on which the relevant employees become fully entitled to the award. In valuing equity-settled transactions, no account is taken of any vesting conditions, other than conditions linked to the price of the shares of a group company (market conditions) and non-vesting conditions. No expense is recognised for awards that do not ultimately vest, except for awards where vesting is conditional upon a market or non-vesting condition, which are treated as vesting irrespective of whether or not the market or non-vesting condition is satisfied, provided that all other vesting conditions are satisfied. At each balance sheet date before vesting, the cumulative expense is calculated, representing the extent to which the vesting period has expired and management's best estimate of the achievement or otherwise of non-market conditions and of the number of equity instruments that will ultimately vest or in the case of an instrument subject to a market condition, be treated as vesting as described above. The movement in cumulative expense since the previous balance sheet date is recognised in the income statement, with a corresponding entry in equity.

Where the terms of an equity-settled award are modified, or a new award is designated as replacing a cancelled or settled award, the cost based on the original award terms continues to be recognised over the original vesting period. In addition, an expense is recognised over the remainder of the new vesting period for the incremental fair value of any modification, based on the difference between the fair value of the original award and the fair value of the modified award, both as measured on the date of the modification. No reduction is recognised if this difference is negative. Where an equity-settled award is cancelled, it is treated as if it had vested on the date of cancellation, and any cost not yet recognised in the profit and loss account for the award is expensed immediately. Any compensation paid up to the fair value of the award at the cancellation or settlement date is deducted from equity, with any excess over fair value expensed in the profit and loss account.

2.14  Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and any accumulated impairment losses.

When the Group acquires any plant and equipment it is stated in the financial statements at its cost of acquisition.

Depreciation is charged to write off the cost less estimated residual value of Property, plant and equipment on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives which are:

Plant and equipment

4 years

Computer equipment

4 years

Estimated useful lives and residual values are reviewed each year and amended as required.

2.15  Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired as part of a business combination or asset acquisition, other than goodwill, are initially measured at their fair value at the date of acquisition. Intangible assets acquired separately are initially recognised at cost. 

Amortisation is charged to write off the cost less estimated residual value of plant and equipment on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives which are:

Brand and trade names

10 years

Customer relationships

11 years

Software

5 years

Estimated useful lives and residual values are reviewed each year and amended as required.

Indefinite life intangible assets comprising goodwill are not amortised and are subsequently measured at cost less any impairment. The gains and losses recognised in profit or loss arising from the derecognition of intangible assets are measured as the difference between net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the intangible asset. 

Other intangible assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount might not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset's carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash inflows which are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or group of assets (cash-generating units).

Goodwill impairment reviews are undertaken annually, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate a potential impairment. The method and useful lives of finite life intangible assets are reviewed annually. Changes in the expected pattern of consumption or useful life are accounted for prospectively by changing the amortisation method or period.

2.16  Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. The cost of finished goods and work in progress comprises design costs, raw materials, direct labour and other direct costs. It excludes borrowing costs. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less applicable variable selling expenses. 

2.17  Leases

The Group leases properties and motor vehicles. Leases are recognised as a right-of-use asset and a corresponding lease liability at the date at which the leased asset is available for use by the Group.

Assets and liabilities arising from a lease are initially measured on a present value basis. Lease liabilities include the net present value of the following lease payments:

-  Fixed payments (including in-substance fixed payments), less any lease incentives receivable;

-  Variable lease payment that are based on an index or a rate, initially measured using the index or rate as at the commencement date;

-  Amounts expected to be payable by the Group under residual value guarantees;

-  The exercise price of a purchase option if the Group is reasonably certain to exercise that option; and

-  Payments of penalties for terminating the lease, if the lease term reflects the Group exercising that option.

Lease payments to be made under reasonably certain extension options are also included in the measurement of the liability.

The lease payments are discounted using the interest rate implicit in the lease. If that rate cannot be readily determined, which is generally the case for leases in the Group, the lessee's incremental borrowing rate is used, being the rate that the individual lessee would have to pay to borrow the funds necessary to obtain an asset of similar value to the right-of-use asset in a similar economic environment with similar terms, security and conditions.

Lease payments are allocated between principal and finance cost. The finance cost is charged to profit or loss over the lease period. Right-of-use assets are measured at cost which comprises the following:

-  The amount of the initial measurement of the lease liability;

-  Any lease payments made at or before the commencement date less any lease incentives received;

-  Any initial direct costs; and

-  Restoration costs.

Right-of-use assets are depreciated over the shorter of the asset's useful life and the lease term on a straight line basis. If the Group is reasonably certain to exercise a purchase option, the right-of-use asset is depreciated over the underlying asset's useful life.

Payments associated with short-term leases (term less than 12 months) and all leases of low-value assets (generally less than £5k) are recognised on a straight-line basis as an expense in profit or loss.

2.18  Equity

Share capital is determined using the nominal value of shares that have been issued.

The Share premium account includes any premiums received on the initial issuing of the share capital. Any transaction costs associated with the issuing of shares are deducted from the Share premium account, net of any related income tax benefits.

The Reverse Acquisition reserve includes the accumulated losses incurred prior to the reverse acquisition, the share capital of eLight Group Holdings Limited at acquisition, the reverse acquisition share based payment expense as well as the costs incurred in completing the reverse acquisition.

Put options in relation to acquisitions where it is determined that the non-controlling interest has present access to the returns associated with the underlying ownership interest the Group has elected to use the present-access method. This results in the fair value of the option being recognised as a liability, with a corresponding entry in other equity reserves.

Accumulated losses includes all current and prior period results as disclosed in the income statement other than those transferred to the Reverse Acquisition reserve.

2.19  Taxation

Taxation comprises current and deferred tax.

Current tax is based on taxable profit or loss for the period. Taxable profit or loss differs from profit or loss as reported in the income statement because it excludes items of income and expense that are taxable or deductible in other years and it further excludes items that are never taxable or deductible. The asset or liability for current tax is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax is recognised on differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial information and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit, and is accounted for using the balance sheet liability method. Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognised for all taxable temporary differences and deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which deductible temporary differences can be utilised. Such assets and liabilities are not recognised if the temporary difference arises from initial recognition of goodwill or from the initial recognition (other than in a business combination) of other assets and liabilities in a transaction that affects neither the taxable profit nor the accounting profit.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for taxable temporary differences arising on investments in subsidiaries and associates, and interests in joint ventures, except where the Group is able to control the reversal of the temporary difference and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered.

Deferred tax is calculated at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period when the liability is settled or the asset realised. Deferred tax is charged or credited to profit or loss, except when it relates to items charged or credited directly to equity, in which case the deferred tax is also dealt with in equity.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and when they relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority and the Group intends to settle its current tax assets and liabilities on a net basis. 

2.20  Borrowings and borrowing costs

Borrowings are recognised initially at fair value, net of transaction costs. Borrowings are subsequently carried at amortised cost. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption value is recognised in the income statement over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method. Fees paid on the establishment of loan facilities are capitalised as a prepayment for liquidity services and amortised over the period of the loan to which it relates.

Borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the Group has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the end of the reporting period.

2.21  Exceptional items and non-GAAP performance measures

Exceptional items are those items which, in the opinion of the Directors, should be excluded in order to provide a consistent and comparable view of the underlying performance of the Group's ongoing business. Generally, exceptional items include those items that do not occur often and are material.

Exceptional items include i) the costs incurred in delivering the "Buy & Build" strategy associated with acquisitions and strategic investments; (ii) incremental costs of restructuring and transforming the Group to integrate acquired businesses and (iii) share based payments.

We believe the non-GAAP performance measures presented, along with comparable GAAP measurements, are useful to provide information with which to measure the Group's performance, and its ability to invest in new opportunities. Management uses these measures with the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures in evaluating operating performance and value creation.  The primary measure is Earnings before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortisation ("EBITDA") and Adjusted EBITDA, which is the measure of profitability before Exceptional items. These measures are also consistent with how underlying business performance is measured internally. We also report our Profit before Exceptional items which is our net income, after tax and before exceptional items as this is a measure of our underlying financial performance.

The Group separately reports exceptional items within their relevant income statement line as it believes this helps provide a better indication of the underlying performance of the Group. Judgement is required in determining whether an item should be classified as an exceptional item or included within underlying results. Reversals of previous exceptional items are assessed based on the same criteria.

Non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, financial information presented in compliance with GAAP.

2.22  Critical accounting judgements and key sources of estimation uncertainty

In the process of applying the entity's accounting policies, management makes estimates and assumptions that have an effect on the amounts recognised in the financial statements. Although these estimates are based on management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results may ultimately differ from those estimates. The following are the critical judgement the directors have made in the process of applying the Group's accounting policies.

Impairment assessment

In accordance with its accounting policies, each CGU is evaluated annually to determine whether there are any indications of impairment and a formal estimate of the recoverable amount is performed. The recoverable amount is based on value in use which require the Group to make estimates regarding key assumptions regarding forecast revenues, costs and pre-tax discount rate. Further details are disclosed within note 14. Uncertainty about these assumptions could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment to the carrying amount of goodwill in future periods. 

Energy credits

Energy credits are valued based on management's assessment of market price fair value underlying the energy credit. Such assessment is derived from valuation techniques that include inputs for the energy credit asset that are not based on observable market data. Further details are disclosed within note 25. Uncertainty about the market price fair value used in valuing the energy credit assets could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment to the value of these energy credits assets in future periods.

Intangible assets

On acquisition, specific intangible assets are identified and recognised separately from goodwill and then amortised over their estimated useful lives. An external expert is engaged to assist with the identification of material intangible assets and their estimated useful lives. These include items such as brand names and customer lists, to which value is first attributed at the time of acquisition. The capitalisation of these assets and the related amortisation charges are based on judgements about the value and economic life of such items.

The economic lives for customer relationships, trade names and computer software are estimated at between five and eleven years. The value of intangible assets, excluding goodwill, at 30 June 2022 is £4,917,000 (2021: £1,890,000).

Contingent consideration

An element of consideration relating to certain business acquisitions made is contingent on the future EBITDA targets being achieved by the acquired businesses. On acquisition, estimates are made of the expected future EBITDA based on forecasts prepared by management. These estimates are reassessed at each reporting date and adjustments are made where necessary. Amounts of deferred and contingent consideration payable after one year are discounted. The carrying value of contingent consideration at 30 June 2022 is £868,000 (2021: £nil).

Any gain or loss on revaluation of contingent consideration does not adjust the carrying value of goodwill and is treated as an exceptional item in the income statement.

Procurement services revenue

When assessing the recognition of Procurement Services revenue within the Energy Management division the Group estimates the degree to which expected energy consumption is constrained by reductions in energy consumption over the term of the contract when compared to the historical energy consumption of the client and by the risk of supply contracts being terminated by clients before the end of the contract term. These constraints reduce the extent to which Procurement Service revenue is recognised on signing whether the client contract is purely for Procurement Services or a combination of Procurement and Energy Management Services.

3.  PRIOR YEAR ADJUSTMENT

In the prior year the Group acquired Beond Group Limited on which the Group estimated the fair value of assets and liabilities acquired. During the current year, and within the measurement period of one year as permitted by IFRS 3, the Group finalised the provisional fair values acquired and as a result has increase the accrued revenue at the acquisition date by £1,190,000, with a corresponding reduction in Goodwill. This has been recorded in the prior year balance sheet and has no impact on the statement of comprehensive income, cashflows or reserves.

4.  SEGMENT REPORTING

The following information is given about the Group's reportable segments:

The Chief Operating Decision Maker is the Board of Directors. The Board reviews the Group's internal reporting in order to assess performance of the Group and has determined that in the year ended 30 June 2022 the Group had three operating segments, being Energy Services, Energy Management and Group.

The Board considers that the Group operates in two business segments, Energy Management and Energy Services, which predominantly comprised of LED lighting solutions. With the strengthening of the management team following the acquisition of UtilityTeam in September 2021 and the appointment of Managing Directors to lead each of the operating segments the Board now primarily reviews Energy Services as a single segment whereas in the prior year the Board reviewed the operations in the UK and Ireland separately. Accordingly, the comparative figures have been restated to be consistent with the current management of the Group.

2022

 

Energy Mgmt

Energy Services

Group

Central

 

2022

 

 

£'000

£'000

 '000

 

£'000

Revenue - UK


11,634

8,518

-


20,152

Revenue - Ireland


-

1,944

-


1,944

Revenue - Total


11,634

10,462

-


22,096

Cost of sales


(2,251)

(6,880)

-


(9,131)

Gross Profit


9,383

3,582

-


12,965

Operating expenses


(5,709)

(2,607)

(1,628)


(9,944)

Adjusted EBITDA


3,674

975

(1,628)


3,021

Depreciation and amortisation


(789)

(124)

(159)


(1,072)

Finance and similar charges


(82)

(244)

3


(323)

Profit (loss) before exceptional items and tax

 

2,803

607

(1,784)

 

1,626

Impairment of brands

 

(1,564)

-

-


(1,564)

Exceptional items


(797)

(346)

(1,146)


(2,289)

Loss before tax


442

261

(2,930)


(2,227)

Income tax


736

-

-


736

Profit (loss) after exceptional items and tax

 

1,178

261

(2,930)

 

(1,491)








Net Assets







Assets:


33,930

12,930

2,833


49,693

Liabilities


(10,483)

(8,702)

(7,960)


(27,145)

Net assets (liabilities)

 

23,447

4,228

(5,127)

 

22,548








 

2021

 

Energy Mgmt

Energy Services

Group

Central

 

2021

 

 

£'000

£'000

 '000

 

£'000

Revenue - UK


2,187

8,511

-


10,698

Revenue - Ireland



2,898



2,898

Revenue - Total


2,187

11,409



13,596

Cost of sales


(590)

(7,469)

-


(8,059)

Gross Profit


1,597

3,940

-


5,537

Operating expenses


(862)

(2,550)

(1,295)


(4,707)

Adjusted EBITDA


735

1,390

(1,295)


830

Depreciation and amortisation


(233)

(100)

-


(333)

Finance and similar charges


(14)

(416)

4


(426)

Profit (loss) before exceptional items and tax

 

488

874

(1,291)

 

71

Exceptional items


-

-

(248)


(248)

Loss before tax


488

874

(1,539)


(177)

Income tax


170

-

35


205

Profit (loss) after exceptional items and tax

 

658

874

(1,504)

 

28








Net Assets







Assets:


9,197

8,681

3,141


21,019

Liabilities


(2,322)

(7,820)

(1,004)


(11,146)

Net assets (liabilities)

 

6,875

861

2,137

 

9,873








 

5.  REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS


 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Sales revenue


22,181

13,478

Energy credits


(85)

118



22,096

13,596

 

In the current year, there were no customers accounting for greater than 10% of the Group's revenue. 

In the prior year, more than 10% of the Group's revenue was accounted for by 1 UK customer (£1.6 million).

6.  COST OF SALES


 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Cost of sales - labour


1,745

2,320

Cost of sales - commissions


1,148

564

Cost of sales - technology


4,377

2,479

Cost of sales - other


1,861

2,696



9,131

8,059

 

7.  OPERATING EXPENSES

The breakdown of operating expenses by nature is as follows:

 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Wages and salaries

 

7,039

3,625

Rent, utilities and office costs

 

1,165

253

Professional fees

 

503

464

Travel and motor vehicle expenses

 

442

175

Foreign exchange

 

(2)

(2)

Share of loss on investment in associate

 

-

34

Realised gain on sale of other assets

 

-

(304)

Adjustment of assets recorded at fair value through profit or loss

 

(41)

-

Exceptional items (see below)

 

2,289

248

Other expenditure

 

838

462


 

12,233

4,955

 

The Directors consider the following expenses (credits) within operating expenses to be exceptional:

 

Note

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Changes to the initial recognition of contingent consideration

30

(1,032)

(1,444)

Integration costs


891

-

Other strategic investments


347

-

Restructuring costs


290

113

Acquisition related costs


1,273

1,094

Share based payment expense

34

520

485


 

2,289

248

 

8.  AUDITORS REMUNERATION

 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Fees payable to the Company's auditor for the audit of parent company and consolidated financial statements

 

80

41

Tax compliance services

 

-

7


 

80

48

 

 

9.  STAFF COSTS AND DIRECTORS' EMOLUMENTS

The aggregate staff costs for the year were as follows:


 

Group

 

Company


2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Directors' remuneration


932

648


932

648

Other staff wages and salaries


4,556

2,569


-

81

Social security costs


1,031

408


169

89

Share based payment expense


520

485


-

-



7,039

4,110


1,101

818

 

On average, excluding non-executive directors, the Group and Company employed 23 technical staff members (2021: 25), 43 sales staff members (2021: 26) and 62 administration and management staff members (2021: 21).

 

10.  FINANCE COSTS - NET

 

 

2022
 '000

2021
 '000

Interest expense - borrowings

 

(266)

(361)

Finance charge on leased assets

 

(57)

(65)

Finance costs - net

 

(323)

(426)

11.  TAXATION


 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

The charge / (credit) for year is made up as follows:




Current tax charge / (credit)




Current year


159

(36)

Deferred tax credit (note 24)




Origination and reversal of temporary differences


(895)

(169)

Total tax credit for the year


(736)

(205)





Reconciliation of effective tax rate




Loss before income tax


(2,227)

(177)

Income tax applying the UK corporation tax rate of 19% (2021: 19%)


(423)

(34)

Effect of tax rate in foreign jurisdiction


85

28

Non - deductible expenses 


11

95

Impact of tax rate change


(102)

44

Movement in unrecognised deferred tax asset


(322)

(303)

Other tax differences


15

(35)

Income tax credit for the year

 

(736)

(205)

 

The movements in Deferred Tax are described in Note 24.

Factors affecting the future tax charge

The standard rates of corporation tax in the UK and Ireland are 19% and 12.5% respectively.

A reduction in the UK corporation tax rate from 19% to 17% effective 1 April 2020 was substantively enacted on 6 September 2016. The March 2020 Budget announced that a rate of 19% would continue to apply with effect from 1 April 2020. An increase in the UK corporate tax rate from 19% to 25% (effective from 1 April 2023) was substantively enacted on 14 May 2021. This will increase the Company's future current tax charge accordingly.

12.  EARNINGS PER SHARE

The calculation of the Basic and diluted earnings per share are calculated by dividing the profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the year.

 


 

2022 

2021 

(Loss) profit for the year from continuing operations - £'000


(1,431)

28

Weighted number of ordinary shares in issue 


208,451,471

199,038,204

Basic earnings per share from continuing operations - pence


(0.69)

0.01

Weighted number of dilutive instruments in issue


-

11,504,993

Weighted number of ordinary shares and dilutive instruments in issue


208,451,471

210,543,197

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations - pence


(0.69)

0.01

 

Share options and warrants could potentially dilute basic earnings per share in the future but were not included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share in the current year as they are anti-dilutive. See note 34 for further details.

13.  PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

GROUP

Property, plant & equipment  £'000

Computer equipment £'000

Total £'000

Cost






Opening balance


107

70


177

Additions on acquisition


153

10


163

Additions in the year


-

125


125

Transfer to intangibles


-

(176)


(176)

At 30 June 2021


260

29


289

Additions on acquisition (note 30)


306

-


306

Additions in the year


240

47


287

At 30 June 2022


806

76


882

Depreciation






Opening balance


(39)

(8)


(47)

Additions on acquisition


(104)

(10)


(114)

Charge for the year


(48)

(22)


(70)

Transfer to intangibles


-

22


22

At 30 June 2021


(191)

(18)


(209)

Additions on acquisition (note 30)


(108)

-


(108)

Charge for the year


(95)

(12)


(107)

At 30 June 2022


(394)

(30)


(424)







Net book value 30 June 2021


69

11


80

Net book value 30 June 2022


412

46


458

 

COMPANY

 

Property, plant & equipment  £'000

Total £'000

Cost






Opening balance



72


72

Additions in the year



34


34

At 30 June 2022



106


106

Depreciation






Opening balance



(72)


(72)

Charge for the year



(6)


(6)

At 30 June 2022



(78)


(78)







Net book value 30 June 2021



-


-

Net book value 30 June 2022



28


28







14.  INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The intangible assets primarily relate to the Goodwill and separately identifiable intangible assets arising on the Group's acquisitions. See note 30 for further details of the acquisitions made in the current year. The Group tests the intangible asset for indications of impairment at each reporting period, in line with accounting policies.

 


Goodwill  £'000

Software £'000

Customer Relation-ships

£'000

Brand

£'000

 

Total

£'000

Cost








Opening balance


211

-

-

-


211

Additions on acquisition (restated) (note 3)


8,402

411

824

555


10,192

Additions in the year


-

77

-

-


77

Transfer from PP&E


-

154

-

-


154

At 30 June 2021 (restated)


8,613

642

824

555


10,634

Additions on acquisition (note 30)


15,203

215

3,487

1,039


19,944

Additions in the year


-

401

-

-


401

At 30 June 2022


23,816

1,258

4,311

1,594


30,979









Amortisation








Opening balance


-

-

-

-


-

Additions on acquisition


-

-

-

-


-

Charge for the year


-

(60)

(41)

(30)


(131)

At 30 June 2021


-

(60)

(41)

(30)


(131)

Additions on acquisition


-

-

-

-


-

Impairment


-

-

-

(1,564)


(1,564)

Charge for the year


-

(159)

(392)

-


(551)

At 30 June 2022


-

(219)

(433)

(1,594)


(2,246)








Net book value 30 June 2021(restated)

8,613

582

783

525


10,503

Net book value 30 June 2022


23,816

1,039

3,878

-


28,733









 

The Group completed a strategic review of its brands and trading names and on 1 July 2022 aligned all of the trading businesses under the master "eEnergy" brand. Accordingly, the carrying value of the Beond and the UtilityTeam brand names were fully impaired as at the year end.

The recoverable amount of each cash generating unit was determined based on value-in-use calculations which require the use of assumptions. The calculations use cash flow projections based on financial budgets approved by management which are built "bottom up" for the next three years. Within those cash flow projections revenues increase at a compound annual growth rate of 20% (2021: 20%). The annual discount rate applied to the cash flows is 13% (2021: 13%) which is the same rate used by our valuation adviser to value the separably identifiable intangible assets in the year.

The directors have considered and assessed reasonably possible changes in key assumptions and have not identified any instances that could cause the carrying amount to exceed recoverable amount.

15.  INVESTMENT IN ASSOCIATE

During the prior year, the Group entered into various agreements to acquire, in April 2021, an initial 33.3% interest which was increased to 37.5% interest in eEnergy Insights Ltd ("EIL") in June 2021. EIL was a newly formed specialist smart metering measurement equipment and analytics business which acquired certain trade assets out of the administration process of Measure My Energy Limited ("MME") and certain associated intellectual property assets in April 2021.

As part of the agreement entered into in June 2021 the Group received nil cost warrants to raise its interest to 51% of the equity, subject to certain operational targets being achieved. In addition, agreement was reached on a mechanism to acquire the remaining 49% of the equity under a pre agreed valuation method after three years.

The Group exercised it warrants in October 2021 taking its ownership interest to 51%. It subsequently acquired the shareholdings of certain minority investors in May 2022, taking its ownership interest to 85.5%.

In the prior year, the Group held EIL as an equity accounted investment in associate. Following the acquisition in October 2021 the Group was considered to have assumed control and EIL has been subsequently accounted for as a consolidated subsidiary, with the acquisition treated as a step acquisition. 

   


 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Interest in associate at beginning of the year 


155

-

Investment in associate during the year 


-

189

Derecognition following step acquisition


(155)

-

Share of loss on investment in associate 


-

(34)

Interest in associate at end of the year 


-

155

 

In the prior year EIL's loss from April 2021 until June 2021 was £91,000 of which the Group recognised its share of loss of £34,000. No share of the result of EIL was recognised in the current year until the date of the step acquisition on the basis the company is in a net liabilities position.

16.  INVESTMENT IN SUBSIDIARIES

COMPANY ONLY

 

2022

£'000

2021

£'000

Opening balance

 

17,947

6,574

Additions during the year:

 



consideration paid RSL

 

-

2,238

consideration paid Beond (note 30)

 

-

9,135

Transfer to intermediate holding company

 

(11,373)

-

Closing balance

 

6,574

17,947

 

The full list of subsidiary undertakings of the Company are listed in note 39.

 

17.  INVENTORY


 

Group

 

Company


2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

The balance at year end comprised:







Work in progress


403

153


-

-

Finished goods

406

218


-

-


809

371


-

-

 

18.  TRADE AND OTHER RECEIVABLES


 

Group

 

Company


2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Trade receivables


3,827

2,090


-

-

Prepayments


726

543


574

111

Accrued revenue


9,892

2,056


-

-

Other receivables

1,577

824


289

42


16,022

5,513


863

153

 

All trade receivables are short term and are due from counterparties with acceptable credit ratings so there is no expectation of a credit loss. Accordingly, the Directors consider that the carrying value amount of trade and other receivables approximates to their fair value. The value of inventory expensed as part of Cost of Sales in the year and prior year is disclosed in Note 6. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realisable value.

19.  CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash on hand and short term deposits. The carrying value of these approximates to their fair value. Cash and cash equivalents included in the cash flow statement comprise the following balance sheet amounts.


 

Group

 

Company


 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Cash at bank and in hand (excluding restricted cash)


1,380

3,332


91

1,187

Restricted cash


422

-


-

-

Cash and cash equivalents


1,802

3,332


91

1,187

 

Restricted cash relates to financing arrangements and customer collections.

 

20.  TRADE AND OTHER PAYABLES


 

Group

 

Company


2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Current liabilities







Trade payables


4,196

4,064


609

564

Accrued expenses


2,610

1,143


313

116

Deferred income


2,809

159


-

-

Social security and other taxes


2,790

1,959


324

323

Contingent consideration


868

-


868

-

Other payables

3,529

494


-

-


16,802

7,819


2,114

1,003

 

Trade payables and accruals principally comprise amounts outstanding for trade purchases and continuing costs. The Directors consider that the carrying value amount of trade and other payables approximates to their fair value. Refer Note 31.

Deferred income represents revenues collected but not yet earned as at the year end.

Other payables primarily relates to provisions for under consumption or cancelled contracts.

21.  LEASES

The Group had the following lease assets and liabilities at 30 June:

 


 

Group

 

Company


2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Right of use assets







Properties


774

579


279

-

Motor vehicles

3

31


-

-


777

610


279

-

Lease liabilities







Current


542

264


265

-

Non-current

350

434


-

-


892

698


265

-

 

 


 

Group

 

Company

 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Maturity on the lease liabilities are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current


492

264


265

-

Due between 1-5 years


176

194


-

-

Due beyond 5 years


224

240


-

-



892

698


265

-

 

Right of use assets


 

Group

 

Company


 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Properties







Opening balance


579

477


-

-

Additions


487

215


431

-

Additions on acquisition


135

-


-

-

Depreciation


(427)

(102)


(152)

-

Impact of foreign exchange


-

(11)


-

-

Closing balance


774

579


279

-

Motor vehicles







Opening balance


31

61


-

-

Additions


-

-


-

-

Depreciation


(28)

(27)


-

-

Impact of foreign exchange


-

(3)


-

-

Closing balance


3

31


-

-

22.  BORROWINGS


 

Group

 

Company


2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Current







Borrowings

11

601


-

-


11

601


-

-

Non-current







Borrowings


5,011

1,245


-

-



5,011

1,245


-

-

 

In February 2022 the Group refinanced substantially all of its existing bank indebtedness and consolidated its borrowings into a single £5 million, four year, revolving credit facility provided to eEnergy Holdings Limited, an intermediate holding company in the Group. The new facility is secured by way of debentures granted to the lender by all of the Group's trading subsidiaries. The facility includes covenants relating to debt service cover and gearing.

Maturity on the borrowings are as follows: 

Maturity on the borrowings are as follows:

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Current


11

589

Due between 1-2 years


11

913

Due between 2-5 years


5,000

300

Due beyond 5 years


-

44



5,022

1,846

 

23.  OTHER LIABILITIES  

 

 

Group

 

Company


2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 







Income and other taxes


-

468


-

-

Other non-current liabilities


2,252

-


-




2,252

468


-

-

 

Other non-current liabilities relates to amounts owed to external funding providers in relation to customer receivables not yet received by the Group and paid on in respect of multi-year contracts.

 

24.  DEFERRED TAX

Recognised deferred tax assets and liabilities

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are attributable to the following

 

 

Assets

Liabilities

Total

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Intangible assets

-

-

1,060

415

1,060

415

Tangible assets

-

-

258

-

258

-

Losses

(925)

(415)


-

(925)

(415)

Other

(146)

-

-

-

(146)

-

Total (assets) liabilities

(1,071)

(415)

1,318

415

247

-

 

Movement in temporary difference during the year

The following are the major deferred tax liabilities and assets recognised by the Group and movements thereon during the current and prior reporting period:

 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Balance at 1 July


-

-

Acquired on acquisition - liability


1,142

169

Credit for the year


(895)

(169)

Balance at 30 June


247

-

Unrecognised deferred tax assets

At 30 June 2022, the Group had tax losses in the UK and Ireland totalling £11.7 million and £3.2 million respectively (2021: £8.5 million and £2.3 million) for which deferred tax assets have been recognised to the extent that it is expected to be future taxable profits against which the Group can use the benefit therefrom.

 

25.  PROVISIONS


 

Group

 

Company


2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Put option


860

-


-

-



860

-


-

-

 

During the year, the Group entered into a put option agreement in respect of the step acquisition of EIL to acquire further shares in the company, see note 15. The fair value of this option at acquisition was £3,921,000, of which £3,061,000 was utilised following exercise of options to acquire shares and discount rate unwind.

26.  FINANCIAL ASSETS AT FAIR VALUE THROUGH PROFIT OR LOSS

The Group classifies the following financial assets at fair value through profit or loss:


 

Group

 

Company


2022
£'000

2021
£'000

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Energy credits


21

140


-

-



21

140


-

-

 

The energy credits are measured under level 2 of the fair value hierarchy as described in note 31.

 

27.  SHARE CAPITAL AND SHARE PREMIUM

GROUP AND COMPANY

Ordinary Shares 1  #

 

Share Capital £'000

Share Premium £'000

Total £'000

As at 30 June 2020 (ordinary shares of £0.003 each)

130,926,167

 

392

22,375

22,767

Issue of shares for acquisition of RSL

13,333,333


40

744

784

Issue of shares at placing price of £0.10

32,000,000


96

3,104

3,200

Issue of initial shares for acquisition of Beond

63,771,130


191

6,441

6,632

Issue of shares for acquisition of minority interest in Beond

1,177,326


4

114

118

Issue of shares in lieu of settlement of fees

2,841,801


8

293

301

Issue of shares upon exercise of warrants

2,208,333


7

159

166

Cost of share issue




(216)

(216)

As at 30 June 2021 (ordinary shares of £0.003 each)

246,258,090


738

33,014

33,752

Issue of shares at placing price of £0.15

80,000,000


240

11,760

12,000

Issue of shares for the acquisition of Utility Team

18,031,249


55

2,903

2,958

Issue of shares in exchange for loan notes from eEnergy Insights Ltd

2,490,620


7

301

308

Cost of share issue



-

(618)

(618)

As at 30 June 2022 (ordinary shares of £0.003 each)

346,779,959


1,040

47,360

48,400

Deferred share capital



15,333



Total share capital

 

 

16,373

 


 

The deferred shares have no voting, dividend, or capital distribution (except on winding up) rights. They are redeemable at the option of the Company alone. 

There has been no movement in the number of deferred shares during the current and prior years.

Details of share options and warrants issued during the year and outstanding at 30 June 2022 are set out in note 34.

The share premium represents the difference between the nominal value of the shares issued and the actual amount subscribed less; the cost of issue of the shares, the value of the bonus share issue, or any bonus warrant issue.

 

28.  OTHER RESERVES

GROUP

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Share based payment reserve


1,087

567

Revaluation reserve - other current assets


34

34

Other equity reserve


(860)

-



261

601

 

 

COMPANY

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Share based payment reserve


1,087

567



1,087

567

 

Share based payment reserve

Cumulative charge recognised under IFRS 2 in respect of share based payment awards.

Reverse acquisition reserve

Substantially represents the preacquisition value of the equity of the parent company and the investment in eLight, net of expenses that was made when eLight reversed into the company then known as Alexander Mining plc in January 2020 to create eEnergy Group plc.

Revaluation reserve

The increase in the assessed carrying value of other current assets.

Other equity reserve

This relates to the fair value of the put option liability in relation to the EIL acquisition in October 2021, which under the present access method is recognised against an other equity reserve.

 

29.  NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS

Non-controlling interests relates to the Group's investment in eEnergy Insights Limited ("EIL"). In the prior year, the Group acquired 37.5% of the shares in EIL and this was accounted for as an equity accounted associate. The Group acquired additional shares in the year which took the Group's investment to 85.5% of the company and is now a consolidated subsidiary.

The non-controlling interest at FY22 was negative equity of £77,000 (2021: £nil), being negative equity of £16,000 on acquisitions in October 2021 and May 2022 with a further loss recognised for the post-acquisition period of £60,000. 

30.  BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

UtilityTeam TopCo Limited

On 17 September 2021 the Company completed the acquisition of all of the share capital of UtilityTeam TopCo Limited ("UTT"). At the same time the Company completed the Placing of 80 million shares which were issued at 15 pence per share, raising £12.0 million for the Company. The Placing proceeds have been primarily used to settle the initial cash consideration for the acquisition of UTT.

UTT is a UK-based, top 20 energy consulting and procurement business, whose services aim to reduce costs and support clients' transition to Net Zero.

The initial consideration of £14.0 million was satisfied as follows:

• cash consideration of £9.5 million, payable on completion with further cash consideration of £2.0 million, payable on or before 31 December 2021; and

• the issue of 18.0 million Ordinary Shares, which had a fair value of £3.0 million based on the closing share price on the day prior to completion.

• In April 2022, a reduction in consideration of £500,000 was agreed with the vendors to reflect the difference between the level of net working capital and debt in UTT when compared to that estimated in the Sale & Purchase Agreement. This amount was repaid by the vendors in cash during FY22 and is reflected in the table below. The final working capital adjustment was finalised subsequent to the year end and a further £280,000 reduction in will be recorded in FY23.

It was initially agreed that further earn-out consideration of up to a maximum of £5.1 million may be payable, based on a multiple of 7.0x UTT's EBITDA, for the year ending 31 December 2021. eEnergy agreed to pay £7 for every £1 of EBITDA generated in excess of £2.3 million, up to a maximum EBITDA of £3.0 million ("Earn-Out Consideration").

The Earn-Out Consideration would be satisfied as follows:

• the first £1.5 million of Earn-Out Consideration will be paid in cash; and

• any balance, up to £3.6 million, will be satisfied by the issue of new Ordinary Shares at a price that is the higher of 24p and the 30 day volume weighted average price prior to 31 December 2021.

The Earn Out Consideration was agreed in July 2022 and it was further agreed that it would be satisfied by the issue of 4,000,000 Ordinary Shares to the vendors. Subsequently, the deferred consideration of £1,900,000 referred below was reduced by £1,032,000 to a value of £868,000 - refer to Note 20.

The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed of UTT at the date of acquisition based upon the UTT consolidated balance sheet at 17 September 2021 are as follows:

 

 

£'000

Property, plant and equipment


191

Right of use assets


135

Cash at bank


3,994

Inventory


27

Trade and other receivables


1,279

Trade and other payables


(4,269)

Lease liabilities


(141)

Other liabilities


(2,190)

Loans and other borrowings


(1,450)

Intangible assets


4,526

Deferred tax liability


(1,132)

Total identifiable net assets acquired


970




Goodwill


14,970

Consideration



  Initial consideration (shares issued recorded at the market value)


2,958

  Cash


11,081

  Contingent consideration


1,900

Total consideration


15,940

 

Goodwill relates to the accumulated "know how" and expertise of the business and its staff. None of the goodwill is expected to be deducted for income tax purposes. A purchase price allocation was performed during the year which recognised specific identifiable intangible assets which are deductible for income tax purposes. These separately identified intangible assets were:

-  Brand names - £1,039,000; and

-  Customer relationships - £3,487,000

eEnergy Insights Limited

In April 2021, the Group acquired 33.3% of eEnergy Insights Limited ("EIL") which was increased to 37.5% in June 2021. The Group exercised warrants in October 2021 taking ownership to 51% with a further acquisition to 85.5% in May 2022. See note 15 for further information.

The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed of EIL at the date of acquisition are as follows:

 

 

£'000

Property, plant and equipment


11

Computer software


215

Cash at bank


13

Trade and other receivables


60

Inventory


317

Borrowings


(822)

Trade and other payables


(44)

Total gross identifiable net assets


(250)

Non-controlling interests


16

Total identifiable net assets acquired


(234)




Goodwill


234

Consideration



  Cash (£28)


-

Total consideration


-

31.  FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND RISK MANAGEMENT

Capital Risk Management

The Company manages its capital to ensure that entities in the Group will be able to continue as a going concern while maximising the return to stakeholders. The overall strategy of the Company and the Group is to minimise costs and liquidity risk.

The capital structure of the Group consists of equity attributable to equity holders of the parent, comprising issued share capital, foreign exchange reserves and retained earnings as disclosed in the Consolidated Statement of Changes of Equity.

The Group is exposed to a number of risks through its normal operations, the most significant of which are interest, credit, foreign exchange and liquidity risks. The management of these risks is vested to the Board of Directors.

The sensitivity has been prepared assuming the liability outstanding was outstanding for the whole period. In all cases presented, a negative number in profit and loss represents an increase in finance expense / decrease in interest income.

Fair Value Measurements Recognised in the Statement of Financial Position

The following provides an analysis of the Group's financial instruments that are measured subsequent to initial recognition at fair value, grouped into Levels 1 & 2 based on the degree to which the fair value is observable.

• Level 1 fair value measurements are those derived from inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (i.e. as prices) or indirectly (i.e. derived from prices).

• Level 2 fair value measurements are those derived from valuation techniques that include inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).

• Level 3 assets are assets whose fair value cannot be determined by using observable inputs or measures, such as market prices or models. Level 3 assets are typically very illiquid, and fair values can only be calculated using estimates or risk-adjusted value ranges.

Equity Price Risk

The Group is exposed to equity price risks arising from equity investments. Equity investments are held for strategic purposes.

Interest Rate Risk

The Group is exposed to interest rate risk whereby the risk can be a reduction of interest received on cash surpluses held and an increase in interest on borrowings the Group may have. The maximum exposure to interest rate risk at the reporting date by class of financial asset was: 


 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Bank balances


1,802

3,332

 

Given the extremely low interest rate environment on bank balances, any probable movement in interest rates would have an immaterial effect.

The maximum exposure to interest rate risk at the reporting date by class of financial liability was:

 


 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Borrowings


5,022

1,846

 

The borrowings attract interest rates between 2.5% and 4.9% (2021: between 3.4% and 13.5%). Assuming the amount at period end was held for a year, a 10% movement in this rate would have a £502,000: (2021: £18,000) effect on the amount owing.

Credit Risk

Credit risk is the risk of financial loss to the Group if a customer or counterparty to a financial instrument fails to meet its contractual obligations and arises principally from the Group's receivables from customers. Indicators that there is no reasonable expectation of recovery include, amongst others, failure to make contractual payments for a period of greater than 120 days past due.

The carrying amount of financial assets represents the maximum credit exposure.

The principal financial assets of the Company and Group are bank balances, trade receivables and energy credits. The Group deposits surplus liquid funds with counterparty banks that have high credit ratings and the Directors consider the credit risk to be minimal.

The Group's maximum exposure to credit by class of individual financial instrument is shown in the table below:

 

2022

Carrying Value

2022

Maximum Exposure

2021

Carrying Value

2021

Maximum Exposure

Group

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

Cash and cash equivalents

1,802

1,802

3,332

3,332

Trade receivables

4,022

4,022

2,090

2,090

Energy credits

21

21

140

140


5,845

5,845

5,562

5,562

 

 

2022

Carrying Value

2022

Maximum Exposure

2021

Carrying Value

2021

Maximum Exposure

Company

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

Cash and cash equivalents

91

91

1,187

1,187

Trade receivables

-

-

-

-


91

91

1,187

1,187

 

No aged analysis of financial assets is presented as no financial assets are past due at the reporting date.

Trade receivables

The Group has applied IFRS 9 Financial Instruments and the related consequential amendments to other IFRSs. IFRS 9 introduces requirements for the classification and measurement of financial assets and financial liabilities as well as the impairment of financial assets.

In relation to the impairment of financial assets, IFRS 9 requires an expected credit loss model as opposed to an incurred credit loss model under IAS 39. The expected credit loss model requires the Group to account for expected credit losses and changes in those expected credit losses at each reporting date to reflect changes in credit risk since initial recognition of the financial assets. In other words, it is no longer necessary for a loss event to have occurred before credit losses are recognised.

The group applies the IFRS 9 simplified approach to measuring expected credit losses which uses a lifetime expected loss allowance for all trade receivables. During the period, there were no credit losses experienced and no loss allowance being recorded.

Currency Risk

The Group operates in a global market with income and costs arising in a number of currencies and is exposed to foreign currency risk arising from commercial transactions, translation of assets and liabilities and net investment in foreign subsidiaries. Exposure to commercial transactions arise from sales or purchases by operating companies in currencies other than the Company's functional currency. Currency exposures are reviewed regularly.

The Group has a limited level of exposure to foreign exchange risk through its foreign currency denominated cash balances, trade receivables and payables:


 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

EURO




Cash and cash equivalents


317

58

Trade receivables


3,091

674

Trade payables


(255)

(252)



3,153

480

 

The table below summarises the impact of a 10% increase / decrease in the relevant foreign exchange rates versus the €EUR rate for the Group's pre-tax earnings for the period and on equity:


 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Impact of 10% rate change




Euro


350

57



350

57

 

Liquidity Risk

Liquidity risk is the risk that the Group will encounter difficulty in meeting the obligations associated with its financial liabilities that are settled by delivering cash or another financial asset. The Group's approach to managing liquidity is to ensure, as far as possible, that it will have sufficient liquidity to meet its liabilities when they are due, under both normal and stressed conditions, without incurring unacceptable losses or risking damage to the Group's reputation.

The Group seeks to manage liquidity risk by regularly reviewing cash flow budgets and forecasts to ensure that sufficient liquidity is available to meet foreseeable needs and to invest cash assets safely and profitably. The Group deems there is sufficient liquidity for the foreseeable future.

The Group had cash and cash equivalents at period end as below:


 

 

2022
£'000

2021
£'000

Cash and cash equivalents


1,802

3,332

 

32.  FINANCIAL ASSETS AND FINANCIAL LIABILITIES

2022 - GROUP


Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

Financial assets at amortised cost

Financial liabilities at amortised cost

Total

Financial assets (liabilities)


£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

Fair value assets through profit or loss


21

-

-

21

Trade and other receivables


-

5,599

-

5,599

Cash and cash equivalents


-

1,802

-

1,802

Trade and other payables


-

-

(16,264)

(16,264)

Lease liabilities (current and non-current)


-

-

(892)

(892)

Borrowings (current and non-current)


-

-

(5,022)

(5,022)



21

7,401

(22,178)

(14,756)

 

 

2022 - COMPANY


 

Financial assets at amortised cost

Financial liabilities at amortised cost

Total

Financial assets / liabilities


 

£'000

£'000

£'000

Trade and other receivables



863

-

863

Cash and cash equivalents



91

-

91

Trade and other payables



-

(921)

(921)




954

(921)

33

 

 

2021 - GROUP


Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

Financial assets at amortised cost

Financial liabilities at amortised cost

Total

Financial assets (liabilities)


£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

Fair value assets through profit or loss


140

-

-

140

Trade and other receivables


-

2,867

-

2,867

Cash and cash equivalents


-

3,332

-

3,332

Trade and other payables


-

-

(5,859)

(5,859)

Lease liabilities (current and non-current)


-

-

(698)

(698)

Borrowings (current and non-current)


-

-

(1,846)

(1,846)



140

6,199

(8,403)

(2,064)

 

 

2021 - COMPANY


 

Financial assets at amortised cost

Financial liabilities at amortised cost

Total

Financial assets (liabilities)


 

£'000

£'000

£'000

Trade and other receivables



153

-

153

Cash and cash equivalents



1,187

-

1,187

Trade and other payables



-

(680)

(680)




1,340

(680)

660

 

33.  RECONCILIATION OF MOVEMENT IN NET DEBT


At 1 July 2021

New borrowing

Interest added to debt

Debt repaid

Other cashflows

On acquisition

At 30 June 2022


£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

Cash at bank

3,332

4,890

-

(3,634)

(7,215)

4,007

1,380

Borrowings

(1,846)

(4,890)

(123)

3,287

-

(1,450)

(5,022)

Net Cash (debt) excluding lease liabilities

1,486

-