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Vast Resources plc (VAST)


Friday 06 November, 2020

Vast Resources plc

Letter to Shareholders and Notice of GM

Letter to Shareholders and Notice of GM

 Vast Resources plc / Ticker: VAST / Index: AIM / Sector: Mining

6 November 2020

Vast Resources plc
(‘Vast’ or the ‘Company’)

Letter to shareholders
Notice of General Meeting

Vast Resources plc, the AIM listed mining company, is pleased to announce that a General Meeting of the Company will be held as a virtual meeting as a result of the current Covid-19 restrictions at 2.30 p.m. on Monday 23 November 2020.

As a consequence of the current measures implemented by the UK Government, shareholders will not be permitted to attend the General Meeting but are strongly encouraged to submit their votes by proxy as soon as possible. Voting at the General Meeting will be carried out by way of poll so that votes cast in advance, and the votes of all shareholders appointing the chairman of the General Meeting as their proxy, can be taken into account.

The letter from the Chairman and Notice of the General Meeting along with the Form of Proxy have  been posted to shareholders today and will be made available on the Company’s website, accessible under the Constitutional Documents section of the Document Downloads page and using the following link:

The relevant text included in the letter from the Chairman is appended below.


For further information, visit, follow the Company on Twitter @vast_resources and LinkedIn, or please contact:

Vast Resources plc
Andrew Prelea - CEO
Andrew Hall
+44 (0) 20 7846 0974
Beaumont Cornish - Financial & Nominated Adviser 
Roland Cornish 
James Biddle
+44 (0) 020 7628 3396
SP Angel Corporate Finance LLP – Joint Broker
Richard Morrison
Caroline Rowe
 +44 (0) 20 3470 0470

Axis Capital Markets Limited – Joint Broker
Richard Hutchison
 +44 (0) 20 3206 0320
St Brides Partners Limted
Susie Geliher
Charlotte Page 
+44 (0) 20 7236 1177

The information contained within this announcement is deemed by the Company to constitute inside information as stipulated under the Market Abuse Regulations (EU) No. 596/2014 (“MAR”).


Vast Resources plc, is a United Kingdom AIM listed mining company with mines and projects in Romania and Zimbabwe.

In Romania, the Company is focused on the rapid advancement of high quality projects by recommencing production at previously producing mines.

The Company’s Romanian portfolio includes an 80% interest in the producing Baita Plai Polymetallic Mine, located in the Apuseni Mountains, Transylvania, an area which hosts Romania’s largest polymetallic mines. The mine has a JORC compliant Reserve & Resource Report which underpins the initial mine production life of approximately 3-4 years with an in-situ total mineral resource of 15,695 tonnes copper equivalent with a further 1.8M–3M tonnes exploration target.

The Company also owns the Manaila Polymetallic Mine in Romania, which was commissioned in 2015, currently on care and maintenance. The Company has been granted the Manaila Carlibaba Extended Exploitation License that will allow the Company to re-examine the exploitation of the mineral resources within the larger Manaila Carlibaba licence area.

In Zimbabwe, the Company is focused on the commencement of the joint venture mining agreement on the Chiadzwa Community Concession Block of the Chiadzwa Diamond Fields in Zimbabwe.



Notice of General Meeting at 2.30 pm on 23 November 2020

1.     Introduction

The Company has today announced the proposed acquisition of the minority interests in its Romanian projects.

As referred to in the previous announcements of 10 September 2020, 12 October 2020 and 26 October 2020, the Company is currently engaged in discussions with an international banking institution (the “Bank”) to conclude an asset backed debt financing linked to Baita Plai Polymetallic Mine (“BPPM”) to be used, inter alia, for refinancing the Tranche 1 Convertible Bonds issued by Atlas Special Opportunities LLC.  It is a requirement of the Bank that potential conflicts of interest be resolved through the Company acquiring the outlying 20% interest in BPPM and the 10% interest in certain other Romanian assets (the “Transaction Assets”).

The Company believes this would likely also be a requirement of any other institution of similar standing and accordingly, in line with the Company’s  previously stated intention of rolling up the minority interests in its Romanian projects and thus to eliminate the potential conflicts of interest, the Directors who have no conflict of interest in relation to the ownership of the Transaction Assets, being Brian Moritz, Paul Fletcher, Craig Harvey and Nick Hatch (the “Independent Directors”) have negotiated a contract to acquire the Transaction Assets (the “Transaction”). This is proposed to be by way of the issue of new ordinary shares in the Company, conditional on Shareholders’ approval in order to authorise the Directors to make the necessary allotment of shares.

As the Vendors in the Transaction include Andrew Prelea and Roy Tucker, who are Directors, the Transaction is a “Related Party Transaction” under the AIM Rules.  As such it is a requirement that the Independent Directors make a statement that they consider, having consulted with the Company’s Nominated Adviser, that the terms of the Transaction are fair and reasonable as far as the Shareholders of the Company are concerned. 

The purpose of this document is to explain the Transaction, including the related party aspects of it and the historic reasons why they exist, and to convene a General Meeting at which an Ordinary Resolution will be proposed to approve the Transaction and to approve the allotment of new Ordinary Shares in the Company to permit the Transaction to be completed.

2.     Particulars of the Transaction

The Transaction contract (the “Contract”) is for the purchase of the whole share capital of the UK company AP Mining Group Limited (“APMG”) by the Company from the vendors as listed below (the “Vendors”) in consideration of the issue of 2,850,000,000 ordinary shares of 0.1p in the Company (the “Purchase Price”).  APMG is a holding company. On completion APMG will have no debts and will own the Transaction Assets set out in 3 below. To facilitate funding arrangements entered into by Vast, there are the following charges over APMG and/or its assets. None of these charges is for the benefit of APMG:

  • A charge over the 20% of the share capital of Vast Baita Plai SA (“VBP”) owned by APMG in favour of Atlas Special Opportunities LLC
  • A charge over the shares of Blueberry Ridge Minerals SRL and over receivables due from Blueberry Ridge Minerals SRL to EMA Resources Ltd
  • AP Mining Group Ltd has entered as Guarantor jointly with the Company the Prepayment Agreement with Mercuria Energy Trading dated 21 March 2018 and as Obligor jointly with the Company on the Intercreditor and Standstill Deed with Mercuria Energy Trading SA and Atlas Special Opportunities LLC dated 29 January 2020

The Contract is conditional on the passing by Shareholders of the Company in General Meeting of an Ordinary Resolution to approve the Contract and to permit the allotment of the Consideration Shares. It contains customary warranties given by the Vendors as to the good standing of APMG and its title to the Transaction Assets (“Resolution”).

The Vendors are as follows:


Shares in APMG
“Sale Shares”
Vast Resources PLC Shares
“Consideration Shares”
Andrew Prelea 81,818 1,500,001,930
Roy Tucker 12,273 225,005,790
Michael Kellow** 30,000 550,001,930
Samuel Tucker* 12,273 225,005,789
Alexander Prelea* 19,090 349,984,561
  155,454 2,850,000,000

*adult sons of Roy Tucker and Andrew Prelea respectively.
**former director of the Company.

As stated above, Andrew Prelea and Roy Tucker are Directors of the Company and are therefore related parties for the purposes of the AIM Rules. The other Vendors are not related parties.

The minority interests arose as a result of opportunities developed by Andrew Prelea prior to his joining the Company as an executive. At the time of his appointment as a Director of the Company on 1 March 2018, it was announced that, in order to eliminate possible future conflicts of interest, it was the intention of both the Company and of Andrew Prelea to negotiate terms under which Andrew Prelea’s interest in the Transaction Assets, including BPPM, would be exchanged for the right to acquire shares in the Company. 

3.       The Transaction Assets

The Transaction Assets comprise the following:

2,355 shares of RON 10 each in Vast Baita Plai SA (“VBP”)
This comprises 20% of the total share capital of VBP) which company is the owner of Baita Plai Polymetallic Mine (“BPPM”) and associated assets.  BPPM is considered by the Directors as the lead asset of the Group.  BPPM has commenced production in October 2020 and the first sale of concentrate is expected in early November 2020.

On 29 October 2020 the Company published a Mineral Resource Estimate for BPPM prepared by Craig Harvey MGSSA, MAIG, Group Geologist and Chief Operating Officer of the Company.  The estimate covers the area immediate to the 18 Level of the mine, the lowest level of present infrastructure, and is intended to provide certainty regarding the initial mine production life of approximately 3-4 years whilst historic mineral resources are verified.  The report estimates on a 100% ownership basis a Resource of 608,000 tonnes of which 376,000 tonnes is Indicated at a copper equivalent grade of 3.01% and 232,000 tonnes is Inferred at a copper equivalent grade of 1.88%.  In addition, the report refers to an exploration target in the range on a 100% ownership basis of 1,800,000-3,000,000 tonnes at a copper equivalent grade in the range of 0.50%-2.00%.  In this context the report refers to the historical statement at the time that the Company conducted preliminary due diligence on BPPM in October 2014 which stated that the mine had an official mineral resource on the NAEN Russian Code (non JORC) as submitted to the Romanian authorised body for natural resources of 1.88 million tonnes.  These mineral resources, bar a portion represented by a single mineral resource block, are not included in the JORC Mineral Resource Estimate of 608,000 tonnes, but are assigned to the exploration target category until they are able to be further verified. 

Details of BPPM’s development and production plan together with internal cashflow projections were announced to the market on 7 September 2020 and a copy of that announcement is attached to this letter. 

In the year ended 30 April, 2020 BPPM made a loss of $1.627 million, so that the loss attributable to the assets being acquired is $0.355m.  Further details of the results of BPPM for the year ended 30 April 2020 are contained in Note 24 of the 30 April 2020 Annual Report of the Company. Following acquisition, BPPM will be consolidated within the Group Accounts with no requirement to show a non-controlled interest in relation thereto as has historically been the case and the carrying value of the interest being acquired will be determined in accordance with the Company’s accounting policies in due course.

Blueberry Exploration Perimeter – 10% of the Company’s 29.41% interest
The Blueberry Project is a 7.285km² brownfield area of prospectively in the Golden Quadrilateral region of Romania located in the immediate vicinity of the Baia de Aries Mine.  Historic work across the perimeter area has demonstrated prospectively for gold and polymetallic mineralisation where sample values of up to 22.4g/t of gold were obtained from historic soil sampling.  A drilling programme and assaying has been completed which has delivered sufficient information to support an Inferred JORC Mineral Resource for gold and other polymetallic minerals in one or more of several distinct breccia pipes.

The Blueberry exploration perimeter is owned by Blueberry Ridge Minerals SRL in turn owned by EMA Resources Ltd.  In the year to 31 July 2019, the last year for which accounts are available, no profit or loss is attributable to the Blueberry exploration perimeter. 

Piciorul Zimbrului – 10%
The 10km² Piciorul Zimbrului prospecting permit is located in the Zagra-Telciu area in Bistrita Nasaud County of Romania and lies adjacent to the Company’s Magura Neagra licence. The Company has undertaken a drilling programme focussing on 6 previously identified veins with associated gold and copper mineralisation along an underground drive developed for 820m.  The results to date are as expected, and when full results are to hand the Company will be applying for a full exploitation licence. 

No profit or loss is attributable to Piciorul Zimbrului in the year ended 30 April 2020.

Magura Neagra – 10%
The 21km² Magura Neagra prospecting permit is located in the Zagra-Telciu area in Bistrita Nasaud County of Romania and lies adjacent to the Company’s Piciorul Zimbrului licence.  The Company has undertaken a drilling programme targeting sets of polymetallic veins together with areas of disseminated sulphide mineralisation.  The results to date are as expected, and when full results are to hand the Company will be applying for a full exploitation licence.

No profit or loss is attributable to Magura Neagra in the year ended 30 April 2020.

In addition, the Transaction Assets include potential interests in former Romanian state owned mines including Remin (10%).

4.       The Purchase Price

The Purchase Price is to be satisfied by the issue to the Vendors of 2,850,000,000 ordinary shares of 0.1p each in the Company (“Consideration Shares”), which will, after completion, represent some 16.47% of the enlarged share capital of the Company. At the closing market price on 5 November 2020 of 0.17p per share the total Purchase Price would be £4.845m equivalent at the latest exchange rate to US$6.339m.

Subject to the passing of the resolution to be proposed at the General Meeting, application will made be made for the Consideration Shares, which will rank pari passu with the existing ordinary shares in issue, to trading on AIM.  Admission is expected to be on or around 24 November 2020.

The Vendors, who are listed in 2 above, comprise partly Related Parties within the AIM Rules definition (60.52%) and partly Non Related Parties (39.48%).  The Purchase Price has been determined as a result of a negotiation between the Vendors and the Company through the agency of the Independent Directors, and takes into account the effect of various previous agreements relating to the funding of the Transaction Assets, in particular BPPM. 

In conducting negotiations to determine a purchase price that could be agreed between all the Parties, it was recognised by the Independent Directors that the existing 80% holding in BPPM represented in their opinion the substantial majority of the value of the Company as recognised by investors as a whole.

In coming to a view of the value of the Transaction Assets, the Independent Directors decided that the appropriate valuation approach was the ‘market’ approach since this would reflect all available public information.  Accordingly, they carried out such a valuation internally on this basis measured in shares of the Company.  This approach involved the assessment of the relative value of each Vast business unit as derived from the Company’s market capitalisation.

The Independent Directors formed the view that the Purchase Price should be expressed (and paid) in shares rather than in cash as any uncertainties in the perceived value of BPPM would very largely cancel out as, if the perceived value of BPPM were to increase, so almost pro rata would the money value of the Consideration Shares.

5.     Value of the Transaction Assets

The Independent Directors have considered the need to commission a third-party valuation report for the purposes of the Transaction and have come to the conclusion that they hold sufficient technical, financial and market experience individually and collectively to be in a position to make an independent evaluation of the value of the Transaction without the need to employ a third-party valuer.

Accordingly, the Independent Directors have carried out a comprehensive discounted cashflow (“DCF”) valuation of BPPM updated for all the variables included in the current mine production and development plan at BPPM and consistent with the Company’s published announcements.  The model base case adjusted downwards to the lower end of our imputed sensitivities by the use of what they considered conservative metal price forecasts indicates a gross value (based on the simple average consensus view of APEX commodity forecast Q3 2020) of $70m for BPPM using a country discount rate of 12.5% based upon their assessment of the appropriate discount rate under the capital asset pricing model.  In particular, the forward copper price used was only marginally above the current spot price.  Therefore, it was noted that the use of higher metal prices forecasts widely available in the public domain, would have produced a significantly increased the value.

On the $70m value basis the value for the 20% interest in BPPM which is being acquired would be $14m (£10.7m) This compares favourably to market value of Consideration Shares as set out above, being US$6.339m (£4.845m) and would of course compare yet more favourably had the widely available higher metal prices been applied.

For the information of Shareholders, a value of US$70m for BPPM alone – ie without attributing any value to the additional Romanian assets – is equivalent to 0.38p per Consideration Share.

The Independent Directors have for the purposes of assessing the Transaction, not attributed any value to the other assets being acquired; but note that any such value would add to the value of the Consideration Shares.

6.     Conclusion

As stated above, under the AIM Rules the Transaction is a ‘Related Party Transaction’. 

In the light of this, the Independent Directors state that having considered:

  1. the need to remove the conflict of interest due to the intended financing transaction with the Bank;
  2. the advantage to the Company of removing as far as reasonably possible any conflict of interest with the Chief Executive Officer of the Company;
  3. their assessment of a purchase price that would represent value for the Company for the Transaction Assets acquired;
  4. the confirmation of value provided by the separate DCF calculations; and

that having consulted with the Company’s Nominated Adviser the terms of the Transaction are fair and reasonable in so far as the Shareholders are concerned.

7.     General Meeting and Action to be taken by Shareholders

Attached to this letter is a Notice convening the General Meeting to be held as a virtual meeting as a result of the current Covid 19 restrictions at 2.30pm on 23 November 2020 at which an Ordinary Resolution is proposed to approve the Transaction and to authorise the Directors to allot 2,850,000,000 Ordinary Shares of 0.1p each in the Company to the Vendors.

As a consequence of the current measures implemented by the UK Government, Shareholders will not be permitted to attend the General Meeting but are strongly encouraged to submit their votes by proxy as soon as possible.  Voting at the General Meeting will be carried out by way of poll so that votes cast in advance and the votes of all shareholders appointing the chairman of the General Meeting as their proxy can be taken into account.

Shareholders have been sent a Form of Proxy for use at the General Meeting.  Shareholders are requested to complete and return the Form of Proxy in accordance with the instructions printed thereon.  To be valid, completed Forms of Proxy must be received by the Registrar as soon as possible, and in any event not later than 2.30pm on 19 November 2020.

The Board understands that the General Meeting also serves as a forum for Shareholders to raise questions and comments.  If Shareholders do have any questions or comments relating to the business of the meeting that they would like to ask the Board, they are asked to submit those questions in writing via email to [email protected] by no later than 6.00pm on 20 November 2020.  These questions will be posed to the Board and an audio recording of the conversation will be uploaded to the website at later on the day of the General Meeting.

8.     Recommendation

The Independent Directors believe the Transaction to be in the best interest of the Company and for the benefit of the Shareholders as a whole. 

The Independent Directors unanimously recommend the shareholders to vote in favour of the Resolutions to be posed at the General Meeting as they intend to do in respect of their own beneficial holdings amounting in aggregate to 49,698,104 ordinary shares representing approximately 0.34% of the ordinary shares of the Company expected to be in issue on 9 November 2020.

a d v e r t i s e m e n t