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Monks Inv.Trust (MNKS)

  Print          Annual reports

Tuesday 07 December, 2021

Monks Inv.Trust

Half-year Report

RNS Number : 7380U
Monks Investment Trust PLC
07 December 2021
 

RNS Announcement

 

 

 

The Monks Investment Trust PLC (MNKS)

 

 

 

Legal Entity Identifier: 213800MRI1JTUKG5AF64

 

Regulated Information Classification: Half Yearly Financial Report.

 

 

 

Results for the six months to 31 October 2021

 

Over the six-month period, the Company produced a positive net asset value (NAV)* return of 6.5% compared to an increase of 8.9% for the FTSE World Index (in sterling), both in total return terms. The share price total return for the same period was -0.9%. The shares ended the period trading at a discount of 4.3% to the Company's NAV*.

¾ The Monks Investment Trust seeks to build a diversified portfolio of global equities that is well placed to capture growth resulting from structural economic and societal changes.

¾ There are an increasing number of technology-led or digitised companies which operate across the economic spectrum.

¾ Innovation is speeding up and spreading across the economy - the Monks portfolio is well positioned to capture this growth.

¾ Revenue earnings per share were 2.76p. No interim dividend is to be paid.

¾ Since the current team took over management of Monks on 27 March 2015, the NAV* total return has been +202.0%, the share price total return +229.7% and the comparative index total return +126.3%.

* With borrowings deducted at fair value.

 

Past performance is not a guide to future performance. Total return information is sourced from Baillie Gifford/Refinitiv and relevant underlying index providers. See disclaimer at the end of this announcement. For a definition of terms see Glossary of Terms and Alternative Performance Measures at the end of this announcement.

         

 

The Monks Investment Trust PLC ('Monks') invests globally in order to achieve capital growth. This takes priority over income and dividends. Monks is managed by Baillie Gifford, an independent fund management group with over £340 billion under management and advice as at 3 December 2021.

Monks is a listed UK company. The value of its shares and any income from them can fall as well as rise and investors may not get back the amount invested. The Company is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is not authorised or regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. You can find up to date performance information about Monks at www.monksinvestmenttrust.co.uk. Past performance is not a guide to future performance. See disclaimer at the end of this announcement.

 

Neither the contents of the Managers' website nor the contents of any website accessible from hyperlinks on the Managers' website (or any other website) is incorporated into, or forms part of, this announcement.

 

7 December 2021

 

For further information please contact:

Jon Henry, Baillie Gifford & Co, Tel: 0131 275 2000

Mark Knight, Director, Four Communications, Tel: 0203 697 4200 or 07803 758810

The following is the unaudited Interim Financial Report for the six months to 31 October 2021.

 

 

We confirm that to the best of our knowledge:

a)  the condensed set of Financial Statements has been prepared in accordance with FRS 104 'Interim Financial Reporting';

b)  the Interim Management Report includes a fair review of the information required by Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rule 4.2.7R (indication of important events during the first six months, and their impact on the Financial Statements, and a description of principal risks and uncertainties for the remaining six months of the year); and

c)  the Interim Financial Report includes a fair review of the information required by Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rule 4.2.8R (disclosure of related party transactions and changes therein).

 

On behalf of the Board

K S Sternberg

Chairman

6 December 2021

 

Interim Management Report

In biology, 'punctuated equilibrium' describes the gradual, then sudden nature of radical change: the concept that, most of the time, change happens only incrementally, but sometimes external factors coincide to create the conditions which force dramatic change. There are parallels between natural ecosystems and our global economy. Many people consider the pandemic an exogenous cyclical shock, a temporary aberration from the norm. At some point it will pass, the economy will recover, and everything will go back to normal. However, could the pandemic be the equivalent of a rise in sea levels, or the arrival of a new predator, which forces adaptation and disrupts the equilibrium? Isn't it more likely that some behaviours and industries will change permanently?

The Monks Investment Trust seeks to build a diversified portfolio of global equities that is well placed to capture growth resulting from structural economic and societal changes. Shareholders will be aware that we have believed for some time that the impact of technology is broadening, driving change, and eroding inertia in hitherto untouched sectors. The pandemic has accelerated this change. There are an increasing number of technology-led or digitised companies within the Monks portfolio. These operate across a growing spectrum of the economy in areas including entertainment, automobiles and transportation, real estate, education, payments, telecommunications, retail, enterprise software, and 'last-mile' logistics. Rather than thinking of this period as having pulled forward some portion of finite demand, it would be more accurate to think of it as a catalyst which has tipped a range of industries out of their previous equilibria. The erosion of inertia serves to highlight how important it is to recognise early the likely adoption of new products and services and the enduring growth opportunities they represent.

During the first half of our financial year, the Company produced a positive net asset value (NAV)* total return of +6.5% compared to +8.9% for the comparative index (FTSE World in sterling). The share price total return was slightly negative (-0.9%), reflecting the decline in the premium rating of our shares relative to NAV, which moved to a discount.

In the context of our investment approach, six months is a very short period. The Board and managers believe that performance should be judged over the longer term. Over the 5 years to the end of October 2021, the NAV* total return has been +148.0%, and the share price total return +157.8%, compared to the comparative index total return of +83.6%.

Portfolio Changes

We have continued to seek out potential beneficiaries of disrupted equilibria and permanently altered behaviours. One example is the new holding in maker of home fitness equipment, Peloton. Peloton represents a new alternative to gym memberships for those who want to participate in exercise classes. The company combines desirable fitness hardware such as spin-bikes, with integrated software offering live and on-demand classes led by world-class instructors. This union of physical and digital excellence represents a compelling proposition for customers and a deep and lasting competitive advantage. As the company continues to lower hardware prices and attract more users with further software and content innovation, the addressable market could be many times larger than it is today.

Another new holding seeking to redefine its industry is Carvana, the US online used car market's leading player. The company's vertically integrated business model should allow it to positively shape the user experience and remove the friction typically associated with car buying. Its scale and brand are key for future growth and we are optimistic that Carvana is well placed to disrupt industry incumbents.

Perhaps less pandemic-induced are the changing consumer preferences which underpin our purchase of Oatly. Oatly produces dairy alternatives from fibre-rich oats. The company has developed an eye-catching brand and should benefit from the considerable move away from traditional dairy to healthier and more environmentally friendly alternatives.

The names highlighted thus far are all classed as Rapid Growth in the Monks portfolio.  We continue to invest across the other growth profiles (Stalwart, Cyclical and Latent), where growth will manifest in different ways. An example is the new holding in Japanese car parts supplier, DENSO. Historically tied to the Toyota group, DENSO has recently started to broaden its customer base to find new opportunities. Furthermore, the company's long-term plans are well aligned with the accelerating global shift to electric vehicles, and the rising proportion of a car's value being attributed to electronics. Growth here is likely to be more cyclical in nature, but perhaps less appreciated by the market as a result. In the Stalwart Growth category, software is an area of increasing enthusiasm, as it becomes increasingly important across a broad range of industries. Our conviction is evident in another new holding: Certara. This company develops bio-simulation software (the software modelling of biological processes). Certara's software enables biotechnology companies to simulate how their drugs will react in different human organs, which has the potential to save significant time and cost in physical human trials and therefore offers attractive returns on investment for Certara's customers. Also in the software-related sphere, we established a position in Topicus, an owner of a growing portfolio of software businesses. Topicus seeks to provide mission-critical software to a broad range of sectors and end-users.

Funding for these positions has come from the sale of a handful of portfolio holdings. Some of these have performed admirably, but relative growth prospects have dimmed. In some other cases, we believe that their competitive position is weakening. Examples of the former include Advantest and Resmed. Advantest, the semi-conductor testing business, operates in a duopoly with another Monks holding, Teradyne. The company's strong performance against a hugely supportive backdrop of healthy demand in recent years has been fully reflected in the share price. Meanwhile, slowing growth and underwhelming efforts on the software side of the business have prompted the sale of Resmed, the provider of medical equipment for sufferers of sleep apnea. Similarly, LendingTree, the US online credit card and mortgage platform has seen peers making more impressive headway in this space and we are concerned at slowing growth rates in its core markets.

We have sold both EOG Resources, the US oil and gas business, and Fairfax Financial, the Canadian insurance and investment company headed by Prem Watsa. EOG has been among the leaders in the US shale oil and gas market by improving efficiencies and reducing the environmental impact of its operations. Its management team have been strong stewards of the business and the corporate culture of innovation and improvement has impressed us. However, the inexorable direction of travel towards alternative energy has prompted us to sell and move on. In contrast, Fairfax has delivered disappointing investment results in recent years, having had a strong long-term track record. We have been disappointed by some recent Board appointments at Fairfax, which, in our opinion, were insufficiently independent and did not represent good governance.

Unlisted Holdings

Prior to the Company's 30 April 2021 year end, we successfully added to our holding in The Schiehallion Fund, a closed-end vehicle managed by Baillie Gifford, which invests in late-stage private companies. This makes Schiehallion the largest holding in the Monks portfolio and we continue to be excited by the long-term growth potential of the underlying portfolio. Whilst this is our core exposure to private company growth opportunities, we do invest directly in private companies where the investment case is particularly attractive. At 31 October 2021, the combined ordinary and C share Schiehallion holding represented 4.3% of total assets and a further 1.7% of the portfolio was invested directly in private companies. It should be noted that the Schiehallion holdings are valued at market price and are deducted from the calculation of assets for management fee purposes.

Gearing 

The level of invested gearing at the period end stood at 1.7%, compared to 0.8% six months earlier. The modest increase in gearing levels reflects the deployment of cash into equity markets. Over the medium term, and where the appropriate opportunity presents itself, we would expect to move gearing level towards the intended long-term neutral position of 10%. 

Dividend

No interim dividend is being paid. A single final dividend will typically be paid after the AGM, reflecting the Company's focus on capital growth.

Positioning and Outlook

The pandemic has triggered an avalanche of change and we believe that there will be structural consequences we do not yet fully understand or appreciate. Innovation is speeding up and spreading across the economy. In this regard, we believe that we are closer to the beginning of this process than the end. The approach taken by the Monks Investment Trust seeks to embrace this change - accepting that growth in revenues, earnings and cash flows can be delivered in different ways. We believe many of the companies in the Monks portfolio will be beneficiaries of change and seek to guard against complacency by ensuring that our view remains differentiated. By focusing on these fundamentals and by being open-minded about the sources of growth opportunities, we believe we can continue to grow savers' capital within The Monks Investment Trust.

The principal risks and uncertainties facing the Company are set out in note 14.

 

Baillie Gifford & Co Limited

Managers and Secretaries

6 December 2021

 

*With borrowings deducted at fair value.

 

Past performance is not a guide to future performance. For a definition of terms used see Glossary of Terms and Alternative Performance Measures at the end of this announcement. Total return information is sourced from Baillie Gifford /Refinitiv and relevant underlying index providers. See disclaimer at the end of this announcement.

 

The Managers' Core Investment Beliefs

 

We believe the following features of Monks provide a sustainable basis for adding value for shareholders.

 

Active Management

¾ We invest in attractive companies using a 'bottom-up' investment process. Macroeconomic forecasts are of relatively little interest to us.

¾ High active share* provides the potential for adding value.

¾ We ignore the structure of the index - for example the location of a company's HQ and therefore its domicile are less relevant to us than where it generates sales and profits.

¾ Large swathes of the market are unattractive and of no interest to us.

¾ As index agnostic global investors we can go anywhere and only invest in the best ideas.

¾ As the portfolio is very different from the index, we expect portfolio returns to vary - sometimes substantially and often for prolonged periods.

 

Committed Growth Investors

¾ In the long run, share prices follow fundamentals; growth drives returns.

¾ We aim to produce a portfolio of stocks with above average growth - this in turn underpins the ability of Monks to add value.

¾ We have a differentiated approach to growth, focusing on the type of growth that we expect a company to deliver. All holdings fall into one of four growth categories - as set out in the Investment Portfolio by Growth Category table below.

¾ The use of these four growth categories ensures a diversity of growth drivers within a disciplined framework.

 

Long-Term Perspective

¾ Long-term holdings mean that company fundamentals are given time to drive returns.

¾ We prefer companies that are managed with a long-term mindset, rather than those that prioritise the management of market expectations.

¾ We believe our approach helps us focus on what is important during the inevitable periods of underperformance.

¾ Short-term portfolio results are random.

¾ As longer-term shareholders we are able to have greater influence on environmental, social and governance matters.

 

Dedicated Team with Clear Decision-making Process

¾ Senior and experienced team drawing on the full resources of Baillie Gifford.

¾ Alignment of interests - the investment team responsible for Monks all own shares in the Company.

 

Portfolio Construction

¾ Investments are held in three broad holding sizes - as set out in the Investment Portfolio by Growth Category table below.

¾ This allows us to back our judgement in those stocks for which we have greater conviction, and to embrace the asymmetry of returns through 'incubator' positions in higher risk/return stocks.

¾ 'Asymmetry of returns': some of our smaller positions will struggle and their share prices will fall; those that are successful may rise many fold. The latter should outweigh the former.

 

Low Cost

¾ Investors should not be penalised by high management fees.

¾ Low turnover and trading costs benefit shareholders.

 

For a definition of terms used see Glossary of Terms and Alternative Performance Measures at the end of this announcement.

 

 

Holding Size

Growth Stalwarts   

%

Rapid Growth 

%

Cyclical Growth 

%

Latent Growth 

%

 

 

(c.10% p.a. earnings growth)

 

 

(c.15% to 25% p.a. earnings growth)

 

(c.10% to 15% p.a. earnings growth through a cycle)

 

(earnings growth to accelerate over time)

 

 

 

Company Characteristics

¾ Durable franchise

¾ Deliver robust profitability in most macroeconomic environments

¾ Competitive advantage includes dominant local scale, customer loyalty and strong brands

 

Company Characteristics

¾ Early stage businesses with vast growth opportunity

¾ Innovators attacking existing profit pools or creating new markets

 

Company Characteristics

¾ Subject to macroeconomic and capital cycles with significant structural growth prospects

¾ Strong management teams highly skilled at capital allocation

 

Company Characteristics

¾ Company specific catalyst will drive above average earnings in future

¾ Unspectacular recent operational performance and therefore out of favour

 

 

Highest conviction holdings

c.2.0% each

 

Total: 31.7%

Alphabet

2.3

The Schiehallion Fund

2.4

Martin Marietta Materials

1.9

Ryanair

1.7

 

Microsoft

2.2

Sea Limited

2.3

 

 

 

 

 

Moody's

2.2

Tesla

2.2

 

 

 

 

 

Anthem

1.9

Prosus

2.1

 

 

 

 

 

Prudential

1.6

Cloudflare

2.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Schiehallion Fund - C Shares

1.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amazon.com

1.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moderna

1.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shopify

1.6

 

 

 

 

 

Average sized holdings

c.1.0% each

 

Total: 46.7%

Arthur J. Gallagher

1.4

Reliance Industries

1.4

CBRE Group

1.3

BHP

1.2

 

Pernod Ricard

1.4

Meituan Dianping

1.3

Albemarle

1.2

Rio Tinto

1.0

 

AIA

1.4

Trupanion

1.2

TSMC

1.2

 

 

 

Service Corporation International

1.4

The Trade Desk

1.1

CRH

1.1

 

 

 

Olympus

1.2

Alibaba

1.0

SiteOne Landscape Supply

0.9

 

 

 

Meta

1.2

Farfetch

1.0

Teradyne

0.9

 

 

 

MasterCard

1.2

Doordash

0.9

Booking Holdings

0.9

 

 

 

Estée Lauder

1.1

HDFC

0.9

Atlas Copco

0.7

 

 

 

Thermo Fisher Scientific

1.0

Twilio

0.9

Richemont

0.7

 

 

 

S&P Global

1.0

Zillow

0.9

Charles Schwab

0.7

 

 

 

Sysmex

0.9

Illumina

0.9

 

 

 

 

 

Broadridge Financial Solutions

0.8

Schibsted

0.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

adidas

0.7

Adyen

0.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Certara

0.7

Alnylam Pharmaceuticals

0.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MercadoLibre

0.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Datadog

0.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Axon Enterprise

0.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Naspers

0.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayfair

0.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netflix

0.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ByteDance

0.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Snowflake

0.7

 

 

 

 

 

Holding Size

Growth Stalwarts   

%

Rapid Growth   

%

Cyclical Growth 

%

Latent Growth 

%

 

(c.10%p.a. earnings growth)

 

 

(c.15% to 25% p.a. earnings growth)

 

(c.10% to 15% p.a. earnings growth through a cycle)

 

(earnings growth to accelerate over time)

 

Incubator Holdings

c.0.5% each

 

Total: 21.6%

CoStar

0.6

Ping An Insurance

0.6

Markel

0.6

Sberbank of Russia

0.6

Topicus.com

0.3

Lemonade

0.6

Epiroc

0.6

Stericycle

0.4

Hoshizaki Corp

0.2

Spotify

0.6

SMC

0.6

Howard Hughes

0.3

 

 

Li Auto

0.6

Deutsche Boerse

0.4

IAC/Interactivecorp

0.3

 

 

ICICI Bank

0.6

Wizz Air Holdings

0.4

Brilliance China Automotive

0.2

 

 

M3

0.5

Lyft

0.4

Silk Invest Africa Food Fund

0.1

 

 

Teladoc

0.5

Hays

0.3

 

 

 

 

Carvana

0.5

PageGroup

0.3

 

 

 

 

CyberAgent

0.5

Sands China

0.2

 

 

 

 

Denali Therapeutics

0.5

Orica

0.2

 

 

 

 

Genmab

0.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

DENSO

0.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adevinta Asa

0.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appian

0.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bumble

0.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

ICICI Prudential Life Insurance

0.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Epic Games

0.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Staar Surgical

0.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abiomed

0.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renishaw

0.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oscar Health

0.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peloton Interactive

0.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chegg

0.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sensyne Health

0.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Novocure

0.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exact Sciences

0.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

iRobot

0.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vimeo

0.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oatly

0.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mail.ru Group

0.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ant International

0.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

B3 Group

0.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ubisoft Entertainment

0.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tencent Music Entertainment

0.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Autohome

0.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stripe

0.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ping An Healthcare & Technology

0.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Istyle

0.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Space Exploration Technologies

0.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

KE Holdings

0.1

 

 

 

 

 

Total

26.7

Total

52.0

Total

15.5

Total

5.8

                                 

Excludes net liquid assets

 

 

Thematic Exposure - Risks and Opportunities

 

 

 

At 31 October 2021

Category

%

%

%

New Economy

 

 

52.5

Innovation

 

21.1

 

 

Transformational Health

8.3

 

 

 

Enterprise Cloud

6.4

 

 

 

Chips

2.1

 

 

 

Other Innovation

4.3

 

 

Platform Crush

 

15.9

 

Regulation/Anti-trust

 

9.4

 

Transformative/Unproven Model

 

6.1

 

Developing Economies

 

 

12.9

Emerging Markets Middle Classes

 

7.8

 

 

Emerging Markets Consumer Catch-up

2.6

 

 

 

Emerging Markets Financial Development

5.2

 

 

Carbon Heavy

 

3.8

 

Lending/Underwriting Risk

 

1.0

 

Industrial Demand

 

0.3

 

Economically Agnostic

 

 

17.1

Highly Valued Compounders

 

11.5

 

Idiosyncratic

 

3.6

 

Insurance Cycle

 

2.0

 

Developed Market Growth

 

 

15.3

Consumer Demand

 

5.8

 

Industrial Demand

 

4.6

 

Capital Markets/Asset Inflation

 

2.6

 

Carbon Pricing

 

2.3

 

Net Liquid Assets

 

 

2.2

Total Assets

 

 

100.0

 

* Expressed as a percentage of total assets.

For a definition of terms used see Glossary of Terms and Alternative Performance Measures at the end of this announcement.

 

 

 

 

Geographical

 

At

31 October 2021

%

At

30 April 2021

%

North America

54.0

49.7

Continental Europe

12.7

10.5

United Kingdom

10.6

11.6

China

4.9

6.5

Emerging Markets ex China

7.1

8.4

Japan

4.5

6.2

Developed Asia

4.0

3.9

Total Investments

97.8

96.8

Net Liquid Assets

2.2

3.2

Total Assets

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

Sectoral

 

 

At

31 October 2021

%

At

30 April 2021

%

Financials

19.8

20.2

Technology

25.6

23.6

Consumer Discretionary

20.9

19.3

Healthcare

12.8

13.5

Industrials

8.8

9.6

Consumer Staples

1.6

1.3

Basic Materials

3.5

3.7

Telecommunications

0.0

0.8

Energy

1.3

1.4

Real Estate

3.1

3.0

Utilities

0.4

0.4

Total Investments

97.8

96.8

Net Liquid Assets

2.2

3.2

Total Assets

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

* Expressed as a percentage of total assets.

For a definition of terms used see Glossary of Terms and Alternative Performance Measures at the end of this announcement.

 

 

Name

 

 

 

 

Growth

Category

Business Description

Fair Value £'000

% of
Total Assets*

The Schiehallion Fund

Rapid

Global unlisted growth equity investment trust

 83,560

2.4

The Schiehallion Fund - C

  Shares

Rapid

Global unlisted growth equity investment trust

 67,666

1.9

 

 

 

 151,226

4.3

Sea Limited

Rapid

Online and digital gaming

 81,151

2.3

Alphabet

Stalwart

Online search engine

 79,854

2.2

Microsoft

Stalwart

Software and cloud computing enterprise

 77,781

2.2

Tesla

Rapid

Electric cars and renewable energy solutions

 75,592

2.1

Moody's

Stalwart

Credit rating agency

 75,036

2.1

Prosus

Rapid

Media and ecommerce company

 73,151

2.1

Cloudflare

Rapid

Cloud based IT services business

 70,358

2.0

Martin Marietta Materials

Cyclical

Cement and aggregates manufacturer

 65,654

1.8

Anthem

Stalwart

Healthcare insurer

 65,111

1.8

Amazon.com

Rapid

Online retailer

 60,476

1.7

Ryanair

Latent

Low cost European airline

 59,517

1.7

Moderna

Rapid

Drug discovery using mRNA technology

 59,428

1.7

Shopify

Rapid

Online commerce platform

 56,868

1.6

Prudential

Stalwart

International life insurance

 56,153

1.6

Arthur J. Gallagher

Stalwart

Insurance broker

 48,997

1.4

Reliance Industries

Rapid

Indian energy conglomerate

 48,042

1.4

Pernod Ricard

Stalwart

Global spirits manufacturer

 47,533

1.3

AIA

Stalwart

Asian life insurer

 47,244

1.3

Service Corporation

  International

Stalwart

Death care services

 46,860

1.3

Meituan Dianping

Rapid

Online commerce platform

 46,600

1.3

CBRE Group

Cyclical

Commercial real estate operator

 44,419

1.2

Albemarle

Cyclical

Speciality chemicals

 42,325

1.2

TSMC

Cyclical

Semiconductor manufacturer

 42,116

1.2

Olympus

Stalwart

Optoelectronic products

 42,084

1.2

Meta

Stalwart

Social networking website

 41,119

1.2

Trupanion

Rapid

Pet health insurance provider

 40,999

1.2

BHP

Latent

Mineral exploration and production

 40,493

1.1

MasterCard

Stalwart

Electronic payments network and related services

 40,163

1.1

 

 

 

 1,726,350

48.6

 

* For a definition of terms used see Glossary of Terms and Alternative Performance Measures at the end of this announcement.

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

For the six months ended

31 October 2021

 

For the six months ended

31 October 2020

 

For the year ended

30 April 2021

(Audited)

 

Revenue

£'000

Capital

£'000

Total

£'000

Revenue

£'000

Capital

£'000

Total

£'000

Revenue

£'000

Capital

£'000

Total

£'000

 

Gains on investments

203,591 

203,591 

513,864 

513,864 

1,069,700

1,069,700 

Currency (losses)/gains

(383)

(383)

1,186 

1,186

1,916

1,916 

Income from investments and interest receivable

16,018 

16,018 

11,509 

11,509 

22,529 

-

22,529 

Investment management fee (note 3)

(5,719)

(5,719)

(4,516)

(4,516)

(10,011)

-

(10,011)

Other administrative expenses

(869)

(869)

(776)

(776)

(1,656)

-

(1,656)

Net return before finance costs and taxation

9,430 

203,208 

212,638 

6,217

515,050 

521,267 

10,862 

1,071,616

1,082,478 

Finance costs of borrowings

(2,507)

(2,507)

(2,621)

(2,621)

(5,027)

-

(5,027) 

Net return on ordinary activities before taxation

6,923 

203,208 

210,131 

3,596 

515,050 

518,646 

5,835 

1,071,616

1,077,451 

Tax on ordinary activities (note 4)

(910)

(793)

(1,703)

2,599 

(170)

2,429 

1,966 

(958)

1,008 

Net return on ordinary activities after taxation

6,013 

202,415  

208,428 

6,195 

514,880 

521,075

7,801 

1,070,658

1,078,459 

Net return per ordinary share (note 5)

2.54p

85.61p

88.15p

2.76p

229.51p

232.27p

3.42p

469.83p

473.25p

 

 

The total column of this statement represents the profit and loss account of the Company. The supplementary revenue and capital columns are prepared under guidance issued by the Association of Investment Companies.

All revenue and capital items in this statement derive from continuing operations.

A Statement of Comprehensive Income is not required as the Company does not have any other comprehensive income and the net return on ordinary activities after taxation is both the profit and total comprehensive income for the period.

 

 

 

At 31 October 2021 

£'000 

 

 

At 30 April 2021

£'000

(Audited)

Fixed assets

 

 

Investments held at fair value through profit or loss (note 7)

3,470,415 

3,238,130 

Current assets

 

 

Debtors

7,197 

3,936 

Cash and cash equivalents

78,736 

108,723 

 

85,933 

112,659 

Creditors

 

 

Amounts falling due within one year:

 

 

Other creditors

(6,111)

(5,063)

 

(6,111)

(5,063)

Net current assets

79,822 

107,596 

Total assets less current liabilities

3,550,237 

3,345,726 

Creditors

 

 

Amounts falling due after more than one year:

 

 

Loan notes (note 8)

(99,851)

(99,848)

Debenture stock (note 8)

(39,956)

(39,940)

Provision for tax liability (note 9)

(1,751)

(958)

 

(141,558)

(140,746)

3,408,679 

3,204,980 

Capital and reserves

 

 

Share capital

11,823 

11,823 

Share premium account

262,183 

262,183 

Capital redemption reserve

8,700 

8,700 

Capital reserve

3,061,629 

2,859,214 

Revenue reserve

64,344 

63,060 

3,408,679 

3,204,980 

Shareholders' funds per ordinary share

(borrowings at book value) (note 10)

1,441.6p

1,355.4p

Net asset value per ordinary share*

(borrowings at par value)

1,441.5p

1,355.3p

Net asset value per ordinary share*

(borrowings at fair value)

1,444.8p

1,358.1p

Ordinary shares in issue (note 10)

236,453,859 

236,453,859 

 

For a definition of terms used see Glossary of Terms and Alternative Performance Measures at the end of this announcement

 

For the six months ended 31 October 2021

 

Share
capital

£'000

Share premium account

£'000

Capital redemption reserve

£'000

Capital reserve*

£'000

Revenue reserve

£'000

Shareholders'
funds

£'000

Shareholders' funds at 1 May 2021

11,823

262,183

8,700

2,859,214

63,060 

3,204,980 

Net return on ordinary activities after taxation

-

-

-

202,415

6,013 

208,428 

Dividends paid during the period (note 6)

-

-

-

-

(4,729)

(4,729)

Shareholders' funds at 31 October 2021

11,823

262,183

8,700

3,061,629

64,344 

3,408,679 

 

 

 

For the six months ended 31 October 2020

 

Share
capital

£'000

Share premium account

£'000

Capital redemption reserve

£'000

Capital reserve*

£'000

Revenue reserve

£'000

Shareholders'
funds

£'000

Shareholders' funds at 1 May 2020

11,178

94,328

8,700

1,788,556

60,862 

1,963,624 

Net return on ordinary activities after taxation

-

-

-

514,880

6,195 

521,075 

Ordinary shares issued (note 11)

119

26,680

-

-

26,799 

Dividends paid during the period (note 6)

-

-

-

-

(5,603)

(5,603)

Shareholders' funds at 31 October 2020

11,297

121,008

8,700

2,303,436

61,454 

2,505,895 

 

 

 

The Capital Reserve balance at 31 October 2021 includes holding gains on investments of £1,608,092,000 (31 October 2020 - gains of £1,045,847,000).

 

 

 

Six months to

 31 October 2021

£'000

Six months to

 31 October 2020

£'000

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

Net return on ordinary activities before taxation

210,131 

518,646 

Net gains on investments

(203,591)

(513,864)

Currency losses/(gains)

383 

(1,186)

Finance costs of borrowings

2,507 

2,621 

Overseas tax incurred

(1,010)

(963)

Corporation tax refunded

3,597 

Changes in debtors and creditors

1,392 

1,482 

Cash from operations*

9,812 

10,333 

Interest paid

(2,477)

(1,997)

Net cash inflow from operating activities

7,335 

8,336 

Net cash (outflow)/inflow from investing activities

(32,210)

16,107 

Cash flow from financing activities

 

 

Equity dividends paid (note 6)

(4,729)

(5,603)

Ordinary shares issued

28,227 

Loan notes issued

99,844 

Net borrowings repaid

(63,178)

Net cash (outflow)/inflow from financing activities

(4,729)

59,290 

(Decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents

(29,604)

83,733 

Exchange movements

(383)

(1,904)

Cash and cash equivalents at start of period

108,723 

19,537 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

78,736 

101,366 

 

Cash from operations includes dividends received of £17,208,000 (31 October 2020 - £12,133,000) and interest received of £nil (31 October 2020 - £361,000).

 

 

1. 

The condensed Financial Statements for the six months to 31 October 2021 comprise the Statements set out in the previous pages together with the related notes below. They have been prepared in accordance with FRS 104 'Interim Financial Reporting' and the AIC's Statement of Recommended Practice issued in November 2014 and updated in April 2021 with consequential amendments. They have not been audited or reviewed by the Auditor pursuant to the Auditing Practices Board Guidance on 'Review of Interim Financial Information'. The Financial Statements for the six months to 31 October 2021 have been prepared on the basis of the same accounting policies as set out in the Company's Annual Report and Financial Statements at 30 April 2021. 

Going Concern

The Directors have considered the Company's principal risks and uncertainties, as set out in note 14 below, together with the Company's current position, investment objective and policy, the level of demand for the Company's shares, the nature of its assets, its liabilities and projected income and expenditure. The Board has, in particular, considered the impact of market volatility during the Covid-19 pandemic. It is the Directors' opinion that the Company has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. The vast majority of the Company's investments are readily realisable and can be sold to meet its liabilities as they fall due. All borrowings require the prior approval of the Board. Gearing levels and compliance with covenants are reviewed by the Board on a regular basis. The Company has continued to comply with the investment trust status requirements of section 1158 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 and the Investment Trust (Approved Company) Regulations 2011. Accordingly, the Directors consider it appropriate to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing these Financial Statements and confirm that they are not aware of any material uncertainties which may affect the Company's ability to continue to do so over a period of at least twelve months from the date of approval of these Financial Statements.

2. 

The financial information contained within this Interim Financial Report does not constitute statutory accounts as defined in sections 434 to 436 of the Companies Act 2006. The financial information for the year ended 30 April 2021 has been extracted from the statutory accounts which have been filed with the Registrar of Companies. The Auditor's Report on those accounts was not qualified, did not include a reference to any matters to which the Auditor drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying its report, and did not contain statements under sections 498 (2) or (3) of the Companies Act 2006.

3. 

Baillie Gifford & Co Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Baillie Gifford & Co, has been appointed by the Company as its Alternative Investment Fund Manager (AIFM) and Company Secretary. The investment management function has been delegated to Baillie Gifford & Co. The management agreement can be terminated on six months' notice. The annual management fee is 0.45% on the first £750 million of total assets, 0.33% on the next £1 billion of total assets and 0.30% on the remaining total assets. For fee purposes, total assets is defined as the total value of all assets held less all liabilities (other than any liability in the form of debt intended for investment purposes) and excludes the value of the Company's holdings in The Schiehallion Fund, a closed-ended investment company managed by Baillie Gifford & Co. The Company does not currently hold any other collective investment vehicles managed by Baillie Gifford & Co. Where the Company holds investments in open-ended collective investment vehicles managed by Baillie Gifford, such as OEICs, Monks' share of any fees charged within that vehicle will be rebated to the Company. All debt drawn down during the periods under review is intended for investment purposes.

4. 

Tax on ordinary activities

The revenue tax charge for the periods to 30 April 2021 and 31 October 2020 included £3,664,000 and £3,597,000 respectively of UK corporation tax repaid in respect of the Company's financial years to 2008 and 2009 (31 October 2020) and 2008, 2009 and 2010 (30 April 2021), following successful legal action regarding the tax treatment of overseas dividend income. This amount had not previously been provided for, as recovery was not considered sufficiently probable. It was therefore recognised on receipt. As it exceeded the overseas withholding tax suffered in the period, this resulted in a positive revenue tax charge for those periods. Interest on the corporation tax repayment was included within interest income. The capital tax charge results from the Provision for Tax Liability in respect of Indian capital gains tax as detailed in note 9 below.

 

 

 

5. 

Net return per ordinary share

Six months to

 31 October

 2021

£'000

Six months to

31 October

 2020

£'000

Year to

30 April 2021

(audited)

£'000

Revenue return on ordinary activities after taxation

6,013

6,195 

7,801

Capital return on ordinary activities after taxation

202,415

514,880

1,070,658

Total net return

208,428

521,075

1,078,459

 

Net return per ordinary share is based on the above totals of revenue and capital and on 236,453,859 (31 October 2020 - 224,337,011; 30 April 2021 - 227,881,626) ordinary shares, being the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the period.

There are no dilutive or potentially dilutive shares in issue.

6. 

Dividends

 

Six months to

 31 October

2021

£'000

 

Six months to

31 October

 2020

£'000

Year to

30 April

2021

(audited)

£'000

Amounts recognised as distributions in the period:

 

 

 

Previous year's final dividend of 2.00p (2020 - 2.50p), paid 7 September2021

4,729

5,603

5,603

Amounts paid and payable in respect of the period:

 

 

 

Final dividend (2021- 2.00p)

-

-

4,729

 

No interim dividend has been declared in respect of the current period. 

7. 

Fair Value Hierarchy

The Company's investments are financial assets held at fair value through profit or loss. The fair value hierarchy used to analyse the basis on which the fair values of such financial instruments are measured is described below. Fair value measurements are categorised on the basis of the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

Level 1 - using unadjusted quoted prices for identical instruments in an active market;

Level 2 - using inputs, other than quoted prices included within Level 1, that are directly or indirectly observable (based

  on market data); and

Level 3 - using inputs that are unobservable (for which market data is unavailable).

An analysis of the Company's financial asset investments based on the fair value hierarchy described above is shown below.

 

 

As at 31 October 2021

Level 1

£'000

Level 2

£'000

Level 3

£'000

Total

£'000

Listed equities

3,254,529

156,432

-

3,410,961

Unlisted equities

-

-

59,454

59,454

Total financial asset investments

3,254,529

156,432

59,454

3,470,415

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at 30 April 2021 (audited)

Level 1

£'000

Level 2

£'000

Level 3

£'000

Total

£'000

Listed equities

3,039,527

129,609

-

3,169,136

Unlisted equities

-

-

68,994

68,994

Total financial asset investments

3,039,527

129,609

68,994

3,238,130

                     

 

 

 

The fair value of listed investments is either bid price or last traded price depending on the convention of the exchange on which the investment is listed. Listed investments are categorised as Level 1 if they are valued using unadjusted quoted prices for identical instruments in an active market and as Level 2 if they do not meet all these criteria but are, nonetheless, valued using market data. Unlisted investments are valued at fair value by the Directors following a detailed review and appropriate challenge of the valuations proposed by the Managers. The Managers' unlisted investment policy applies methodologies consistent with the International Private Equity and Venture Capital Valuation guidelines ('IPEV'). These methodologies can be categorised as follows: (a) market approach (multiples, industry valuation benchmarks and available market prices); (b) income approach (discounted cash flows); and (c) replacement cost approach (net assets). The Company's holdings in unlisted investments are categorised as Level 3 as unobservable data is a significant input to their fair value measurements.

8. 

At 31 October 2021 the total book value of the Company's borrowings amounted to £139,807,000 (30 April 2021 - £139,788,000).  This comprised a £40m 6 3/8% debenture stock repayable in 2023 (30 April 2021 - £40m), loan notes of £60m repayable in 2054 (30 April 2021 - £60m), loan notes of £40m repayable in 2045 (30 April 2021- £40m). Bank loans were undrawn as at 31 October 2021 and 30 April 2021.

The fair value of borrowings at 31 October 2021 was £132,218,000 (30 April 2021 - £133,524,000).

9. 

Provision for Tax Liability

The tax liability provision at 31 October 2021 of £1,751,000 (30 April 2021 - £958,000) relates to a potential liability for Indian capital gains tax that may arise on the Company's Indian investments should they be sold in the future, based on the net unrealised taxable capital gain at the period end and on enacted Indian tax rates. The amount of any future tax amounts payable may differ from this provision, depending on the value and timing of any future sales of such investments and future Indian tax rates.

10. 

Shareholders' Funds

 

 

 

At 31 October 2021

At 30 April 2021

(audited)

Shareholders' funds

£3,408,679,000

£3,204,980,000

Number of ordinary shares in issue at the period end

236,453,859

236,453,859

Shareholders' funds per ordinary share

1,441.6p

1,355.4p

 

The shareholders' funds figures above have been calculated after deducting borrowings at book value, in accordance with the provisions of FRS 104. Reconciliations between shareholders' funds and net asset values, calculated after deducting borrowings at par value and fair value, are shown in the Glossary of Terms and Alternative Performance Measurements section below.

11. 

In the six months to 31 October 2021 the Company issued no ordinary shares (31 October 2020 - 2,375,000 shares with a nominal value of £119,000 at a premium to net asset value, raising net proceeds of £26,799,000). No shares were bought back during the period and no shares were held in treasury at 31 October 2021. At 31 October 2021, the Company had authority to buy back 35,444,433 shares and to allot, or sell from treasury, 23,645,385 shares.

12. 

Transaction costs on purchases amounted to £73,000 (31 October 2020 - £489,000; 30 April 2021 - £714,000) and transaction costs on sales amounted to £69,000 (31 October 2020 - £111,000; 30 April 2021 - £192,000). Total transaction costs were £142,000 (31 October 2020 - £600,000; 30 April 2021 - £906,000).

 

 

 

 

 

 

13. 

Related Party Transactions

There have been no transactions with related parties during the first six months of the current financial year that have materially affected the financial position or the performance of the Company during that period and there have been no changes in the related party transactions described in the last Annual Report and Financial Statements that could have had such an effect on the Company during that period.

14. 

Principal Risks and Uncertainties

The principal risks facing the Company, which have not changed since the date of the Company's Annual Report and Financial Statements for the year ended 30 April 2021, are financial risk, investment strategy risk, regulatory risk, custody and depositary risk, operational risk, discount risk, political risk and leverage risk. An explanation of these risks and how they are managed is set out on pages 21and 22 of that report, which is available on the Company's website: monksinvestmenttrust.co.uk ‡

 

None of the views expressed in this document should be construed as advice to buy or sell a particular investment.

The printed version of the Interim Financial Report will be sent to shareholders and will be available on the Monks' page of the Managers' website   monksinvestmenttrust.co.uk ‡   on or around 16 December 2021.

Neither the contents of the Managers' website nor the contents of any website accessible from hyperlinks on the Managers' website (or any other website) is incorporated into, or forms part of, this announcement.

 

Glossary of Terms and Alternative Performance Measures (APM)   

 

Total Assets

The total value of all assets held less all liabilities (other than liabilities in the form of borrowings).

 

Shareholders' Funds

Shareholders' Funds is the value of all assets held less all liabilities, with borrowings deducted at book cost.

 

Net Asset Value (APM)

Net Asset Value (NAV) is the value of all assets held less all liabilities, with borrowings deducted at either par value or fair value as described below. Per share amounts are calculated by dividing the relevant figure by the number of ordinary shares in issue.

 

Net Asset Value (Borrowings at Par Value) (APM)

Borrowings are valued at nominal par value. A reconciliation from shareholders' funds (borrowings at book value) to net asset value after deducting borrowings at par value is provided below.

 

 

31 October 2021

£'000

31 October 2021

per share

30 April 2021

£'000

30 April 2021

per share

Shareholders' funds (borrowings at book value)

3,408,679 

1,441.6p 

3,204,980 

1,355.4p 

Add: book value of borrowings

139,807 

59.1p 

139,788 

59.1p 

Less: par value of borrowings

(140,000)

(59.2p)

(140,000)

(59.2p)

Net asset value (borrowings at par value)

3,408,486 

1,441.5p 

3,204,768 

1,355.3p 

 

The per share figures above are based on 236,453,859 (30 April 2021 - 236,453,859) ordinary shares of 5p, being the number of ordinary shares in issue at the period end.

 

Net Asset Value (Borrowings at Fair Value) (APM)

Borrowings are valued at an estimate of market worth. The fair value of the Company's 6 3/8 % debenture stock 2023 is based on the closing market offer price on the London Stock Exchange. The fair value of the Company's loan notes is calculated using the spread on reference gilts with comparable durations. The fair value of the Company's short-term bank borrowings is equivalent to its book value.

A reconciliation from shareholders' funds (borrowings at book value) to net asset value after deducting borrowings at fair value is provided below.

 

 

31 October 2021

£'000

31 October 2021

per share

30 April 2021

£'000

30 April 2021

per share

Shareholders' funds (borrowings at book value)

3,408,679 

1,441.6p 

3,204,980 

1,355.4p 

Add: book value of borrowings

139,807 

59.1p 

139,788 

59.1p 

Less: fair value of borrowings

(132,218)

(55.9p)

(133,524)

(56.4p)

Net asset value (borrowings at fair value)

3,416,268 

1,444.8p 

3,211,244 

1,358.1p 

The per share figures above are based on 236,453,859 (30 April 2021 - 236,453,859) ordinary shares of 5p, being the number of ordinary shares in issue at the period end.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discount/Premium (APM)

As stockmarkets and share prices vary, an investment trust's share price is rarely the same as its NAV. When the share price is lower than the NAV per share it is said to be trading at a discount. The size of the discount is calculated by subtracting the share price from the NAV per share and is usually expressed as a percentage of the NAV per share. If the share price is higher than the NAV per share, this situation is called a premium.

 

Net Liquid Assets

Net liquid assets comprise current assets less current liabilities (excluding borrowings) and provisions for deferred liabilities.

 

Active Share (APM)

Active share, a measure of how actively a portfolio is managed, is the percentage of the listed equity portfolio that differs from its comparative index. It is calculated by deducting from 100 the percentage of the portfolio that overlaps with the comparative index. An active share of 100 indicates no overlap with the index and an active share of zero indicates a portfolio that tracks the index.

 

Total Return (APM)

The total return is the return to shareholders after reinvesting the net dividend on the date that the share price goes ex-dividend is described below.

 

Net Asset Value Total Return

 

 

 

31 October 2021

NAV

(par)

31 October 2021

NAV

(fair)

Closing NAV per share

a

 

1,441.5p

1,444.8p

Dividend adjustment factor *

b

 

1.0014

1.0014

Adjusted closing NAV per share

c = a x b

 

1,443.6p

1,446.8p

Opening NAV per share

d

 

1,355.9p

1,358.1p

Total return

(c ÷ d) -1

 

6.5%

6.5%

 

The dividend adjustment factor is calculated on the assumption that the dividend 2.00p paid by the Company during the period was reinvested into shares of the Company at the cum income NAV at the ex-dividend date.

 

Share Price Total Return

 

 

31 October 2021

Share price

Closing share price

a

1,382.0p

Dividend adjustment factor *

b

1.0014

Adjusted closing share price

c = a x b

1,383.9p

Opening share price

d

1,396.0p

Total return

(c ÷ d) -1

(0.9%)

 

The dividend adjustment factor is calculated on the assumption that the dividend of 2.00p paid by the Company during the period was reinvested into shares of the Company at the share price at the ex-dividend date.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gearing (APM)

At its simplest, gearing is borrowing. Just like any other public company, an investment trust can borrow money to invest in additional investments for its portfolio. The effect of the borrowing on the shareholders' assets is called 'gearing'. If the Company's assets grow, the shareholders' assets grow proportionately more because the debt remains the same. But if the value of the Company's assets falls, the situation is reversed. Gearing can therefore enhance performance in rising markets but can adversely impact performance in falling markets. The level of gearing can be adjusted through the use of derivatives which affect the sensitivity of the value of the portfolio to changes in the level of markets.

Potential gearing is the Company's borrowings expressed as a percentage of shareholders' funds.

Invested gearing is the Company's borrowings at par less cash and brokers' balances expressed as a percentage of shareholders' funds.

 

 

In order to fulfil its obligations under UK tax legislation relating to the automatic exchange of information, the Company is required to collect and report certain information about certain shareholders.

The legislation requires investment trust companies to provide personal information to HMRC on certain investors who purchase shares in investment trusts. Accordingly, the Company will have to provide information annually to the local tax authority on the tax residencies of a number of non-UK based certificated shareholders and corporate entities.

Shareholders, excluding those whose shares are held in CREST, who come on to the share register will be sent a certification form for the purposes of collecting this information.

For further information, please see HMRC's Quick Guide: Automatic Exchange of Information - information for account holders https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/exchange-of-information-account-holders.

 

 

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No Provider shall in any way be liable to any recipient of the data for any inaccuracies, errors or omissions in the index data included in this document, regardless of cause, or for any damages (whether direct or indirect) resulting therefrom.

No Provider has any obligation to update, modify or amend the data or to otherwise notify a recipient thereof in the event that any matter stated herein changes or subsequently becomes inaccurate.

Without limiting the foregoing, no Provider shall have any liability whatsoever to you, whether in contract (including under an indemnity), in tort (including negligence), under a warranty, under statute or otherwise, in respect of any loss or damage suffered by you as a result of or in connection with any opinions, recommendations, forecasts, judgements, or any other conclusions, or any course of action determined, by you or any third party, whether or not based on the content, information or materials contained herein.

 

 

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