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Land Sec. Group PLC (LAND)

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Tuesday 12 November, 2019

Land Sec. Group PLC

Half-yearly results

RNS Number : 0342T
Land Securities Group PLC
12 November 2019
 

Forward-looking statements

These half-yearly results, the latest Annual Report and Landsec's website may contain certain 'forward-looking statements' with respect to Land Securities Group PLC (the Company) and the Group's financial condition, results of its operations and business, and certain plans, strategy, objectives, goals and expectations with respect to these items and the economies and markets in which the Group operates.

Forward-looking statements are sometimes, but not always, identified by their use of a date in the future or such words as 'anticipates', 'aims', 'due', 'could', 'may', 'should', 'expects', 'believes', 'intends', 'plans', 'targets', 'goal' or 'estimates' or, in each case, their negative or other variations or comparable terminology. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance. By their very nature forward-looking statements are inherently unpredictable, speculative and involve risk and uncertainty because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that will occur in the future. Many of these assumptions, risks and uncertainties relate to factors that are beyond the Group's ability to control or estimate precisely. There are a number of such factors that could cause actual results and developments to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These factors include, but are not limited to, changes in the political conditions, economies and markets in which the Group operates; changes in the legal, regulatory and competition frameworks in which the Group operates; changes in the markets from which the Group raises finance; the impact of legal or other proceedings against or which affect the Group; changes in accounting practices and interpretation of accounting standards under IFRS, and changes in interest and exchange rates.

Any forward-looking statements made in these half-yearly results, the latest Annual Report or Landsec's website, or made subsequently, which are attributable to the Company or any other member of the Group, or persons acting on their behalf, are expressly qualified in their entirety by the factors referred to above. Each forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date it is made. Except as required by its legal or statutory obligations, the Company does not intend to update any forward-looking statements.

Nothing contained in these half-yearly results, the latest Annual Report or Landsec's website should be construed as a profit forecast or an invitation to deal in the securities of the Company.

 

Half-yearly results for the six months ended 30 September 2019

12 November 2019

Strong operational metrics and increased development activity in London

Chief Executive Robert Noel said:

 

"Landsec had a good first half, delivering resilient results in unsettled market conditions.

 

"We have made excellent progress on our £3.0bn pipeline of development opportunities, with 1.0 million sq ft now on site. Our new products, Myo and Fitted, have landed well with customers. We have been proactive in the tough retail market, maintaining high occupancy and protecting income. We have extended our leadership in sustainability by setting further stretching targets. And we've upped our pace in innovation, introducing better ways to design, construct and manage space.

 

"With a general election next month and the UK's proposed exit from the EU further delayed, we remain alert to market risks. However, Landsec enters the next six months with confidence; we're in a strong financial position, have an exciting development pipeline and are agile enough to seize value-creating opportunities as we see them."

 

Results summary

 

 

Six months ended 30 September 2019

Six months ended 30 September 2018

Change

Revenue profit(1)(2)

£225m

£224m

Up 0.4%

Valuation deficit(1)(2)

£(368)m

£(188)m

Down 2.8%(3)

(Loss)/profit before tax

£(147)m

£42m

 

Basic (loss)/earnings per share

(19.6)p

5.9p

 

Adjusted diluted earnings per share(1)(2)

30.4p

30.3p

Up 0.3%

Dividend per share

23.2p

22.6p

Up 2.7%

 

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

 

Net assets per share

1,298p

1,341p

Down 3.2%

EPRA net assets per share(1)

1,296p

1,339p

Down 3.2%

Group LTV ratio(1)(2)

28.1%

27.1%

 

Resilient results

¾    Revenue profit(1)(2) up 0.4% to £225m

¾    Loss before tax for the period of £147m (2018: profit of £42m)

¾    Adjusted diluted earnings per share(1)(2) up 0.3% to 30.4p

¾    First half dividend up 2.7% to 23.2p per share

¾    Combined Portfolio(1)(2) valued at £13.4bn, with a valuation deficit(1)(2) of £368m or 2.8%(3)

¾    EPRA net assets per share(1) down 3.2% to 1,296p

¾    Ungeared total property return(4) of -0.5%

¾    Total business return(1) of -1.5%

Strong financial position

¾    Group LTV ratio(1)(2) at 28.1% (31 March 2019: 27.1%)

¾    Adjusted net debt(1)(2) of £3.8bn (31 March 2019: £3.7bn)

¾    Weighted average cost of debt at 2.6% (31 March 2019: 2.7%)

¾    Weighted average maturity of debt at 11.8 years (31 March 2019: 12.3 years)

¾    Cash and available facilities(2) of £1.6bn

Robust operational metrics

¾   High occupancy with like-for-like voids(4) down to 2.1% (31 March 2019: 2.4%)

¾    Office at 0.8% (31 March 2019: 1.0%)

¾    Retail at 3.6% (31 March 2019: 4.0%)

¾    Specialist at 1.7% (31 March 2019: 1.5%)

¾   Development activity on track to deliver around 3.5 million sq ft of space in London:

¾    On site with 0.9 million sq ft of office space at 21 Moorfields,EC2; Nova East,SW1; and Lucent, W1 at half  year

¾    On site since September with 0.1 million sq ft development at 105 Sumner Street, SE1

¾    0.8 million sq ft of further office-led developments expected to start in 2020 with the remainder to follow

¾   Like-for-like net rental income up £4m or 1.4%

¾    Office up £3m or 2.5%

¾    Retail down £2m or 1.5%

¾    Specialist up £3m or 7.7%

¾   Retail destinations significantly outperforming national benchmarks for footfall and sales

¾    Footfall down 1.8% vs benchmark down 4.2%

¾    Same centre sales up 0.7% (down 0.7% excluding automotive sales) vs benchmark down 3.8%

Industry leadership in sustainability

¾   Committed to become a net zero carbon business by 2030, with first net zero carbon building under way at 105 Sumner Street, SE1

¾   Recognised as sector leader, ranking first in the UK and Europe among our peer group in the Global Real Estate Sustainability Benchmark (GRESB), for mixed office and retail space

¾   European leader in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index (DJSI), scoring 82 compared with an industry average of 36

 

1.    An alternative performance measure. The Group uses a number of financial measures to assess and explain its performance, some of which are considered to be alternative performance measures as they are not defined under IFRS. For further details, see the Financial review and table 14 in the Business analysis section.

2.    Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Financial review.

3.    The % change for the valuation deficit represents the fall in value of the Combined Portfolio over the period, adjusted for net investment.

4.    For further details, see the Business analysis section.

 

Chief Executive's statement

Landsec has delivered a good performance for the first six months of the year. We made excellent progress on our £3.0bn pipeline of development opportunities in London - with 1.0 million sq ft now on site - and our new flexible office products have landed well with customers. We have been proactive in a tough retail market, maintaining high occupancy and protecting income. We have extended our leadership in sustainability, setting further stretching targets as we improve the way we operate to the benefit of our customers, communities and environment. And we've upped the pace on innovation, introducing better ways to design, construct and manage space.

 

The market is facing unsettled conditions with sub-sectors affected in different ways. The office market in London continues to remain in good health as the limited supply of quality space has been more than matched by demand. Rental values have risen modestly while capital values remain broadly unchanged. The retail market continues to be challenged as retailers adapt to structural change, rising costs and a more cautious consumer, with a number of high-profile company voluntary arrangements (CVAs) and administrations during the period. Limited demand for space and poor investor sentiment is impacting rental and capital values.

 

The actions we have taken to improve the quality of our portfolio over the last few years have enabled us to deliver resilient results in the face of this wider uncertainty and caution. Revenue profit is up 0.4% compared with the same period last year. Adjusted diluted earnings per share are also up 0.3% to 30.4p. Asset values declined by 2.8% in aggregate over the six-month period reflecting the weaker retail market, particularly shopping centres and retail parks. This resulted in a 3.2% reduction in EPRA net asset value per share to 1,296p.

Increasing our development activity in London

Our development pipeline has the potential to deliver around 3.5 million sq ft of space in London. At the end of September, we were on site at 21 Moorfields, Nova East and Lucent (formerly One Sherwood Street), our office-led scheme at Piccadilly Lights. Since the half year, we've started demolition of 105 Sumner Street meaning we now have 1.0 million sq ft of development under way of which 56% is pre-let. We have the ability to increase this by a further 0.8 million sq ft of office-led schemes, with the addition of Portland House and Lavington Street next year.

 

We continue to progress our plans for the remaining 1.7 million sq ft, an office-led scheme at Red Lion Court and two mixed use schemes in Shepherd's Bush and Finchley Road. With limited availability of high quality office and living space and a modest number of construction starts, we see the opportunity to deliver our developments into favourable conditions.

Improving our portfolio

As the way people want to use buildings continues to change at speed, so we continue to develop new experiences for them.

 

We now offer our office customers three products - HQ, Fitted and Myo. This gives them options within our portfolio as their needs evolve, all supported by excellent services. Meanwhile, our retail offering provides customers with space options across mixed use destinations, regional shopping centres, outlets, retail parks and leisure destinations.

 

We are not immune from the tough retail market conditions but, following the upgrading and diversification of our portfolio over the last decade, we have assets better positioned to meet the changing needs of occupiers. Over the six months, we outperformed all industry benchmarks on footfall and sales at our retail destinations.

 

Our current retail priorities are to protect income while reducing occupier service charge costs and to use data and insight to inform asset management decisions. It's about finding the right occupier to fit shopper demand and the right unit for the occupier, while always striving to broaden and improve the shopper's experience.

Leading on sustainability

We are now committed to becoming a net zero carbon business by 2030. To help us achieve this, we've increased the ambition of our carbon reduction targets in line with the latest climate science. In addition to lowering our operational energy consumption, we're reducing the embodied carbon of our new developments and offsetting our remaining carbon footprint. You can see this in action at 105 Sumner Street, where we're delivering our first net zero carbon building.

 

We are committed to the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Global Compact. And we're making good progress on our commitment to generate £25m of social value by 2025.

Innovating in products and services

We are ramping up innovation across the business to ensure we anticipate the changing needs of our customers and improve the efficiency of our business. In construction, we see exciting opportunities to shorten build times, simplify processes, reduce risk, lower cost and improve a building's performance through its lifecycle. That's why, for example, we're now using advanced digital modelling on all schemes and maximising our use of off-site manufacturing.

Looking ahead

We expect the retail market to remain challenging as it continues to be impacted by structural change, CVAs and administrations. Outlets will continue to be among the best performers in this sector and dominant retail destinations will attract a greater share of retailer demand. We'll continue to develop plans for repurposing assets where we see opportunity to create value.

 

Real estate fundamentals in London are sound. The office market remains in good health and our activities in the capital as a percentage of our portfolio will increase in the coming years - up from 67% today. We have a substantial development pipeline in the capital and will continue to look at further opportunities.

 

With a general election next month and the UK's proposed exit from the EU further delayed, there will be continued uncertainty in the near term. However, we go into the second half of the year with confidence. We have a clear strategic direction and, with modest gearing, we're well positioned to seize value-creating opportunities as we see them.

 

 

 

Robert Noel

Chief Executive

 

 

 

 

 

Financial review

Overview

The political uncertainty and retailer difficulties we encountered last year have continued into the first six months of this financial year. While the values of our London offices have remained broadly unchanged, retail assets, particularly outside London, have continued to fall in value. Retailer administrations and CVAs have also impacted rental income although our vacancy rates remain relatively low.

 

During the period, we merged our London and Retail business units and changed our financial reporting to reflect the new structure. Further details are disclosed below.

 

Table 1: Highlights

 

Six months ended

30 September 2019

Six months ended

30 September 2018

Revenue profit(1)

£225m

£224m

Valuation deficit(1)

£(368)m

£(188)m

(Loss)/profit before tax

£(147)m

£42m

 

 

 

Basic (loss)/earnings per share

(19.6)p

5.9p

Adjusted diluted earnings per share(1)

30.4p

30.3p

Dividend per share

23.2p

22.6p

 

 

 

 

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

Combined Portfolio(1)

£13.4bn

£13.8bn

 

 

 

Net assets per share

1,298p

1,341p

EPRA net assets per share

1,296p

1,339p

 

 

 

Adjusted net debt(1)

£3.8bn

£3.7bn

Group LTV ratio(1)

28.1%

27.1%

 

1.    Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information below.

 

Revenue profit for the six months to 30 September 2019 was £225m, up 0.4% from £224m due to a £1m increase in net rental income. Adjusted diluted earnings per share were up 0.3% at 30.4p due to the increased revenue profit. Over the period, our assets declined in value by 2.8% or £368m (including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures) compared with a £188m decline in the same period last year. This decline in the value of our assets is behind the reduction in our EPRA net assets per share in the period, down 3.2% to 1,296p.

Presentation of financial information

Our property portfolio is a combination of properties that are wholly owned by the Group, part owned through joint arrangements and those owned by the Group but where a third party holds a non-controlling interest. Internally, management reviews the results of the Group on a basis that adjusts for these forms of ownership to present a proportionate share. The Combined Portfolio, with assets totalling £13.4bn, is an example of this approach, reflecting the economic interest we have in our properties regardless of our ownership structure. We consider this presentation provides additional information to stakeholders on the activities and performance of the Group, as it aggregates the results of all the Group's property interests which under IFRS are required to be presented across a number of line items in the statutory financial statements.

 

The same approach is applied to many of the other measures we discuss and, accordingly, a number of our financial measures include the results of our joint ventures and subsidiaries on a proportionate basis. Measures that are described as being presented on a proportionate basis include the Group's share of joint ventures on a line-by-line basis, but exclude the non-owned elements of our subsidiaries. This is in contrast to the Group's statutory financial statements, where the Group's interest in joint ventures is presented as one line on the income statement and balance sheet, and all subsidiaries are consolidated at 100% with any non-owned element being adjusted as a non-controlling interest or redemption liability, as appropriate. Our joint operations are presented on a proportionate basis in all financial measures.

 

Measures presented on a proportionate basis are alternative performance measures as they are not defined under IFRS. Where appropriate, the measures we use are based on best practice reporting recommendations published by EPRA. For further details see table 14 in the Business analysis section.

 

In previous periods, our segmental reporting reflected the fact that our operations were organised into a London Portfolio and a Retail Portfolio. Earlier this financial year, we merged these two business units and have amended our reporting to reflect this. In order to maintain a detailed level of financial disclosure, our segmental reporting now reflects the predominant use class of our assets, grouped into Office, Retail and Specialist. Previously, part of our indirect costs were allocated to the London and Retail portfolios and part were unallocated. These indirect costs, which are predominantly staff costs, have now all been treated as net indirect expenses and are not allocated to individual segments. The sector breakdown within our Combined Portfolio analysis disclosure has been re-ordered to reflect the new segments but the detailed disclosure remains. Prior reporting periods have been re-stated in the new format and a reconciliation to the previous presentation has been provided on our website.

 

Income statement

 

Our income statement has two key components: the income we generate from leasing our investment properties net of associated costs (including finance expense), which we refer to as revenue profit, and items not directly related to the underlying rental business, principally valuation changes, profits or losses on the disposal of properties and finance charges related to bond repurchases, which we call Capital and other items.

 

We present two measures of earnings per share: the IFRS measure of basic earnings per share, which is derived from the total profit or loss for the period attributable to shareholders, and adjusted diluted earnings per share, which is based on tax-adjusted revenue profit, referred to as adjusted earnings.

 

Table 2: Income statement

 

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018

 

Table

£m

£m

Revenue profit

3

225

224

Capital and other items

6

(372)

(182)

(Loss)/profit before tax

 

(147)

42

Taxation

 

2

2

(Loss)/profit attributable to shareholders

 

(145)

44

 

 

 

 

Basic (loss)/earnings per share

 

(19.6)p

5.9p

Adjusted diluted earnings per share

 

30.4p

30.3p

 

Our loss before tax was £147m, compared with a £42m profit for the same period in the prior year, due to a greater fall in the value of our assets this period. While revenue profit is up £1m over the prior period, the valuation decline drives the larger loss from Capital and other items. The increased loss this period resulted in a loss per share of 19.6p, compared with earnings per share of 5.9p in the prior period. Adjusted diluted earnings per share increased by 0.3%, from 30.3p to 30.4p this six months, as a result of the increase in revenue profit from £224m to £225m. There is no difference between our adjusted diluted earnings per share and the EPRA measure.

 

The reasons behind the movements in revenue profit and Capital and other items are discussed in more detail below.

Revenue profit

Revenue profit is our measure of underlying pre-tax profit, presented on a proportionate basis. A full definition of revenue profit is given in the Glossary. The main components of revenue profit, including the contributions from the Office, Retail and Specialist assets, are presented in the table below.

 

Table 3: Revenue profit

 

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018

 

 

 

 

Office

Retail

Specialist

Total

Office

Retail

Specialist

Total

 

Change

 

Table

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

£m

Gross rental income(1)

 

132

151

49

332

131

154

47

332

 

-

Net service charge income/(expense)

 

1

(2)

(1)

(2)

-

(2)

-

(2)

 

-

Net direct property expenditure

 

(2)

(13)

(6)

(21)

(2)

(12)

(8)

(22)

 

1

Net rental income

4

131

136

42

309

129

140

39

308

 

1

Net indirect expenses

 

 

 

 

(35)

 

 

 

(35)

 

-

Revenue profit before interest

 

 

 

 

274

 

 

 

273

 

1

Net finance expense

5

 

 

 

(49)

 

 

 

(49)

 

-

Revenue profit

 

 

 

 

225

 

 

 

224

 

1

 

1.    Includes finance lease interest, after rents payable.

 

Revenue profit increased by £1m to £225m for the six months ended 30 September 2019 (2018: £224m). This was the result of a £1m increase in net rental income for the period which is explained below.

Net rental income

Table 4: Net rental income(1)

 

 

£m

Net rental income for the six months ended 30 September 2018

 

308

Net rental income movement in the period:

 

 

Like-for-like investment properties

 

4

Proposed developments

 

(1)

Development programme

 

-

Completed developments

 

-

Acquisitions since 1 April 2018

 

(1)

Sales since 1 April 2018

 

(1)

Non-property related income

 

-

 

 

1

Net rental income for the six months ended 30 September 2019

 

309

 

1.    Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

 

Net rental income increased by £1m in the six months ended 30 September 2019 as rental income growth from our like-for-like portfolio was largely offset by a decline in income at our proposed developments and the impact of properties acquired and sold since 1 April 2018. The £4m increase in like-for-like net rental income was driven by new lettings and rent reviews at our Office assets and higher income at Piccadilly Lights, W1, partly offset by lower income in Retail. There was a £2m decline in net rental income as a result of the acquisition of a development opportunity at Lavington Street, SE1 and the sale of Livingston Retail Park, both in the prior year. There was also a £1m reduction in net rental income at Portland House, SW1 as we work towards vacant possession ahead of development.

 

Further information on the net rental income performance of the portfolio is given in the Portfolio review.

Net indirect expenses

Net indirect expenses represents the indirect costs of the Group including joint ventures. In total, net indirect expenses of £35m were in line with the same period in the prior year (2018: £35m).

Net finance expense (included in revenue profit)

Table 5: Net finance expense(1)

 

£m

Net finance expense for the six months ended 30 September 2018

49

Impact of:

 

Refinancing

1

Capitalised interest

(1)

Net finance expense for the six months ended 30 September 2019

49

 

1.    Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

 

Our net finance expense is unchanged from the same period in the prior year at £49m with the cost of entering into new facilities offset by higher levels of interest capitalised on our developments.

Capital and other items

Table 6: Capital and other items(1)

 

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018

 

Table

£m

£m

Valuation and profits on disposals

 

 

 

Valuation deficit

7

(368)

(188)

Loss on disposal of investment properties

 

-

(4)

Profit on disposal of trading properties

 

1

1

Net finance expense

8

(4)

(2)

Other items

 

 

 

Fair value movement prior to acquisition of non-owned element of a joint venture

 

-

9

Profit from long-term development contracts

 

2

3

Other

 

(3)

(1)

Capital and other items

 

(372)

(182)

 

1.     Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

 

An explanation of the main Capital and other items is given below.

Valuation of investment properties

Our Combined Portfolio declined in value by 2.8% or £368m over the six months compared with a decrease in the prior period of £188m. A breakdown of valuation movements by category is shown in table 7.

 

Table 7: Valuation analysis

 

Market value
30 September 2019

Valuation movement

Rental value change(1)

Net initial
 yield

Equivalent
 yield

 Movement in equivalent yield

 

£m

%

%

%

%

bps

Office

5,924

0.3

1.9

4.3

4.6

5

London retail

1,484

-4.3

-2.7

4.2

4.3

4

Regional retail

1,865

-9.4

-3.7

5.3

5.5

36

Outlets

982

0.6

1.0

5.0

5.4

2

Retail parks

523

-11.1

-2.0

6.6

6.7

58

Leisure and hotels

1,254

-3.0

-1.1

5.4

5.6

9

Other

386

0.3

-

3.3

4.2

-

Total like-for-like portfolio

12,418

-2.7

-0.4

4.7

4.9

11

Proposed developments

247

-8.1

n/a

4.6

n/a

n/a

Development programme

450

3.8

n/a

-

4.3

n/a

Completed developments

212

-9.7

-3.6

4.7

5.2

34

Acquisitions

115

-1.7

n/a

0.7

4.6

n/a

Total Combined Portfolio

13,442

-2.8

-0.4

4.5

4.9

11

 

1.    Rental value change excludes units materially altered during the period.

 

The 2.8% decline in the value of our Combined Portfolio was driven by a reduction in the value of our Retail and leisure assets reflecting market conditions for retailers and casual dining operators. Within the like-for-like portfolio, retail parks saw the largest decline at 11.1%, with rental values declining by 2.0% and the yield moving out by 58bps. Regional retail declined in value by 9.4% as retailer difficulties weighed on rental values, down 3.7%, and yields moved out 36bps. Our outlets continued their more resilient performance with a 0.6% increase in value due to a 1.0% increase in rental values reflecting letting activity in the period. Our Office assets also saw a small increase in value, primarily as a result of an increase in rental values in Victoria. The value of our hotels and other assets, including Piccadilly Lights, remained broadly unchanged from March 2019.

 

Outside the like-for-like portfolio, Nova East, SW1 and Lucent, W1 have joined 21 Moorfields, EC2 in the development programme, with the 3.8% increase in value in the period primarily due to construction risk reducing at 21 Moorfields. The 8.1% decline in the value of our proposed developments reflects the residual value for Portland House, SW1 in our latest redevelopment plans. Our only completed development, Westgate Oxford, reduced in value by 9.7% with rental values down by 3.6% and a 34bps outward yield shift, in line with the performance of our other regional shopping centres. Lavington Street, SE1, which was acquired last year, remains at its acquisition value with the valuation decline in the period reflecting capital expenditure incurred as we work towards submitting a planning application.

Net finance expense (included in Capital and other items)

In the six months ended 30 September 2019, we incurred £4m of net finance expense which is excluded from revenue profit.

 

Table 8: Net finance expense(1)

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

Fair value movement on interest-rate swaps

(5)

1

Premium and fees on redemption of medium term notes (MTNs)

(1)

(2)

Other net finance income/(expense)

2

(1)

Total

(4)

(2)

 

1.    Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

 

The increase over the comparative period in this element of our net finance expense is primarily due to losses on our interest-rate swaps as a result of fluctuations in market interest rates in the period.

Fair value movement prior to acquisition of non-owned element of a joint venture

The £9m fair value movement in the prior period relates to a previously unrealised profit being recognised upon our acquisition of the remaining 50% interest in The Oriana Limited Partnership.

Profit from long-term development contracts

The profit from long-term development contracts in the period of £2m (2018: £3m) is from the development at Selly Oak, Birmingham which was pre-sold during the course of construction.

Taxation

As a REIT, our income and capital gains from qualifying activities are exempt from corporation tax. 90% of this income must be distributed as a Property Income Distribution and is taxed at the shareholder level to give a similar tax position to direct property ownership. Non-qualifying activities, such as sales of trading properties, are subject to corporation tax. In the six months ended 30 September 2019, there was a tax credit of £2m (2018: £2m), being a deferred tax credit of £2m (2018: £2m).

Balance sheet

Table 9: Balance sheet

 

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

 

£m

£m

Combined Portfolio

13,442

13,750

Adjusted net debt

(3,798)

(3,737)

Other net liabilities

(39)

(93)

EPRA net assets

9,605

9,920

Fair value of interest-rate swaps

-

-

Net assets

9,605

9,920

 

 

 

Net assets per share

1,298p

1,341p

EPRA net assets per share(1)

1,296p

1,339p

 

1.    EPRA net assets per share is a diluted measure.

 

Our net assets principally comprise the Combined Portfolio less net debt. Both net assets and EPRA net assets declined over the six months ended 30 September 2019 due to the reduction in the value of our investment properties.

 

At 30 September 2019, our net assets per share were 1,298p, a decrease of 43p or 3.2% from 31 March 2019. EPRA net assets per share were 1,296p, a decrease of 43p or 3.2%.

 

Table 10 summarises the key components of the £315m decrease in our EPRA net assets over the six month period.

 

Table 10: Movement in EPRA net assets(1)

 

 

Diluted per share

 

£m

pence

EPRA net assets at 31 March 2019

9,920

1,339

Revenue profit

225

30

Valuation deficit

(368)

(50)

Dividends

(170)

(23)

Other

(2)

-

EPRA net assets at 30 September 2019

9,605

1,296

 

1.     Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

Net debt and gearing

Table 11: Net debt and gearing

 

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

 

 

 

Net debt

£3,818m

£3,747m

Adjusted net debt(1)

£3,798m

£3,737m

 

 

 

Group LTV(1)

28.1%

27.1%

Security Group LTV

29.5%

28.6%

Weighted average cost of debt(1)

2.6%

2.7%

 

1.    Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

 

Over the period, our net debt increased by £71m to £3,818m. The main elements behind this increase are set out in our statement of cash flows and note 14 to the financial statements.

 

Adjusted net debt was up £61m to £3,798m. For a reconciliation of net debt to adjusted net debt, see note 13 to the financial statements.

 

Table 12 sets out the main movements behind the increase in our adjusted net debt.

 

Table 12: Movement in adjusted net debt(1)

 

£m

Adjusted net debt at 31 March 2019

3,737

Net cash generated from operations

(225)

Dividends paid

170

Development/other capital expenditure

112

Disposals

(4)

Other

8

Adjusted net debt at 30 September 2019

3,798

 

1.    Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

 

Net cash generated from operations was £225m, partly offset by dividend payments of £170m. Capital expenditure was £112m (£111m on investment properties and £1m on trading properties), largely spent on our development programme. Net cash flows from disposals totalled £4m from the sale of trading properties.

 

The most widely used gearing measure in our industry is loan-to-value (LTV). We focus most on Group LTV, presented on a proportionate basis, which increased from 27.1% at 31 March 2019 to 28.1% at 30 September 2019, largely due to the decline in the value of our assets. Our Security Group LTV increased from 28.6% to 29.5% for the same reason.

Financing

At 30 September 2019, our committed revolving facilities totalled £2,715m (31 March 2019: £2,715m). The pricing of our facilities which fall due in more than one year range from LIBOR +65 basis points to LIBOR +75 basis points. Borrowings under our commercial paper programme typically have a maturity of less than three months, currently carry a weighted average interest rate of LIBOR +21 basis points and are unsecured. The total amount drawn under the bank debt and commercial paper programme was £1,180m (31 March 2019: £1,159m).

 

The Group's debt (on a proportionate basis) has a weighted average maturity of 11.8 years (31 March 2019: 12.3 years), a weighted average cost of 2.6% (31 March 2019: 2.7%) and 80% is at fixed interest rates (excluding finance leases). At 30 September 2019, we had £1.6bn of cash and available facilities. This gives the business considerable flexibility to deploy capital quickly when investment opportunities arise.

Changes in accounting policy

The Group adopted IFRS 16 Leases on 1 April 2019. As a result of adopting this standard, the Group now reports separately service charge income for leases where a single payment is received to cover both rent and service charge. The total payment received was previously included within rental income, but the service charge component has now been separated and reported as service charge income in the notes to the financial statements. Comparatives have been restated accordingly. In the six months ended 30 September 2018, the amount previously reported in rental income which has now been separated and reported as service charge income was £3m. There has been no net impact on profit attributable to shareholders or the Group's balance sheet. The Group's revised accounting policy and the impact of the change in accounting policy on the consolidated interim financial information is detailed in note 18 of the financial statements.

Dividend

We will be paying a second quarterly dividend of 11.6p per share on 3 January 2020 to shareholders registered at the close of business on 29 November 2019. This will be paid wholly as a Property Income Distribution. Taken together with the first quarterly dividend of 11.6p per share, paid wholly as a Property Income Distribution on 4 October 2019, our first half dividend will be 23.2p per share (six months ended 30 September 2018: 22.6p per share), representing an increase of 2.7% and a total payment of £172m (six months ended 30 September 2018: £167m).

 

 

 

Martin Greenslade

Chief Financial Officer

 

Portfolio review

At a glance

¾   Valuation deficit of 2.8%(1)

¾   Ungeared total property return of -0.5%

¾   The portfolio underperformed the MSCI Quarterly Universe (All Property) at 0.8%

¾   £14m of investment lettings

¾   Like-for-like voids: 2.1% (31 March 2019: 2.4%)

Office

¾   Valuation flat(1)

¾   Ungeared total property return of 2.1%

¾   The portfolio outperformed the MSCI Quarterly benchmark (Central and Inner London Office) at 2.0%

¾   £3m of investment lettings

¾   Like-for-like voids: 0.8% (31 March 2019: 1.0%)

Retail

¾   Valuation deficit of 6.1%(1)

¾   Ungeared total property return of -4.4%

¾   The portfolio underperformed the MSCI Quarterly benchmark (All Retail) at -2.8%

¾   £10m of investment lettings

¾   Like-for-like voids: 3.6% (31 March 2019: 4.0%) and units in administration: 1.4% (31 March 2019: 0.9%)

¾   Footfall in our regional retail and outlets was down 1.8% (ShopperTrak UK national benchmark down 4.2%)

¾   Same centre sales, taking into account new lettings and occupier changes, were up 0.7% (down 0.7%      excluding automotive sales) (BRC national benchmark for physical stores down 3.8%; including online, down 1.9%)

Specialist

¾   Valuation deficit of 2.2%(1)

¾   Ungeared total property return of 0.3%

¾   £1m of investment lettings

¾   Like-for-like voids: 1.7% (31 March 2019: 1.5%) and units in administration: 0.2% (31 March 2019: 0.2%)

The like-for-like portfolio

Office

The London office market continues to see good demand for space which provides quality, convenience and flexibility and this is reflected in the high occupancy across our three office products. With our office space virtually full, we achieved a limited number of new lettings in the period totalling £3m and completed six rent reviews totalling £16m, 10% ahead of previous passing rent.

 

Our flexible office products, Fitted and Myo, have exceeded our expectations. Fitted, which offers customers the ability to rent space fully fitted-out and ready for occupation, was launched earlier this year and both floors at 123 Victoria Street, SW1 are now let at a healthy premium to market rents. Myo is 61% occupied and includes existing HQ customers, supporting their shorter-term needs, as well as customers who are new to us.

 

We are delighted with this response to Fitted and Myo and plan to include these offers in our new developments. We will actively manage our current and future portfolio to achieve the right balance of HQ and flexible products at each location. One example of active management of our current portfolio is at Dashwood House, EC2 where upcoming expiries give us the opportunity to open a Myo facility in early 2021.

 

Following the success of our first Landsec Lounge at 80 Victoria Street, SW1 we have now completed the lounge at 62 Buckingham Gate, SW1 with Dashwood House expected to complete next month. We are in the process of transforming the double floor reception space at One New Change, EC4 and we are finalising design work for a lounge at 6 New Street Square, EC4.

Retail

The retail market continues to be challenging with retailers facing structural change, economic pressures and a rising cost base. This is reflected in asset pricing, with rental values and market yield movements driving significant valuation declines, particularly in regional retail and retail parks. We have seen further high-profile CVAs and administrations in the period, notably Debenhams and Arcadia. Clearly, we are not immune from these trends but, where we have been hit by CVAs, our assets remain popular with occupiers and customers. And where stores have closed, we have had reasonable re-letting success - with more than half of units re-let or in solicitors' hands as at 30 September. Despite the impact of CVAs and administrations, like-for-like net rental income declined by only 1.5% in the period (see below for further details).

 

Same centre sales at our regional destinations and outlets were up 0.7% (down 0.7% excluding automotive sales) ahead of the BRC benchmark, down 3.8%. Footfall was down 1.8%, but well ahead of the ShopperTrak UK national benchmark, down 4.8%.

 

Outlets continue to be the best performer within the Retail segment having had a strong six months of letting activity. We use consumer research and sales data to target the brands which will strengthen our line-up. During the period, we added 20 brands including Loake, Dune and Beauty Outlet at Gunwharf Quays, Portsmouth together with Pho, Bill's and The Alchemist adding to the food and beverage offer. At Braintree Village, the opening of Polo Ralph Lauren last November has continued to benefit performance at the centre with total sales up 3.7% in the first half of this year. This brand also attracted others to the centre including Havaianas, Lindt and Lyle & Scott during the first half.

 

In regional retail, our centres are dominant destinations in strong and growing catchments. The current market conditions mean that short-term performance is challenging, but we are taking action to address medium-term issues around tenant mix and experience. And again, we are using customer data and insight to inform asset management decisions - finding the right occupier to fit customer demand, and the right unit to fit the occupier. An example of this is at Bluewater, Kent, where footfall was up 2.5% and same store sales up 1.2% (excluding automotive sales) since Primark opened in March 2019. Other examples include bringing Zara to St David's, Cardiff for the first time and upsizing H&M at Trinity Leeds and Zara at Bluewater. We are also bringing new types of retailer to our centres; we have recently added cycling concept store Peloton at Bluewater and Westgate Oxford.

 

In London retail, following the administration of Jamie's Italian, we re-let the majority of the vacated space to the Ivy. And at One New Change, a new flagship for Ivy Asia will open shortly in the former Barbecoa unit.

Retail parks remains the retail asset class most affected by over supply. Since 30 September, we have sold Poole Retail Park for £45m. Retail parks now make up less than 4% of our portfolio.

Specialist

Relative to Retail, our leisure assets are performing well and occupancy levels remain high. Cinema operators have had a solid performance with UK admissions up 9% on last year. We expect this performance to continue for the rest of the year. Though casual dining remains a more challenged sector with some operators looking to restructure, leisure parks anchored by dominant cinemas will continue to be attractive locations for these operators.

 

Our hotels continue to perform well albeit some locations were impacted by local factors such as weaker programmes of sporting and cultural events than last year. The underlying site value of our hotels is attractive, remaining well ahead of book value.

 

At Piccadilly Lights, W1, we have two to three year leases with Coca-Cola, Samsung and Hyundai. The portion of the screen allocated to short lettings has performed ahead of expectations in the first six months - we have already secured over 90% of our target income for the full year.

Development

The dynamics of the London office market have remained broadly unchanged and the balance between supply and demand remains healthy. Despite above average development completions, occupier preference for new, as opposed to second-hand, space has led to limited availability of new HQ space. This position is set to continue for the next two to three years; available grade A space as a share of overall availability has fallen below 30% - levels last seen back in 2010. These conditions give us confidence to progress our developments.

 

We have a 3.5 million sq ft pipeline of opportunities in London and we are now on site at four schemes totalling 1.0 million sq ft, of which 56% is pre-let.

 

At 21 Moorfields, EC2, construction continues at this 564,000 sq ft scheme with piling finished and the steel framework progressing well. At Nova East, SW1, we have received a revised planning approval for 165,000 sq ft and are on site with piling under way. This scheme will complete the pedestrian routes that permeate our Victoria estate. At Lucent, W1 (formerly One Sherwood Street), demolition is nearing completion and we will soon place the main build contract to deliver 144,000 sq ft of mixed use space at this iconic scheme.

 

At 105 Sumner Street, SE1, we are seeking some revisions to our existing planning consent for two buildings totalling 136,000 sq ft plus a new public square. While we wait on planning, we are on site demolishing the existing warehouse. We will deploy our new, partly automated construction methods to reduce build time and cost, and this will be our first net zero carbon development.

 

In October, we received planning permission to add a 14-storey extension to the existing building at Portland House, SW1. In total, our proposed scheme will deliver 394,000 sq ft of new or refurbished space and will incorporate HQ, Fitted and Myo together with wellness and leisure facilities. We expect to commit to the scheme in the second half of this year and achieve vacant possession by the end of March 2020.

 

The five schemes where we are on site, or plan to be within the next six months, total c.1.4 million sq ft with a combined total development cost of c.£1.5bn (our share) and an estimated rental value of £96m (our share).

 

The remaining pipeline comprises 2.1 million sq ft.

 

At Lavington Street, SE1, we intend to submit a planning application this financial year for two buildings totalling 370,000 sq ft. We have set out to ensure that the sustainability credentials of this scheme are high and plan to use a hybrid cross-laminated timber/steel structure to reduce the carbon footprint of the development.

 

At Red Lion Court, SE1, we have agreed terms for a short-term letting while we optimise plans for this site. We continue to progress our plans for mixed use development at Finchley Road, NW3 and Shepherd's Bush, W12. We are reviewing the designs for both schemes to ensure we achieve an appropriate mix of office, retail, leisure and living space.

Net rental income

Table 13: Net rental income(1)

 

Office

Retail

Specialist

Combined Portfolio

 

30 Sep 2019

30 Sep 2018

Change

30 Sep 2019

30 Sep 2018

Change

30 Sep 2019

30 Sep 2018

Change

30 Sep 2019

30 Sep 2018

Change

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Like-for-like investment properties

125

122

3

128

130

(2)

42

39

3

295

291

4

Proposed developments

5

6

(1)

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

6

(1)

Development programme

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Completed developments

-

-

-

5

5

-

-

-

-

5

5

-

Acquisitions since 1 April 2018

(1)

-

(1)

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)

-

(1)

Sales since 1 April 2018

-

-

-

-

1

(1)

-

-

-

-

1

(1)

Non-property related income

2

1

1

3

4

(1)

-

-

-

5

5

-

Net rental income

131

129

2

136

140

(4)

42

39

3

309

308

1

 

1.    On a proportionate basis.

 

Net rental income from the Combined Portfolio increased by £1m in the six months ended 30 September 2019 as rental growth from our like-for-like portfolio was largely offset by the impact of declining income at our proposed developments and the impact of properties acquired and sold since 1 April 2018.

 

Net rental income from our Office assets increased by £2m to £131m. Net rental income from our like-for-like properties grew by £3m due to rent reviews and new lettings. We lost £1m at our proposed development at Portland House as we work towards vacant possession and, at Lavington Street, acquired as a development site in the prior year, we had costs of £1m related to vacant space.

 

In Retail, net rental income declined by £4m, predominantly due to a £2m reduction in income from our like-for-like properties due to the impact of CVAs and administrations across the portfolio. We also lost £1m as a result of the sale of Livingston Retail Park in the prior year.

 

Improved performance at Piccadilly Lights in the period is the main driver for a £3m increase in net rental income at our Specialist assets to £42m.

 

 

 

 

 

Principal risks and uncertainties

The principal risks of the business are set out on pages 56-59 of the 2019 Annual Report alongside their potential impact and related mitigations. These risks fall into eight categories: customers; market cyclicality; disruption; people and skills; major health, safety and security incident; information security and cyber threat; sustainability; and investment and development strategy.

 

The Board has reviewed the principal risks in the context of the second half of the current financial year. The Board believes there has been no material change to the risk categories outlined in the 2019 Annual Report and that the existing mitigation actions remain appropriate to manage them. However, the Board notes an increase in the people and skills risk and in the health, safety and security risk.

 

Employee uncertainty has increased because we are currently combining the main operating functions of the London and Retail business units and are also in the process of appointing a new CEO following Robert Noel's decision to retire. This has led to an increase in the people and skills risk.

 

Following the Grenfell tragedy, we evaluated our fire management strategies across our entire property portfolio and identified some fire safety improvements. While we implement these, we have elevated the health, safety and security risk.

 

We have assessed risks to the business that may result from the UK leaving the EU, including under a 'no deal' Brexit, by reference to three distinct workstreams: construction, operations and portfolio management. In construction, the risks identified included the potential impact of tariffs on imported goods, workforce labour and skills shortages, delayed delivery of products and foreign exchange exposure. On operations, the risks included the availability of imported goods required to keep our buildings open and providing a safe and secure environment for our customers. The portfolio risks were more general and assessed as having limited impact on the Group. In consultation with our customers and suppliers, we are well prepared with contingency plans to mitigate the risks identified within each workstream.

 

The Board recognises the health of our business is closely linked to the health of the UK economy. We are actively monitoring events and will continue to assess the broader economic uncertainties, and any consequential impact on the Group, that may result from leaving the EU or the outcome of the general election.

 

 

Independent review report to Land Securities Group PLC

Introduction

We have been engaged by the Company to review the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended 30 September 2019 which comprises the consolidated income statement, the consolidated statement of comprehensive income, the consolidated balance sheet, the consolidated statement of changes in equity, the consolidated statement of cash flows and the related notes to the financial statements 1 to 19. We have read the other information contained in the half-yearly financial report and considered whether it contains any apparent misstatements or material inconsistencies with the information in the condensed set of financial statements.

 

This report is made solely to the Company in accordance with guidance contained in International Standard on Review Engagements (UK and Ireland) 2410 "Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity" issued by the Auditing Practices Board for use in the United Kingdom. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than the Company, for our work, for this report, or for the conclusions we have formed.

Directors' responsibilities

The half-yearly financial report is the responsibility of, and has been approved by, the Directors. The Directors are responsible for preparing the half-yearly financial report in accordance with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

 

As disclosed in note 1, the annual financial statements of the Group are prepared in accordance with IFRS as adopted by the European Union. The condensed set of financial statements included in this half-yearly financial report has been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34, "Interim Financial Reporting", as adopted by the European Union.

Our responsibility

Our responsibility is to express to the Company a conclusion on the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report based on our review.

Scope of review

We conducted our review in accordance with International Standard on Review Engagements (UK and Ireland) 2410, "Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity" issued by the Auditing Practices Board for use in the United Kingdom. A review of interim financial information consists of making enquiries, primarily of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters, and applying analytical and other review procedures. A review is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) and consequently does not enable us to obtain assurance that we would become aware of all significant matters that might be identified in an audit. Accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion.

Conclusion

Based on our review, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended 30 September 2019 is not prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 as adopted by the European Union and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

 

 

 

Ernst & Young LLP

London

11 November 2019

 

Financial statements

Unaudited income statement

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended

30 September 2018

 

 

Revenue
profit

 Capital and other items

Total

Revenue
 profit

Capital and other items

Total

 

Notes

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Revenue

5

368

1

369

371

7

378

Costs

6

(116)

-

(116)

(119)

(7)

(126)

 

 

252

1

253

252

-

252

Share of post-tax profit/(loss) from joint ventures

12

15

(65)

(50)

11

(25)

(14)

Loss on disposal of investment properties

 

-

-

-

-

(2)

(2)

Net deficit on revaluation of investment properties

10

-

(304)

(304)

-

(153)

(153)

Operating profit/(loss)

 

267

(368)

(101)

263

(180)

83

Finance income

7

7

2

9

10

1

11

Finance expense

7

(49)

(6)

(55)

(49)

(3)

(52)

Profit/(loss) before tax

 

225

(372)

(147)

224

(182)

42

Taxation

 

 

 

2

 

 

2

(Loss)/profit attributable to shareholders

 

 

 

(145)

 

 

44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Loss)/earnings per share attributable to shareholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic (loss)/earnings per share

4

 

 

(19.6)p

 

 

5.9p

Diluted (loss)/earnings per share

4

 

 

(19.6)p

 

 

5.9p

 

 

Unaudited statement of comprehensive income

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

 

Six months ended
30 September 2018

 

 

 

Total

 

 

Total

 

 

 

£m

 

 

£m

(Loss)/profit attributable to shareholders

 

 

(145)

 

 

44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Items that will not be subsequently reclassified to the income statement:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Movement in the fair value of other investments

 

 

(1)

 

 

-

Net re-measurement gain on defined benefit pension scheme

 

 

-

 

 

4

Deferred tax credit on re-measurement above

 

 

-

 

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive (loss)/income attributable to shareholders

 

 

(1)

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive (loss)/income attributable to shareholders

 

 

(146)

 

 

47

 

 

Unaudited balance sheet

 

30 September

31 March

 

 

2019

2019

 

Notes

£m

£m

Non-current assets

 

 

 

Investment properties

10

11,851

12,094

Intangible assets

 

18

20

Net investment in finance leases

 

158

159

Investments in joint ventures

12

956

1,031

Trade and other receivables

 

170

176

Other non-current assets

 

28

30

Total non-current assets

 

13,181

13,510

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

Trading properties

11

23

23

Trade and other receivables

 

472

437

Monies held in restricted accounts and deposits

 

11

36

Cash and cash equivalents

 

-

14

Other current assets

 

12

14

Total current assets

 

518

524

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets held for sale

17

43

-

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

13,742

14,034

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

Borrowings

14

(1,065)

(934)

Trade and other payables

 

(271)

(273)

Bank overdraft

 

(6)

-

Other current liabilities

 

(24)

(18)

Total current liabilities

 

(1,366)

(1,225)

 

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

Borrowings

14

(2,734)

(2,847)

Trade and other payables

 

-

(1)

Other non-current liabilities

 

(3)

(5)

Redemption liability

 

(34)

(36)

Total non-current liabilities

 

(2,771)

(2,889)

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

(4,137)

(4,114)

 

 

 

 

Net assets

 

9,605

9,920

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

Capital and reserves attributable to shareholders

 

 

 

Ordinary shares

 

80

80

Share premium

 

317

317

Other reserves

 

26

26

Retained earnings

 

9,182

9,497

Total equity

 

9,605

9,920

 

The financial statements on pages 21 to 41 were approved by the Board of Directors on 11 November 2019 and were signed on its behalf by:

 

 

R M Noel

M F Greenslade

Directors

 

 

 

Unaudited statement of changes in equity

Attributable to shareholders

 

 

 

Ordinary shares

Share premium

Other reserves

Retained earnings

Total
equity

 

 

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

At 1 April 2018

 

 

80

317

26

9,963

10,386

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the financial period

 

 

-

-

-

47

47

Transactions with shareholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based payments

 

 

-

-

(2)

1

(1)

Dividends paid to shareholders

 

 

-

-

-

(181)

(181)

Total transactions with shareholders

 

 

-

-

(2)

(180)

(182)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 30 September 2018

 

 

80

317

24

9,830

10,251

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive loss for the financial period

 

 

-

-

-

(166)

(166)

Transactions with shareholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based payments

 

 

-

-

2

1

3

Dividends paid to shareholders

 

 

-

-

-

(168)

(168)

Total transactions with shareholders

 

 

-

-

2

(167)

(165)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 March 2019

 

 

80

317

26

9,497

9,920

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive loss for the financial period

 

 

-

-

-

(146)

(146)

Transactions with shareholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based payments

 

 

-

-

-

1

1

Dividends paid to shareholders

 

 

-

-

-

(170)

(170)

Total transactions with shareholders

 

 

-

-

-

(169)

(169)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 30 September 2019

 

 

80

317

26

9,182

9,605

 

 

Unaudited statement of cash flows

 

Six months ended
30 September

 

 

2019

2018

 

Notes

£m

£m

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

Net cash generated from operations

9

228

223

Interest received

 

14

2

Interest paid

 

(57)

(58)

Capital expenditure on trading properties

 

(1)

(1)

Disposal of trading properties

 

-

16

Other operating cash flows

 

-

(2)

Net cash inflow from operating activities

 

184

180

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

Investment property development expenditure

 

(82)

(28)

Other investment property related expenditure

 

(21)

(20)

Acquisition of investment properties

 

-

(42)

Disposal of investment properties

 

-

38

Cash contributed to joint ventures

12

(13)

(26)

Cash distributions from joint ventures

12

38

30

Other investing cash flows

 

1

(1)

Net cash outflow from investing activities

 

(77)

(49)

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

Proceeds from new borrowings (net of finance fees)

14

95

-

Repayment of borrowings

14

(110)

(9)

Redemption of medium term notes

14

(4)

(8)

Premium paid on redemption of medium term notes

14

(1)

(2)

Net cash inflow from derivative financial instruments

 

38

15

Dividends paid to shareholders

8

(170)

(168)

Decrease/(increase) in monies held in restricted accounts and deposits

 

25

(14)

Other financing cash flows

 

-

1

Net cash outflow from financing activities

 

(127)

(185)

 

 

 

 

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents for the period

 

(20)

(54)

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period

 

14

62

(Bank overdraft)/cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

 

(6)

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to the financial statements

1. Basis of preparation and consolidation

 

Basis of preparation

This condensed consolidated interim financial information (financial statements) for the six months ended 30 September 2019 has been prepared on a going concern basis and in accordance with the Disclosure and Transparency Rules of the Financial Conduct Authority and IAS 34 'Interim Financial Reporting' as adopted by the European Union (EU). In order to satisfy themselves that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future, the Directors have reviewed an 18-month cash flow forecast extracted from the Group's current five-year plan, which includes assumptions about future trading performance and debt requirements, and an assessment of the potential impact of significant changes to those cash flows. This, together with available market information and experience of the Group's property portfolio and markets, has given the Directors sufficient confidence to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the financial statements.

 

The condensed consolidated interim financial information does not comprise statutory accounts within the meaning of section 434 of the Companies Act 2006. Statutory accounts for the year ended 31 March 2019, presented in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the EU (IFRS), were approved by the Board of Directors on 13 May 2019 and delivered to the Registrar of Companies. The report of the auditor on those accounts was unqualified, did not contain an emphasis of matter paragraph and did not contain any statement under section 498 of the Companies Act 2006. The condensed consolidated interim financial information has been reviewed, not audited, and should be read in conjunction with the Group's annual financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2019.

 

This condensed consolidated interim financial information was approved for issue on 11 November 2019.

Presentation of results

The Group income statement is presented in a columnar format, split into those items that relate to revenue profit and Capital and other items. The Total column represents the Group's results presented in accordance with IFRS; the other columns provide additional information. This is intended to reflect the way in which the Group's senior management review the results of the business and to aid reconciliation to the segmental information.

 

A number of the financial measures used internally by the Group to measure performance include the results of partly-owned subsidiaries and joint ventures on a proportionate basis. Measures that are described as being on a proportionate basis include the Group's share of joint ventures on a line-by-line basis and are adjusted to exclude the non-owned elements of our subsidiaries. These measures are non-GAAP measures and therefore not presented in accordance with IFRS. This is in contrast to the condensed consolidated interim financial information presented in these half-yearly results, where the Group applies equity accounting to its interest in joint ventures, presenting its interest as one line on the income statement and balance sheet, and consolidating all subsidiaries at 100% with any non-owned element being adjusted as a non-controlling interest or redemption liability, as appropriate. Our joint operations are presented on a proportionate basis in all financial measures used internally by the Group.

 

Revenue profit is the Group's measure of underlying pre-tax profit. It excludes all items of a capital nature, such as valuation movements and profits and losses on the disposal of investment properties, as well as exceptional items. The Group believes that revenue profit better represents the results of the Group's operational performance to shareholders and other stakeholder groups. A full definition of revenue profit is given in the Glossary. The components of revenue profit are presented on a proportionate basis in note 3. Revenue profit is a non-GAAP measure.

 

 

2. Significant accounting policies

 

 

The condensed consolidated interim financial information has been prepared on the basis of the accounting policies, significant judgements, key assumptions and estimates as set out in the notes to the Group's annual financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2019, as amended where relevant to reflect the new standards, amendments and interpretations which became effective in the period. The impact of adopting these new standards and accounting policies is outlined below and in note 18.

 

Changes in accounting policy

 

The Group has adopted IFRS 16 Leases on 1 April 2019. As a result of adopting this standard, the Group now reports separately service charge income for leases where a single payment is received to cover both rent and service charge. The total payment received was previously included within rental income, but the service charge component has now been separated and reported as service charge income in the notes to the financial statements. Comparatives have been restated accordingly. The Group's revised accounting policy and the impact of the change in accounting policy on the consolidated interim financial information is detailed in note 18.

 

 

3. Segmental information

 

 

The Group's operations are managed across three operating segments, being the Office, Retail and Specialist segments.

 

The Office segment includes all our offices, substantially all of which are located in London. The Retail segment includes all our shopping centres, outlets, retail parks and the retail units within our London office buildings. The Specialist segment includes our leisure and hotel assets, Piccadilly Lights and other specialist assets which do not fall within either of the other segments. All of the Group's operations are in the UK.

 

Management has determined the Group's operating segments based on the information reviewed by Senior Management to make strategic decisions. During the period, the chief operating decision maker was the Executive Committee (ExecCom), which comprised the Executive Directors, the Group General Counsel and Company Secretary, the Group HR Director and the Corporate Affairs and Sustainability Director. The information presented to ExecCom includes reports from all functions of the business as well as strategy, financial planning, succession planning, organisational development and Group-wide policies.

 

In previous periods, our segmental reporting reflected that our operations were organised into a London Portfolio and a Retail Portfolio. In the six months ended 30 September 2019, we merged these two business units and amended our reporting to the ExecCom to reflect this. In order to maintain a detailed level of financial disclosure, our segmental reporting now reflects the predominant use class of our assets, grouped into Office, Retail and Specialist. The comparative period has been presented in the new format and a reconciliation to the previous presentation has been provided on our website.

 

The Group's primary measure of underlying profit before tax is revenue profit. However, Segment net rental income is the lowest level to which the profit arising from the on-going operations of the Group is analysed between the three segments. Previously the Group reported Segment profit, which for the six months ended 30 September 2018 was £28m lower than the Segment net rental income for the same period as it included indirect property costs, including depreciation, as well as the net finance costs directly incurred by our joint ventures. The indirect costs, which are predominantly staff costs, have now all been treated as net indirect expenses and are not allocated to individual segments. Depreciation previously included within Group Services expenses has also been separated and reported together with the depreciation previously included in Segment profit.

 

The Group manages its financing structure, with the exception of joint ventures, on a pooled basis. Individual joint ventures may have specific financing arrangements in place. Since the use class of individual joint ventures may span more than one segment, debt facilities and finance expenses are not specific to a particular segment. Unallocated income and expenses are items incurred centrally which are not directly attributable to one of the segments.

 

All items in the segmental information note are presented on a proportionate basis. A reconciliation from the Group income statement to the information presented in the segmental information note is included in table 22.

 

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018(1)

Revenue profit

Office

Retail

Specialist

Total

Office

Retail

Specialist

Total

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Rental income

129

156

49

334

128

159

47

334

Finance lease interest

4

-

-

4

4

-

-

4

Gross rental income (before rents payable)

133

156

49

338

132

159

47

338

Rents payable(2)

(1)

(5)

-

(6)

(1)

(5)

-

(6)

Gross rental income (after rents payable)

132

151

49

332

131

154

47

332

Service charge income

24

26

-

50

22

25

1

48

Service charge expense

(23)

(28)

(1)

(52)

(22)

(27)

(1)

(50)

Net service charge expense

1

(2)

(1)

(2)

-

(2)

-

(2)

Other property related income

7

8

-

15

7

9

1

17

Direct property expenditure

(9)

(21)

(6)

(36)

(9)

(21)

(9)

(39)

Segment net rental income

131

136

42

309

129

140

39

308

Other income

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

2

Indirect expense

 

 

 

(33)

 

 

 

(35)

Depreciation

 

 

 

(3)

 

 

 

(2)

Revenue profit before interest

 

 

 

274

 

 

 

273

Finance income

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

10

Finance expense

 

 

 

(49)

 

 

 

(49)

Joint venture finance expense

 

 

 

(7)

 

 

 

(10)

Revenue profit

 

 

 

225

 

 

 

224

 

1.    Restated for changes in accounting policies. See note 18 for details.

2.    Included within rents payable is lease interest payable of £1m (2018: £1m) for the Office segment.

 

 

Reconciliation of revenue profit to (loss)/profit before tax

Six months ended

30 September 2019

 

 

Six months ended

30 September 2018

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Total

 

 

£m

 

 

 

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue profit

225

 

 

 

224

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital and other items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Valuation and profits on disposals

 

 

 

 

 

Net deficit on revaluation of investment properties

(368)

 

 

 

(188)

Loss on disposal of investment properties

-

 

 

 

(4)

Profit on disposal of trading properties

1

 

 

 

1

 

(367)

 

 

 

(191)

Net finance expense

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value movement on interest-rate swaps

(5)

 

 

 

1

Premium and fees on redemption of medium term notes (MTNs)

(1)

 

 

 

(2)

Other net finance income/(expense)

2

 

 

 

(1)

 

(4)

 

 

 

(2)

Other

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value movement prior to acquisition of non-owned element of a joint venture

-

 

 

 

9

Profit from long-term development contracts

2

 

 

 

3

Other

(3)

 

 

 

(1)

 

(1)

 

 

 

11

(Loss)/profit before tax

(147)

 

 

 

42

 

 

4. Performance measures

 

 

Three of the Group's key financial performance measures are adjusted diluted earnings per share, EPRA net assets per share and total business return. In the tables below we present earnings per share and net assets per share calculated in accordance with IFRS, together with our own adjusted measure and certain measures defined by EPRA, which have been included to assist comparison between European property companies. We also present the calculation of total business return.

 

Adjusted earnings, which is a tax adjusted measure of revenue profit, is the basis for the calculation of adjusted earnings per share. We believe adjusted earnings and adjusted earnings per share provide further understanding of the results of the Group's operational performance to stakeholders as they focus on the rental income performance of the business and exclude Capital and other items which can vary significantly from period to period.

 

Total business return is calculated as the cash dividends paid in the period plus the change in EPRA net assets per share, divided by the opening EPRA net assets per share. We consider this to be a useful measure for shareholders as it gives an indication of the total return on investment over the period.

 

Earnings per share

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018

 

Loss for the period

EPRA earnings

Adjusted earnings

Profit for the period

EPRA earnings

Adjusted

 earnings

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

(Loss)/profit attributable to shareholders

(145)

(145)

(145)

44

44

44

Taxation

-

(2)

(2)

-

(2)

(2)

Valuation and profits on disposals

-

367

367

-

191

191

Net finance expense

-

4

4

-

2

2

Other

-

1

1

-

(11)

(11)

(Loss)/profit used in per share calculation

(145)

225

225

44

224

224

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IFRS

EPRA

Adjusted

IFRS

EPRA

Adjusted

Basic (loss)/earnings per share

(19.6)p

30.4p

30.4p

5.9p

30.3p

30.3p

Diluted (loss)/earnings per share(1)

(19.6)p

30.4p

30.4p

5.9p

30.3p

30.3p

 

1.    In the period ended 30 September 2019, share options are excluded from the weighted average diluted number of shares when calculating IFRS diluted loss per share because they are not dilutive.

 

Net assets per share

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

 

Net assets

EPRA triple net assets

EPRA net assets

Net assets

EPRA triple net assets

EPRA net assets

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Net assets attributable to shareholders

9,605

9,605

9,605

9,920

9,920

9,920

Deferred tax liability on intangible asset

-

-

2

-

-

2

Goodwill on deferred tax liability

-

(2)

(2)

-

(2)

(2)

Excess of fair value of debt over book value (note 14)

-

(386)

-

-

(239)

-

Net assets used in per share calculation

9,605

9,217

9,605

9,920

9,679

9,920

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IFRS

EPRA triple

EPRA

IFRS

EPRA triple

EPRA

Net assets per share

1,298p

n/a

n/a

1,341p

n/a

n/a

Diluted net assets per share

1,296p

1,244p

1,296p

1,339p

1,306p

1,339p

 

 

Number of shares

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Weighted average

30 September 2019

  Six months ended
30 September 2018

Weighted average

31 March 2019

 

million

million

million

million

Ordinary shares

751

751

751

751

Treasury shares

(10)

(10)

(10)

(10)

Own shares

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

Number of shares - basic

740

740

740

740

Dilutive effect of share options

1

1

-

1

Number of shares - diluted

741

741

740

741

 

 

Total business return

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018

 

pence

pence

Decrease in EPRA net assets per share

(43)

(19)

Dividend paid per share in the period (note 8)

23

25

Total return (a)

(20)

6

EPRA net assets per share at the beginning of the period (b)

1,339

1,403

Total business return (a/b)

-1.5%

0.4%

 

 

5. Revenue

 

 

All revenue is classified within the 'Revenue profit' column of the income statement, with the exception of proceeds from the sale of trading properties, income from long-term development contracts and the non-owned element of the Group's subsidiaries which are presented in the 'Capital and other items' column.

 

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018(1)

 

Revenue
profit

Capital and other items

Total

Revenue
profit

Capital and other items

Total

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Rental income (excluding adjustment for lease incentives)

311

1

312

303

1

304

Adjustment for lease incentives

(7)

-

(7)

3

-

3

Rental income

304

1

305

306

1

307

Service charge income

45

-

45

43

-

43

Other property related income

14

-

14

16

-

16

Trading property sales proceeds

-

-

-

-

6

6

Finance lease interest

4

-

4

4

-

4

Other income

1

-

1

2

-

2

Revenue per the income statement

368

1

369

371

7

378

 

1.    Restated for changes in accounting policies. See note 18 for details.

 

The following table reconciles revenue per the income statement to the individual components of revenue presented in note 3.

 

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018(1)

 

Group

Joint ventures

Adjustment for non-wholly owned subsidiaries(2)

Total

Group

Joint
 ventures

Adjustment

for non-  wholly owned subsidiaries(2)

Total

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Rental income

305

30

(1)

334

307

28

(1)

334

Service charge income

45

5

-

50

43

5

-

48

Other property related income

14

1

-

15

16

1

-

17

Trading property sales proceeds

-

4

-

4

6

17

-

23

Finance lease interest

4

-

-

4

4

-

-

4

Long-term development contract income

-

2

-

2

-

16

-

16

Other income

1

-

-

1

2

-

-

2

Revenue in the segmental information note

369

42

(1)

410

378

67

(1)

444

 

1.    Restated for changes in accounting policies. See note 18 for details.

2.    This represents the interest in X-Leisure which we do not own, but which is consolidated in the Group numbers.

 

 

6. Costs

 

 

All costs are classified within the 'Revenue profit' column of the income statement, with the exception of the cost of sale of trading properties, costs arising on long-term development contracts, amortisation and impairments of intangible assets arising on business combinations and the non-owned element of the Group's subsidiaries which are presented in the 'Capital and other items' column.

 

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018

 

Revenue
 profit

Capital and other items

Total

Revenue
 profit

Capital and other items

Total

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Rents payable

5

-

5

5

-

5

Service charge expense

46

-

46

44

-

44

Direct property expenditure

31

-

31

34

-

34

Indirect expense

34

-

34

36

-

36

Cost of trading property disposals

-

-

-

-

6

6

Amortisation of other intangible asset

-

-

-

-

1

1

Costs per the income statement

116

-

116

119

7

126

 

The following table reconciles costs per the income statement to the individual components of costs presented in note 3.

 

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018

 

Group

Joint ventures

Adjustment for non-wholly owned subsidiaries(1)

Total

Group

Joint
 ventures

Adjustment

for non-  wholly owned subsidiaries(1)

Total

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Rents payable

5

1

-

6

5

1

-

6

Service charge expense

46

6

-

52

44

6

-

50

Direct property expenditure

31

5

-

36

34

5

-

39

Indirect expense

34

2

-

36

36

1

-

37

Cost of trading property disposals

-

3

-

3

6

16

-

22

Long-term development contract expenditure

-

-

-

-

-

13

-

13

Amortisation of other intangible asset

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

Costs in the segmental information note

116

17

-

133

126

42

-

168

 

1.    This represents the interest in X-Leisure which we do not own, but which is consolidated in the Group numbers.

 

The Group's costs include employee costs for the period of £28m (2018: £29m), of which £4m (2018: £4m) is within service charge expense and £24m (2018: £25m) is within indirect expense.

 

 

7. Net finance expense

 

 

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018

 

Revenue

profit

Capital and other items

Total

Revenue

profit

Capital and other items

Total

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Finance income

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest receivable from joint ventures

7

-

7

10

-

10

Fair value movement on interest-rate swaps

-

-

-

-

1

1

Fair value movement on other derivatives

-

1

1

-

-

-

Revaluation of redemption liabilities

-

1

1

-

-

-

 

7

2

9

10

1

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finance expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bond and debenture debt

(41)

-

(41)

(41)

-

(41)

Bank and other short-term borrowings

(11)

-

(11)

(10)

-

(10)

Fair value movement on interest-rate swaps

-

(5)

(5)

-

-

-

Fair value movement on other derivatives

-

-

-

-

(1)

(1)

Redemption of medium term notes

-

(1)

(1)

-

(2)

(2)

 

(52)

(6)

(58)

(51)

(3)

(54)

Interest capitalised in relation to properties under development

3

-

3

2

-

2

 

(49)

(6)

(55)

(49)

(3)

(52)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net finance expense

(42)

(4)

(46)

(39)

(2)

(41)

Joint venture net finance expense

(7)

 

 

(10)

 

 

Net finance expense included in revenue profit

(49)

 

 

(49)

 

 

 

Lease interest payable of £1m (2018: £1m) is included within rents payable as detailed in note 3.

 

 

8. Dividends

 

 

Dividends paid

 

Six months ended 30 September

 

 

Pence per share

2019

2018

 

Payment date

PID

Non-PID

Total

£m

£m

For the year ended 31 March 2018:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Third interim

6 April 2018

9.85

-

9.85

 

73

Final

27 July 2018

14.65

-

14.65

 

108

For the year ended 31 March 2019:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Third interim

12 April 2019

11.30

-

11.30

84

 

Final

25 July 2019

11.65

-

11.65

86

 

Gross dividends

 

 

 

 

170

181

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends in the statement of changes in equity

 

 

 

 

170

181

Timing difference on payment of withholding tax

 

 

 

 

-

(13)

Dividends in the statement of cash flows

 

 

 

 

170

168

 

On 4 October 2019, the Company paid a first interim dividend in respect of the current financial year of 11.6p per ordinary share, wholly as a Property Income Distribution (PID), representing £86m in total (2018: 11.3p or £84m in total).

 

The Board has declared a second interim dividend of 11.6p per ordinary share to be payable wholly as a PID (2018: 11.3p) on 3 January 2020 to shareholders registered at the close of business on 29 November 2019.

 

A Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP) has been available in respect of all dividends paid during the period. The last day for DRIP elections for the second interim dividend is close of business on 10 December 2019.

 

 

9. Net cash generated from operations

 

 

Reconciliation of operating (loss)/profit to net cash generated from operations

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

Operating (loss)/profit

(101)

83

 

 

 

Adjustments for:

 

 

Net deficit on revaluation of investment properties

304

153

Loss on disposal of investment properties

-

2

Share of loss from joint ventures

50

14

Depreciation

3

2

Share-based payment charge

-

1

Other

-

3

 

256

258

Changes in working capital:

 

 

Increase in receivables

(36)

(24)

Increase/(decrease) in payables and provisions

8

(11)

Net cash generated from operations

228

223

 

 

10. Investment properties

 

 

 

 

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Six months ended
31 March 2019

Six months ended
30 September 2018

 

£m

£m

£m

Net book value at the beginning of the period

12,094

12,236

12,336

Acquisitions

-

94

42

Capital expenditure

101

52

42

Capitalised interest

3

3

2

Disposals

-

(3)

(33)

Net deficit on revaluation of investment properties

(304)

(288)

(153)

Transfer to non-current assets held for sale

(43)

-

-

Net book value at the end of the period

11,851

12,094

12,236

 

The fair value of investment properties at 30 September 2019 was determined by the Group's external valuer, CBRE. The valuations are in line with RICS standards and were arrived at by reference to market evidence of transactions for similar properties. The valuations performed by the independent valuer are reviewed internally by Senior Management and relevant people within the business. This includes discussions of the assumptions used by the external valuer, as well as a review of the resulting valuations. Discussions about the valuation process and results are held between Senior Management, the Audit Committee and the external valuer on a half-yearly basis.

 

The market value of the Group's investment properties, as determined by the Group's external valuer, differs from the net book value presented in the balance sheet due to the Group presenting tenant finance leases, head leases and lease incentives separately. The following table reconciles the net book value of the investment properties to the market value.

 

 

 

 

30 September 2019

 

 

31 March 2019

 

Group
(excl. joint ventures)

Joint ventures(1)

Adjustment for proportionate share(2)

Combined Portfolio

Group
 (excl. joint ventures)

Joint
ventures(1)

Adjustment for proportionate share(2)

Combined Portfolio

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Market value

12,389

1,087

(34)

13,442

12,637

1,149

(36)

13,750

Less: properties treated as finance leases

(240)

-

1

(239)

(239)

-

1

(238)

Plus: head leases capitalised

30

8

-

38

30

8

-

38

Less: tenant lease incentives

(328)

(42)

1

(369)

(334)

(40)

1

(373)

Net book value

11,851

1,053

(32)

12,872

12,094

1,117

(34)

13,177

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net deficit on revaluation of investment properties

(304)

(66)

2

(368)

(441)

(117)

1

(557)

 

1.    Refer to note 12 for a breakdown of this amount by entity.

2.    This represents the interest in X-Leisure which we do not own, but which is consolidated in the Group numbers.

 

 

11. Trading properties

 

 

 

 

Development land and infrastructure

Residential

Total

 

£m

£m

£m

At 1 April 2018

21

3

24

Acquisitions

-

3

3

Capital expenditure

1

1

2

Disposals

-

(6)

(6)

30 September 2018

22

1

23

Acquisitions

-

1

1

Capital expenditure

1

(1)

-

Disposals

-

(1)

(1)

31 March 2019

23

-

23

At 30 September 2019

23

-

23

 

There were no cumulative impairment provisions in respect of either Development land and infrastructure or Residential at 30 September 2019 and 31 March 2019.

 

 

12. Joint arrangements

 

 

The Group's principal joint arrangements are described below:

 

Joint ventures

Percentage   owned & voting rights

Business
segment

Year end date(1)

Joint venture partner

Held at 30 September 2019

Nova, Victoria(2)

50%

Office, Retail, Specialist

31 March

Canada Pension Plan Investment Board

Southside Limited Partnership

50%

Retail

31 March

Invesco Real Estate European Fund

St. David's Limited Partnership

50%

Retail

31 December

Intu Properties plc

Westgate Oxford Alliance Limited Partnership

50%

Retail

31 March

The Crown Estate Commissioners

Harvest(3)(4)

50%

Retail

31 March

J Sainsbury plc

The Ebbsfleet Limited Partnership(3)

50%

Specialist

31 March

Ebbsfleet Property Limited

West India Quay Unit Trust(3)(5)

50%

Specialist

31 March

Schroder Exempt Property Unit Trust

 

 

 

 

 

Joint operation

Ownership  interest

Business
segment

Year end date(1)

Joint operation partners

Bluewater, Kent

30%

Retail

31 March

M&G Real Estate and GIC

Lendlease Retail LP

Royal London Asset Management

Aberdeen Standard Investments

 

1.    The year end date shown is the accounting reference date of the joint arrangement. In all cases, the Group's accounting is performed using financial information for the Group's own reporting period and reporting date.

2.    Nova, Victoria includes the Victoria Circle Limited Partnership, Nova Residential Limited Partnership and Victoria Circle Developer Limited.

3.    Included within Other in subsequent tables.

4.    Harvest includes Harvest 2 Limited Partnership, Harvest Development Management Limited, Harvest 2 Selly Oak Limited, Harvest 2 GP Limited and Harvest GP Limited.

5.    West India Quay Unit Trust is held in the X-Leisure Unit Trust (X-Leisure) in which the Group holds a 95% share.

 

All of the Group's joint arrangements have their principal place of business in the United Kingdom. All of the Group's joint arrangements own and operate investment property, with the exception of The Ebbsfleet Limited Partnership which holds development land as a trading property and Harvest which is engaged in long term development contracts. Nova, Victoria is also engaged in the development of investment properties. The activities of all the Group's joint arrangements are therefore strategically important to the business activities of the Group.

 

All joint ventures are registered in England and Wales with the exception of Southside Limited Partnership and West India Quay Unit Trust which are registered in Jersey.

 

Joint ventures

Six months ended 30 September 2019

 

Nova,

Victoria

Southside Limited Partnership

St. David's Limited Partnership

Westgate Oxford Alliance Partnership

Other

Total

Total

Comprehensive income statement

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

Group share

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue(1)

32

6

22

18

5

83

42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross rental income (after rents payable)

19

6

17

14

1

57

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net rental income

17

5

13

11

1

47

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue profit before interest

16

5

12

10

1

44

22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finance expense

(11)

(3)

-

-

-

(14)

(7)

Net finance expense

(11)

(3)

-

-

-

(14)

(7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue profit

5

2

12

10

1

30

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital and other items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net deficit on revaluation of investment properties

(4)

(30)

(52)

(46)

(1)

(133)

(66)

Movement in impairment of trading properties

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

Profit on disposal of trading properties

1

-

-

-

-

1

1

Profit on long-term development contracts

-

-

-

-

5

5

2

Profit/(loss) before tax

3

(28)

(40)

(36)

5

(96)

(48)

Taxation

-

-

-

-

(3)

(3)

(2)

Post-tax profit/(loss)

3

(28)

(40)

(36)

2

(99)

(50)

Total comprehensive income/(loss)

3

(28)

(40)

(36)

2

(99)

(50)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

50%

50%

50%

50%

50%

50%

 

Group share of profit/(loss) before tax

1

(14)

(20)

(18)

3

(48)

(48)

Group share of post-tax profit/(loss)

1

(14)

(20)

(18)

1

(50)

(50)

Group share of total comprehensive income/(loss)

1

(14)

(20)

(18)

1

(50)

(50)

 

1.    Revenue includes gross rental income (before rents payable), service charge income, other property related income, trading properties disposal proceeds and income from long-term development contracts.

 

Joint ventures

Six months ended 30 September 2018

 

Nova,
Victoria

Southside Limited Partnership

St. David's Limited Partnership

Westgate
Oxford

Alliance Partnership

Other

Total

Total

 

Comprehensive income statement

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

Group share

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue(1)

49

7

22

21

34

133

67

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross rental income (after rents payable)

15

7

17

13

2

54

27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net rental income

13

5

14

10

2

44

22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue profit before interest

12

5

13

10

2

42

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finance expense

(17)

(3)

-

-

-

(20)

(10)

 

Net finance expense

(17)

(3)

-

-

-

(20)

(10)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue (loss)/profit

(5)

2

13

10

2

22

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital and other items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (deficit)/surplus on revaluation of investment properties

(11)

1

(47)

(14)

-

(71)

(35)

 

Loss on disposal of investment properties

-

-

-

-

(4)

(4)

(2)

 

Fair value movement prior to acquisition of non-owned element of a joint venture

-

-

-

-

17

17

9

 

Profit on disposal of trading properties

-

-

-

1

1

2

1

 

Profit on long-term development contracts

-

-

-

-

6

6

3

 

Other

(1)

-

-

-

-

(1)

(1)

 

(Loss)/profit before tax

(17)

3

(34)

(3)

22

(29)

(14)

 

Post-tax (loss)/profit

(17)

3

(34)

(3)

22

(29)

(14)

 

Total comprehensive (loss)/income

(17)

3

(34)

(3)

22

(29)

(14)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

50%

50%

50%

50%

50%

50%

 

 

Group share of (loss)/profit before tax

(8)

2

(17)

(2)

11

(14)

(14)

 

Group share of post-tax (loss)/profit

(8)

2

(17)

(2)

11

(14)

(14)

 

Group share of total comprehensive (loss)/income

(8)

2

(17)

(2)

11

(14)

(14)

 

 

1.    Revenue includes gross rental income (before rents payable), service charge income, other property related income, trading properties disposal proceeds and income from long-term development contracts.

 

Joint ventures

 

 

 

 

 

30 September 2019

 

Nova, Victoria

Southside Limited Partnership

St. David's Limited Partnership

Westgate Oxford

Alliance Partnership

Other

Total

Total

Balance sheet

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

Group share

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Investment properties(1)

846

232

511

448

70

2,107

1,053

Non-current assets

846

232

511

448

70

2,107

1,053

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

24

2

6

16

8

56

28

Other current assets

67

5

15

21

28

136

68

Current assets

91

7

21

37

36

192

96

Total assets

937

239

532

485

106

2,299

1,149

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables and provisions

(28)

(5)

(11)

(12)

(8)

(64)

(32)

Current liabilities

(28)

(5)

(11)

(12)

(8)

(64)

(32)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

(164)

(142)

(17)

-

-

(323)

(161)

Non-current liabilities

(164)

(142)

(17)

-

-

(323)

(161)

Total liabilities

(192)

(147)

(28)

(12)

(8)

(387)

(193)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net assets

745

92

504

473

98

1,912

956

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Market value of investment properties(1)

901

234

504

464

71

2,174

1,087

Net cash/(debt)

24

2

(11)

16

8

39

20

 

 

Joint ventures

31 March 2019

 

Nova, Victoria

Southside Limited Partnership

St. David's Limited Partnership

Westgate

Oxford

Alliance Partnership

Other

Total

Total

Balance sheet

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

Group share

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Investment properties(1)

843

263

562

495

71

2,234

1,117

Non-current assets

843

263

562

495

71

2,234

1,117

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

10

4

1

13

4

32

16

Other current assets

68

4

17

22

161

272

136

Current assets

78

8

18

35

165

304

152

Total assets

921

271

580

530

236

2,538

1,269

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables and provisions

(26)

(6)

(11)

(13)

(85)

(141)

(70)

Current liabilities

(26)

(6)

(11)

(13)

(85)

(141)

(70)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

(178)

(142)

(16)

-

-

(336)

(168)

Non-current liabilities

(178)

(142)

(16)

-

-

(336)

(168)

Total liabilities

(204)

(148)

(27)

(13)

(85)

(477)

(238)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net assets

717

123

553

517

151

2,061

1,031

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Market value of investment properties(1)

893

265

557

511

72

2,298

1,149

Net cash/(debt)

11

4

(13)

14

4

20

10

 

1.    The difference between the book value and the market value of investment properties is the amount recognised in respect of lease incentives, head leases capitalised and properties treated as finance leases, where applicable.

 

Joint ventures

Nova,

Victoria

Southside
Limited Partnership

St. David's Limited Partnership

Westgate

Oxford

Alliance Partnership

Other

Total

Net investment

50%

50%

50%

50%

50%

Group share

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

At 1 April 2018

393

78

328

282

70

1,151

Total comprehensive (loss)/income

(8)

2

(17)

(2)

11

(14)

Cash contributed

10

-

-

14

2

26

Cash distributions

(15)

(2)

(6)

(2)

(5)

(30)

Disposal of investment

-

-

-

-

(2)

(2)

At 30 September 2018

380

78

305

292

76

1,131

Total comprehensive (loss)/income

(11)

(16)

(21)

(25)

2

(71)

Cash contributed

3

-

-

-

-

3

Cash distributions

(13)

(1)

(7)

(9)

(2)

(32)

At 31 March 2019

359

61

277

258

76

1,031

Total comprehensive income/(loss)

1

(14)

(20)

(18)

1

(50)

Cash contributed

13

-

-

-

-

13

Cash distributions

-

(1)

(5)

(4)

(28)

(38)

At 30 September 2019

373

46

252

236

49

956

 

 

13. Capital structure

 

 

 

 

 30 September 2019

 31 March 2019

 

 

Group

Joint ventures

Adjustment

for non-wholly owned subsidiaries(1)

Combined

Group

Joint
 ventures

Adjustment for non-wholly owned subsidiaries(1)

Combined

 

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Property portfolio

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Market value of investment properties

12,389

1,087

(34)

13,442

12,637

1,149

(36)

13,750

Trading properties and long-term contracts

23

15

-

38

23

18

-

41

Non-current assets held for sale

43

-

-

43

-

-

-

-

Total property portfolio (a)

12,455

1,102

(34)

13,523

12,660

1,167

(36)

13,791

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings

3,799

8

-

3,807

3,781

8

-

3,789

Monies held in restricted accounts and deposits

(11)

-

-

(11)

(36)

(2)

-

(38)

Bank overdraft/(cash and cash equivalents)

6

(28)

-

(22)

(14)

(16)

-

(30)

Fair value of foreign exchange swaps and forwards

24

-

-

24

16

-

-

16

Net debt (b)

3,818

(20)

-

3,798

3,747

(10)

-

3,737

Adjusted net debt (c)

3,818

(20)

-

3,798

3,747

(10)

-

3,737

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted total equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity (d)

9,605

-

-

9,605

9,920

-

-

9,920

Adjusted total equity (e)

9,605

-

-

9,605

9,920

-

-

9,920

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gearing (b/d)

39.8%

 

 

39.5%

37.8%

 

 

37.7%

Adjusted gearing (c/e)

39.8%

 

 

39.5%

37.8%

 

 

37.7%

Group LTV (c/a)

30.7%

 

 

28.1%

29.6%

 

 

27.1%

Security Group LTV

29.5%

 

 

 

28.6%

 

 

 

Weighted average cost of debt

2.6%

 

 

2.6%

2.7%

 

 

2.7%

 

1.    This represents the interest in X-Leisure which we do not own, but which is consolidated in the Group numbers.

Fair values

The fair value of the amounts payable under the Group's lease obligations, using a discount rate of 2.6% (31 March 2019: 2.7%), is £63m (31 March 2019: £62m). The fair value of the Group's finance lease receivables, using a discount rate of 2.6% (31 March 2019: 2.7%), is £233m (31 March 2019: £235m).

 

The fair values of any floating rate financial liabilities are assumed to be equal to their nominal value. The fair values of the MTNs fall within Level 1, the syndicated and bilateral facilities, commercial paper, interest-rate swaps and foreign exchange swaps fall within Level 2, and the amounts payable and receivable under finance leases fall within Level 3.

 

The fair values of the financial instruments have been determined by reference to relevant market prices, where available. The fair values of the Group's outstanding interest-rate swaps have been estimated by calculating the present value of future cash flows, using appropriate market discount rates. These valuation techniques fall within Level 2.

 

The fair value of the redemption liability is determined as the present value of the amount the Group would be required to pay to settle the liability (an exit price). The fair value is calculated by reference to the net assets of the underlying subsidiary. The valuation is not based on observable market data and therefore the redemption liability is considered to fall within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

 

The fair value of the other investments is calculated by reference to the net assets of the underlying entity. The valuation is not based on observable market data and therefore the other investments are considered to fall within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

 

 

14. Borrowings

 

 

 

 

 

 

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

 

Secured/
unsecured

Fixed/
floating

Effective
interest rate

%

Nominal/ notional value

£m

Fair
value

£m

Book value

£m

Nominal/ notional value

£m

Fair
value

£m

Book value

£m

Current borrowings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sterling

Unsecured

Floating

LIBOR + margin

5

5

5

-

-

-

Euro

Unsecured

Floating

LIBOR + margin

907

907

907

729

729

729

US Dollar

Unsecured

Floating

LIBOR + margin

153

153

153

205

205

205

Total current borrowings

 

 

 

1,065

1,065

1,065

934

934

934

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current borrowings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medium term notes (MTN)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A3    5.425% MTN due 2022

Secured

Fixed

5.4

46

47

46

46

48

46

A10  4.875% MTN due 2025

Secured

Fixed

5.0

14

15

14

14

15

14

A12  1.974% MTN due 2026

Secured

Fixed

2.0

400

412

399

400

405

399

A4    5.391% MTN due 2026

Secured

Fixed

5.4

21

25

21

25

30

25

A5    5.391% MTN due 2027

Secured

Fixed

5.4

186

226

186

186

224

186

A6    5.376% MTN due 2029

Secured

Fixed

5.4

78

99

77

78

97

77

A16  2.375% MTN due 2029

Secured

Fixed

2.5

350

373

347

350

362

347

A13  2.399% MTN due 2031

Secured

Fixed

2.4

300

322

299

300

310

299

A7    5.396% MTN due 2032

Secured

Fixed

5.4

156

215

156

156

209

156

A11  5.125% MTN due 2036

Secured

Fixed

5.1

56

80

56

56

76

56

A14  2.625% MTN due 2039

Secured

Fixed

2.6

500

544

493

500

508

493

A15  2.750% MTN due 2059

Secured

Fixed

2.7

500

584

495

500

515

494

 

 

 

 

2,607

2,942

2,589

2,611

2,799

2,592

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Syndicated and bilateral bank debt

Secured

Floating

LIBOR + margin

115

115

115

225

225

225

Amounts payable under leases

Unsecured

Fixed

5.7

30

63

30

30

62

30

Total non-current borrowings

 

 

 

2,752

3,120

2,734

2,866

3,086

2,847

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total borrowings

 

 

 

3,817

4,185

3,799

3,800

4,020

3,781

 

 

Reconciliation of the movement in borrowings

Six months ended
30 September 2019

Year ended
31 March 2019

 

£m

£m

At the beginning of the period

3,781

3,730

Proceeds from new borrowings

95

84

Repayment of borrowings

(110)

-

Redemption of MTNs

(4)

(8)

Foreign exchange movement on non-Sterling borrowings

36

(25)

Other

1

-

At the end of the period

3,799

3,781

 

 

Reconciliation of movements in liabilities arising from financing activities

 

Six months ended 30 September 2019

 

 

 

Non-cash changes

 

 

At the beginning of the period

Cash flows

Changes in fair values

Other changes

At the end
of the period

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

3,781

(19)

-

37

3,799

Derivative financial instruments

16

39

(31)

-

24

 

3,797

20

(31)

37

3,823

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended 31 March 2019

3,730

76

-

(25)

3,781

Derivative financial instruments

1

(15)

30

-

16

 

3,731

61

30

(25)

3,797

Medium term notes

The MTNs are secured on the fixed and floating pool of assets of the Security Group. The Security Group includes investment properties, development properties and the Group's investment in the X-Leisure fund, Westgate Oxford Alliance Limited Partnership, Nova, Victoria,

St. David's Limited Partnership and Southside Limited Partnership, in total valued at £12.9bn at 30 September 2019 (31 March 2019: £13.2bn). The secured debt structure has a tiered operating covenant regime which gives the Group substantial flexibility when the loan-to-value and interest cover in the Security Group are less than 65% and more than 1.45x respectively. If these limits are exceeded, the operating environment becomes more restrictive with provisions to encourage a reduction in gearing. The interest rate of each MTN is fixed until the expected maturity, being two years before the legal maturity date of the MTN, whereupon the interest rate for the last two years may either become floating on a LIBOR basis plus an increased margin (relative to that at the time of issue), or subject to a fixed coupon uplift, depending on the terms and conditions of the specific notes.

 

The effective interest rate is based on the coupon paid and includes the amortisation of issue costs. The MTNs are listed on the Irish Stock Exchange and their fair values are based on their respective market prices.

 

During the period, the Group purchased £4m of MTNs for a total premium of £1m. Details of the purchases and associated premium by series are as follows:

 

MTN purchases

Six months ended

30 September 2019

Year ended

31 March 2019

 

Purchases

£m

Premium

£m

Purchases

£m

Premium

£m

A4    5.391% MTN due 2026

4

1

-

-

A6    5.376% MTN due 2029

-

-

7

2

A7    5.396% MTN due 2032

-

-

1

-

 

4

1

8

2

 

At 30 September 2019, the Group's committed revolving facilities totalled £2,715m (31 March 2019: £2,715m).

 

Syndicated and bilateral bank debt

 

Authorised

Drawn

Undrawn

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maturity as at 30 Sept 2019

30 Sept

2019

31 March 2019

30 Sept

2019

31 March 2019

30 Sept

2019

31 March 2019

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Syndicated debt

2023-24

2,490

2,490

-

100

2,490

2,390

Bilateral debt

2023-24

225

225

115

125

110

100

 

 

2,715

2,715

115

225

2,600

2,490

 

All syndicated and bilateral facilities are committed and secured on the assets of the Security Group. During the period ended 30 September 2019, the amounts drawn under the Group's facilities decreased by £110m.

 

The terms of the Security Group funding arrangements require undrawn facilities to be reserved where syndicated and bilateral facilities mature within one year, or where commercial paper has been issued. Accordingly, the Group's available undrawn facilities at 30 September 2019 were £1,535m (31 March 2019: £1,556m), compared with undrawn facilities of £2,600m (31 March 2019: £2,490m).

 

 

15. Contingencies

 

 

The Group has contingent liabilities in respect of legal claims, guarantees, and warranties arising in the ordinary course of business. It is not anticipated that any material liabilities will arise from the contingent liabilities.

 

 

16. Related party transactions

 

 

There have been no related party transactions during the period that require disclosure under Section 4.2.8 (R) of the Disclosure and Transparency Rules or under IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting.

 

 

17. Non-current assets held for sale

 

 

On 11 September 2019, the Group exchanged contracts for the sale of Poole Retail Park for consideration of £45m. The sale completed on 16 October 2019. Control of the property had not fully transferred to the buyer as at 30 September 2019. As a result, the property was classified as a non-current asset held for sale with a carrying value of £43m.

 

 

18. Changes in accounting policies

 

 

IFRS 16 Leases

 

The Group has adopted IFRS 16 Leases on 1 April 2019. As a result of adopting this standard, the Group now reports separately service charge income for leases where a single payment is received to cover both rent and service charge. The total payment received was previously included within rental income, but the service charge component has now been separated and reported as service charge income in the notes to the financial statements. Comparatives have been restated accordingly. In the six months ended 30 September 2018, the amount previously reported in rental income which has now been separated and reported as service charge income was £3m. There has been no net impact on the Group's income statement or balance sheet. The Group's revised accounting policies are set out below.

Accounting policies

Revenue

 

Rental income, including fixed rental uplifts, is recognised in the income statement on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. Lease incentives being offered to occupiers to enter into a lease, such as an initial rent-free period or a cash contribution to fit out or similar costs, are an integral part of the net consideration for the use of the property and are therefore recognised on the same straight-line basis. Contingent rents, being lease payments that are not fixed at the inception of a lease, for example turnover rents, are variable consideration and are recorded as income in the period in which they are earned. Where a single payment is received from a tenant to cover both rent and service charge, the service charge component is separated and reported as service charge income.

 

Service charge income and management fees are recorded as income over time in the period in which the services are rendered. Revenue is recognised over time because the tenants benefit from the services as soon as they are rendered by the Group. The actual service provided during each reporting period is determined using cost incurred as the input method.

 

Costs

 

Rents payable reflect amounts due under head leases. Where rents payable are variable, the payments are recognised in the income statement as incurred. Where these rents are fixed at the inception of the agreement, an asset representing the right to use the underlying land and a corresponding liability for the minimum future lease payments are reflected on the Group's balance sheet.

 

 

19. Events after the reporting period

 

 

There were no significant events occurring after the reporting period, but before the financial statements were authorised for issue.

 

Business analysis

Table 14: Alternative performance measures

The Group has applied the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) 'Guidelines on Alternative Performance Measures' in these results. In the context of these results, an alternative performance measure (APM) is a financial measure of historical or future financial performance, position or cash flows of the Group which is not a measure defined or specified in IFRS.

 

The table below summarises the APMs included in these results, where the definitions and reconciliations of these measures can be found and where further discussion is included. The definitions of all APMs are included in the Glossary and further discussion of these measures can be found in the Financial review.

 

Alternative performance measure

 

Nearest IFRS measure

 

Reconciliation

Revenue profit

Profit before tax

Note 3

Adjusted earnings

Profit attributable to shareholders

Note 4

Adjusted earnings per share

Basic earnings per share

Note 4

Adjusted diluted earnings per share

Diluted earnings per share

Note 4

EPRA net assets

Net assets attributable to shareholders

Note 4

EPRA net assets per share

Net assets attributable to shareholders

Note 4

Total business return

n/a

Note 4

Combined Portfolio

Investment properties

Note 10

Adjusted net debt

Borrowings

Note 13

Group LTV

n/a

Note 13

 

 

Table 15 : EPRA performance measures

 

 

 

30 September 2019

Measure

Definition for EPRA measure

Notes

Landsec
measure

EPRA
measure

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted earnings

Recurring earnings from core operational activity

4

£225m

£225m

Adjusted earnings per share

Adjusted earnings per weighted number of ordinary shares

4

30.4p

30.4p

Adjusted diluted earnings per share

Adjusted diluted earnings per weighted number of ordinary
shares

4

30.4p

30.4p

EPRA net assets

Net assets adjusted to exclude the fair value of interest-rate swaps

4

£9,605m

£9,605m

EPRA net assets per share

Diluted net assets per share adjusted to exclude the fair value of interest-rate swaps

4

1,296p

1,296p

EPRA triple net assets

Net assets adjusted to include the fair value of financial instruments and debt

4

£9,217m

£9,217m

EPRA triple net assets per share

Diluted triple net assets per share

4

1,244p

1,244p

Net initial yield (NIY)

Annualised rental income less non-recoverable costs as a % of market value plus assumed purchasers' costs(1)

 

4.5%

4.6%

Topped-up NIY

NIY adjusted for rent free periods(1)

 

4.6%

4.8%

Voids/vacancy rate

ERV of vacant space as a % of ERV of Combined Portfolio excluding the development programme(2)

 

2.1%

2.1%

Cost ratio

Total costs as a percentage of gross rental income (including direct vacancy costs)(3)

 

16.4%

16.7%

 

Total costs as a percentage of gross rental income (excluding direct vacancy costs)(3)

 

n/a

14.5%

 

1.    Our NIY and Topped-up NIY relate to the Combined Portfolio, excluding properties in the development programme that have not yet reached practical completion, and are calculated by our external valuer. EPRA NIY and EPRA Topped-up NIY calculations are consistent with ours, but exclude all developments. Topped-up NIY reflects adjustments of £21m and £12m for rent free periods and other incentives for the Landsec measure and EPRA measure, respectively.

2.    Our measure reflects voids in our like-for-like portfolio only. The EPRA measure reflects voids in the Combined Portfolio excluding only the development programme.

3.    The EPRA cost ratio is calculated based on gross rental income after rents payable and excluding costs recovered through rents but not separately invoiced, whereas our measure is based on gross rental income before rents payable and excluding costs recovered through rents but not separately invoiced. We do not calculate a cost ratio excluding direct vacancy costs as we do not consider this to be helpful.

 

 

Table 16 : Top 12 occupiers at 30 September 2019

 

% of Group rent(1)

Central Government

5.2

Deloitte

5.1

Accor

4.4

Cineworld

1.6

Mizuho Bank

1.6

Boots

1.5

Sainsbury's

1.3

Taylor Wessing

1.2

Equinix

1.1

Next

1.0

H&M

1.0

M&S

1.0

 

26.0

 

1.    On a proportionate basis.

 

 

Table 17: Development pipeline at 30 September 2019

Property

Description
of use

Ownership
interest
%

Size

 sq ft

Letting
status
%

Market value
£m

Net income/ ERV

£m

Estimated completion
date

Total development costs to date

£m

Forecast total development cost

 £m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Developments approved or in progress

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21 Moorfields, EC2

Office

100

564,000

100

348

38

Nov 2021

230

576

Nova East, SW1

Office

50

164,000

-

9

6

Apr 2022

11

96

 

Retail

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lucent, W1

Office

100

110,000

-

93

14

Jun 2022

92

221

(formerly One Sherwood Street)

Retail

 

30,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential

 

4,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proposed developments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

105 Sumner Street, SE1

Office

100

136,000

n/a

n/a

n/a

Jan 2022

n/a

n/a

Portland House, SW1

Office

100

352,000

n/a

n/a

n/a

Oct 2022

n/a

n/a

 

Retail

 

42,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Where the property is not 100% owned, floor areas and letting status shown above represent the full scheme whereas all other figures represent our proportionate share. Letting % is measured by ERV and shows letting status at 30 September 2019. Trading property development schemes are excluded from the development pipeline.

 

Total development cost

Refer to the Glossary for definition. Of the properties in the development pipeline at 30 September 2019, the only property on which interest was capitalised on the land cost was 21 Moorfields, EC2.

 

Net income/ERV

Net income/ERV represents headline annual rent on let units plus ERV at 30 September 2019 on unlet units, both after rents payable.

 

 

Table 18: Combined Portfolio value by location at 30 September 2019(1)

 

Office

Retail

Specialist

Total

 

%

%

%

%

Central, inner and outer London

49.5

11.7

5.9

67.1

South East and East

-

0.5

0.6

1.1

Midlands

-

3.0

0.5

3.5

Wales and South West

-

13.9

2.8

16.7

North, North West, Yorkshire and Humberside

0.1

6.9

1.6

8.6

Scotland and Northern Ireland

-

2.2

0.8

3.0

Total

49.6

38.2

12.2

100.0

 

1.    % figures calculated by reference to the Combined Portfolio value of £13.4bn.

 

For a full list of the Group's properties please refer to our website landsec.com.

 

 

Table 19: Combined Portfolio performance relative to MSCI
Total property return - six months ended 30 September 2019

 

Landsec

 

MSCI

 

 

%

 

%

 

Office

2.1

 

2.0

(1)

Retail

-4.4

 

-2.8

(2)

Specialist

0.3

 

n/a

(3)

Combined Portfolio

-0.5

 

0.8

(4)

 

1.    MSCI Central and Inner London Office benchmark.

2.    MSCI All Retail benchmark.

3.    No benchmark available.

4.    MSCI All Property Quarterly Universe.

 

 

Table 20: Combined Portfolio analysis
Like-for-like segmental analysis

 

Market value(1)

Valuation
movement(1)

Rental income(1)

Annualised rental income(2)

 

Annualised net

rent(3)

Net estimated rental value(4)

 

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

Surplus/ (deficit)

Surplus/ (deficit)

30 September 2019

30 September 2018

30 September 2019

 

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

 

£m

£m

£m

%

£m

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

Office

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West End

2,960

2,944

15

0.5%

66

64

131

 

139

129

139

136

City

1,218

1,221

(1)

-0.1%

25

25

50

 

55

55

62

61

Mid-town

1,409

1,400

4

0.3%

29

29

61

 

65

48

70

69

Southwark and other

337

336

1

0.5%

7

7

15

 

16

15

21

19

Total Office

5,924

5,901

19

0.3%

127

125

257

 

275

247

292

285

Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

London retail

1,484

1,547

(66)

-4.3%

34

35

66

 

67

69

71

73

Regional retail

1,865

2,058

(191)

-9.4%

62

64

119

 

114

115

116

120

Outlets

982

971

6

0.6%

31

30

59

 

60

59

62

62

Retail parks

523

585

(64)

-11.1%

19

20

39

 

39

39

38

39

Total Retail

4,854

5,161

(315)

-6.1%

146

149

283

 

280

282

287

294

Specialist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leisure and hotels

1,254

1,288

(37)

-3.0%

39

39

78

 

75

74

77

78

Other

386

385

1

0.3%

10

8

11

 

11

11

18

18

Total Specialist

1,640

1,673

(36)

-2.2%

49

47

89

 

86

85

95

96

Like-for-like portfolio(8)

12,418

12,735

(332)

-2.7%

322

321

629

 

641

614

674

675

Proposed developments(1)

247

262

(22)

-8.1%

6

7

12

 

13

13

21

22

Development programme(9)

450

352

16

3.8%

-

1

-

 

-

1

58

40

Completed developments(10)

212

235

(22)

-9.7%

7

6

12

 

11

11

12

13

Acquisitions(11)

115

115

(2)

-1.7%

1

-

1

 

1

1

1

1

Sales(12)

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

 

-

-

-

-

Combined Portfolio

13,442

13,699

(362)

-2.7%

336

336

654

 

666

640

766

751

Non-current assets held for sale(13)

n/a

51

(6)

-12.5%

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Properties treated as finance leases

 

 

 

 

(4)

(4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Combined Portfolio

13,442

13,750

(368)

-2.8%

334

334

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total portfolio analysis

 

Market value(1)

Valuation
movement(1)

Rental income(1)

Annualised rental income(2)

 

Annualised net

rent(3)

Net estimated rental value(4)

 

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

Surplus/ (deficit)

Surplus/ (deficit)

30 September 2019

30 September  2018

30 September 2019

 

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

 

£m

£m

£m

%

£m

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

Office

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West End

3,249

3,248

(19)

-0.6%

70

69

142

 

152

141

176

158

City

1,565

1,491

15

1.0%

25

25

50

 

54

55

100

100

Mid-town

1,409

1,400

4

0.3%

30

30

61

 

65

48

70

69

Southwark and other

451

446

1

0.2%

8

8

16

 

16

16

21

19

Total Office

6,674

6,585

1

-

133

132

269

 

287

260

367

346

Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

London retail

1,542

1,591

(56)

-3.5%

35

36

67

 

68

70

76

76

Regional retail

2,078

2,292

(213)

-9.4%

69

70

131

 

125

126

128

133

Outlets

982

971

6

0.6%

31

30

59

 

60

59

62

62

Retail parks

523

585

(64)

-11.1%

19

21

39

 

40

39

38

38

Total Retail

5,125

5,439

(327)

-6.1%

154

157

296

 

293

294

304

309

Specialist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leisure and hotels

1,254

1,288

(37)

-3.0%

39

39

78

 

75

74

77

78

Other

389

387

1

0.4%

10

8

11

 

11

12

18

18

Total Specialist

1,643

1,675

(36)

-2.2%

49

47

89

 

86

86

95

96

Combined Portfolio

13,442

13,699

(362)

-2.7%

336

336

654

 

666

640

766

751

Non-current assets held for sale

n/a

51

(6)

-12.5%

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Properties treated as finance leases

 

 

 

 

(4)

(4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Combined Portfolio

13,442

13,750

(368)

-2.8%

334

334

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Represented by:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment portfolio

12,357

12,603

(302)

-2.5%

304

306

600

 

618

594

699

689

Share of joint ventures

1,085

1,147

(66)

-5.9%

30

28

54

 

48

46

67

62

Combined Portfolio

13,442

13,750

(368)

-2.8%

334

334

654

 

666

640

766

751

 

 

Like-for-like segmental analysis

 

 

Gross estimated
rental value(5)

Net initial yield(6)

Equivalent yield(7)

Voids (by ERV)(1)

 

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

 

£m

£m

%

%

%

%

%

%

Office

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West End

139

136

4.4%

4.0%

4.6%

4.5%

1.1%

1.5%

City

63

62

4.2%

4.2%

4.5%

4.5%

-

-

Mid-town

73

71

4.4%

3.2%

4.5%

4.5%

-

-

Southwark and other

21

19

4.2%

4.1%

5.1%

5.2%

3.3%

4.8%

Total Office

296

288

4.3%

3.9%

4.6%

4.5%

0.8%

1.0%

Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

London retail

71

73

4.2%

4.1%

4.3%

4.3%

2.4%

2.3%

Regional retail

124

128

5.3%

4.9%

5.5%

5.2%

5.2%

5.2%

Outlets

62

62

5.0%

5.0%

5.4%

5.4%

2.2%

4.1%

Retail parks

38

39

6.6%

6.1%

6.7%

6.2%

2.9%

3.1%

Total Retail

295

302

5.0%

4.8%

5.3%

5.0%

3.6%

4.0%

Specialist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leisure and hotels

78

78

5.4%

5.2%

5.6%

5.5%

1.8%

1.5%

Other

18

18

3.3%

3.0%

4.2%

4.2%

1.1%

1.1%

Total Specialist

96

96

4.9%

4.7%

5.3%

5.2%

1.7%

1.5%

Like-for-like portfolio(8)

687

686

4.7%

4.4%

4.9%

4.8%

2.1%

2.4%

Proposed developments(1)

21

22

4.6%

4.5%

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

Development programme(9)

60

43

-

-

4.3%

4.3%

n/a

n/a

Completed developments(10)

13

14

4.7%

3.9%

5.2%

4.9%

n/a

n/a

Acquisitions(11)

1

1

0.7%

0.7%

4.6%

4.5%

n/a

n/a

Sales(12)

-

-

-

-

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

Combined Portfolio

782

766

4.5%

4.2%

4.9%

4.8%

n/a

n/a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total portfolio analysis                                                                       Notes:

 


Gross estimated
rental value(5)

Net initial yield(6)

 

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

30 September 2019

31 March 2019

 

£m

£m

%

%

Office

 

 

 

 

West End

176

158

4.3%

4.0%

City

103

103

3.3%

3.5%

Mid-town

72

71

4.4%

3.2%

Southwark and other

21

19

3.2%

3.2%

Total Office

372

351

4.0%

3.7%

Retail

 

 

 

 

London retail

76

76

4.1%

4.1%

Regional retail

137

142

5.2%

4.8%

Outlets

63

62

5.0%

5.0%

Retail parks

38

39

6.6%

6.1%

Total Retail

314

319

5.0%

4.8%

Specialist

 

 

 

 

Leisure and hotels

78

78

5.4%

5.2%

Other

18

18

3.2%

3.0%

Total Specialist

96

96

4.9%

4.7%

Combined Portfolio

782

766

4.5%

4.2%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Represented by:

 

 

 

 

Investment portfolio

714

703

4.5%

4.3%

Share of joint ventures

68

63

3.8%

3.5%

Combined Portfolio

782

766

4.5%

4.2%

 

1.   Refer to Glossary for definition.

2.   Annualised rental income is annual 'rental income' (as defined in the Glossary) at the balance sheet date, except that car park and commercialisation income are included on a net basis (after deduction for operational outgoings). Annualised rental income includes temporary lettings.

3.   Annualised net rent is annual cash rent, after the deduction of rent payable, as at the balance sheet date. It is calculated using the same methodology as annualised rental income but is stated net of rent payable and before tenant lease incentive adjustments.

4.   Net estimated rental value is gross estimated rental value, as defined in the Glossary, after deducting expected rent payable.

5.   Gross estimated rental value (ERV) - refer to Glossary for definition. The figure for proposed developments relates to the existing buildings and not the schemes proposed.

6.   Net initial yield - refer to Glossary for definition. This calculation includes all properties including those sites with no income.

7.   Equivalent yield - refer to Glossary for definition. Proposed developments are excluded from the calculation of equivalent yield on the Combined Portfolio.

8.   The like-for-like portfolio - refer to Glossary for definition. Capital expenditure on refurbishments, acquisitions of head leases and similar capital expenditure has been allocated to the like-for-like portfolio in preparing this table.

9.   The development programme - refer to Glossary for definition. Net initial yield figures are only calculated for properties in the development programme that have reached practical completion.

10. Completed developments - refer to Glossary for definition. Comprises Westgate Oxford.

11. Includes all properties acquired since 1 April 2018.

12. Includes all properties sold since 1 April 2018.

13. As at 30 September 2019, non-current assets held for sale have been excluded from the Combined Portfolio and shown separately on the balance sheet as 'Non-current assets held for sale'.

 

 

Table 21: Lease lengths

 

Weighted average unexpired lease term at 30 September 2019

 

Like-for-like portfolio

Like-for-like portfolio, completed developments and acquisitions

 

Mean(1)

Years

Mean(1)

Years

Office

 

 

West End

8.1

8.1

City

7.8

7.8

Mid-town

9.5

9.5

Southwark and other

13.9

13.7

Total Office

8.7

8.7

Retail

 

 

London retail

6.6

6.7

Regional retail

5.1

5.4

Outlets

3.5

3.5

Retail parks

6.0

6.0

Total Retail

5.3

5.4

Specialist

 

 

Leisure and hotels

11.8

11.8

Other

n/a

n/a

Total Specialist

11.8

11.8

 

 

 

Combined Portfolio

7.6

7.6

 

1.    Mean is the rent weighted average of the unexpired lease term across all leases (excluding short-term leases). Term is defined as the earlier of tenant break or expiry.

 

 

Table 22: Reconciliation of segmental information note to statutory reporting

 

The table below reconciles the Group's income statement to the segmental information note (note 3 to the financial statements). The Group's income statement is prepared using the equity accounting method for joint ventures and includes 100% of the results of the Group's non-wholly owned subsidiaries. In contrast, the segmental information note is prepared on a proportionately consolidated basis and excludes the non-wholly owned share of the Group's subsidiaries. This is consistent with the financial information reviewed by management.

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 September 2019

 

Group income statement

£m

Joint

ventures(1)

£m

Proportionate share of
earnings(2)

£m

Total

£m

 

Revenue
profit

£m

 

Capital and other items

£m

Rental income

305

30

(1)

334

 

334

 

-

Finance lease interest

4

-

-

4

 

4

 

-

Gross rental income (before rents payable)

309

30

(1)

338

 

338

 

-

Rents payable

(5)

(1)

-

(6)

 

(6)

 

-

Gross rental income (after rents payable)

304

29

(1)

332

 

332

 

-

Service charge income

45

5

-

50

 

50

 

-

Service charge expense

(46)

(6)

-

(52)

 

(52)

 

-

Net service charge expense

(1)

(1)

-

(2)

 

(2)

 

-

Other property related income

14

1

-

15

 

15

 

-

Direct property expenditure

(31)

(5)

-

(36)

 

(36)

 

-

Segment net rental income

286

24

(1)

309

 

309

 

-

Other income

1

-

-

1

 

1

 

-

Indirect expense

(31)

(2)

-

(33)

 

(33)

 

-

Depreciation

(3)

-

-

(3)

 

(3)

 

-

Revenue profit before interest

253

22

(1)

274

 

274

 

-

Share of post-tax loss from joint ventures

(50)

50

-

-

 

-

 

-

Net deficit on revaluation of investment properties

(304)

(66)

2

(368)

 

-

 

(368)

Profit on disposal of trading properties

-

1

-

1

 

-

 

1

Profit from long-term development contracts

-

2

-

2

 

-

 

2

Other

-

-

(1)

(1)

 

-

 

(1)

Operating (loss)/profit

(101)

9

-

(92)

 

274

 

(366)

Finance income

9

-

-

9

 

7

 

2

Finance expense

(55)

(7)

-

(62)

 

(56)

 

(6)

Joint venture tax

-

(2)

-

(2)

 

-

 

(2)

(Loss)/profit before tax

(147)

-

-

(147)

 

225

 

(372)

Taxation

2

-

-

2

 

 

 

 

Loss attributable to shareholders

(145)

-

-

(145)

 

 

 

 

 

1.    Reallocation of the share of post-tax loss from joint ventures reported in the Group income statement to the individual line items reported in the segmental information note.

2.    Removal of the non-wholly owned share of results of the Group's subsidiaries. The non-wholly owned subsidiaries are consolidated at 100% in the Group's income statement, but only the Group's share is included in revenue profit reported in the segmental information note.

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 September 2018(1)

 

Group income statement

£m

Joint

ventures(2)

£m

Proportionate share of
earnings(3)

£m

Total

£m

 

Revenue
profit

£m

 

Capital and other items

£m

Rental income

307

28

(1)

334

 

334

 

-

Finance lease interest

4

-

-

4

 

4

 

-

Gross rental income (before rents payable)

311

28

(1)

338

 

338

 

-

Rents payable

(5)

(1)

-

(6)

 

(6)

 

-

Gross rental income (after rents payable)

306

27

(1)

332

 

332

 

-

Service charge income

43

5

-

48

 

48

 

-

Service charge expense

(44)

(6)

-

(50)

 

(50)

 

-

Net service charge expense

(1)

(1)

-

(2)

 

(2)

 

-

Other property related income

16

1

-

17

 

17

 

-

Direct property expenditure

(34)

(5)

-

(39)

 

(39)

 

-

Segment net rental income

287

22

(1)

308

 

308

 

-

Other income

2

-

-

2

 

2

 

-

Indirect expense

(34)

(1)

-

(35)

 

(35)

 

-

Depreciation

(2)

-

-

(2)

 

(2)

 

-

Revenue profit before interest

253

21

(1)

273

 

273

 

-

Share of post-tax loss from joint ventures

(14)

14

-

-

 

-

 

-

Net deficit on revaluation of investment properties

(153)

(35)

-

(188)

 

-

 

(188)

Loss on disposal of investment properties

(2)

(2)

-

(4)

 

-

 

(4)

Profit on disposal of trading properties

-

1

-

1

 

-

 

1

Fair value movement prior to acquisition of non-owned element of a joint venture

-

9

-

9

 

-

 

9

Profit on long-term development contracts

-

3

-

3

 

-

 

3

Other

(1)

(1)

1

(1)

 

-

 

(1)

Operating profit/(loss)

83

10

-

93

 

273

 

(180)

Finance income

11

-

-

11

 

10

 

1

Finance expense

(52)

(10)

-

(62)

 

(59)

 

(3)

Profit/(loss) before tax

42

-

-

42

 

224

 

(182)

Taxation

2

-

-

2

 

 

 

 

Profit attributable to shareholders

44

-

-

44

 

 

 

 

 

1.    Restated as a result of changes in accounting policies. See note 18 of the financial statements for details.

2.    Reallocation of the share of post-tax loss from joint ventures reported in the Group income statement to the individual line items reported in the segmental information note.

3.    Removal of the non-wholly owned share of results of the Group's subsidiaries. The non-wholly owned subsidiaries are consolidated at 100% in the Group's income statement, but only the Group's share is included in revenue profit reported in the segmental information note.

 

 

Table 23: Acquisitions, disposals and capital expenditure

 

 

 

 

Six months ended

30 September 2019

Six months ended

30 September 2018

Investment properties

Group (excl. joint ventures)

£m

Joint ventures

£m

Adjustment for proportionate share(1)

£m

 

Combined Portfolio

£m

 

Combined

 Portfolio

£m

Net book value at the beginning of the period

12,094

1,117

(34)

13,177

13,536

Acquisitions

-

-

-

-

42

Capital expenditure

101

2

-

103

56

Capitalised interest

3

-

-

3

2

Disposals

-

-

-

-

(59)

Net deficit on revaluation of investment properties

(304)

(66)

2

(368)

(188)

Transfer of non-current assets held for sale

(43)

-

-

(43)

-

Net book value at the end of the period

11,851

1,053

(32)

12,872

13,389

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss on disposal of investment properties

-

-

-

-

(4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trading properties

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Net book value at the beginning of the period

23

18

-

41

74

Acquisitions

-

-

-

-

3

Capital expenditure

-

-

-

-

2

Disposals

-

(3)

-

(3)

(24)

Net book value at the end of the period

23

15

-

38

55

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit on disposal of trading properties

-

1

-

1

1

 

 

Acquisitions, development and other capital expenditure

Investment

 properties(2)

£m

Trading

properties

£m

Combined

Portfolio

£m

Combined

 Portfolio

£m

Acquisitions(3)

-

-

-

45

Development capital expenditure(4)

85

-

85

42

Other capital expenditure

18

-

18

16

Capitalised interest

3

-

3

2

Total acquisitions, development and other capital expenditure

106

-

106

105

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disposals

£m

£m

 

Net book value - investment property disposals

-

59

 

Net book value - trading property disposals

3

24

 

Loss on disposal - investment properties

-

(4)

 

Profit on disposal - trading properties

1

1

 

Other

-

(2)

 

Total disposal proceeds

4

78

 

 

1.    This represents the interest in X-Leisure which we do not own, but which is consolidated in the Group numbers.

2.    See table 24 for further details.

3.    Properties acquired in the period.

4.    Development capital expenditure for investment properties comprises expenditure on the development pipeline and completed developments.

 

Table 24: Analysis of capital expenditure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 September 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other capital expenditure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisitions(1)

£m

Development capital expenditure(2)

£m

Incremental lettable space(3)

£m

No incremental lettable space

£m

Tenant improvements

£m

Total

£m

Capitalised interest

£m

Total capital expenditure

- Combined Portfolio

£m

 

Total capital expenditure

- joint ventures
(Group share)

£m£m

Total capital expenditure

- Group

£m

Office

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West End

 

-

20

-

4

-

4

-

24

 

2

22

City

 

-

57

-

1

-

1

3

61

 

-

61

Mid-town

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

Southwark and other

 

-

3

2

-

-

2

-

5

 

-

5

Total Office

 

-

80

2

5

-

7

3

90

 

2

88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

London retail

 

-

4

3

2

-

5

-

9

 

-

9

Regional retail

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

Outlets

 

-

-

-

4

-

4

-

4

 

-

4

Retail parks

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

Total Retail

 

-

4

3

6

-

9

-

13

 

-

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Specialist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leisure and hotels

 

-

-

-

1

1

2

-

2

 

-

2

Other

 

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

 

-

1

Total Specialist

 

-

1

-

1

1

2

-

3

 

-

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total capital expenditure

 

-

85

5

12

1

18

3

106

 

2

104

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conversion from accrual to cash basis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

6

(1)

Total capital expenditure on a cash basis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

111

 

8

103

                           

 

1.    Investment properties acquired in the period.

2.    Expenditure on the development pipeline and completed developments.

3.    Capital expenditure where the lettable area increases by at least 10%.

 

Investor information

1. Company website: landsec.com

The Group's half-yearly and annual reports to shareholders, results announcements and presentations, are available to view and download from the Company's website. The website also provides details of the Company's current share price, the latest news about the Group, its properties and operations, and details of future events and how to obtain further information.

 

2. Registrar: Equiniti Group PLC

Enquiries concerning shareholdings, dividends and changes in personal details should be referred to the Company's registrar, Equiniti Group PLC (Equiniti), in the first instance. They can be contacted using the details below:

 

Telephone:

 

-    0371 384 2128 (from the UK)

-    +44 121 415 7049 (from outside the UK)

-    Lines are open from 08:30 to 17:30, Monday to Friday, excluding UK public holidays.

 

Correspondence address:

 

Equiniti Group PLC

Aspect House

Spencer Road

Lancing

West Sussex

BN99 6DA

 

Information on how to manage your shareholding can be found at https://help.shareview.co.uk. If you are not able to find the answer to your question within the general Help information page, a personal enquiry can be sent directly through Equiniti's secure e-form on their website. Please note that you will be asked to provide your name, address, shareholder reference number and a valid e-mail address. Alternatively, shareholders can view and manage their shareholding through the Landsec share portal which is hosted by Equiniti - simply visit https://portfolio.shareview.co.uk and follow the registration instructions.

 

3. Shareholder enquiries

If you have an enquiry about the Company's business or about something affecting you as a shareholder (other than queries which are dealt with by the Registrar), please email Investor Relations (see details in 8. below).

 

4. Share dealing services: https://shareview.co.uk

The Company's shares can be traded through most banks, building societies and stockbrokers. They can also be traded through Equiniti. To use their service, shareholders should contact Equiniti: 0345 603 7037 from the UK. Lines are open Monday to Friday 08:00 to 16:30 for dealing and until 18:00 for enquiries, excluding UK public holidays.

 

5. 2019/2020 second quarterly dividend

The Board has declared a second quarterly dividend for the year ending 31 March 2020 of 11.6p per ordinary share which will be paid on

3 January 2020 to shareholders registered at the close of business on 29 November 2019. This will be paid wholly as a Property Income Distribution (PID). Together with the first quarterly dividend of 11.6p already paid on 4 October 2019 wholly as a PID, the first half dividend will be 23.2p per ordinary share (six months ended 30 September 2018: 22.6p).

 

6. Dividend related services

Dividend payments to UK shareholders - Dividend mandates

We recommend that dividends are paid directly into a nominated bank or building society account through the Bankers Automated Clearing System (BACS). This service provides cleared funds on the dividend payment date, is more secure than sending a cheque by post and avoids the inconvenience of paying each dividend by cheque. This arrangement is only available in respect of dividends paid in sterling.

 

Dividend payments to overseas shareholders - Overseas Payment Service (OPS)

For international shareholders who would prefer to receive payment of their dividends in local currency and directly into their local bank account, an OPS is available. This can be more convenient and effective than otherwise receiving dividend payments by sterling cheque or into a UK bank account.

 

The OPS is available from Equiniti who, in partnership with Citibank, may be able to convert sterling dividends into your local currency at competitive rates and either arrange for those funds to be sent to you by currency draft or credited to your bank account directly.

 

Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP)

A DRIP is available from Equiniti. This facility provides an opportunity by which shareholders can conveniently and easily increase their holding in the Company by using their cash dividends to buy more shares. Participation in the DRIP will mean that your dividend payments will be reinvested in the Company's shares and these will be purchased on your behalf in the market on, or as soon as practical after, the dividend payment date.

 

You may only participate in the DRIP if you are resident in the European Economic Area, Channel Islands or Isle of Man.

 

For further information (including terms and conditions) and to register for any of these dividend-related services, simply visit www.shareview.co.uk.

 

7. Financial reporting calendar

 

2020

Financial year end

31 March

Preliminary results announcement

12 May

 

 

Half-yearly results announcement

10 November*

* Provisional date only

 

8. Investor relations enquiries

For investor relations enquiries, please contact Edward Thacker, Head of Investor Relations at Landsec, by telephone on +44 (0)20 7413 9000 or by email at [email protected]

 

 

Glossary

Adjusted earnings per share (Adjusted EPS)

Earnings per share based on revenue profit after related tax.

 

Adjusted net debt

Net debt excluding cumulative fair value movements on interest-rate swaps and amounts payable under finance leases. It generally includes the net debt of subsidiaries and joint ventures on a proportionate basis.

 

Book value

The amount at which assets and liabilities are reported in the financial statements.

 

BREEAM

Building Research Establishment's Environmental Assessment Method.

 

Combined Portfolio

The Combined Portfolio comprises the investment properties of the Group's subsidiaries, on a proportionately consolidated basis when not wholly owned, together with our share of investment properties held in our joint ventures.

 

Completed developments

Completed developments consist of those properties previously included in the development programme, which have been transferred from the development programme since 1 April 2018.

 

Development pipeline

The development programme together with proposed developments.

 

Development programme

The development programme consists of committed developments (Board approved projects), projects under construction and developments which have reached practical completion within the last two years but are not yet 95% let.

 

Diluted figures

Reported results adjusted to include the effects of potentially dilutive shares issuable under employee share schemes.

 

Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP)

The DRIP provides shareholders with the opportunity to use cash dividends received to purchase additional ordinary shares in the Company immediately after the relevant dividend payment date. Full details appear on the Company's website.

 

Earnings per share

Profit after taxation attributable to owners divided by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the period.

 

EPRA

European Public Real Estate Association.

 

EPRA net assets per share

Diluted net assets per share adjusted to remove the effect of cumulative fair value movements on interest-rate swaps and similar instruments.

 

EPRA net initial yield

EPRA net initial yield is defined within EPRA's Best Practice Recommendations as the annualised rental income based on the cash rents passing at the balance sheet date, less non-recoverable property operating expenses, divided by the gross market value of the property. It is consistent with the net initial yield calculated by the Group's external valuer.

 

Equivalent yield

Calculated by the Group's external valuer, equivalent yield is the internal rate of return from an investment property, based on the gross outlays for the purchase of a property (including purchase costs), reflecting reversions to current market rent and such items as voids and non-recoverable expenditure but ignoring future changes in capital value. The calculation assumes rent is received annually in arrears.

 

ERV - Gross estimated rental value

The estimated market rental value of lettable space as determined biannually by the Group's external valuer. For investment properties in the development programme, which have not yet reached practical completion, the ERV represents management's view of market rents.

 

Fair value movement

An accounting adjustment to change the book value of an asset or liability to its market value (see also mark-to-market adjustment).

 

Finance lease

A lease that transfers substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership from the lessor to the lessee.

 

Gearing

Total borrowings, including bank overdrafts, less short-term deposits, corporate bonds and cash, at book value, plus cumulative fair value movements on financial derivatives as a percentage of total equity. For adjusted gearing, see note 13.

 

Gross market value

Market value plus assumed usual purchaser's costs at the reporting date.

 

Head lease

A lease under which the Group holds an investment property.

 

Interest Cover Ratio (ICR)

A calculation of a company's ability to meet its interest payments on outstanding debt. It is calculated using revenue profit before interest, divided by net interest (excluding the mark-to-market movement on interest-rate swaps, foreign exchange swaps, capitalised interest and interest on the pension scheme assets and liabilities). The calculation excludes joint ventures.

Interest-rate swap

A financial instrument where two parties agree to exchange an interest rate obligation for a predetermined amount of time. These are generally used by the Group to convert floating-rate debt or investments to fixed rates.

 

Investment portfolio

The investment portfolio comprises the investment properties of the Group's subsidiaries, on a proportionately consolidated basis where not wholly owned.

 

Joint venture

An arrangement in which the Group holds an interest and which is jointly controlled by the Group and one or more partners under a contractual arrangement. Decisions on the activities of the joint venture that significantly affect the joint venture's returns, including decisions on financial and operating policies and the performance and financial position of the operation, require the unanimous consent of the partners sharing control.

 

Lease incentives

Any incentive offered to occupiers to enter into a lease. Typically, the incentive will be an initial rent-free period, or a cash contribution to fit-out or similar costs. For accounting purposes the value of the incentive is spread over the non-cancellable life of the lease.

 

LIBOR

The London Interbank Offered Rate, the interest rate charged by one bank to another for lending money, often used as a reference rate in bank facilities.

 

Like-for-like portfolio

The like-for-like portfolio includes all properties which have been in the portfolio since 1 April 2018, but excluding those which are acquired or sold since that date. Properties in the development pipeline and completed developments are also excluded.

 

Loan-to-value (LTV)

Group LTV is the ratio of adjusted net debt, including subsidiaries and joint ventures, to the sum of the market value of investment properties and the book value of trading properties of the Group, its subsidiaries and joint ventures, all on a proportionate basis, expressed as a percentage. For the Security Group, LTV is the ratio of net debt lent to the Security Group divided by the value of secured assets.

 

Market value

Market value is determined by the Group's external valuer, in accordance with the RICS Valuation Standards, as an opinion of the estimated amount for which a property should exchange on the date of valuation between a willing buyer and a willing seller in an arm's-length transaction after proper marketing.

 

Mark-to-market adjustment

An accounting adjustment to change the book value of an asset or liability to its market value (see also fair value movement).

 

MSCI

Refers to the MSCI Direct Property indexes (previously IPD Direct Property indexes) which measure the property level investment returns in the UK.

 

Net assets per share

Equity attributable to owners divided by the number of ordinary shares in issue at the period end. Net assets per share is also commonly known as net asset value per share (NAV per share).

 

Net initial yield

Net initial yield is a calculation by the Group's external valuer of the yield that would be received by a purchaser, based on the Estimated Net Rental Income expressed as a percentage of the acquisition cost, being the market value plus assumed usual purchasers' costs at the reporting date. The calculation is in line with EPRA guidance. Estimated Net Rental Income is determined by the valuer and is based on the passing cash rent less rent payable at the balance sheet date, estimated non-recoverable outgoings and void costs including service charges, insurance costs and void rates.

 

Net rental income

Net rental income is the net operational income arising from properties, on an accruals basis, including rental income, finance lease interest, rents payable, service charge income and expense, other property related income, direct property expenditure and bad debts. Net rental income is presented on a proportionate basis.

 

Net zero carbon building

A building for which an overall balance has been achieved between carbon emissions produced and those taken out of the atmosphere, including via offset arrangements. This relates to operational emissions for all buildings while, for a new building, it also includes supply-chain emissions associated with its construction.

 

Over-rented

Space where the passing rent is above the ERV.

 

Passing rent

The estimated annual rent receivable as at the reporting date which includes estimates of turnover rent and estimates of rent to be agreed in respect of outstanding rent review or lease renewal negotiations. Passing rent may be more or less than the ERV (see over-rented, reversionary and ERV). Passing rent excludes annual rent receivable from units in administration save to the extent that rents are expected to be received. Void units at the reporting date are deemed to have no passing rent. Although temporary lets of less than 12 months are treated as void, income from temporary lets is included in passing rents.

 

Passing cash rent

Passing cash rent is passing rent excluding units that are in a rent free period at the reporting date.

 

 

Planning permission

There are two common types of planning permission: full planning permission and outline planning permission. A full planning permission results in a decision on the detailed proposals on how the site can be developed. The grant of a full planning permission will, subject to satisfaction of any conditions, mean no further engagement with the local planning authority will be required to build the consented development. An outline planning permission approves general principles of how a site can be developed. Outline planning permission is granted subject to conditions known as 'reserved matters'. Consent must be sought and achieved for discharge of all reserved matters within a specified time-limit, normally three years from the date outline planning permission was granted, before building can begin. In both the case of full and outline planning permission, the local planning authority will 'resolve to grant permission'. At this stage, the planning permission is granted subject to agreement of legal documents, in particular the s106 agreement. On execution of the s106 agreement, the planning permission will be issued. Work can begin on satisfaction of any 'pre-commencement' planning conditions.

 

Pre-let

A lease signed with an occupier prior to completion of a development.

 

Pre-development properties

Pre-development properties are those properties within the like-for-like portfolio which are being managed to align vacant possession within a three-year horizon with a view to redevelopment.

 

Property Income Distribution (PID)

A PID is a distribution by a REIT to its shareholders paid out of qualifying profits. A REIT is required to distribute at least 90% of its qualifying profits as a PID to its shareholders.

 

Proposed developments

Proposed developments are properties which have not yet received Board approval or are still subject to main planning conditions being satisfied, but which are more likely to proceed than not.

 

Qualifying activities/Qualifying assets

The ownership (activity) of property (assets) which is held to earn rental income and qualifies for tax-exempt treatment (income and capital gains) under UK REIT legislation.

 

Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT)

A REIT must be a publicly quoted company with at least three-quarters of its profits and assets derived from a qualifying property rental business. Income and capital gains from the property rental business are exempt from tax but the REIT is required to distribute at least 90% of those profits to shareholders. Corporation tax is payable on non-qualifying activities in the normal way.

 

Rental value change

Increase or decrease in the current rental value, as determined by the Group's external valuer, over the reporting period on a like-for-like basis.

 

Rental income

Rental income is as reported in the income statement, on an accruals basis, and adjusted for the spreading of lease incentives over the term certain of the lease in accordance with IFRS 16 (previously, SIC-15). It is stated gross, prior to the deduction of ground rents and without deduction for operational outgoings on car park and commercialisation activities.

 

Return on average capital employed

Group profit before net finance expense, plus joint venture profit before net finance expense, divided by the average capital employed (defined as shareholders' funds plus adjusted net debt).

 

Return on average equity

Group profit before tax plus joint venture tax divided by the average equity shareholders' funds.

 

Revenue profit

Profit before tax, excluding profits on the sale of non-current assets and trading properties, profits on long-term development contracts, valuation movements, fair value movements on interest-rate swaps and similar instruments used for hedging purposes, debt restructuring charges, and any other items of an exceptional nature.

 

Reversionary or under-rented

Space where the passing rent is below the ERV.

 

Reversionary yield

The anticipated yield to which the initial yield will rise (or fall) once the rent reaches the ERV.

 

Security Group

Security Group is the principal funding vehicle for the Group and properties held in the Security Group are mortgaged for the benefit of lenders. It has the flexibility to raise a variety of different forms of finance.

 

Temporary lettings

Lettings for a period of one year or less. These are included within voids.

 

Topped-up net initial yield

Topped-up net initial yield is a calculation by the Group's external valuer. It is calculated by making an adjustment to net initial yield in respect of the annualised cash rent foregone through unexpired rent-free periods and other lease incentives. The calculation is consistent with EPRA guidance.

 

Total business return

Dividend paid per share in the period plus the change in EPRA net assets per share, divided by EPRA net assets per share at the beginning of the period.

 

Total cost ratio

Total cost ratio represents all costs included within revenue profit, other than rents payable and financing costs, expressed as a percentage of gross rental income before rents payable adjusted for costs recovered through rents but not separately invoiced.

 

 

Total development cost (TDC)

Total development cost refers to the book value of the site at the commencement of the project, the estimated capital expenditure required to develop the scheme from the start of the financial year in which the property is added to our development programme, together with capitalised interest, being the Group's borrowing costs associated with direct expenditure on the property under development. Interest is also capitalised on the purchase cost of land or property where it is acquired specifically for redevelopment. The TDC for trading property development schemes excludes any estimated tax on disposal.

 

Total property return (TPR)

The change in market value, adjusted for net investment, plus the net rental income of our investment properties expressed as a percentage of opening market value plus the time weighted capital expenditure incurred during the period.

 

Total Shareholder Return (TSR)

The growth in value of a shareholding over a specified period, assuming that dividends are reinvested to purchase additional units of the stock.

 

Trading properties

Properties held for trading purposes and shown as current assets in the balance sheet.

 

Turnover rent

Rental income which is related to an occupier's turnover.

 

Valuation surplus/deficit

The valuation surplus/deficit represents the increase or decrease in the market value of the Combined Portfolio, adjusted for net investment and the effect of accounting for lease incentives under IFRS 16 (previously SIC-15). The market value of the Combined Portfolio is determined by the Group's external valuer.

 

Voids

Voids are expressed as a percentage of ERV and represent all unlet space, including voids where refurbishment work is being carried out and voids in respect of pre-development properties. Temporary lettings for a period of one year or less are also treated as voids. The screen at Piccadilly Lights, W1 is excluded from the void calculation as it will always carry advertising although the number and duration of our agreements with advertisers will vary. Commercialisation lettings are also excluded from the void calculation.

 

Weighted average cost of capital (WACC)

Weighted average cost of debt and notional cost of equity, used as a benchmark to assess investment returns.

 

Weighted average unexpired lease term

The weighted average of the unexpired term of all leases other than short-term lettings such as car parks and advertising hoardings, temporary lettings of less than one year, residential leases and long ground leases.

 

Yield shift

A movement (negative or positive) in the equivalent yield of a property asset.

 

Zone A

A means of analysing and comparing the rental value of retail space by dividing it into zones parallel with the main frontage. The most valuable zone, Zone A, is at the front of the unit. Each successive zone is valued at half the rate of the zone in front of it.

 

 


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