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Impax Environ Mkts (IEM)

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Friday 09 August, 2019

Impax Environ Mkts

Half-year Report

RNS Number : 6049I
Impax Environmental Markets PLC
09 August 2019
 

 

IMPAX ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETS PLC

LEGAL ENTITY IDENTIFIER ('LEI'): 213800RAR6ZDJLZDND86

HALF-YEARLY FINANCIAL REPORT

For the six months to 30 June 2019

 

Investment objective

The Company's objective is to enable investors to benefit from growth in the markets for cleaner or more efficient delivery of basic services of energy, water and waste. Investments are made predominantly in quoted companies which provide, utilise, implement or advise upon technology-based systems, products or services in environmental markets, particularly those of alternative energy and energy efficiency, water treatment and pollution control, and waste technology and resource management (which includes sustainable food, agriculture and forestry).

Financial information

At 30 June 2019

 

Net asset value ('NAV') per Ordinary Share

306.8p

Ordinary Share price

308.0p

Ordinary Share price premium to NAV1

0.4%

Net assets

 £572.2m

 

Performance summary

For the six months ended 30 June 2019

% change2,3

Share price total return per Ordinary Share1

22.9%

NAV total return per Ordinary Share1

24.8%

FTSE ET 100 Index

16.0%

MSCI ACWI Index

16.3%

1 These are alternative performance measures .

 

2Total returns in sterling for the six months to 30 June 2019.

 

3Source: Bloomberg

 

 

Alternative Performance Measures ("APMs")       

The disclosures as indicated in footnote 1 above are considered to represent the Company's APMs. Definitions of these and other APMs used in this Half-yearly Report, together with how these measures have been calculated can be found after the Notes to the Financial Statements.

Chairman's Review

I am delighted to report on a period of excellent performance.

Over the first six months of 2019 (the 'Period'), global equity markets rallied strongly following a volatile and difficult end to 2018. The fourth quarter of last year saw a sharp sell-off in response to growing fears of a US-China trade war and interest rate rises, with a disproportionate impact on small-caps, a sector to which we are significantly exposed. We were confident that last year's sell-off in small-cap stocks generally, and environmental markets names in particular, was overdone and we were proved right. Indeed, sentiment improved significantly as the year turned, with the subsequent six months erasing all of the underperformance in 2018 of Impax Environmental Markets plc (the 'Company', or 'IEM') against the MSCI All-World Composite Index (MSCI ACWI), and its environmental comparator, the FTSE Environmental Technologies 100 Index (FTSE ET100).

While improving macro-economic sentiment is part of the story, continuing and growing public concern about environmental issues provided support to the performance of the Company and contributed to the continued demand for our shares - indeed we have traded at a premium for most of the Period. June brought a heatwave across continental Europe, with temperature records set in France, Germany, Poland, Spain and the Czech Republic. In North America, California-based utility PG&E announced it was temporarily shutting off power to some communities to avoid a repeat of last year's fires, resulting in lawsuits which have forced it to seek bankruptcy protection. Meanwhile, in India the reservoirs feeding Chennai ran dry in June, leaving the population of India's sixth largest city dependent on water tankers.

The increasingly evident physical impacts of climate change are fuelling this growing concern, which in turn is likely to stimulate bolder policies to mitigate climate change. By mid 2019, France and the United Kingdom had introduced legislation requiring economy-wide net-zero carbon emissions by 2050; the adoption of an EU-wide net-zero target came surprisingly close to adoption by European Union member states in June. Similar legislation was passed by New York State in the same month.

Climate impacts are also creating impetus for greater public and private sector spending on adjusting to the new reality of a warmer world. Worsening water shortages in India, South Africa and rich countries such as France are underscoring the need to invest further in water infrastructure, while the effects of extreme weather events - not to mention managed outages to reduce wildfire risk - create demand for back-up power generation capacity and off-grid renewables. A reinvigorated push to reduce emissions will support our renewable energy and energy efficiency themes, while accelerating investments in adaptation will benefit the water, distributed energy and sustainable food stocks held by the Company.

In addition, efforts to build a more 'circular' global economy are intensifying. The war on plastics triggered by the BBC's Blue Planet series is continuing, with a growing number of countries introducing partial bans on single-use plastics and deposit schemes, while retailers and food companies are looking for alternatives to plastics. Attention is also turning to textiles, for which recycling solutions remain elusive, despite the environmental impacts inherent in their production. Again, several of the Company's existing investments are well-positioned to provide solutions to these problems, and the managers are looking for additional opportunities, particularly in textiles recycling. These drivers are discussed in greater detail in the Manager's Report.

 Investment performance

During the Period the net asset value ('NAV') per ordinary share of the Company achieved a total return of 24.8%, measured in pounds sterling, and ended the Period at 306.8p. This represents significant outperformance relative to our environmental comparator, the FTSE ET100 which rose 16.0% over the period and to the MSCI ACWI which was up 16.3%. During the first six months of 2019, IEM achieved a share price total return of 22.9% and ended the Period at a record share price of 308p. The Manager's Report includes some detail on the main absolute contributors and detractors to performance.

Gearing

The Company has five-year fixed rate loans in place of £15 million and US$20 million. The aggregate sterling value of these loans as at 30 June 2019 was £30.7 million. In addition, the Company has a multi-currency revolving credit facility of up to £20 million, of which £2.5 million is committed and nil was drawn down at the Company's Period end. As at 30 June 2019, the Company's net gearing was 2.9%.

The Company's Ordinary Shares traded at a premium to NAV of 1.4% on 1 January 2019 and a premium to NAV of 0.4% on 30 June 2019, having traded between a discount of 1.4% and a premium of 3.3% during the period.

On 22 January 2019, the Board announced that it remains fully committed to using its powers, including those to issue and buy back shares, in a proactive manner with the aim of seeing the shares, in normal market conditions, trading close to NAV on a consistent and long-term basis. The Company has sold 6,225,000 shares from its treasury in the period under review, raising aggregate gross proceeds of £18.3 million.

Shareholder communications

Investec Bank plc ('Investec') was appointed as IEM's sole corporate broker in June in place of Canaccord Genuity - this was as a result of the Investment Companies Team at Canaccord Genuity moving to Investec. The transfer was effected by way of novation, thereby ensuring that the existing terms and conditions of the brokership arrangements were preserved. The Board retains its confidence in this team and after due consideration has appointed Investec as the broker for IEM, providing continuity of support.

We seek to communicate as effectively as possible with all our shareholders. As an environmental investor, we favour digital communication because of its low environmental impact, but for the moment we remain happy to provide hard copies of our reports to those shareholders who request them from the Company Secretary. Further information can be found on our website, www.impaxenvironmentalmarkets.co.uk, and regular updates are posted on Twitter, @IEMplc.

The Board

The Directors are committed to a process of regular Board refreshment and have spent time developing a succession plan which looks several years ahead. In our 2018 Annual Report we announced that Julia Le Blan will stand down at the 2020 AGM, having by that point served on this Board for nine years. We are delighted to announce that Stephanie Eastment, has been appointed to the Board with effect from 1 July 2019. Stephanie is a chartered accountant and company secretary with over 30 years' experience of the financial services industry, specialising in investment companies. She is well regarded for her knowledge and expertise of the investment trust sector; she is also a member of the Association of Investment Companies (AIC) Technical Committee. Stephanie will take on the role of Chairman of the Audit Committee when Julia steps down in 2020.

 Outlook

We expect market conditions to remain volatile over the months to come. Growth is slowing, with the global economy facing challenges on a number of fronts. Foremost among these are continuing US-China trade tensions, the unravelling of the Iran nuclear deal, with possible implications for the oil price, and the risk posed by a disorderly Brexit to the UK and EU-27 economies. As the second half of 2018 showed, the Company's performance can be vulnerable to factors with little direct bearing on the environmental markets theme.

IEM has a high tracking error -the difference between its performance and that of its benchmark - meaning that, in volatile markets, it may temporarily under- or out-perform by a significant margin. We are confident that, over longer periods, it will deliver attractive returns for investors and we note the Company's excellent long-term record. 

The Board retains its conviction that growing resource constraints in the context of global population growth and rising public concern over environmental degradation will continue to underpin the Company's investment thesis. Indeed, there are clear signals that this support is getting stronger with positive implications for investment performance. We remain confident in the ability of the experienced management team to identify attractive opportunities across an increasingly diversified investment universe as the theme evolves, and to maintain investment discipline in volatile market conditions. 

John Scott

Chairman

9 August 2019

Manager's Report

 

IEM's strong performance in the first half of 2019 is set against the backdrop of a difficult fourth quarter in 2018, exacerbated by a substantial downward re-rating of the portfolio. In the six months to the end of June 2019, the Company's NAV total return was 24.8%. This compares favourably with the FTSE ET100, its environmental markets benchmark, which was up 16.0% over the Period, and its global equities comparator, the MSCI ACWI, up 16.3%. 

IEM's recovery this year was driven partly by a reversion to the mean after the market overshot on the downside at the end of last year. This year's earning season also delivered a series of strong results from portfolio companies, boosting both earnings and valuations across most EM sub-sectors.

Two-thirds of the Company's outperformance against the MSCI ACWI was driven by stock selection, with the remainder the result of incremental positive asset allocation - namely IEM's overweight positions in industrials and technology and its lack of healthcare exposure. Its outperformance against its environmental benchmark, the FTSE ET100 index, was driven primarily by stock selection.

Climate change

Global emissions from energy use rose to a record high in 2018, climbing in the US, China and India, driven by a strong economy and higher heating and cooling demand. They grew at the fastest rate since 2011, according to BP, showing a growing gulf between the pace of progress in addressing climate change and a growing public clamour for action.

Extreme weather events linked to climate change are becoming more frequent and more severe, with the UN warning that climate-linked natural disasters are now occurring at the rate of one a week.

These events are prompting governments to set more aggressive medium- and long-term mitigation targets. The UK passed legislation in June to increase the ambition of its 2050 carbon target from 80% below 1990 levels to 'net-zero emissions' by that date. It followed the publication of a report from the Climate Change Committee, a government advisory body, that a net-zero target would be no more expensive than the earlier goal, given the falling costs of technology. France approved similar legislation, while a proposal for the EU to adopt a bloc-wide net-zero goal came close to passing at the June 2019 meeting of the European Council. These announcements are expected to drive medium-term performance of IEM's energy efficiency (31.7% of NAV) and renewables (8.8% of NAV) holdings.

The increasing severity of climate impacts is accelerating policies to promote adaptation, including in the developed world. For example, France has announced plans to reduce water consumption by 25% within 15 years, in response to studies that suggest its rivers and streams could shrink by up to 40%. The plans involve investment of €5 billion by 2024 to protect water sources and reduce agricultural water use. The EU, meanwhile, is considering regulations to encourage the re-use of waste water by the sector. These moves will support IEM investments in water infrastructure, smart metering, leak detection and sustainable agriculture.

Integration of renewables, storage and standby generation

Mitigating climate change will require the full decarbonisation of the power sector. Given the intermittency of wind and solar generation, this will require the integration of large-scale storage into electricity systems. While this process is at its early stages, a number of utility-scale renewable energy projects are coming online with associated storage technologies, taking advantage of falling technology costs as well as local markets for grid-balancing services, which provide additional revenue streams.

We are also seeing the convergence of a number of technology trends that promise to underpin the performance and accelerate the growth of some portfolio companies. For example, Generac Holdings (Energy Efficiency, US), a top-10 holding which supplies back-up power supply systems that are in strong demand ahead of the US hurricane season, is acquiring software to monitor and control household power generation and consumption. It has also bought an energy storage company and is planning to co-market with solar system providers and financiers, providing a fully integrated off-grid clean energy solution.

The growth of energy storage also provides opportunities for companies supplying the sector, such as Umicore (Energy Efficiency, Belgium). It has a strong position supplying cathodes for lithium batteries and is mainly targeting the electric vehicle ('EV') market; however, the growth in demand for commercial, industrial and residential energy storage equipment offers a source of incremental growth.

Textiles and the circular economy

We believe that, in the wake of the war on plastic, a new front is opening in the campaign to create a circular economy. Textiles are highly resource intensive, requiring large amounts of water and land leading to considerable pollution. The growth of fast fashion has contributed to a doubling of clothing production over the last 15 years, and a loss of value of US$500 billion each year from under-utilised clothing and a lack of recycling, according to the Ellen MacArthur Foundation. The European Environment Agency (EEA) estimates that textiles represent the fourth biggest source of pollution after housing, mobility and food, and are Europe's fourth largest consumer of primary materials. Currently, three-quarters of textiles are sent to landfill or incinerated.

Policymakers are responding: the EEA is due to produce a pioneering study on the subject in October which is likely to build pressure for regulation to promote recyclability, better labelling and producer responsibility. We believe that policy and public concern will impact the entire textiles value chain. Opportunities exist in new materials, such as the substitution of cotton or fossil fuel-derived fibres with less resource-intensive materials, such as the man-made cellulosic fibres produced by portfolio company Lenzing (Food, Agriculture & Forestry, Austria). We are also exploring additional incremental investment opportunities that would benefit from the theme.

Contributors

The Company benefited from strong performance across a range of sectors.

In Waste Management and Technology, the performance of Tomra Systems (Waste Management & Technologies, Norway) was supported by positive momentum from the war on plastics. In North America, continuing economic growth is increasing demand for services provided by Clean Harbors (Waste Management & Technologies, US), which has a strong position in the hazardous waste sector.

In Energy Efficiency, Spirax (Energy Efficiency, UK) has performed well, delivering strong growth in its core steam business and from the effective integration of recent acquisitions. As mentioned above, Generac Power Systems is profiting from increasing penetration of standby generators and the integration of renewables, back-up generation and energy solar. The market has also recognised the strong outlook for demand for the heat-pumps supplied by market-leader Nibe Industrier (Energy Efficiency, Sweden), as growing efforts are made to decarbonise heating.

Sustainable & Efficient Agriculture also helped boost the Company's performance. Of particular note are biochemical and bio-ingredient companies that provide substitutes for petrochemicals and synthetics.

Detractors

There were relatively few drags on performance over the Period, mainly companies exposed to challenged cyclical markets such as the automotive sector. These include Umicore, which has suffered from a slowdown in the Chinese EV market due to subsidy cuts, sensor manufacturer Sensata (Energy Efficiency, US) and NORMA Group (Pollution Control, Germany). 

Regionally, Asia lagged behind other parts of the world as concerns persist about trade disputes, but IEM's China exposure is focused on domestic infrastructure - water, natural gas distribution and rail - which has a strong long-term growth outlook.

PERFORMANCE CONTRIBUTION ANALYSIS

MSCI ACWI

SIX MONTHS ENDED

 

FTSE ET100

SIX MONTHS ENDED

 

30 JUNE 2019

 

 

30 JUNE 2019

 

 %

 

 

 %

NAV total return

24.8

 

NAV total return

24.8

Benchmark return

16.3

 

Benchmark return

16.0

Relative performance

8.5

 

Relative performance

8.8

 

 

 

 

 

Analysis of Relative Performance

 

 

Analysis of Relative Performance

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portfolio total return

24.3

 

Portfolio total return

24.3

Less benchmark total return

16.3

 

Less benchmark total return

16.0

Portfolio outperformance

8.0

 

Portfolio outperformance

8.3

Borrowing gearing effect

1.4

 

Borrowing gearing effect

1.4

Management fee

-0.5

 

Management fee

-0.5

Other expenses

-0.1

 

Other expenses

-0.1

Tax

-0.3

 

Tax

-0.3

Total

8.5

 

Total

8.8

 

Unquoted holdings

IEM has one significant holding in an unquoted company, Ensyn Corporation ('Ensyn'), which represented 1% of net assets as at 30 June 2019. In the Company's Annual Report 2018 we reported a retrospective 'adjusting event', which resulted in a 0.6% decrease to the NAV as at 31 December 2018.  During the interim period the Manager implemented a further reduction to valuation for the holding due to dilution following a fundraising, adversely affecting the Company's NAV by an additional 0.4%.

Ensyn is working hard to address the ongoing regulatory obstacles, and the Manager continues to see value and potential in Ensyn and is monitoring developments closely to ensure it is appropriately valued within IEM. For full details of the adjustment to the NAV please see reference Note 18 of the 2018 Annual Report and Accounts for the Company. 

IEM had a well-diversified portfolio of 61 listed holdings at the end of the Period. The overall structure is in line with that highlighted in the 2018 Annual Report.

IEM continues to be significantly underweight in North America and is overweight in Europe compared with the MSCI ACWI. The weights in various environmental market sectors have not been substantially adjusted over the Period. Compared with the FTSE ET100, the portfolio remains underweight in the more volatile and cyclical Energy Efficiency and Renewable & Alternative Energy sub-sectors. In contrast, it is overweight in the more defensive Water Infrastructure & Technology sector and the diversifying Food, Agriculture and Forestry sector. The full list of holdings is available at www.impaxenvironmentalmarkets.co.uk in the About Us/factsheets, documents and videos section.

Our focus continues to be to increase diversification and look for economically defensive businesses. New investments include: Indraprastha Gas (Pollution Control, India), the dominant supplier of compressed natural gas to New Delhi; Bucher Industries (Food, Agriculture and Forestry, Switzerland), which adds new exposure to agricultural equipment, is well-managed, with a strong and conservative balance sheet; and Littelfuse (Energy Efficiency, US), a leading supplier of electrical circuit protection with exposure to the EV, renewable energy and efficient lighting markets.

The portfolio is valued at around 17.6 times earnings, which is broadly in line with its long-term average. The premium to the MSCI ACWI, its global equities comparator benchmark, is around 17%, compared to a long-term average of 21%, making its relative valuation attractive.

Impax Asset Management has been investing in environmental markets for more than two decades, and we continue to believe that the thesis is becoming more compelling, more pressing, more global and more diversified by industry than ever before. However, global equity markets remain volatile and the current bull market is the longest in history. Inevitably, given the tracking error inherent in the Company's high-conviction strategy, there will be short periods of underperformance against our benchmarks, such as that seen in the second half of 2018.

Nonetheless, our view is that our investment case - that companies providing cleaner, more efficient products and services across energy, water, waste, food and agriculture will generate strong, risk-adjusted returns over the long-term - remains intact. That view was supported by IEM's performance in the first half of 2019. In addition, a number of disruptive trends - such as EVs, the war on plastic and fast falling energy storage costs - suggest that the global economy may reward IEM's portfolio companies more rapidly than we have assumed.

Impax Asset Management (AIFM) Limited

9 August 2019

 

Ten Largest Holdings

As at 30 June 2019

(1)  Generac Holdings: United States, 2.7% of net assets

Generac Holdings is a leading designer and manufacturer of standby and portable generators for the residential, commercial and industrial markets.  Following years of underinvestment in grid infrastructure and more severe weather events, there are an increasing number of power disruptions, and Generac is well positioned to benefit as a provider of uninterruptible power sources.  The company has an estimated 70% share in the North American residential standby generator market and a well-established distribution network that is difficult for competitors to replicate.  Currently, 80% of revenues come from North America, but the company is aiming for global scale and product diversification via acquisitions.  More extreme weather in North America provides a tailwind for the residential business, while the commercial and industrial business should benefit from rising demand, growth in the rental channel and improving margins.

 

(2)  Rayonier: United States, 2.7% of net assets

Rayonier is an international forestry company that produces cellulosic fibres, standing timber and timberland acreage.  As one of the largest private landowners in the US, it is an important player in the global sustainable forestry and plantation space.  The company is based in Florida and owns 2.6 million acres of well-managed timber in the US and New Zealand, which contribute toward reducing the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere.  The company's solid strategic positioning enables it to generate price premiums for some of its wood products and report robust sales. The company's management has made a concerted effort in recent years to move the business towards higher margin products. The company provides good exposure to key market trends including a US housing recovery, Canadian lumber shortages and growing bioenergy markets. It is well positioned to benefit from strong log demand from China and, as a result, it has been particularly strong in the Pacific Northwest. Rayonier is a member of the US Sustainable Forestry Imitative program and 100% of its New Zealand forests are certified by the Forest Stewardship Council.

 

(3)  EDP Renovaveis: Portugal, 2.6% of net assets

EDPR is a renewable energy company which engages in the development, construction, and operation of wind farms and solar plants. It is a leading renewable energy developer with high quality assets in Europe and the US and with a strong pipeline in Europe and the Americas. EDP ranks fourth globally in terms of ownership of renewables assets. It is a market leader with an excellent operating history for existing plants, an ongoing ability to reduce costs, and has an effective asset rotation strategy that takes advantage of demand for operating assets.

 

(4)  Brambles: Australia, 2.6% of net assets

Brambles is an Australian logistics solutions company which focuses on the outsourced management of reusable pallets, crates and containers - predominantly for supermarket and food supply chains. It has six main business segments - American pallets, European pallets, Asia-Pacific pallets, reusable plastic crates, containers and its corporate division. It is the undisputed global leader in the pallet and container pooling business, with over 850 service centres and dominant market share in most global markets, which gives Brambles scale benefits and creates significant barriers to entry to its competitors. The company has made some good acquisitions in recent years and has identified Asia as an area for growth. There is currently only a limited amount of pallet pooling happening in Asia and, in terms of plastic crates, the penetration is equally low. Its customer base is stable and diversified, with scope for further penetration in pallet outsourcing.

 

(5)  PTC Inc: United States, 2.6% of net assets

PTC is an Information Technology company that offers software products which can be deployed toward leaner manufacturing: computer-aided design modelling (CAD) and Product Lifecycle Management (PLM). Importantly, PTC's industrial connectivity platform enables customers to connect 'smart' devices, analyse associated data, and create 'Internet of Things' applications. Operating in a market with high barriers to entry and low customer turnover, using its established market position PTC is emerging as a leader in these connectivity platforms and benefiting from high recurring revenues (~80%). The advanced transition to move to a subscription-based model should reduce earnings volatility and help close the margin gap with its peers. In the realm of industrial internet connectivity, currently less than 1% of the data that is being collected is being analysed or used to extract value. PTC is at the forefront of this transformation and is well positioned to benefit from the convergence of the digital and physical worlds. The company has a proven track record of product leadership and bringing new technologies and innovative solutions to the market.

 

(6)  Lenzing AG: Austria, 2.6% of net assets

Lenzing manufactures fibres for use in the textile industry, and specifically, is a market leader in cellulose-derived fibres such as viscose and lyocell where it has leading positions. Land and water constraints and microplastic concerns continue to drive the growth of the biodegradable cellulose fibre market and gains versus cotton and nylon. The process for manufacturing key Lenzing brands such as Tencel and Modal uses much less water than cotton and many fewer agricultural chemicals for cultivation. These are also highly compostable fibres. A recent cost cutting program has contributed to a better outlook. More than 50% of Lenzing's fuel consumption is derived from renewable resources, including from the raw wood pulp used in the manufacturing process.

 

(7)  DS Smith: United Kingdom, 2.4% of net assets

DS Smith is the leading corrugated packaging company in Europe, with a wider global presence in 37 countries. E-commerce packaging needs, changing consumer behaviour and preferences, and global waste and recycling flow disruptions are presenting opportunities for well-positioned and innovative leading companies such as DS Smith. Based in the UK with a motto of "Redefining packaging for a changing world", DS Smith is also expanding actively in the US, gaining access to a large and fast-growing market. Presence in the US also helps to ensure continued access and growth into fibre-based solutions an important alternative to plastic packaging. The recycling arm of DS Smith collects used paper and corrugated cardboard, from which the company's paper manufacturing facilities make the paper used in corrugated packaging. DS Smith also designs and manufactures certain types of plastic packaging. The company's innovation and processes help customers reduce waste, cut costs, and reduce complexity from their supply chains with high quality and environmentally friendly solutions. End markets include food & beverage, e-retail, and industrial customers. DS Smith has a stated goal of manufacturing 100% reusable or recyclable packaging by 2025. The management team has demonstrated solid financial discipline and operational execution. 

 

(8)  Clean Harbors Inc: United States, 2.4% of net assets

Environmental services such as waste disposal, hazardous waste clean-up, recycling services and emergency clean-up are an important component of environmental solutions for a broad range of industries. Clean Harbors is a market leader in the US hazardous waste sector with a strong market position and pricing power in a business with high barriers to entry. It delivers collection, transportation, recycling, treatment, and disposal services and holds dominant positions in incinerators and landfills, where new permits are becoming exceedingly rare. It is also a leading responder to emergency clean-ups, for example post extreme weather events such as hurricanes. Other businesses include cleaning services such as industrial cleaning or parts washing. The company and management have well established businesses with end markets that are well diversified, from general manufacturing to the automotive and chemical industries. A partnership with Enterprise Holdings (Enterprise Rent A Car, Alamo Rent A Car, National Car Rental) collects, recycles and re-refines oil from airport car rental operations. Another familiar subsidiary in the US is Safety-Kleen, providing industrial cleaning and waste services to small and medium sized businesses.

 

(9)  Zhuzhou CRRC Times Electric: China, 2.3% of net assets

Zhuzhou CRRC (Chinese Rail Road Company) Times Electric is a Chinese company based in Hunan that researches, manufactures and sells locomotive train power converters and control systems. It is majority owned by the CRRC Group, a Chinese State Owned Enterprise (SOE). Zhuzhou provides propulsion and control systems for high speed trains, electrical multiple units (rail cars or carriages that are self-powered with electric motors which thus do not need a locomotive), mass transit, electric locomotives and diesel locomotives. It also develops and makes other electric components for the urban and non-urban railway industry and has a strong R&D effort. Its main products include electric multiple units, metropolitan rail transportation equipment, locomotives and marine engineering products. Zhuzhou's services are distributed domestically in China and to other select overseas markets, with the latter currently a focus for Zhuzhou. It is the market leader in high speed rail in China, and benefits from strong support from its parent CRRC. Zhuzhou likewise benefits from the upward trend in rail-related infrastructure investment in China.

 

(10)                Royal DSM: Netherlands, 2.2% of net assets

Royal DSM (DSM) supplies nutritional ingredients like vitamins and nutraceuticals. It sells such products into the feed, food and personal care industries. DSM helps to improve livestock health and improve efficacy of feed, which serves to lower input-related waste, mitigate against emissions and limit harmful by-product cultivation. DSM's transition from a diversified chemicals producer to a business focused on a more stable, and fast growing nutrition industry is driving higher returns on capital, improved free cashflow generation and less earnings volatility. In addition, it is driving its end-market stakeholders towards more sustainable production methods. The company has a strong focus on sustainability, implemented by a solid management team and led by an internal Sustainability Leadership Team. DSM has ambitious internal targets, including reducing GHG emissions per product unit by 45% from its 2008 baseline by 2025. Management have also put in place robust programmes and policies to mitigate its toxic emissions and waste risks.

Top Ten Holdings in Companies

 

 

 

 

As at 30 June 2019
Company

 Valuation
£'000

 % of
net assets

 

 

Generac Holdings

15,203

2.7

 

Rayonier

15,164

2.7

 

EDP Renovaveis

15,089

2.6

 

Brambles

14,909

2.6

 

PTC Inc

14,842

2.6

 

Lenzing AG

14,652

2.6

 

DS Smith

14,014

2.4

 

Clean Harbors Inc

13,591

2.4

 

Zhuzhou CRRC Times Electric

13,139

2.3

 

Royal DSM

12,715

2.2

 

Top ten holdings

143,318

25.1

 

Other holdings

444,540

77.7

 

Total holdings in companies

587,858

102.8

 

Bank loans

(30,754)

(5.4)

 

Cash and other net assets

15,112

2.6

 

Net Assets

572,216

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

The full portfolio is published each month, quarterly in arrears on the Company's website

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

www.impaxenvironmentalmarkets.co.uk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interim Management Report

 

The Directors are required to provide an Interim Management Report in accordance with the Financial Conduct Authority's Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules ("DTR"). The Directors consider that the Chairman's Review and the Manager's Report of this Half-yearly Report, provide details of the important events which have occurred during the period and their impact on the financial statements. The following statement on related party transactions and the Directors' Statement of Responsibility below, the Chairman's Review and the Manager's Report together constitute the Interim Management Report of the Company for the six months ended 30 June 2019. The outlook for the Company for the remaining six months of the year ending 31 December 2019 is discussed in the Chairman's Review and the Manager's Report.

 

Details of the largest ten investments held at the Period are provided above.

 

Principal risks and uncertainties

The Board considers that the main risks and uncertainties faced by the Company fall into the categories of (i) market risks (ii) environmental markets, (iii) corporate governance and internal controls risks, (iv) cyber security risks (v) regulatory risks (vi) level of share price relative to the net asset value, and (vii) financial risks. A detailed explanation of these risks and uncertainties can be found in the Company's Annual Report for the year ended 31 December 2018 ('the Annual Report'). The risks and uncertainties facing the Company remain unchanged from those disclosed in the Annual Report.

 

Related party transactions

Details of the investment management arrangements were provided in the Annual Report. There have been no changes to the related party transactions described in the Annual Report that could have a material effect on the financial position or performance of the Company. Amounts payable to the Manager in the period are detailed in the unaudited condensed income statement.

 

Board of Directors

9 August 2019

 

Directors' Statement of Responsibility

 

The Directors confirm to the best of their knowledge that:

 

• The condensed set of financial statements contained within the Half- yearly financial report has been prepared in accordance with FRS 104 Interim Financial Reporting and gives a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and return of the Company; and

 

• The interim management report includes a fair review of the information required by 4.2.7R and 4.2.8R of the FCA's Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules.

 

John Scott

Chairman of the Board of Directors

9 August 2019

 

 

Condensed Income Statement

Unaudited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June 2019

Six months ended 30 June 2018

Year ended 31 December 2018*

 

 

Revenue

Capital

Total

Revenue

Capital

Total

Revenue

Capital

Total

 

Notes

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

Gains/(losses) on investments

 

-

107,750

107,750

-

(6,293)

(6,293)

-

(54,053)

(54,053)

Net foreign exchange loss

 

-

(61)

(61)

-

-

-

-

(887)

(887)

Income

4

6,571

-

6,571

5,916

-

5,916

9,006

-

9,006

Investment management fees

 

(576)

(1,728)

(2,304)

(548)

(1,644)

(2,192)

(1,098)

(3,293)

(4,391)

Other expenses

 

(437)

-

(437)

(368)

-

(368)

(754)

-

(754)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on ordinary activities before finance costs and taxation

 

5,558

105,961

111,519

5,000

(7,937)

(2,937)

7,154

(58,233)

(51,079)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finance costs

5

(157)

(470)

(627)

(83)

(249)

(332)

(213)

(638)

(851)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on ordinary activities before taxation

 

5,401

105,491

110,892

4,917

(8,186)

(3,269)

6,941

(58,871)

(51,930)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taxation

 

(1,005)

(302)

(1,307)

(813)

-

(813)

(1,173)

-

(1,173)

Return on ordinary activities after taxation

 

4,396

105,189

109,585

4,104

(8,186)

(4,082)

5,768

(58,871)

(53,103)

Return per Ordinary Share

6

2.41p

57.70p

60.11p

2.28p

(4.55p)

(2.27p)

3.20p

(32.69p)

(29.49p)

 *Audited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The total column of the Income Statement is the profit and loss account of the Company.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All revenue and capital items in the above statement derive from continuing operations. No operations were acquired or discontinued during the period.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on ordinary activities after taxation is also the "Total comprehensive income for the period/year".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Balance Sheet

Unaudited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at 30 June

As at 30 June

As at 31 December

 

 

 

 

2019

2018

2018*

 

 

 

Notes

£'000

£'000

£'000

 

 

Fixed assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments at fair value through profit or loss

3

587,858

522,469

474,710

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend receivable

 

629

895

218

 

 

Taxation recoverable

 

-

13

-

 

 

Other debtors

 

43

6

176

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

18,116

5,849

6,481

 

 

 

 

18,788

6,763

6,875

 

 

Creditors: amounts falling due within one year

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases awaiting settlement

 

(2,321)

-

-

 

 

Bank loans and credit facility

7

-

(29,793)

-

 

 

Other creditors

 

(1,355)

(1,115)

(931)

 

 

 

 

(3,676)

(30,908)

(931)

 

 

Net current assets/(liabilities)

 

15,112

(24,145)

5,944

 

 

Total assets less current liabilities

 

602,970

498,324

480,654

 

 

Creditors: amounts falling due after more than one year

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bank loans and credit facility

7

(30,754)

-

(30,691)

 

 

Net assets

 

572,216

498,324

449,963

 

 

Capital and reserves: equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

 

22,574

22,574

22,574

 

 

Share premium account

 

16,035

16,035

16,035

 

 

Capital redemption reserve

 

9,877

9,877

9,877

 

 

Share purchase reserve

 

114,588

95,772

96,432

 

 

Capital reserve

 

400,789

346,285

295,600

 

 

Revenue reserve

 

8,353

7,781

9,445

 

 

Shareholders' funds

 

572,216

498,324

449,963

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net assets per Ordinary Share

10

306.79p

276.79p

249.58p

 

 

 *Audited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Approved by the Board of directors and authorised for issue on 9 August 2019.

 

 

 

Impax Environmental Market plc incorporated in England with registered number 4348393.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Statement of Changes in Equity

Unaudited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

Share premium account

Capital redemption reserve

Share purchase reserve

Capital reserve

Revenue reserve

Total

 

 

Six months ended 30 June 2019

Note

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

 

 

Opening equity as at 1 January 2019

 

22,574

16,035

9,877

96,432

295,600

9,445

449,963

 

 

Dividend paid

9

-

-

-

-

-

(5,488)

(5,488)

 

 

Shares sold from treasury

8

-

-

-

18,156

-

-

18,156

 

 

Profit for the period

 

-

-

-

-

105,189

4,396

109,585

 

 

Closing equity as at 30 June 2019

 

22,574

16,035

9,877

114,588

400,789

8,353

572,216

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

Share premium account

Capital redemption reserve

Share purchase reserve

Capital reserve

Revenue reserve

Total

 

 

Six months ended 30 June 2018

 

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

 

 

Opening equity as at 1 January 2018

 

22,574

16,035

9,877

95,772

354,471

8,178

506,907

 

 

Dividend paid

9

-

-

-

-

-

(4,501)

(4,501)

 

 

(Loss)/profit for the period

 

-

-

-

-

(8,186)

4,104

(4,082)

 

 

Closing equity as at 30 June 2018

 

22,574

16,035

9,877

95,772

346,285

7,781

498,324

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

Share premium account

Capital redemption reserve

Share purchase reserve

Capital reserve

Revenue reserve

Total

 

 

Year ended 31 December 2018*

 

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

 

 

Opening equity as at 1 January 2018

 

22,574

16,035

9,877

95,772

354,471

8,178

506,907

 

 

Dividend paid

9

-

-

-

-

-

(4,501)

(4,501)

 

 

Shares sold from treasury

8

-

-

-

660

-

-

660

 

 

(Loss)/profit for the year

 

-

-

-

-

(58,871)

5,768

(53,103)

 

 

Closing equity as at 31 December 2018

 

22,574

16,035

9,877

96,432

295,600

9,445

449,963

 

 

*Audited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                           

 

 

Condensed Statement of Cash Flows

Unaudited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June 2019

Six months ended 30 June 2018

Year ended 31 December 2018*

 

 

 

£'000

£'000

£'000

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

Return on ordinary activities before finance costs and taxation**

 

111,519

(2,937)

(51,079)

 

Less: Tax deducted at source on income from investments

 

(1,005)

(813)

(1,173)

 

Foreign exchange non cash flow(gain)/loss

 

66

(457)

84

 

Adjustment for (gains)/losses on investments

 

(107,750)

6,293

54,053

 

Increase in other debtors

 

(278)

(795)

(275)

 

Increase/(decrease) in other creditors

 

136

(407)

(41)

 

Net cash flow from operating activities

 

2,688

884

1,569

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Add: Sale of investments

 

75,822

54,613

111,485

 

Less: Purchase of investments

 

(78,899)

(58,560)

(115,891)

 

Net cash flow used in investing activities

 

(3,077)

(3,947)

(4,406)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Equity dividends paid

 

(5,488)

(4,501)

(4,501)

 

Repayment of credit facility

 

-

-

(29,297)

 

Proceeds from bank loans

 

-

350

30,462

 

Finance costs paid

 

(644)

9

(1,060)

 

Shares sold from treasury

 

18,156

-

660

 

Net cash flow from/(used in) financing activities

 

12,024

(4,142)

(3,736)

 

Increase/(decrease) in cash

 

11,635

(7,205)

(6,573)

 

Cash and cash equivalents at start of period

 

6,481

13,054

13,054

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

18,116

5,849

6,481

 

* Audited

 

 

 

 

 

** Cash inflow includes dividends received for the financial period of £5,941,000 (30 June 2018: £5,109,000 and 31 December 2018: £8,878,000).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Financial Statements

Unaudited

 

1. Accounting policies

The Half-yearly Condensed Financial Statements has been prepared in accordance with FRS 104 Interim Financial Reporting issued by the Financial Reporting Council ('FRC') and the Statement of Recommended Practice 'Financial Statements of Investment Trust Companies and Venture Capital Trusts' issued by the Association of Investment Companies in November 2014 and updated in February 2018.

 

 

2. Going concern

The Directors have adopted the going concern basis in preparing the accounts. The following is a summary of the Directors' assessment of the going concern status of the Company.

 

Operational Resources

The Directors have a reasonable expectation that the Company has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for at least twelve months from the date of this document. In reaching this conclusion, the Directors have considered the liquidity of the Company's portfolio of investments as well as its cash position, income and expense flows. At the date of approval of this document the Company has substantial operating expenses cover.

 

3 Investments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Securities of companies quoted on regulated stock exchanges and the Company's holdings in unquoted companies have been classified as 'at fair value through profit or loss' and are initially recognised on the trade date and measured at fair value in accordance with sections 11 and 12 of FRS 102. Investments are measured at subsequent reporting dates at fair value by reference to their market bid prices. Any unquoted investments are measured at fair value which is determined by the Directors in accordance with the International Private Equity and Venture Capital guidelines.

 

 

Changes in fair value are included in the Condensed Income Statement as a capital item.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Classification of financial instruments

 

 

FRS 102 requires that the classification of financial instruments be valued by reference to the source of inputs used to derive the fair value. The fair value hierarchy descriptions are below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The unadjusted quoted price in an active market for identical assets or liabilities that the entity can access at the measurement date.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Level 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable (i.e. developed using market data) for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Level 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inputs are unobservable (i.e. for which market data is unavailable) for the asset or liability.

 

The classification of the Company's investments held at fair value is detailed in the table below:

 

 

30 June 2019

30 June 2018

 

 

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Total

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Total

 

 

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

 

Investments at fair value through profit or loss

 

 

 

 

 

- Quoted

581,825

-

-

581,825

512,310

-

-

512,310

 

- Unquoted

-

-

6,033

6,033

-

-

10,159

10,159

 

 

581,825

-

6,033

587,858

512,310

-

10,159

522,469

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 December 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

 

Investments at fair value through profit or loss

 

 

 

 

 

- Quoted

 

 

 

 

466,823

-

-

466,823

 

- Unquoted

 

 

 

 

-

-

7,887

7,887

 

 

 

 

 

 

466,823

-

7,887

474,710

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Level 2 investments are holdings in companies with no quoted prices.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The movement on the Level 3 unquoted investments during the period is shown below:

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June 2019

Six months ended 30 June 2018

Year ended 31 December 2018

 

 

 

 

£'000

£'000

£'000

 

Opening balance

 

 

7,887

9,911

9,911

 

Valuation adjustments and foreign exchange movements

 

 

(1,854)

248

(2,024)

 

Closing balance

 

 

6,033

10,159

7,887

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unquoted investments are valued using relevant financial data available on those investments and applying International Private Equity and Venture Capital guidelines. This includes, where appropriate, consideration of price of recent market transactions, earnings multiples, discounted cash flows, net assets and liquidity discounts. At the period end the Company held four unquoted investments of which three were valued at nil. The fourth, Ensyn, has been valued in US dollars based on a full scenario model prepared by the Manager and translated into sterling using the applicable foreign exchange rate at the Company's period end. The main assumptions are (i) discount rates, (ii) exit values, (iii) exit times, and (iv) probabilities of the scenarios.  The same methodology has been applied as adopted in the audited Annual Report for the year ended 31 December 2018.  

 

 

4 Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June 2019

Six months ended 30 June 2018

Year ended 31 December 2018

Income from investments

£'000

£'000

£'000

Dividends from UK listed investments

374

324

793

Dividends from overseas listed investments

6,185

5,592

8,213

Interest received

12

-

-

Total Income

6,571

5,916

9,006

 

 

5 Finance costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 30 June

2019

Six months ended 30 June 2018

Year ended 31 December

2018

 

Revenue

Capital

Total

Revenue

Capital

Total

Revenue

Capital

Total

 

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

Interest charges

153

460

613

83

249

332

211

635

846

Direct finance costs

4

10

14

-

-

-

2

3

5

Total

157

470

627

83

249

332

213

638

851

 

6 Return per share

Return per ordinary share is based on the net profit on ordinary activities after taxation of £109,585,000 (30 June 2018: loss of £4,082,000 and 31 December 2018: loss of £53,103,000) comprising a revenue gain of £4,396,000 ( 30 June 2018: £4,104,000 and 31 December 2018: £5,768,000)  and a capital gain of £105,189,000 (30 June 2018: loss of £8,186,000 and 31 December 2018: loss of £58,871,000) attributable to the weighted average of 182,314,246 (30 June 2018: 180,039,246 and 31 December 2018: 180,054,314) Ordinary Shares of 10p in issue (excluding Treasury shares) during the period.

 

There is no dilution to return per share as the Company has only Ordinary Shares in issue.

 

7 Bank loans and credit facility

 

 

 

On 6 September 2018, the Company entered into five-year fixed rate multi-currency USD 20 million and GBP 15 million loans with Scotiabank Europe plc ("Scotiabank").

Interest is payable on the loans at the rate of 2.910% per annum in respect of the GBP loan and at the rate of 4.504% per annum in respect of the USD loan. The loans expire on 6 September 2023.

 

The Company also has a GBP 20 million multi-currency revolving credit facility with Scotiabank, of which GBP 2.5 million is committed and nil was drawn down at the period end. Interest is payable on amounts drawn down under the credit facility computed at the rate of LIBOR plus a margin of 1.70% per annum. The facility expires on 6 September 2023.

 

As at 30 June 2019, the facility was fully drawn down and the Company's loans outstanding aggregated to GBP 30,754,000, with a breakdown of the loans as follows.

 

 

30 June 2019

31 December 2018

 

Loan currency

 

Loan currency

 

Currency of loan

amount

£'000

amount

£'000

GBP loan

15,000,000

15,000

15,000,000

15,000

USD loan

20,000,000

15,754

20,000,000

15,691

 

 

30,754

 

30,691

 

 

8 Shares sold from treasury

 

 

 

 

 

 

During the six months ended 30 June 2019, the Company sold 6,225,000 Ordinary Shares from treasury (30 June 2018: nil) Ordinary Shares raising aggregate gross proceeds of £18,339,000 (30 June 2018: nil). Since the end of the period, the Company has sold a further 1,700,000 Ordinary Shares from treasury.

 

9 Dividends

 

 

 

The final dividend for the year ended 31 December 2018 of 3.00p per Ordinary Share was paid on 28 May 2019 (year ended 31 December 2017 dividend of 2.50p per share was paid on 24 May 2018). In accordance with UK accounting standards the dividend for the year ended 31 December 2018 has been recognised in the Half-yearly financial report for the six months ended 30 June 2019.

 

The Directors do not recommend the payment of an interim dividend for the six months ended 30 June 2019.

 

10 Net asset value per Ordinary Share

 

 

Net asset value per Ordinary Share is based on net assets of £572,216,000 (30 June 2018: £498,324,000 and 31 December 2018: £449,963,000) divided by 186,514,246 (30 June 2018: 180,039,246 and 31 December 2018: 180,289,246) Ordinary Shares in issue (excluding shares held in Treasury) at the Balance Sheet date.

 

11 Related party transactions

 

 

Fees payable to the Manager are shown in the Income Statement. As at 30 June 2019 the fee outstanding to the Manager was £809,000 (30 June 2018: £372,000 and 31 December 2018: £709,000).

 

 

 

 

The Manager's group has a holding in Ensyn. The Manager has procedures in place to mitigate any conflicts of interest from this investment.

 

 

 

 

Fees have been payable to the Directors, effective from 1 April 2018, at an annual rate of £35,250 to the Chairman, £28,625 to the Chairman of the Audit Committee and £23,500 to the other directors.

 

 

 

 

The Directors had the following shareholdings in the Company, all of which were beneficially owned.

 

 

 

 

 

Ordinary Shares

Ordinary Shares

Ordinary Shares

 

At 30 June 2019

At 30 June 2018

At 31 December 2018

John Scott

84,012

84,012

84,012

Julia Le Blan

14,907

14,907

14,907

Aine Kelly

10,000

10,000

10,000

Vicky Hastings

19,500

19,500

19,500

William Rickett

5,000

5,000

5,000

 

 

 

 

Effective from 1 July 2019, the Company has appointed Stephanie Eastment as a non-executive director of the Company. Stephanie Eastment holds 1,170 Ordinary Shares in the Company.

 

12 Distributable reserves

The Company's distributable reserves consist of the share purchase reserve, capital reserve and revenue reserve.

 

The Company currently pays dividends from the revenue reserve. Share buybacks are funded from the share purchase reserve.

 

13 Subsequent events

There are no post period end events other than as disclosed in this report.

 

14 Status of this Report

These financial statements are not the Company's statutory accounts for the purposes of section 434 of the Companies Act 2006. They are unaudited. The Half-yearly Financial Report will be made available to the public at the registered office of the Company. The report will be available in electronic format on the Manager's website (www.impaxam.com) and the Company's website, (www.impaxenvironmentalmarkets.co.uk).

 

The information for the year ended 31 December 2018 has been extracted from the last published audited financial statements, unless otherwise stated.  The audited financial statement has been delivered to the Registrar of Companies. Ernst & Young LLP reported on those accounts and their report was unqualified, did not draw attention to any matters by way of emphasis and did not contain a statement under sections 498(2) or 498(3) of the Companies Act 2006.

 

The Half-yearly Financial Report was approved by the Board on 9 August 2019.

 

Alternative Performance Measures ('APMs')

 

Premium

 

 

 

 

The amount, expressed as a percentage, by which the share price is more than the Net Asset Value per Ordinary Share.

 

 

 

 

As at 30 June 2019

NAV per Ordinary Share (p)

 

a

 

306.8

Share price (p)

 

b

 

308.0

Premium

 

(b-a) ÷a

 

0.4%

 

 

 

 

 

Gearing

 

 

 

 

A way to magnify income and capital returns, but which can also magnify losses. A bank loan is a common method of gearing.

 

 

 

 

As at 30 June 2019

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets less cash/cash equivalents (£'000)

 

a

 

588,530

Net assets (£'000)

 

b

 

572,216

Gearing (net)

 

(a÷b)-1

 

2.9%

 

 

 

 

 

Total return

 

 

 

 

A measure of performance that includes both income and capital returns. This takes into account capital gains and reinvestment of dividends on the ex-dividend date.

Six months ended 30 June 2019(Unaudited)

 

 

Share price

NAV

Opening at 1 January 2019 (p)

a

 

253.00

249.58

Closing at 30 June 2019 (p)

b

 

308.00

306.79

Dividend/income adjustment

c

 

1.0095

1.0153

Adjusted closing (p) (d = b x c)

d

 

1.2%

1.9%

Total return

(d÷a)-1

 

22.9%

24.8%

 

 

Directors, Manager and Advisers

 

Directors

John Scott, DL (Chairman)

Vicky Hastings

Aine Kelly

Julia Le Blan

William Rickett, CB

Stephanie Eastment (appointed 1 July 2019)

 

Broker

Investec Bank plc

30 Gresham Street,

London

EC2V 7QP

 

Depositary and custodian

BNP Paribas Securities Services

55 Moorgate

London

EC2R 6PA

 

Registrar

Link Asset Services

The Registry

34 Beckenham Road

Beckenham

Kent BR3 4TU

 

Investment Manager

Impax Asset Management (AIFM) Limited

7th Floor

30 Panton Street

London SW1Y 4AJ

 

Registered office*

3rd Floor

Mermaid House

2 Puddle Dock

London EC4V 3DB

 

Secretary and administrator

3rd Floor

PraxisIFM Fund Services (UK) Limited

Mermaid House

2 Puddle Dock

London EC4V 3DB

 

Auditor

BDO LLP (appointed at the Company's 2019 AGM)

55 Baker Street

London

W1U 7EV

 

*Registered in England no. 4348393

www.impaxenvironmentalmarkets.co.uk

 

 

For further information contact:

Anthony Lee / Maria Matheou

PraxisIFM Fund Services (UK) Limited

Tel: 020 7653 9690

 

The Half-yearly financial report will be submitted to the National Storage Mechanism and will shortly be available for inspection at: http://www.morningstar.co.uk/uk/NSM

 

END

 


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