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Gattaca PLC (GATC)

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Thursday 08 November, 2018

Gattaca PLC

Preliminary Results

RNS Number : 7006G
Gattaca PLC
08 November 2018
 

8 November 2018

 

Gattaca plc

 

Preliminary Results for the year ended 31 July 2018

 

Gattaca plc ("Gattaca" or the "Group"), the specialist Engineering and Technology (IT & Telecoms) recruitment solutions business, today announces its Preliminary Results for the year ended 31 July 2018.

 

Financial Highlights


2018

2017



Statutory

(Audited)

Underlying2

Statutory

(Audited)

Underlying2

Pro Forma

Underlying3

Statutory

(Audited)

Underlying2

Pro Forma

Underlying3


£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

%

 %

%

Revenue

667.5

667.5

642.4

638.4

663.5

+4%

+5%

+1%

Net Fee Income (NFI)1

78.9

78.9

74.7

74.2

78.1

+6%

+6%

+1%

Profit from operations

(23.4)

14.3

12.7

17.3

18.2

-

(17%)

(21%)

Profit before tax

(24.9)

12.7

11.5

16.1

17.0

-

(21%)

(25%)










Basic earnings per share

(85.3p)

22.6p

23.4p 

34.9p

37.4p

-

(35%)

(40%)

Diluted earnings per share

(85.3p)

22.6p

22.7p

33.9p

36.3p

-

(33%)

(38%)

Dividend per share

3.0p


23.0p



-



Net debt at end of period

£40.9m


£40.3m



£0.6m



 

The following footnotes apply, unless where otherwise indicated, throughout these Preliminary Results:

1   NFI is calculated as revenue less contractor payroll costs

2 Underlying results exclude the trading profits / (losses) of discontinued businesses (2018: £0.5m loss; 2017: £0.0m), acquisitions costs (2018: £0.0m; 2017: £0.2m), amortisation of acquired intangibles (2018: £2.7m; 2017: £3.1m), impairment of goodwill and acquired intangibles (2018: £33.3m; 2017: £0.0m) and integration and restructuring costs (2018: £1.2m; 2017: £1.4m), exchange gains from revaluation of foreign assets and liabilities (2018: £0.1m; 2017: £0.0)  and is presented on a constant currency basis

3  Pro forma underlying results include the results for RSL as if it had been a fully owned subsidiary in 2017 H1 in addition to note 2 above   

Operational Performance and other developments*

 

·      NFI growth driven by Engineering (+1%) and IT (+4%)

·      Offset by weak Telecoms performance (-20%)

·      Overall positive performance in International, with 5% growth

Americas +28%

China +6%

Underperforming regional offices in Dubai, Qatar and Malaysia closed post year end

Zero margin business in Telecom Infrastructure in Africa, Asia and Latin America also exited post year end

New office opened in Atlanta, USA

·      During H2, rationalisation of operations to focus on the strong core and improve margin

Cost reduction programme eliminated £3m of costs

Bromley office closed at end of October

·      New CEO, Kevin Freeguard, appointed 1st October 2018

 

 

Financial

·      Underlying operating profit of £14.3m (2017: £17.3m) in line with the Board's expectations communicated to the market in August

·      Decline in margin driven by higher cost base that has not delivered requisite improvement in revenue

Cost reduction programme well underway to reverse this trend and restore the Group's market-leading NFI conversion margin

·      Underlying PBT of £12.7m (2017: £16.1m), in line with market expectations

·      Significant one-off impairment charge in relation to write-down of Networkers acquisition goodwill and intangibles, totalling £33.3m (2017: £nil). No cash impact

·      Year end net debt broadly flat on prior year at £40.9m (2017: £40.3m)

·      No final dividend declared, in line with revised policy communicated at interim results

 

Outlook

 

·      Brexit uncertainty continues to be a headwind for Gattaca's end user markets and the UK staffing sector in general

·      Trading in the first quarter of the year is in line with prior year

·      Overseas office closures and exit of Telecom Infrastructure will reduce NFI, operating profit and PBT, however this will be broadly neutral at PAT level due to the benefit of reduced withholding tax

·      Further one-off restructuring costs will be incurred in 2019 but will be offset by the positive impact of the working capital unwind of the operations being exited

·      Full year NFI and PAT outlook in-line with market expectations

·      Net debt not expected to increase in 2019 after further investment in systems

·      The Board will review any dividend in respect of 2019 against our policy. We are assuming no interim dividend in 2019.

 

 

Commenting on the results, Patrick Shanley Chairman of the Group said:

 

"This was a year of change for Gattaca as we decided to reset the business - reorganising it to establish stable foundations for future growth.  Since the half year, we have simplified our operations, removing less stable and non-core businesses which were not expected to contribute to ongoing profits.  With Kevin now in place as CEO, we look forward to building on our core resilient businesses - in particular UK Engineering, UK IT and our North American operations through our Matchtech, Networkers and Gattaca Solutions brands."

 

Kevin Freeguard, CEO commented:

 

"I am pleased to see the progress that has been made during the second half of 2018 in resetting the business and I am looking forward to developing the business further with the Board and the rest of the Gattaca team."

 

* NFI commentary is on an underlying like for like basis

 

For further information please contact:

 

Gattaca plc                             

+44 (0) 1489 898989

Kevin Freeguard, Chief Executive Officer    

Salar Farzad, Chief Financial Officer        

 


Citigate Dewe Rogerson

+44 (0) 20 7638 9571

Chris Barrie / Nick Hayns / Sam Stibbs

 


Numis Securities Limited

+44 (0) 20 7260 1000

Michael Meade / Kevin Cruickshank / Tom Ballard

 


 

CHAIRMAN'S STATEMENT

 

This was a year of change for Gattaca as we decided to reset the business - reorganising it to establish stable foundations for future regrowth. Results over the previous four years have been flat, or declining, and the share price has reflected this poor performance. Following the departure of Brian Wilkinson as CEO at the end of January, we have taken the company back to its basic strengths.

 

Overall NFI grew to £78.9m (2017: £74.7m) driven by both Engineering and IT having grown this year However, underlying profit before tax decreased to £12.7m (2017£16.2m) as a result of increased costs. In addition we took an impairment of £33.3m against the goodwill and intangibles arising from the Networkers acquisition following the decision to close some of our international operations and exit the Telco Infrastructure business in Asia, Africa and Latin America.

 

At the heart of our Group, we have a well established and resilient engineering and IT business, one based on the deep knowledge that is characteristic of our talented people, our most valuable asset.

 

Where we were not doing well was in Telco Infrastructure in Asia, Africa and Latin America. This is a mature segment where the value we can add as a solutions provider is not reflected in the margins our customers are prepared to pay.

 

It is a complex segment with a high cost-to-deliver, with low margins and high demands on working capital. We determined that in 2019, it would make no contribution to Group profit after tax, therefore we announced our withdrawal from the sector in September 2018.

 

At the same time, we redrew our footprint by announcing our intention to close our offices in Malaysia, Dubai and Qatar. This followed our decision in January to close our German and Singapore operations. Our mantra is very clear with our overseas offices: the business has to be significant, scalable and sustainable. This does not preclude us from investing in new locations where we can see clearly that the region is capable of meeting these criteria.

 

We will continue to support our North American operations, which grew strongly in the year with net fee income up 28% in constant currency. This business has its base in Dallas, Texas, and satellite operations in both Canada and Mexico, and has announced the opening of an additional office in Atlanta, Georgia, to serve the east coast. Our rate of growth in FY19 will decline slightly as we extract ourselves from the Telco infrastructure business in Mexico. China is another important area for us; NFI there grew 6% during the year and we believe it has all the attributes necessary to replicate our North American business.

 

The uncertainty surrounding Brexit is clearly a concern for many of our customers. We continue to discuss with our customers their requirements and are conscious Brexit offers both challenges and opportunities for us as a business. We do however believe we are well placed to support our customers in their staffing requirements during this transitional phase. Internally, we have refocused on the key drivers of profitability and our efforts are very much targeted on NFI per £ of sales costs. This, together with removing some central costs which were not adding to the bottom line will improve our conversion factor over the coming years as we get back to basics.

 

At our interim results, we announced a revised dividend policy, which aligns the dividend with the financial position and future prospects of the business. We have agreed the dividend will be 50% of profit after tax through the cycle, subject to a sustained reduction in net debt. Accordingly, we will therefore not be paying a final dividend for FY18 as we focus on reducing debt levels below 2 x EBITDA.

 

There has been substantial change in the composition of the Board. We take governance very seriously and following the departure of Brian Wilkinson, we appointed a specialist executive search agency to find a successor. Their process considered both external and internal candidates, as well as those with recruitment experience and those from other relevant sectors. The Board is very pleased that Kevin Freeguard has joined the Board and Company as CEO from 1 October.

 

Due to other career commitments, Mark Mamone will be stepping down from his Non-Executive Director role at our forthcoming Annual General Meeting (AGM) and I would like to thank Mark for his valuable contribution.

 

In addition, both Ric Piper (Senior Independent Director and Chair of Audit Committee) and Roger Goodman retired from the Board at the end of July. We thank them both for their contribution to the business over the years. David Lawther joined the Board on 1 June, and became Chair of the Audit Committee from 1 August.

 

I would also like to thank Keith Lewis, Salar Farzad and the leadership team for their continued support throughout this period. We have accomplished a great deal in the past six months and I know they will continue to support Kevin in his new role. Lastly, I would wish to thank our employees, who are our principal assets, for their continued valuable contribution.

 

 

Patrick Shanley

Non-Executive Chairman

Chief Executive Officer's review

 

Following Brian Wilkinson's departure in February 2018, Salar Farzad, CFO and Keith Lewis, COO led the management team until our new Chief Executive Officer, Kevin Freeguard, joined the business in October.

 

Our business has gone through a period of significant transformation during the year as we have been implementing changes to refocus it for its next phase.

 

During the second half, we conducted a detailed review of our operations, aiming to prioritise markets where we can achieve significant, scalable and sustainable profit in the near term. In the UK, this included looking both at the effectiveness of our sales operations, with particular emphasis on NFI per £1 of sales staff costs, and at the investments we have made in our support functions. Internationally, we reviewed operations at all our offices using the three key measures above.

 

The results of this review led to our repositioning the business in certain areas:

 

·      International footprint: We decided to withdraw from operations in Dubai, Malaysia and Qatar from September (and Germany and Singapore in H1). These were not making an appropriate contribution, and we believe were less scalable than other markets.

·      Telecoms profitability: We withdrew from the telecoms infrastructure contractor markets in Africa, Asia and Latin America. This business had been declining, generated the majority of our non-recoverable withholding tax, and tended to be working capital intensive as well as complex to service. Our review indicated that this business would not be contributing to net profits in the future.

·      We altered the structure and emphasis of our support functions by:

 

¾    Integrating our UK finance, legal and HR functions from Matchtech, Networkers and Resourcing Solutions Limited (RSL) fully. These had been spread mostly over three UK locations. Each function now has one unified team based at our Whiteley hub.

¾    Repositioning the marketing function so its major focus is on revenue generating client related activities.

¾    Reducing the significant cost increases, in both sales and support, implemented in late 2017 and early 2018.

 

The review also led us, at the same time, to continue and increase our support for our growth areas. These include:

 

·      In our Solutions business which services large clients through matrix arrangements with our Engineering and Technology divisions. Solutions which; designs, builds and runs bespoke talent programmes to enable clients to benefit from superior processes, increased speed and quality of service and provides the Group long term value based relationships. In this financial year we have seen 8% organic growth on established clients and grown the client base by 30% from 22 to 29 programmes at year end. Solutions now represents 22% of our global NFI.

·      In our North America business, NFI grew 28% on a constant currency basis, and we opened our second hub in September 2018, in Atlanta.

·      Our core UK Engineering business, which continues to be a leader in its niche, during the year we took full ownership of RSL which has enhanced our offering in the rail sector, and;

·      We have upgraded resources in Gattaca Projects which will allow us to accelerate innovation and deliver broader solutions for our customers.

 

We also invested in our business systems, to enable future efficiencies and to improve productivity.

 

During the review process, we have also analysed our capital structure and have taken steps to address our debt over the medium term. This action includes specific measures taken on working capital and, as announced in our interim results statement, a refined dividend policy. This policy ensures a sustainable balance between returns made to shareholders through dividends, and maintaining an appropriate level of gearing.

 

On an underlying basis Gattaca is a strong and profitable business which is highly respected by customers in the markets it serves. The changes we have outlined above have reset the business, and positioned it for growth from a more stable and solid foundation.

 

 

UK Engineering

60% of Group NFI on a pro forma basis

 

UK Engineering, Matchtech showed 1% underlying1 growth in NFI with a headcount of 276 which, reflecting our increased focus on productivity, was 25 lower than at the end of 2017.

 

Aerospace declined 15% year on year due to the loss of two accounts and a drop in both recruitment spending and contractor requirements, along with margin pressures. The outlook for the industry has since become more positive, with recent growth in output expected to continue as demand for aircraft increases around the world. New technology is propelling the market, with the wider use of composites, advanced manufacturing technology and conversion to new electrical systems all changing the way aircraft are manufactured. With rapidly ageing fleets in the mature markets and growing demand from airlines and fleet operators for next generation, fuel efficient, technologically advanced aircraft, many customers are now focusing on replacing their older fleets.

 

Our Infrastructure business which represents around 40% of UK Engineering was 1% lower than the previous year, though performance was mixed within the business unit. As we noted at the half year, our rail focused team, RSL, has been affected by the bidding, award and uncertainty of the HS2 project, as well as delayed investment into ongoing maintenance projects. The lack of Network Rail funding in the latter stages of CP5, Crossrail winding down, and the well publicised collapse of Carillion all had an impact. 2019 looks set for more investment in capital projects and the new Rail Control Period (CP6) will create further opportunities. We have seen strong performances in other areas offsetting this, some of which can be attributed to mega-projects such as Hinkley Point, Tideway and the Heathrow expansion.

 

Our Highways business has capitalised on both design and construction projects, where high levels of spending have continued, while our Buildings team made progress on improving investment in design projects. The Water and Environment marketplace has also remained strong in the build up to the peak in the OFWAT asset management plan cycle.

 

Engineering Technology continued its upward trajectory, achieving 19% growth, with continued high demand for electronics, software and automation skills across the traditional defence, automotive and commercial electronics sectors. Ongoing developments within hybrid, electric, automated vehicles and connected cars ensure continued demand for skills in the UK. Connectivity and digitalisation also continue to create opportunities in the evolving convergence of skills between traditional engineering and IT, while the UK infrastructure market offers exciting opportunities in areas such as smart cities and rail network digitalisation.

 

In Energy, NFI was 5% down on prior year driven by reduced rates on key account renewals. However, sentiment in Oil & Gas, both in the UK and internationally, continues to suggest signs of market recovery, with the increase in oil price, and operators are beginning to go ahead with previously shelved projects. The transmission and distribution market continues to receive investment to upgrade infrastructure, while the renewables and nuclear markets remain strong thanks to the increasing demand for cleaner energy.

 

Our Automotive sector continued to grow by 9% this year. Rapidly changing technology combined with diminishing skill sets in traditional engineering has kept recruitment demand high. The vast majority of automotive manufacturers plan to create new jobs over the next two years, though this is tempered by OEMs taking protective measures against a possible hard Brexit. This has the potential to reduce car manufacturing output and move engineering to outside of the UK. The UK's attractiveness as an automotive marketplace depends on a number of factors, including the productivity of UK plants, the ease of importing and exporting, exchange rates and domestic demand.

 

In Maritime NFI grew 13% on last year, with UK growth in the naval sector on major programmes such as T26 frigate and Dreadnought class submarine. In addition the leisure market remains buoyant. International demand is high, and we have achieved success on the Canadian NSPS (National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy).

 

In General Engineering, NFI was down 6% on last year. The principal causes of this were lower demand for contractors from key clients as well as churn within our own staffing. However, the UK remains the ninth largest manufacturing country by output (source: Engineering Employers' Federation 2017), and sectors such as telecoms, high tech distribution and the more traditional industrial companies are continuing to use high numbers of temporary workers. The Science and Medical markets continue to suffer from skill shortages across the UK, which has led to an increased use of contractors and campaigns to attract overseas candidates and we remain committed to this business.

 

Barclay Meade, our professional services brand, and Alderwood, our training brand, have performed well, up 17% and 18% respectively. The apprenticeship reform, implemented in April 2017, has had a positive impact on Alderwood's business, with clients and apprentices benefiting from a more commercial funding model. At Barclay Meade, the finance and procurement sectors are transforming their functions, forming integral partnerships within big business strategy, advising on sound data-driven decision making, backed up by commercial trend analysis. Permanent recruitment remain the predominant part of the professional services business.

 

UK Technology

21% of Group NFI on a pro forma basis

 

Our UK Technology NFI was 3% lower than in the previous year, with the vast majority of the shortfall being due to our Telecoms Infrastructure business.

 

Our Telecoms business declined by 20%, with Telecoms Infrastructure 34% lower than the prior year. In February, we hired a new head of Telecoms and have been working closely with him on a detailed review, resulting in the changes noted in the first part of this statement. We have restructured the entire Telecoms team, and its focus will be in the communications sector, within Research and Innovation, Digital Networks and Networks, with a complete shift away from Telecoms Infrastructure, where both contractor numbers and margins have been in decline. In Research and Innovation, the team will be engaged in all activities from blue-sky projects to taking products to market. Digital Networks has a focus on software and services for Operations Support Systems (OSS), Billing Support Systems (BSS), and Customer Relationship Management (CRM). The Networks team's focus will be on Fibre, 5G from test networks to commercialisation, and 4G evolution projects.

 

Our IT business grew by 4% on last year, with strong performances from our Development and Cloud business units, thanks to strong demand for senior AI and Data experts across mainland Europe specifically within the automotive industry, as we see the move to autonomous (and mainly electric) vehicles. An increased focus on making the car a fully connected and integrated technology solution is also fuelling the demand for Technology staff in that sector. Growth in Cloud has also come from a number of key clients who are undergoing large scale IT transformation programmes. This has led to demand for candidates with experience in virtualisation solutions for these high value projects.

 

The fierce competition for Development skills within the London start-up and fintech markets is driving up both salaries and demand, and we have invested to capitalise on this growing market. This creates a wide choice for candidates, though our clients are finding it increasingly difficult to secure and retain the appropriate technical skills. Our teams are able to add genuine value to our clients, helping them unearth talent they would not previously have had access to.

 

The continued growth in Cloud, AI and Development has been tempered by lower performances in ERP and Public Sector. The Public Sector in particular has had a challenging year with continuing changes in IR35 tax legislation which came into force in April 2017 and the reallocation of the central government recruitment framework (CL1).

 

We saw a significant shift in the mix in the UK Technology division, with permanent recruitment increasing to 24% from 16% last year, thanks to strong performances from our permanent-focused teams and an increase in exclusive arrangements with our clients. These changes enable our high quality skills based consultants to find exceptional candidates for our clients.

 

International business

19% of Group NFI on a pro forma basis

 

Given the changes we announced to our international footprint, and the significance of the Americas region, we have provided commentary on that specific region, followed by the rest of the international segment.

 

Americas

This region continued its strong performance, growing NFI 28% last year on year. Our team now includes a new Executive Vice President of Operations and Regional Sales Director, working with our regional President to capture market share through cross selling.

 

During the past two years, we have made significant progress while building the infrastructure for the business to achieve sustainable growth. Identifying, developing and retaining top sales and recruitment talent will be the focus as we continue our plan to expand the business, while maintaining healthy profit levels.

 

This growth has come primarily through increased permanent recruitment, leading to a change in mix. In 2019, this mix will be affected by our withdrawal from the Telecoms Infrastructure contractor markets in Latin America, and also by our plans to increase our contractor base in North America.

 

We continue to maintain efficiency by using central delivery hubs in Mexico City and Plano to support sales offices, which include Austin, Houston and, since year end, new offices in Atlanta, USA and Monterrey, Mexico.

 

Atlanta will provide support to our clients in the Energy, Engineering and Technology sectors. It will also be a main sales centre, and will allow us to benefit from being in a city that was recently named on the Forbes top 10 Best Places for Business and Careers. With the fifth largest population in the USA, Atlanta is considered to be a top business city and a primary transportation hub, and has one of the largest international airports. The city also contains the world headquarters of Home Depot, UPS, Coca-Cola and Delta Airlines.

 

Other International

Our other international businesses declined by 13% overall. As part of our detailed review, we are exiting our operations in Dubai, Malaysia and Qatar, implementation having started in September. Our business in China grew 6% on the previous year. In 2019, this business will be affected by our exit from Telecoms Infrastructure, contract business, which was not expected to make an appropriate net-profit contribution. China offers us great potential in both Engineering and Technology however and we have repositioned this business to focus on value added higher margin business, primarily in permanent recruitment.

 

Due to the significant Telecoms mix, South Africa declined by 22% last year on year. We have exited the Telecoms Infrastructure Contract market there, and carried out a significant restructuring in September.

 

As with China, we have repositioned this business to focus on higher margin value added assignments in IT and Engineering. Although South Africa does not offer the same scalability as other regions, it has the potential to allow us to obtain efficiencies through in-house offshoring of some support activity, as the country offers lower cost high quality talent, as well as language and time-zone advantages. During 2018, we ran a small and successful pilot in this respect for our Solutions business, and we will be exploring this option further.

 

Outlook

Since February, we have acted to stabilise our business and focus our resources on areas which offer significant, scalable and sustainable profit potential in the near term. Our core businesses in UK Engineering and IT have shown growth and resilience, to add to an excellent performance in the Americas. We are continuing with this phase of our stabilisation, which will reset the business on a much firmer footing. On this, our new CEO, management team and our industry leading staff will create the next chapter in the Group's success.

 

The uncertainty surrounding Brexit continues to affect nearly all our markets, prompting close discussions with our key customers. Their concerns are on the impact new custom arrangements will have on their ability to import and export, and the availability of skilled labour in the market place. We are well placed to help our customers attract the key skills they need, but are reliant on the UK Government reaching agreement with the EU on customs arrangements. To some extent, where there is greater shortage of skills, our services will be in greater demand. Along with the rest of the sector, our business also tends to be impacted by economic growth and any impact of Brexit on the economy would have an impact on the business and we remain mindful of these headwinds as we manage the business in 2019.

 

Keith Lewis

Chief Operating Officer

 

Salar Farzad

Chief Financial Officer

 

 

1              All comparatives within this performance review are on a like for like (as if RSL had been owned for all 2017) and constant currency basis.

 

Chief Financial Officer's Report

Performance

Revenue of £667.5m (2017: £642.4m) generated NFI of £78.9m (2017: £74.7m). We achieved contract NFI of £56.8m (2017: £56.4m) at a margin of 9% (2017: 9%), and permanent recruitment fees were £22.1m (2017: £18.3m). Gross margins grew slightly to 11.8% (2017: 11.6%) driven by the higher mix of permanent income compared to last year (2018: 28:72, 2017: 24:76). Whilst we have seen a slight increase in the permanent income mix in Engineering, the change is driven principally by a shift to permanent recruitment in our UK IT business (primarily caused by IR35 in the public sector), in China where we have been building the business beyond the acquired client base, and in the US where most of our FY18 growth has come from permanent income where again we have been expanding our customer base.

 

Loss from operations of £23.4m (2017: £12.7m profit) has been impacted by non-cash charges of £36.0m in respect of amortisation and impairment of acquired intangibles (2017: £3.1m). This includes a £33.3m (2017 £nil) impairment charge related to the acquisition of Networkers PLC, recognising that this transaction has turned out not to be value accretive. As mentioned in the CEO report, since the half year we have taken significant actions to simplify the business and to eliminate elements which have been diluting our performance.

 

Statutory loss after tax was £27.1m (2017: £7.3m profit).

 

Underlying results

To provide greater transparency we have shown underlying results beneath the Income Statement including a reconciliation to statutory results. Underlying profit before taxation at £12.7m (2017: £16.2m) was £3.5m lower than last year. This is solely a function of higher administrative costs of £7.3m of which £2.2m relates to the full year consolidation of RSL. NFI was £4.2m higher which was largely consolidation of RSL for a full year at

£6.3m (2017 £3.2m).

 

The table below breaks out the increase in underlying administrative costs:

£m

2018

2017

Administrative expenses

 102.3

 62.0

Less:



Non-underlying items included within administrative expenses

 (1.7)

 (1.6)

Amortisation and impairment of acquired intangibles

 (36.0)

 (3.1)

Underlying administrative expenses

 64.6

 57.3

 

Underlying administrative expenses increased by 13% as follows:


£m

2017 Underlying administrative expenses

57.3

Impact of full year of RSL consolidation

2.2

Net investment in UK sales

2.8

Investment in US office

1.0

Reduction in Asia and MEA sales

(1.0)

Group support staff investment

0.5

Finance and professional fees increase

1.0

Increase in bad and doubtful debt charge

0.6

Depreciation and other administrative expenses

0.2

2018 Underlying administrative expenses

64.6

 

The cost increase in UK sales was broadly split between UK Engineering and Solutions. The UK Engineering increase was driven by higher commissions as a result of higher NFI, whilst Solutions, which offers higher quality and more efficient services to our clients, and better returns for our stakeholders is a key area of focus for the group and an example of where we have invested with weighted average headcount increasing to 57 in 2018 from 36 in 2017.

 

The reduction in sales staff in Asia and MEA was a precursor to the announced closure since year end of our offices in Dubai, Malaysia and Qatar.

 

As we continue to professionalise the business we have increased our investment in group support.

 

The increase in professional fees related to amortisation of set up costs on a long term contract and mostly one-off external professional advice on projects including GDPR, transfer pricing and refinancing.

 

Non-underlying items within administrative expenses of £1.7m (2017: £1.6m) are costs of the discontinued Munich operation of £0.5m as well as redundancy and integration costs related to RSL, and restructurings within the group support functions and in our Technology business.

 

The primary driver of our business, and therefore the primary cost relates to headcount. Our headcount during the year was as follows:


July

2018

2018

weighted average

July

2017

2017 weighted average

UK Engineering

277

305

305

284

UK Technology

97

111

118

126

Solutions and Business Development

61

57

46

36

International sales

143

152

148

155

Group Support

232

235

252

231


810

860

869

832

 

Whilst we have reduced headcount in most areas to increase efficiency, we continue to invest where this will drive performance.

 

Cost actions, international footprint and Telecoms infrastructure

In late 2017 and early 2018 the Group had invested in overheads in anticipation of significantly higher NFI which did not materialise. Since early February we have taken a number of actions to abate the rate of the cost growth of the Group including in the UK.

 

In addition to these actions as noted in the CEO report, after year end we took the strategic decision to exit our Dubai, Malaysia and Qatar operations as well as withdrawing from our Telecoms Infrastructure activity in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

 

These operations also generated the majority of our non recoverable withholding tax, which therefore will reduce significantly in 2019, and consequently we expect this withdrawal to be neutral to the Group at profit after tax level.

 

Within this exercise, since year end we also closed our Bromley office, with all UK Group support now being provided from our Whiteley hub.

 

These actions commenced after July 2018 and together will reduce 2019 NFI, EBITDA and profit before tax. However, we expect the impact on profit after tax to be broadly neutral. These businesses had been declining and were expected to continue to decline; our actions remove a potential downward force on Group results, to improve operational gearing and simplify the business.

 

Whilst the 2019 results will also reflect one-off costs arising from these actions, we expect an improvement in ongoing working capital, as the customers of these exited businesses tended to be working capital intensive and more complex to service.

 

Conversion ratio

Underlying profit from operations (profit from operations less non-underlying costs, amortisation and impairment of acquired intangibles and goodwill) of £14.3m (2017: £17.4m) represented 18% (2017: 23%) of gross profit. Whilst lower than prior years we expect the actions we have taken in FY18 H2 and the first part the FY19 financial year around our cost base, international footprint and Telecoms business, as well as the investments in our strong Engineering, UK IT and North America businesses to positively impact this ratio in the future. It is a key measure of our productivity and we expect to return to being a leader amongst UK listed staffing firms for this measure.

 

Taxation

The Group's underlying effective tax rate was 41% (2017: 31%). This higher than normal rate, which will reduce going forwards is driven by our non-recoverable withholding tax which was 11% (2017: 12%) of underlying profit before tax and an adjustment to the tax charge of £1.1m in respect of prior periods. Tax has been a particular focus during 2018 and as well as dealing with non recoverable withholding tax we have reassessed other areas, in particular for international operations. The prior year tax adjustment relates to amendment of historical transfer pricing provisions and amendments of overseas deferred tax provisions.

 

We expect a significant reduction in non-recoverable withholding tax as a result of our withdrawal from the Telecoms Infrastructure markets in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

 

Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share was negative 85.3 pence (2017: 23.4 pence), and on a fully diluted basis was negative 85.3 pence (2017: 22.7 pence).

 

Underlying basic earnings per share was 22.6 pence (2017:35.3 pence).

 

Dividends paid/proposed

In accordance with our dividend policy announced in April with our interim results, the Board is not recommending a final dividend for 2018. Our policy which we set out in our half year results, is to achieve a through the cycle dividend payout of approximately 50% of profits after tax, subject to a sustained reduction in net debt. The total dividend paid during the year therefore is 20 pence (2017: 23 pence). The Board will review any dividend in respect of 2019 against our policy as we focus on reducing overall debt to below 2 times EBITDA.

 

Tangible and intangible assets

Capital expenditure in the year including tangible assets and software, was £2.8m (2017: £1.5m). This included £1.4m mostly related to leasehold improvements at our Whiteley campus to bring the premises up to a reasonable standard. This is where the bulk of our UK staff are based and an appropriate working environment is critical to maintaining a motivated and productive workforce. There was also a £0.9m investment in software and software licences for our primary business systems where we are working to replace our dated in-house built legacy software with modern standardised external products.

 

Acquisitions

During the year, the minority holders of RSL shares exercised their put options and we acquired the remaining 30% of RSL for £3.6m. In 2017 we acquired 70% of the business for £7.4m and assumed £3.8m of the company's debt. RSL is now integrated within our Infrastructure business and has significantly strengthened our offering, in particular in the Rail sector.

 

Net assets and shares in issue

At 31 July 2018, the Group had net assets of £47.0m (2017: £84.7m) and had 32.3m (2017: 31.8m) fully paid ordinary shares in issue. The change in net assets is principally driven by the impairment of intangibles related to the Networkers acquisition.

 

Cash flow and net debt

Net debt at 31 July 2018 was £40.9m (2017: £40.3m), consisting a working capital facility of £35.9m (2017:

£25.7m), bank term loan of £15.0m (2017: £20.7m), less cash of £9.8m (2017: £5.8m) and capitalised finance costs of £0.2m (2017: £0.3m).

 

Cash generated from operations at £17.9m (2017: £12.4m) was £5.5m higher than prior year. In addition to the change in underlying profits and non underlying costs this was driven by an improvement in working capital of £4.2m (2017: £5.0m deterioration) which was due to lower trade and other receivables. Working capital optimisation has been a major focus during the year and DSO (days sales outstanding) of 52 (2017: 55) were 3 days better than prior year.

 

Cash used in investing activities was £6.2m (2017: £8.8m) driven by the investment in Tangible and Intangible assets and the earnout payment for the acquisition of RSL.

 

Cash used in financing activities was £2.0m (2017: £2.6m generated) due to dividends paid in the year of £6.4m (2017: £7.2m) offset by net movement in financing facilities.

 

Banking facilities and interest rate risk

Our financing facilities include three covenants: Interest Cover; Adjusted Leverage; and RCF (revolving credit facility) to adjusted EBITDA. We are comfortable with our ability to service our debt and meet our covenants and we monitor projections for covenant ratios as part of our routine monthly reporting.

 

Given the headwinds around Brexit and its potential impact on the economy, we have renegotiated our facilities with HSBC, removing excess facilities and agreeing a more generous covenant profile. As of November 2018 the Group has facilities of £90m, consisting of a £75m working capital financing facility and a £15m bank term loan, both committed until October 2020.

 

The Group's exposure to market risk for changes in interest rates relates primarily to the Group's bank loan and sales financing facility debt obligations. Bank interest is charged on a floating rate basis.

 

Brexit

As with last year, the Board continues to follow developments on Brexit. The effect of Brexit on business confidence is an important factor for us to the extent it affects the UK economic environment, as noted in the Principal Risks and Uncertainties report.

 

IR35

In his October 2018 budget, the Chancellor stated the Government's intention to extend, in April 2020, into the private sector the IR35 rules which were brought to the public sector in 2017.

 

Underlying engineering and technology projects will continue to require resource and as leading providers of resources to those sectors, we will continue to offer a valuable service to our clients through our contingent and solutions offerings.

 

Critical accounting policies

The statement of significant accounting policies is set out in Note 1 to the Financial Statements.

 

Group financial risk management

The Board reviews and agrees policies for managing financial risks. The Group's finance function is responsible for managing investment and funding requirements including banking and cash flow monitoring. It seeks to ensure that adequate liquidity exists at all times, to meet its cash requirements. The Group's financial instruments comprise borrowings, cash and various items, such as trade receivables and trade payables that arise from its operations, and some matching forward foreign exchange contracts. The Group does not trade in financial instruments. The main risks arising from the Group's financial instruments are described below.

 

Credit risk

The Group trades only with recognised, creditworthy third parties. We monitor receivable balances on an ongoing basis, with the result that the Board feels the exposure to bad debt is not significant. There are no significant concentrations of credit risk within the Group, with no single debtor accounting for more than 4% (2017: 4%) of total receivables balances at 31 July 2018. During our year we increased our provision for doubtful debts by £0.5m.

 

Foreign currency risk

The Group generates around 30% of its annualised NFI in overseas markets including overseas revenue generated from the UK. The Group does face risks to both its reported performance and cash position arising from the effects of exchange rate fluctuations. The Group manages these risks by matching sales and direct costs in the same currency, entering into forward exchange contracts to minimise the gap in assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies.

 

2018 trading and outlook

Trading in the first quarter of our 2018 financial year has been broadly in line with prior year and we believe this trend is likely to continue for the year, notwithstanding external headwinds around Brexit and IR35 and the significant amount of internal change the company is currently absorbing.

 

 

Salar Farzad

Chief Financial Officer

 



Consolidated Income Statement for the year ended 31 July 2018


 Note

2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Revenue

2

 667,544

 642,365

Cost of sales


 (588,681)

 (567,657)

Gross profit

2

 78,863

 74,708

Administrative expenses


 (102,268)

 (62,004)

(Loss)/profit from operations

3

 (23,405)

 12,704

Finance income

5

 198

 44

Finance costs

6

 (1,652)

 (1,240)

(Loss)/profit before taxation


 (24,859)

 11,508

Taxation

9

 (2,217)

 (4,160)

(Loss)/profit for the year


 (27,076)

 7,348

Attributable to:




Equity holders of the parent


 (27,351)

 7,176

Non-controlling interests


 275

 172



 (27,076)

 7,348

 

All of the activities of the Group are classed as continuing. The Company has elected to take the exemption under section 408 of the Companies Act 2006 from presenting the parent Company Income Statement.

 

Earnings per ordinary share


 Note

2018

pence

2017

pence

Basic earnings per share

10

 (85.3)

 23.4

Diluted earnings per share

10

 (85.3)

 22.7

 

Underlying profit after taxation


 Note

2018

£'000

2017

£'000

(Loss)/profit from operations


(23,405)

 12,704

Add:




Depreciation of property, plant and equipment and amortisation of software and software licences

3

 1,027

 896

Non-underlying items included within administrative expenses

3

 1,676

 1,610

Amortisation and impairment of acquired intangibles

3

 36,011

 3,074

Underlying EBITDA


 15,309

 18,284

Less:




Depreciation of property, plant and equipment and amortisation of software and software licences


 (1,027)

 (896)

Net finance costs excluding foreign exchange differences


 (1,540)

 (1,232)

Underlying profit before taxation


 12,742

 16,156

Underlying taxation

9

 (5,222)

 (5,076)

Underlying profit after taxation


 7,520

 11,080

 

Underlying earnings per ordinary share


 Note

2018

pence

2017

pence

Basic earnings per share


 22.6

 35.3

Diluted earnings per share


 22.6

 34.3

 

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income for the year ended 31 July 2018


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

(Loss)/profit for the year

 (27,076)

 7,348

Other comprehensive (loss)/income



Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss:



Exchange differences on translating foreign operations

 (734)

 218

Other comprehensive (loss)/income for the year

 (734)

 218




Total comprehensive (loss)/income for the year

 (27,810)

 7,566

Attributable to:



Equity holders of the parent

 (28,085)

 7,394

Non-controlling interests

 275

 172


 (27,810)

 7,566

Total comprehensive income attributable to equity shareholders arises wholly from continuing operations.

 

Statements of Changes In Equity for the year ended 31 July 2018

 

A) Group


Share

capital

£'000

Share

premium

£'000

Merger

reserve

£'000

Share-

based

payment

reserve

£'000

Translation

of foreign

operations

£'000

Retained

earnings

£'000

Non-controlling interests

£'000

Total

£'000

At 1 August 2016

 312

 8,696

 28,750

 2,537

 815

 40,504

 -

 81,614










Profit for the year

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 7,176

 172

 7,348

Other comprehensive income

 -

 -

 -

 -

 218

 -

 -

 218

Total comprehensive income

 -

 -

 -

 -

 218

 7,176

 172

 7,566

Dividends paid in the year (Note 7)

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 (7,195)

 -

 (7,195)

Deferred tax movement re share options

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 (121)

 -

 (121)

Deferred consideration

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 2,050

 2,050

IFRS 2 charge

 -

 -

 -

 774

 -

 -

 -

 774

IFRS 2 reserves transfer

 -

 -

 -

 (1,896)

 -

 1,896

 -

 -

Shares issued

 6

 8

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 14

Transactions with owners

 6

 8

 -

 (1,122)

 -

 (5,420)

 2,050

 (4,478)










At 31 July 2017

 318

 8,704

 28,750

 1,415

 1,033

 42,260

 2,222

 84,702










At 1 August 2017

 318

 8,704

 28,750

 1,415

 1,033

 42,260

 2,222

 84,702










(Loss)/profit for the year

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 (27,351)

 275

 (27,076)

Other comprehensive loss

 -

 -

 -

 -

 (734)

 -

 -

 (734)

Total comprehensive loss

 -

 -

 -

 -

 (734)

 (27,351)

 275

 (27,810)

Dividends paid in the year (Note 7)

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 (6,441)

 -

 (6,441)

Deferred tax movement re share options

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 (211)

 -

 (211)

Acquisition of non-controlling interest

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -


 (3,552)

 (3,552)

Non-controlling interest transfer

 -

 -

-

 -

-

 (1,055)

 1,055

 -

IFRS 2 charge

 -

 -

 -

 324

 -

 -

 -

 324

IFRS 2 reserves transfer

 -

 -

 -

 (665)

 -

 665

 -

 -

Shares issued

 5

 2

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 7

Transactions with owners

 5

 2

 -

 (341)

 -

 (7,042)

 (2,497)

 (9,873)










At 31 July 2018

 323

 8,706

 28,750

 1,074

 299

 7,867

 -

 47,019

 

 

B) Company


 Share

 capital

 £'000

 Share

 premium

 £'000

 Merger

 reserve

 £'000

Share-

based

payment

reserve

£'000

 Retained

 earnings

 £'000

 Total

 £'000

At 1 August 2016

 312

 8,696

 28,526

 2,537

 2,158

 42,229








Profit and total comprehensive income for the year

 -

 -

 -

 -

 6,278

 6,278

Dividends paid in the year

 -

 -

 -

 -

 (7,195)

 (7,195)

IFRS 2 charge

 -

 -

 -

 774

 -

 774

IFRS 2 reserves transfer

 -

 -

 -

 (1,896)

 1,896

 -

Shares issued

 6

 8

 -

 -

 -

 14

Transactions with owners

 6

 8

 -

 (1,122)

 (5,299)

 (6,407)








At 31 July 2017

 318

 8,704

 28,526

 1,415

 3,137

 42,100








At 1 August 2017

 318

 8,704

 28,526

 1,415

 3,137

 42,100








Profit and total comprehensive income for the year

 -

 -

 -

 -

 4,670

 4,670

Dividends paid in the year

 -

 -

 -

 -

 (6,441)

 (6,441)

IFRS 2 charge

 -

 -

 -

 324

 -

 324

IFRS 2 reserves transfer

 -

 -

 -

 (665)

 665

 -

Shares issued

 5

 2

 -

 -

 -

 7

Transactions with owners

 5

 2

 -

 (341)

 (5,776)

 (6,110)








At 31 July 2018

 323

 8,706

 28,526

 1,074

 2,031

 40,660

 

 

Consolidated and Parent Company Statements of Financial Position at 31 July 2018

 



Group

Company


 Note

2018

£'000

2017

£'000

2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Non-current assets






Intangible assets

11

 16,349

 51,802

 -

 -

Property, plant and equipment

12

 3,620

 2,504

 -

 -

Investments

13

 -

 -

 8,311

 7,987

Deferred tax asset

14

 135

 773

 -

 -

Total non-current assets


 20,104

 55,079

 8,311

 7,987

Current assets






Trade and other receivables

15

 112,912

 114,997

 94,927

 86,608

Cash and cash equivalents


 9,758

 5,802

 -

 -

Total current assets


 122,670

 120,799

 94,927

 86,608

Total assets


 142,774

 175,878

 103,238

 94,595

Non-current liabilities






Deferred tax liability

14

 (1,636)

 (3,914)

 -

 -

Provisions

16

 (1,390)

 (1,596)

 -

 -

Bank loans and borrowings

18

 (14,931)

 (20,464)

 (14,931)

 (20,464)

Total non-current liabilities


 (17,957)

 (25,974)

 (14,931)

 (20,464)

Current liabilities






Trade and other payables

17

 (40,850)

 (38,990)

 (47,647)

 (32,031)

Current tax liability


 (1,247)

 (586)

 -

 -

Bank loans and borrowings

18

 (35,701)

 (25,626)

 -

 -

Total current liabilities


 (77,798)

 (65,202)

 (47,647)

 (32,031)

Total liabilities


 (95,755)

 (91,176)

 (62,578)

 (52,495)







Net assets


 47,019

 84,702

 40,660

 42,100

Equity






Share capital

21

 323

 318

 323

 318

Share premium


 8,706

 8,704

 8,706

 8,704

Merger reserve


 28,750

 28,750

 28,526

 28,526

Share-based payment reserve


 1,074

 1,415

 1,074

 1,415

Translation of foreign operations


 299

 1,033

 -

 -

Retained earnings


 7,867

 42,260

 2,031

 3,137

Total equity attributable to equity holders of the parent


 47,019

 82,480

 40,660

 42,100

Non-controlling interest


 -

 2,222

 -

 -

Total equity


 47,019

 84,702

 40,660

 42,100

 

The Company has taken advantage of the exemption in section 408 of the Companies Act 2006 not to present the parent Company's Income Statement. The parent Company's profit of £4,670,000 (2017: £6,278,000) for the year is shown in Note 8 of the Financial Statements. The accompanying notes form part of these financial statements.

 

The financial statements were approved by the Board of Directors on 7 November 2018 and signed on its behalf by:

 

Salar Farzad

Chief Financial Officer

 

Consolidated and Parent Company Cash Flow Statements for the year ended 31 July 2018


Group

Company


2018

£'000

2017 Restated

£'000

2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Cash flows from operating activities





(Loss)/profit after taxation

 (27,076)

 7,348

 4,670

 6,278

Adjustments for:





Depreciation and amortisation

 3,718

 3,970

 -

 -

Profit on disposal of property, plant and equipment

 (14)

 (9)

 -

 -

Impairment of acquired intangibles

 33,320

 -

 -


Interest income

 (198)

 (44)

 -

 -

Interest costs

 1,652

 1,240

 -

 -

Taxation expense recognised in Income Statement

 2,217

 4,160

 -

 -

Decrease/(increase) in trade and other receivables

 2,326

 (3,774)

 (8,069)

 (6,273)

Increase/(decrease) in trade and other payables

 1,860

 (2,215)

 15,547

 320

Increase/(decrease) in provisions

 (206)

 994

 -

 -

Share-based payment charge

 324

 774

 -

 -

Investment income

 -

 -

 (5,474)

 (7,200)

Cash generated from/(used in) operations

 17,923

 12,444

 6,674

 (6,875)

Interest paid

 (1,537)

 (1,145)

 -

 -

Interest received

 112

 -

 -

 -

Income taxes paid

 (3,648)

 (6,034)

 -

 -

Cash from/(used in) operating activities

 12,850

 5,265

 6,674

 (6,875)

Cash flows from investing activities





Purchase of plant and equipment

 (1,853)

 (1,027)

 -

 -

Purchase of intangible assets

 (899)

 (512)

 -

 -

Acquisitions net of cash received

 -

 (7,378)

 -

 -

Acquisition of non-controlling interest

 (3,552)

 -

 -

 -

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment

 67

 76

 -

 -

Dividends received

 -

 -

 5,474

 7,200

Cash (used in)/generated from investing activities

 (6,237)

 (8,841)

 5,474

 7,200

Cash flows from financing activities





Proceeds from issue of share capital

 7

 14

 7

 14

Drawdown of term loan

 -

 7,106

 -

 7,106

Drawdown of working capital facilities

 10,166

 2,970


 -

Finance costs paid

 (25)

 (250)


 (250)

Repayment of term loan

 (5,714)

 -

 (5,714)

 -

Dividends paid

 (6,441)

 (7,195)

 (6,441)

 (7,195)

Cash (used in)/generated from financing activities

 (2,007)

 2,645

 (12,148)

 (325)

Effects of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents

 (650)

 (695)

 -

 -






Increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 3,956

 (1,626)

-

 -

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 5,802

 7,428

 -

 -

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

 9,758

 5,802

 -

 -

 

Following enquiry from the Financial Reporting Council, the 2017 comparative figures in the Consolidated Cash Flow Statement have been restated. Please refer to the Note 1 for more details.

 

Notes Forming Part of the Financial Statements

 

1 The Group and Company Significant Accounting Policies

i The business and address of the Group

Gattaca plc (the Company) and its subsidiaries (together the Group) is a human capital resources business providing contract and permanent recruitment services in the private and public sectors. The Company is a public limited company, which is listed on the Alternative Investment Market (AIM) and is incorporated and domiciled in England, United Kingdom. The Company's address is: 1450 Parkway, Solent Business Park, Whiteley, Fareham, Hampshire, PO15 7AF. The registration number is 04426322.

 

ii Basis of preparation of the Financial Statements

The Financial Statements of Gattaca plc have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and IFRS Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) interpretations as adopted by the European Union and with the Companies Act 2006 applicable to companies reporting under IFRS.

 

These Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies have been applied consistently to all years throughout both the Group and the Company for the purposes of preparation of these Financial Statements. A summary of the principal accounting policies of the Group are set out below.

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. It also requires management to exercise its judgement in the process of applying the Group's accounting policies. The areas involving a higher degree of judgement or complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the Consolidated Financial Statements, are disclosed in Note 1 xxvi.

 

iii Going concern

The Directors have reviewed forecasts and budgets for the coming year, which have been drawn up with appropriate regard for the current macroeconomic environment and the particular circumstances in which the Group operates. These were prepared with reference to historic and current industry knowledge, taking future strategy of the Group into account. As a result, at the time of approving the Financial Statements, the Directors consider that the Company and the Group have sufficient resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future and in compliance with key financial covenants, and accordingly, that it is appropriate to adopt the going concern basis in the preparation of the Financial Statements. As with all business forecasts, the Directors cannot guarantee that the going concern basis will remain appropriate given the inherent uncertainty about future events.

 

iv New standards and interpretations

No new standards are required to be adopted from 1 August 2017 or during the financial year.

 

New standards in issue, not yet effective

IFRS 15 'Revenue from contracts with customers'

During 2014 the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) issued IFRS 15 'Revenue from contracts with customers', which has become effective from 1 August 2018 for the Group. The Group has assessed the estimated impact that adoption of IFRS 15 will have on its Consolidated Financial Statements. The estimated impact of application of this new standard on the beginning of the 2019 financial year is based on assessments taken to date and is summarised below. The actual impact of adoption may change because relevant accounting policies are subject to change until the Group presents its first financial statements that include the date of initial application.

 

IFRS 15, 'Revenue from contracts with customers', deals with revenue recognition and establishes principles for reporting useful information to users of Financial Statements about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from an entity's contracts with customers. The standard replaces IAS 18 'Revenue', IAS 11 'Construction contracts', IFRIC 13 'Customer loyalty programmes', SIC 31 'Revenue - Barter transactions involving advertising services' and related interpretations.

 

The following major revenue streams have been assessed as follows:

 

Temporary placements

Revenue from temporary placements is recognised at the point in time when a candidate provides services. The Group has assessed its use of third party providers to supply candidates under the agent or principal criteria and has determined that it is the principal on the grounds that it retains primary responsibility for provision of the services. Under IFRS 15, the timing and amount of revenue recognition is expected to be materially unchanged, with no impact expected on retained earnings on 1 August 2018.

 

A number of rebate arrangements are in place in respect of volume and value of sales; these will be accounted for as variable consideration and estimated in line with IFRS 15. In addition, consideration payable to customers has been capitalised and amortised over the term of the contracts it relates to; this will also be accounted for as a reduction to the transaction price. Under IAS 18 these are accounted for as a reduction to revenue; under IFRS 15, the accounting treatment will remain, with no impact on gross profit expected.

 

Permanent placements

Revenue from permanent placements is recognised at the point in time when the candidate commences employment, with 'claw-back' provisions provided for. Under IFRS 15, the timing and amount of revenue recognition is expected to be materially unchanged, with a no estimated impact on retained earnings on 1 August 2018.

 

Provision of engineering services

Revenue from provision of engineering services is recognised over the period of the contract, on completion of work in line with milestones per contracts or approved timesheets. Under IFRS 15, the timing and the amount of revenue recognised is expected to be materially unchanged, with no impact expected on retained earnings at 1 August 2018.

 

Transition

The Group plans to adopt IFRS 15 using the cumulative effect method, with the effect of initially applying this standard on the date of initial application, being 1 August 2018. As a result, the Group will not apply the requirements of IFRS 15 to the comparative Financial Statements.

 

IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments'

IFRS 9 'Financial instruments' is effective for the Group from 1 August 2018. The new standard sets out requirements for recognising and measuring financial assets and financial liabilities. The Group has assessed the impact of the adoption of this new standard and plans to adopt retrospectively, taking advantage of the exemption to not restate comparative information with respect to classification and measurement changes.

 

The Group does not expect any material changes to the Statement of Financial Position or Equity at 1 August 2018 as a result of adoption of IFRS 9. The actual impact of adoption may change because relevant accounting policies are subject to change until the Group presents its first Financial Statements that include the date of initial application.

 

Further details of each aspect of the standard have been included below:

 

Classification and measurement

IFRS 9 contains a new classification and measurement approach for financial assets that reflects the business model in which assets are managed and their cash flow characteristics. Under IFRS 9, the number of classification categories has reduced, resulting in all financial assets being measured at amortised cost, fair value through profit and loss (FVTPL) or fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI).

 

The Group does not believe that the new classification requirements will have any impact on its accounting for trade and other receivables.

 

IFRS 9 largely retains the existing requirements for classification of financial liabilities in IAS 39. The Group's assessment did not identify any changes to classification and measurement of financial liabilities on 1 August 2018.

 

Impairment

IFRS 9 replaces the incurred loss model of IAS 39 with an 'Expected Credit Loss' model (ECL). This applies to all financial assets measured at amortised cost or FVOCI, except equity investments. Depending on certain criteria, it measures all default events that are expected to occur in 12 months from the reporting date, or over the lifetime of the financial assets.

 

The Group has reviewed each category of financial assets to assess the level of credit risk and ECL to apply:

 

·      The Group has chosen to take advantage of the practical expedient in IFRS when assessing default rates over its portfolio of trade receivables, to estimate the ECL based on historical default rates specific to groups of customers by industry and geography. Separate ECL's have been modelled for UK construction customers, rest of UK customers, and customers in Americas, Europe, Asia and Africa. The estimated impairment provision of trade receivables at 1 August 2018 under IFRS 9 is not materially different to the impairment provision held at 31 July 2018 of £1,547,000, and therefore the Group estimates that there will be no material impact on retained earnings at 1 August 2018.

·      Cash and cash equivalents are held with financial institutions. The Group has determined that based on the external credit ratings of counterparties, it has very low credit risk and that the estimated ECL is not material.

 

At each reporting date, the ECL will be reviewed to reflect changes in credit risk and adjustments made where necessary. Additional disclosure requirements under IFRS 9 on credit risk and ECL's will be assessed in advance of the next reporting period end.

 

Hedging

The Group has no existing hedging relationships to be considered under IFRS 9.

 

Transition

The Group plans to adopt IFRS 9 using the cumulative effect method, with the effect of initially applying this standard on the date of initial application, being the 1 August 2018. As a result, the Group will not apply the requirements of IFRS 9 to the comparative financial statements.

 

IFRS 16 'Leases'

IFRS 16 'Leases' addresses the definition of a lease, recognition and measurement of leases, and it establishes principles for reporting useful information to users of financial statements about the leasing activities of both lessees and lessors. A key change arising from IFRS 16 is that most operating leases will be accounted for on the Statement of Financial Position for lessees. The standard replaces IAS 17, 'Leases', and related interpretations. The standard is effective for annual periods commencing on or after 1 January 2019, and so will be adopted by the Group from 1 August 2019.

 

Adoption of IFRS 16 is expected to result in changes to the Group's Consolidated Financial Statements. Under IFRS 16, certain lease commitments could be accounted for 'on-balance sheet', with recognition of a lease liability and corresponding right-of-use assets. Under IFRS 16, the operating lease charge would be replaced by a depreciation charge that, whilst lower over the life of the lease than the current operating lease charge, is not expected to be materially different. Rental expenses will also be accounted for as finance costs rather than within operating expenses.

 

The Group is currently performing an impact assessment of the application of the new standard.

 

Forthcoming requirements

The following amendments are required for application for the groups periods beginning after 1 August 2018:

 

Standard


Effective date (annual periods beginning on or after)

IFRS 2

Share-based payments

1 January 2018

IFRS 9

Implementation of IFRS 9

1 January 2018

IAS 28

Investments in associates and joint ventures

1 January 2018

IAS 16

Property, plant and equipment

1 January 2018

IFRIC 22

Foreign currency transactions and advance consideration

1 January 2018

IFRIC 23

Uncertainty over income tax treatments

1 January 2019

 

The Group does not intend to adopt any of these new standard or amendments early and does not expect any significant impact of adoption on the Financial Statements.

 

v Basis of consolidation

Subsidiaries are all entities over which the Group has control. The Group controls an entity when the Group is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity. Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Group. They are deconsolidated from the date on which that control ceases.

 

The Group applies the acquisition method to account for business combinations. The consideration transferred for the acquisition of a subsidiary is the fair value of the assets transferred, the liabilities incurred to the former owners of the acquiree, and the equity interests issued by the Group. The consideration transferred includes the fair value of any asset or liability resulting from a contingent consideration arrangements. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair value at the acquisition date. The Group recognises any non-controlling interest in the acquiree on an acquisition-by-acquisition basis, either at fair value or at the non-controlling interest's proportionate share of the recognised amounts of the acquiree's identifiable net assets.

 

Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred.

 

Intercompany transactions, balances and unrealised gains on transactions between Group companies are eliminated. Unrealised losses are also eliminated. Where necessary, amounts reported by subsidiaries have been adjusted to conform to the Group's accounting policies.

 

Put options over equity of subsidiary companies

The potential cash payments related to put options issued by the Group over the equity of subsidiary companies are accounted for as financial liabilities where such options can only be settled either by exchange of a fixed amount of cash or another financial asset for a fixed number of shares in the subsidiary. The amount that might become payable under the option on exercise is initially recognised at fair value within borrowings, with a corresponding charge directly to equity. The charge to equity is recognised separately as written put options over non-controlling interests, adjacent to non-controlling interests in the net assets of consolidated subsidiaries.

 

The Group recognises the cost of writing such put options, determined as the excess of the fair value of the option over any consideration received, as a financing cost. Such options are subsequently measured at amortised costs, using the effective interest rate method in order to accrete the liability up to the amount payable under the option at the date at which it first becomes exercisable. The charge arising is recorded as a financing cost. In the event that the option expires unexercised, the liability is de-recognised, with a corresponding adjustment to equity.

 

vi Restatement of consolidated cash flow statement prior period comparatives

In light of an enquiry from the Financial Reporting Council, the Company has considered the tentative committee decision of IFRIC issued in March 2018 concerning the classification of short-term loans and credit facilities under IAS 7 'Statement of Cash Flows'. This decision clarifies certain aspects of the definition of cash equivalent balances and the Company has concluded that it is appropriate to change its presentation of its working capital facility ('Invoice Finance facility') in the Financial Statements for the year ended 31 July 2018 and treat it as a financing cash flow. Accordingly, the comparative financial information for the year ended 31 July 2017 has been restated under the new basis.

 

The change in presentation reclassifies cash flows into and out of the invoice finance facility as financing activities cash flows. Previously the facility was deemed to be a cash equivalent which meant that movements were not separately presented.

 

The restatement has increased cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statement at 31 July 2017 by £25,693,000 from negative cash of £(19,891,000) to net cash of £5,802,000 and at 31 July 2016 by £18,939,000 from negative cash of (£11,511,000) to net cash of £7,428,000. For the year ended 31 July 2017 net cash used in investing activities has reduced by £3,784,000 from (£12,625,000) to (£8,841,000), net cash from financing has increased by £2,970,000 from net cash used in financing of (£325,000) to net cash generated from financing of £2,645,000 and the net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents has reduced from (£8,380,000) to (£1,626,000).

 

The Group's net debt (being cash and cash equivalents and current and non-current bank loans and overdrafts) remains as reported in Note 25 at £40,288,000.

 

vii Revenue

Revenue is measured by reference to the fair value of consideration received or receivable by the Group for services provided, excluding VAT and trade discounts.

 

Revenue on temporary placements is recognised when the worker provides services, with invoices raised upon receipt of a client approved timesheet or equivalent proof of time worked. Timing differences between when the work is performed and the receipt of a client approved timesheet are recognised as accrued income. In specific parts of the Group where work cycles are monthly, accrued income for timesheet timing differences is based on contractual terms and invoice rates, together with expected utilisation based on historical working patterns.

 

Revenue from permanent placements, which is based on a percentage of the candidate's remuneration package, is recognised when candidates commence employment, at which point it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will be transferred. Permanent placements made are subject to a 'claw-back' period whereby if a candidate leaves within a set period of starting employment, the client may be entitled to a rebate subject to the Group's terms and conditions. Based on historical experience and data, rebates are infrequent. Where a permanent candidate starts employment but does not work for the specified contractual period, a provision is made in respect of the required refund or credit note due to the client if material.

 

Revenue from provision of engineering services is recognised over the period of the contract, on completion of work in line with milestones per contracts or approved timesheets. Other fees are recognised on confirmation from the client committing to the agreement. Other fees mainly relate to contractual services provided that are neither temporary contract services nor permanent placement fees. These typically relate to account management fees for providing recruitment services. These fees are recognised in accordance with terms of each individual agreement, such as a monthly service fee.

 

viii Non-underlying items

Non-underlying items are income or expenditure that are considered unusual and separate to underlying trading results because of their size, nature or incidence and are presented within the consolidated income statement but highlighted through separate disclosure. The Group's Directors consider that these items should be separately identified within the income statement to enable a better understanding of the Group's results.

 

Items which are included within this category include:

 

·      costs of acquisitions;

·      integration costs following acquisitions; and

·      significant restructuring costs.

 

ix Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment is stated at cost, net of depreciation and any provision for impairment.

 

Depreciation is calculated so as to write off the cost of an asset, less its estimated residual value, over the useful economic life of that asset in terms of annual depreciation as follows:

 

Motor vehicles

25.0%

Reducing balance

Fixtures, fittings and equipment

12.5% to 33.3%

Straight line

Leasehold improvements

Over the period of the lease term

Straight line

 

The assets' residual values and useful lives are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at the end of each reporting period.

 

An asset's carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset's carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount.

 

When revalued assets are sold, the amounts included in other reserves in respect of those assets are transferred to retained earnings.

 

x Intangible assets

Goodwill

Goodwill arises on the acquisition of subsidiaries and represents the excess of the fair value of the consideration given for a business over the Company's interest in the fair value of the net identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities of the acquiree. Goodwill is stated at cost less accumulated impairment.

 

Goodwill is allocated to cash-generating units (CGUs) and is not amortised, but is tested at least annually for impairment. For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill acquired in a business acquisition is allocated to each of the cash generating units, or groups of CGUs that is expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination. Each unit or group of units to which the goodwill is allocated represents the lowest level within the entity at which the goodwill is monitored for internal management purposes.

 

Goodwill impairment reviews are undertaken annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate a potential impairment. The carrying value of goodwill is compared to the recoverable amount, which is the higher of value in use and fair value less costs to sell. Any impairment is recognised immediately as an expense and is not subsequently reversed. Gains and losses on the disposal of an entity include the carrying amount of goodwill relating to the entity sold.

 

Expenditure on internally generated brands and intangibles is expensed in the Income Statement when incurred.

 

Customer relationships

Acquired customer relationships comprise principally of existing customer relationships which may give rise to future orders (customer relationships), and existing order books. Acquired customer relationships are recognised at fair value at the acquisition date and have a finite useful life of 10 years. Customer relationships are amortised in line with the expected cashflows. Acquired customer relationships are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment. Backlog orders are recognised at fair value at the acquisition date and amortised in line with the expected cash flows. Backlog orders are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment.

 

Trade names and trademarks

Trade names and trademarks have arisen on the consolidation of recently acquired businesses and are recognised at fair value at the acquisition date. Trade names and trademarks are considered to have a finite useful life and amortisation is calculated using the straight line method to allocate the cost of trade names and trademarks over their estimated useful lives of 10 years. Trade names and trademarks are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment.

 

Software and software licences

Acquired computer software licences are capitalised on the basis of the costs incurred to acquire and bring into use the specific software. These costs are amortised using the straight line method to allocate the cost of the software licences over their useful lives of between two and five years. Software licences are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation.

 

Directly attributable costs that are capitalised as part of internally generated software include the software development employee costs and an appropriate portion of relevant overheads. Other development expenditures that do not meet these criteria are recognised as an expense as incurred. Computer software development costs recognised as assets are amortised over their estimated useful lives of between two and five years.

 

Other

Other intangible assets acquired by the Group and have a finite useful life between five and ten years and are measured at cost less accumulated amortisation and accumulated losses.

 

Amortisation of intangible assets is recognised in the Income Statement under administrative expenses. Provision is made against the carrying value of intangible assets where an impairment in value is deemed to have occurred. Impairment losses are recognised in the Income Statement under administrative expenses.

 

xi Disposal of assets

The gain or loss arising on the disposal of an asset is determined as the difference between the disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognised in the Income Statement.

 

xii Operating lease agreements

Rentals applicable to operating leases are expensed to profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term. Lease incentives are spread over the term of the lease.

 

xiii Taxation

The tax expense for the period comprises current and deferred tax. Tax is recognised in the Income Statement, except to the extent that it relates to items recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

 

The current tax charge is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Statement of Financial Position date in the countries where the company and its subsidiaries operate and generate taxable income. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions, where appropriate, on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.

 

Deferred income taxes are calculated using the liability method on temporary differences. Deferred tax is generally provided on the difference between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax bases. However, deferred tax is not provided on the initial recognition of goodwill, nor on the initial recognition of an asset or liability unless the related transaction is a business combination or affects tax or accounting profit.

 

Deferred tax liabilities are provided in full, with no discounting. Deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that the underlying deductible temporary differences will be able to be offset against future taxable income. Current and deferred tax assets and liabilities are calculated at tax rates that are expected to apply to their respective period of realisation, provided they are enacted or substantively enacted at the Statement of Financial Position date.

 

Deferred tax on temporary differences associated with shares in subsidiaries is not provided for if these temporary differences can be controlled by the Group and it is probable that reversal will not occur in the foreseeable future.

 

Changes in deferred tax assets or liabilities are recognised as a component of tax expense in the Income Statement, except where they relate to items that are charged or credited directly to equity (such as share-based payments) in which case the related deferred tax is also charged or credited directly to equity.

 

xiv Pension costs

The Company operates a defined contribution pension scheme for employees. The assets of the scheme are held separately from those of the Company. The annual contributions payable are charged to the income statement as they accrue.

 

xv Share-based payments

All share-based remuneration is ultimately recognised as an expense in the Income Statement with a corresponding credit to 'share-based payment reserve'. All goods and services received in exchange for the grant of any share-based remuneration are measured at their fair values. Fair values of employee services are indirectly determined by reference to the fair value of the share options awarded. Their value is appraised at the grant date and excludes the impact of non-market vesting conditions (for example, profitability and sales growth targets).

 

If vesting periods or other non-market vesting conditions apply, the expense is allocated over the vesting period, based on the best available estimate of the number of share options expected to vest. Estimates are subsequently revised if there is any indication that the number of share options expected to vest differs from previous estimates. Any cumulative adjustment prior to vesting is recognised in the current period. No adjustment is made to any expense recognised in prior periods if share options ultimately exercised are different to that estimated on vesting. Upon exercise of share options, proceeds received net of attributable transaction costs are credited to share capital and share premium.

 

The Company is the granting and settling entity in the Group share-based payment arrangement where share options are granted to employees of its subsidiary companies. The Company recognises the share-based payment expense as an increase in the investment in subsidiary undertakings.

 

The Group operates a Share Incentive Plan (SIP) which is HMRC approved, and enables employees to purchase Company shares out of pre-tax salary. For each share purchased the Company grants an additional share at no cost to the employee. The expense in relation to these 'free' shares is recorded as employee remuneration and measured at fair value of the shares issued as at the date of grant.

 

xvi Business Combinations Completed Prior to Date of Transition to IFRS

The Group has elected not to apply IFRS 3 'Business combinations' retrospectively to business combinations prior to 1 August 2006. Accordingly the classification of the combination (merger) remains unchanged from that used under UK GAAP. Assets and liabilities are recognised at date of transition if they would be recognised under IFRS, and are measured using their UK GAAP carrying amount immediately post-acquisition as deemed cost under IFRS, unless IFRS requires fair value measurement. Deferred tax is adjusted for the impact of any consequential adjustments after taking advantage of the transitional provisions.

 

xvii Financial assets

All financial assets are recognised when the Group becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. Financial assets are recognised at fair value plus transaction costs.

 

In the Company Financial Statements, investment in the subsidiary Company is measured at cost, and provision made where an impairment value is deemed to have occurred.

 

Loans and receivables are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. Trade receivables are classified as loans and receivables. Loans and receivables are measured subsequent to initial recognition at amortised cost using effective interest method, less provision for impairment. Any change in their value through impairment or reversal of impairment is recognised in the income statement.

 

Provision against trade receivables is made when there is objective evidence that the Group will not be able to collect all amounts due to it in accordance with the original terms of those receivables. The amount of the write-down is determined as the difference between the asset's carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows.

 

A financial asset is derecognised only where the contractual rights to cash flows from the asset expire or the financial asset is transferred and that transfer qualifies for derecognition. A financial asset is transferred if the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the asset have been transferred or the Group retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the asset, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows to one or more recipients. A financial asset that is transferred qualifies for derecognition if the Group transfers substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the asset, or if the Group neither retains nor transfers substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership but does transfer control of that asset.

 

Trade receivables subject to the invoice financing facility are recognised in the Statement of Financial Position until they are settled by the customer.

 

xviii Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities are obligations to pay cash or other financial assets and are recognised when the Group becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument and comprise trade and other payables and bank loans. Financial liabilities are recorded initially at fair value, net of direct issue costs and are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method.

 

A financial liability is derecognised only when the obligation is extinguished, that is, when the obligation is discharged or cancelled or expires.

xix Financial instruments

Financial instruments often consist of a combination of debt and equity and the Group has to decide how to attribute values to each. They are treated as equity only to the extent that they meet the following two conditions:

 

(i)  they include no contractual obligations upon the Group to deliver cash or other financial assets or to exchange financial assets or financial liabilities with another party under conditions that are potentially unfavourable to the Group; and

(ii) where the instrument will or may be settled in the Group's own equity instruments, it is either a non-derivative that includes no obligation to deliver a variable number of the Group's own equity instruments or is a derivative that will be settled by the Group exchanging a fixed amount of cash or other financial assets for a fixed number of its own equity instruments.

 

To the extent that this definition is not met, the proceeds of issue are classified as a financial liability, and where such an instrument takes the legal form of the Company's own shares, the amounts presented in these financial statements for called-up share capital and share premium account exclude amounts in relation to those shares.

 

Finance payments associated with financial liabilities are dealt with as part of finance costs. Finance payments associated with financial instruments that are classified in equity are dividends and are recorded directly in equity.

 

The Group uses financial instruments to manage the financial risks associated with the Group's underlying business activities. The forward exchange contracts are used to hedge foreign currency exposures arising on forecast receipts and payments in foreign currencies. These forward contracts are revalued to the rates of exchange at the Statement of Financial Position date and any aggregate unrealised gains and losses arising on revaluation are included in profit or loss. The Group does not undertake any trading activity in financial instruments.

 

Fair value hierarchy

The Group analyses financial instruments carried at a fair value by valuation method. The different levels have been defined as follows:

 

Level 1: quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

Level 2: inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for assets or liabilities, either directly (i.e. as prices) or indirectly (i.e. directly from prices); and

Level 3: inputs for assets or liabilities that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs)."

 

xx Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand, on demand deposits and bank overdrafts.

 

In the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows, cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, deposits held at call with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less and bank overdrafts. In the balance sheet, bank overdrafts are netted against cash and cash equivalent in the statement of cash flows where the offsetting criteria are met.

 

xxi Provisions

Provisions are recognised where: the Group has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation; and the amount has been reliably estimated. Restructuring provisions comprise lease termination penalties and employee termination payments. Provisions are not recognised for future operating losses.

 

xxii Dividends

Dividend distributions payable to equity shareholders are included in "other short term financial liabilities" when the dividends are approved in general meeting prior to the financial position date.

 

xxiii Foreign currencies

Items included in the financial statements of each of the Group's entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which each entity operates ('the functional currency'). The consolidated financial statements are presented in 'currency' (GBP), which is the Group's presentation currency.

 

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated at the exchange rate ruling at the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currencies are translated at the rates of exchange ruling at the Statement of Financial Position date. Non-monetary items that are measured at historical cost in a foreign currency are translated at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items that are measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value was determined.

 

Any exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on translating monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded are recognised in the profit or loss in the period in which they arise.

 

The assets and liabilities in the Financial Statements of foreign subsidiaries are translated at the rate of exchange ruling at the Statement of Financial Position date. Income and expenses are translated at the actual rate. Transactions in currencies other than the functional currency are translated at the exchange rate ruling at the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in non-functional currencies are retranslated at the exchange rate ruling at the balance sheet date and any exchange differences arising are taken to the Income Statement.

 

For consolidation purposes, the assets and liabilities of foreign operations are translated at closing exchange rates. Income statements of such undertakings are consolidated at average rates of exchange as an approximation for actual rates during the year. Exchange differences arising on these translations are accounted for in the translation reserve in Other Comprehensive Income (OCI). On divestment, these exchange differences are reclassified from the translation reserve to the Income Statement.

 

xxiv Equity

Equity comprises the following:

 

·      'Share capital' represents the nominal value of equity shares.

·      'Share premium' represents the excess over nominal value of the fair value of consideration received for equity shares, net of expenses of the share issue.

·      'Merger reserve' represents the equity balance arising on the merger of Matchtech Engineering and Matchmaker Personnel and to record the excess fair value above the nominal value of the consideration on the acquisition of Networkers International plc.

·      'Share-based payment reserve' represents equity-settled share-based employee remuneration until such share options are exercised.

·      'Translation of foreign operations' represents the foreign currency differences arising on translating foreign operations into the presentational currency of the Group.

·      'Retained earnings' represents retained profits.

 

xxv Alternative performance measures

Alternative performance measures used within the Group's Annual Report are explained within Note 25.

 

xxvi Critical accounting judgements and key sources of estimation uncertainty

 

Critical accounting judgements

The directors are of the opinion there are no critical accounting judgements.

 

Key sources of estimation uncertainty

The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the Statement of Financial Position date that carry a risk of causing a material adjustment within the next 12 months are discussed below:

 

Provisions in respect of recoverability of trade receivables

The Group's policy for default risk over receivables is based on the on-going evaluation of the collectability and ageing analysis of trade and other receivables. Considerable judgement is required in assessing the ultimate realisation of these receivables, including reviewing the potential likelihood of default, the past collection history of each customer and the current economic conditions. As a result, provisions for impairment of trade receivables have been recognised, as discussed in Note 15.

 

Valuation of goodwill and intangible assets

Goodwill and intangible assets (including acquired intangibles) are tested for impairment on an annual basis or otherwise when changes in events or situations indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. This requires an estimate to be made of the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the assets are allocated, including forecasting future cash flows of each cash-generating unit and forming assumptions over the discount rate and long-term growth rate applied. These assumptions are set out in Note 11.

 

2 Segmental Information

An operating segment, as defined by IFRS 8 'Operating segments', is a component of the Group that engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses. The Group is managed through its three reporting segments, UK Engineering, UK Technology and International, which form the operating segments on which the information below is prepared. The Group determines and presents operating segments based on the information that is provided internally to the chief operating decision maker, which has been identified as the Board of Directors of Gattaca plc.

2018

All amounts in £'000

UK Engineering

UK Technology

International

Underlying

Non-underlying items and amortisation and impairment of acquired intangibles

Group

Total

Revenue

 451,738

 159,626

 56,180

 667,544

 -

 667,544

Gross profit

 47,567

 16,599

 14,697

 78,863

 -

 78,863

Operating contribution

 26,033

 7,617

 4,814

 38,464

 -

 38,464

Depreciation, impairment and amortisation

 (694)

 (247)

 (86)

 (1,027)

 (36,011)

 (37,038)

Central overheads

 (14,478)

 (6,051)

 (2,626)

 (23,155)

 (1,676)

 (24,831)

Profit/(loss) from operations

 10,861

 1,319

 2,102

 14,282

 (23,405)

Finance costs, net






 (1,454)

Loss before tax






 (24,859)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

All amounts in £'000

UK Engineering

UK Technology

International

Underlying

Non-underlying items and amortisation and impairment of acquired intangibles

Group

Total

Revenue

 420,782

 158,374

 63,209

 642,365

 -

 642,365

Gross profit

 43,080

 16,178

 15,450

 74,708

 -

 74,708

Operating contribution

 23,759

 7,061

 5,619

 36,439

 -

 36,439

Depreciation and amortisation

 (588)

 (220)

 (88)

 (896)

 (3,074)

 (3,970)

Central overheads

 (9,683)

 (4,525)

 (3,947)

 (18,155)

 (1,610)

 (19,765)

Profit/(loss) from operations

 13,488

 2,316

 1,584

 17,388

 (4,684)

 12,704

Finance costs, net






 (1,196)

Profit before tax






 11,508

 

A segmental analysis of total assets has not been included as this information is not used by the Board; the majority of assets are centrally held and are not allocated across the reportable segments.

 

Geographical information


Revenue

Non-current assets

All amounts in £'000

2018

2017

2018

2017

UK

 608,540

 579,156

 19,794

 54,659

Rest of Europe

 2,824

 773

 2

 -

Middle East and Africa

 14,588

 22,378

 63

 204

Americas

 25,280

 21,150

 139

 194

Asia Pacific

 16,312

 18,908

 106

 22

Total

 667,544

 642,365

 20,104

 55,079

 

Revenue and non-current assets are allocated to the geographical market as reported internally to the Board.

 

Largest customers

No single client contributed more than 10% of the Group's revenues (2017: none).

All revenues are derived from contract and permanent recruitment services in the Private and Public Sectors.

 

3 (Loss)/Profit from Operations


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

(Loss)/profit from operations is stated after charging/(crediting):



Depreciation (Note 12)

 686

 609

Amortisation of acquired intangibles (Note 11)

 2,691

 3,074

Amortisation of software and software licences (Note 11)

 341

 287

Impairment of goodwill and acquired intangibles (Note 11)

 33,320

 -

Profit on disposal of property, plant and equipment

 (14)

 (9)

Operating lease costs:



Plant and machinery

 369

424

Land and buildings

 2,319

 2,297

Share-based payment charge

 324

 774

Net gains on foreign currency translation (note 5)

 (86)

 (36)

 

The aggregate auditors' remuneration was as follows:


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Fees payable for the audit of the Parent Company Financial Statements

 10

 10

Fees payable for the audit of the Subsidiary Company Financial Statements

 255

 263

Total auditors' remuneration

 265

 273

Non-audit services:



Taxation

 -

 188

Other services pursuant to legislation

 -

 16

Total non audit services

 -

 204

 

Non-underlying items were as follows:


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Acquisition costs1

-

 174

Other non-underlying items2

 1,676

 1,436

Non-underlying items included in (loss)/profit from operations

 1,676

 1,610

 

1   In 2017 acquisition costs of £174,000 were incurred due to the acquisition of Resourcing Solutions Limited, these costs were considered as non-underlying due to their one-off nature and incidence.

2   Other non-underlying items of £1,676,000 (2017: £1,436,000) were incurred in the year relating integration costs of £227,000 (2017: £362,000) and restructuring costs of £1,449,000 (2017: £1,074,000).

 

4 Particulars of Employees

The average number of staff employed by the Group during the financial year amounted to:


2018

No.

2017

No.

Sales

 625

 601

Administration

 226

 221

Directors

 9

 10

Total

 860

 832

 

There are no employees employed by the Parent Company (2017: nil).

 

The aggregate payroll costs of the above were:


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Wages and salaries

 39,865

 35,975

Social security costs

 4,929

 3,957

Other pension costs

 1,835

 1,484

Total

 46,629

 41,416

 

Disclosure of the remuneration of Group's key management personnel, as required by IAS 24, is detailed below. Disclosure of the remuneration of the statutory Directors is further detailed in the audited part of the Remuneration Report on pages 52 to 57.


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Short-term employee benefits

 1,770

 2,016

Post-employment benefits

 130

 128

Share-based payments

 (86)

 287

Total

 1,814

 2,431

 

5 Finance Income


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Interest receivable

112

8

Net gains on foreign currency translation

86

36

Total

198

44

 

6 Finance Costs


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Bank interest payable

 1,537

 1,154

Amortisation of capitalised finance costs

 115

 86

Total

 1,652

 1,240

 

7 Dividends


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Equity dividends paid during the year at 20.0 pence per share (2017: 23.0 pence)

 6,441

 7,195

Equity dividends proposed after the year end (not recognised as a liability) at 0.0 pence per share (2017: 17.0p)

 -

 5,406

 

8 Parent Company Profit


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

The amount of profit dealt with in the accounts of the Company is:

4,670

 6,278

 

The Company has taken advantage of the exemption in section 408 of the Companies Act 2006 not to present the Parent Company's Income Statement.

 

9 Taxation


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Current tax:



UK corporation tax

 1,271

 1,808

Overseas corporation tax

 2,386

 3,063

Adjustments in respect of prior years

 409

 236


 4,066

 5,107

Deferred tax credit (Note 14)

 (1,849)

 (947)

Income tax expense

 2,217

 4,160

 

UK corporation tax has been charged at 19.0% (2017: 19.7%).

 

The charge for the year can be reconciled to the (loss)/profit before taxation as per the Income Statement as follows:


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

(Loss)/profit before tax

 (24,859)

 11,508




Profit before tax multiplied by the standard rate of corporation tax in the UK of 19.0% (2017: 19.7%)

 (4,723)

 2,267

Expenses not deductible for tax purposes

 4,220

 103

Effect of share-based payments

 (12)

 (190)

Irrecoverable withholding tax

 1,389

 1,976

Overseas losses not recognised as deferred tax assets

 132

 57

Difference between UK and overseas tax rates

 146

 271

Total tax charge excluding adjustments in respect of prior periods

 1,152

 4,484




Adjustments to tax charge in respect of previous periods

 1,065

 100

Changes in UK tax rates

 -

 (424)

Total tax charge for period

 2,217

 4,160

 

Tax charge recognised in other comprehensive income:


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Deferred tax recognised directly in equity

(211)

 (121)

Total tax recognised in other comprehensive income

(211)

 (121)

 

Future tax rate changes

The UK corporation tax rate of 20% reduced to 19% from 1 April 2017 and will reduce to 17% from 1 April 2020 and this has been reflected in the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

As these changes of rates have been enacted at the financial position date, the impact of these reductions has been reflected in the deferred tax liability at 31 July 2018.

 

Reconciliation of statutory to underlying tax charge:


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Income tax expense

2,217

4,160

Impairment and amortisation of acquired intangibles

2,704

606

Non-underlying items

318

317

Foreign currency exchange differences

(17)

(7)

Underlying income tax expense

 5,222

 5,076

 

10 Earnings per Ordinary Share

Earnings per share has been calculated by dividing the consolidated (loss)/profit after taxation attributable to equity holders of the parent company by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the period.

 

Diluted earnings per share has been calculated on the same basis as above, except that the weighted average number of ordinary shares that would be issued on the conversion of all the dilutive potential ordinary shares (arising from the Group's share option schemes) into ordinary shares has been added to the denominator.

 

The Group has dilutive potential ordinary shares, being the LTIP and zero-priced share options (Note 21). The number of shares that could have been acquired at fair value (determined as the average annual market share price of the Company's shares) is calculated based on the monetary value of the subscription rights attached to the outstanding share options.

 

There are no changes to the profit (numerator) as a result of the dilutive calculation.


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

(Loss)/profit after tax attributable to ordinary shareholders

 (27,351)

 7,348




Number of shares

 '000s

 '000s

Weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue

 32,079

 31,453

Effect of dilutive potential ordinary shares under option

 -

 939

Total

 32,079

 32,392

 

Share incentive plans (Note 21) are treated as dilutive when, at the reporting date, they would be issuable had the performance period ended at that date.


2018

pence

2017

pence

Earnings per share



Basic

 (85.3)

 23.4

Diluted

 (85.3)

 22.7

 

 

11 Intangible Assets

Group


Goodwill

£'000

Customer

relationships

£'000

Trade

names

£'000

Other

£'000

Software and software

licences

£'000

Total

£'000

Cost

At 1 August 2016

 26,094

 20,152

 4,907

 2,686

 1,958

 55,797


Additions

 -

 -

 -

 -

 512

 512


Acquisitions

 2,645

 2,093

 419

 1,123

 -

 6,280


At 31 July 2017

 28,739

 22,245

 5,326

 3,809

 2,470

 62,589


Additions

 -

 -

 -

 -

 899

 899


At 31 July 2018

 28,739

 22,245

 5,326

 3,809

 3,369

 63,488









Amortisation and impairment

At 1 August 2016

 -

 3,496

 1,441

 1,378

 1,111

 7,426


Amortisation charge for the year

 -

 2,145

 423

 506

 287

 3,361


At 31 July 2017

 -

 5,641

 1,864

 1,884

 1,398

 10,787


Amortisation charge for the year

 -

 1,814

 343

 534

 341

 3,032


Impairment

 21,779

 9,243

 1,833

 465

 -

 33,320


At 31 July 2018

 21,779

 16,698

 4,040

 2,883

 1,739

 47,139









Net book value

At 31 July 2017

 28,739

 16,604

 3,462

 1,925

 1,072

 51,802


At 31 July 2018

 6,960

 5,547

 1,286

 926

 1,630

 16,349

 

Within Intangible assets, the following are individually material based on cost at acquisition:


Cost at 31 July 2018

£'000

Carrying value

2018

£'000

Cost at

31 July 2017

£'000

Carrying

value

2017

£'000

Remaining amortisation period at 31 July 2018

Years

Within Customer Relationships:






Networkers Telecoms customer relationship

 7,620

 1,729

 7,620

 5,842

 7

Networkers IT customer relationship

 9,421

 985

 9,421

 7,193

 7

Within Trademarks:






Networkers Telecoms trademark

 3,785

 930

 3,785

 2,964

 8

 

Other intangibles comprises candidate databases and non-compete agreements.

 

Goodwill arising on business combinations is reviewed and tested on an annual basis or more frequently if there is indication that goodwill might be impaired. Goodwill has been tested for impairment by comparing the carrying amount of each cash-generating unit (CGU), including goodwill, with the recoverable amount.

 

Goodwill is allocated to CGUs, which are determined as the lowest level of detail available for the assets that generate cash inflows relating to the goodwill. From 1 August 2017, the determination of the CGUs was changed to better align to the way the Group has changed over time.


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Professional Services

 -

 1,643

UK Engineering

 1,712

 1,712

UK Technology

 -

 11,611

International

 2,603

 11,128

Resourcing Solutions Limited

 2,645

 2,645

Total

 6,960

 28,739

 

Changes to CGU reporting from the 2017 audited Financial statements.

 

For the year to 31 July 2017, a change in reported segments was made to separate UK and International business. As a result, the CGUs were presented on a different basis to the table above. The analysis below reconciles the change in CGU allocations for the year to 31 July 2017:


2017

restated £'000

Adjustments £'000

2017

£'000

Professional Services

 1,643

-

 1,643

UK Engineering

 1,712

 2,667

 4,379

UK Technology

 11,611

 8,461

 20,072

International

 11,128

 (11,128)

 -

Resourcing Solutions Limited

 2,645

-

 2,645

Total

 28,739

 -

 28,739

 

The recoverable amounts of the CGUs for the purposes of monitoring goodwill are determined from value-in-use calculations. Common assumptions have been adopted for the purposes of testing goodwill across the business as the risk profiles are similar. Key assumptions used when estimating the net present value of future cash flows are as follows:

 

Profit from operations

Profit from operations is based on the latest five year forecast approved by the Group's Board of Directors which is prepared using expectations of revenue and operating cost growth over the next five years. The Group prepares cash flow forecasts based on the most recent forecast information approved by the Directors, adjusted for allocations of Group overhead costs, and extrapolates cash flows into perpetuity based on long-term growth rates.

 

Discount rates

The pre-tax rates used to discount the forecast cash flows were a range from 12.9% to 13.3% (2017: 15.4%) reflecting the Group's weighted average cost of capital, adjusted for specific risks associated with the asset's estimated cash flows. The discount rate is based on the weighted average cost of capital (WACC). The risk-free rate, based on government bond rates, is adjusted for equity and industry risk premiums, reflecting the increased risk compared to an investor who is investing the market as a whole. Net present values are calculated using pre-tax discount rates derived from the Group's post-tax WACC of 11.0% (2017: 10.2%).

 

Growth rates

The medium-term growth rates are based on management forecasts, reflecting past experience and economic environment. Long-term growth rates are based on management forecasts, consistent with external sources of an average estimated growth rate of 2.7% (2017: 2.5%), based on weighted average of operating country real GDP growth expectations.

 

Impairment testing

Goodwill and intangible assets were tested for impairment at the year end in accordance with the Group's accounting policy, by comparing the carrying value of goodwill with the recoverable amount of the CGU's to which goodwill has been allocated.

 

Total impairment losses of £33,320,000 have been recorded in respect of goodwill and intangibles within the UK Technology, International and Professional Services CGU's, as follows:


Goodwill

£'000

Intangible assets

£'000

Total

£'000

UK Technology

11,611

9,126

20,737

International

8,525

1,961

10,486

Professional Services

1,643

454

2,097

Total

 21,779

11,541

 33,320

 

Goodwill and intangibles within the Professional Services CGU, which wholly related to the Provanis acquisition, have been fully impaired as the business has been de-branded and fully integrated into the Group's existing Technology business. The recoverable amount of the Professional Services CGU at 31 July 2018 is £nil.

 

Goodwill and intangibles within the UK Technology and International CGUs relates to the Networkers acquisition and have been impaired due to lower forecasts of trading performance against original expectations at the time of acquisition, primarily as a result of decline in revenues from key clients in the Telecoms sector. The recoverable amounts of the UK Technology CGU and International CGU at 31 July 2018 are £11,737,000 and £14,002,000 respectively.

 

As noted above for the two CGUs impaired in the year that continue to hold intangible assets, future deterioration in the underlying assumptions could result in the need for further impairments.

 

12 Property, Plant and Equipment

Group


Motor

vehicles

£'000

Leasehold

improvements

£'000

Fixtures, fittings & equipment

£'000

Total

£'000

Cost

At 1 August 2016

 729

 1,326

 3,655

 5,710


Additions

 -

 1,559

 422

 1,981


Acquisitions

 -

 -

 93

 93


Disposals

 (381)

 -

 (20)

 (401)


At 31 July 2017

 348

 2,885

 4,150

 7,383


Additions

 -

 1,431

 422

 1,853


Disposals

 (296)

 -

 (19)

 (315)


Effects of movements in exchange rates

 -

 -

 2

 2


At 31 July 2018

 52

 4,316

 4,555

 8,923







Accumulated depreciation

At 1 August 2016

 551

 872

 3,162

 4,585


Charge for the year

 39

 198

 372

 609


Released on disposal

 (315)

 -

 -

 (315)


At 31 July 2017

 275

 1,070

 3,534

 4,879


Charge for the year

 12

 313

 361

 686


Released on disposal

 (243)

 -

 (19)

 (262)


At 31 July 2018

 44

 1,383

 3,876

 5,303







Net book value

At 31 July 2017

 73

 1,815

 616

 2,504


At 31 July 2018

 8

 2,933

 679

 3,620

 

Included within leasehold improvements is a cost of £1,390,000 (2017: £1,390,000) relating to the dilapidations provision (Note 16).

 

There were no capital commitments as at 31 July 2018 or 31 July 2017.

 

13 investments


Company


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Investment in Group companies at 1 August

 7,987

 7,213

Movement in investment in Group companies

 324

 774

Investment in Group companies at 31 July

 8,311

 7,987

 

The movement in investment in Group companies represents a capital contribution made in Matchtech Group (UK) Limited relating to share-based payments.

 

Subsidiary undertakings

Company

Registered office

Country of incorporation

% held

2018

% held

2017

Main activities

Matchtech Group (Holdings) Limited3

1

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Holding

Matchtech Group Management Company Limited4

1

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Non trading

Matchtech Group (UK) Limited3

1

United Kingdom

99.998%

99.998%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Matchtech Engineering Limited4

1

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Non trading

Matchtech Limited4

1

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Non trading

Barclay Meade Limited3

1

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Alderwood Education Limited 3

1

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Gattaca Solutions Limited3

1

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Connectus Technology Limited3

1

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Gattaca Recruitment Limited4

1

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Non trading

Gattaca GmbH

2

Germany

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Gattaca BV

3

Netherlands

100%

100%

Non trading

Matchtech Engineering Inc.

4

United States

100%

100%

Non trading

Application Services Limited3

1

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Provanis Limited4

1

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Non trading

Networkers International Limited3

5

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Holding

Networkers International (UK) Limited3

5

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Networkers International LLC

6

United States

100%

100%

Non trading

Networkers Inc.

6

United States

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

NWI de Mexico S. de R.L. de C.V.

7

Mexico

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Networkers International South Africa Proprietary Limited

8

South Africa

100%

87%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Networkers International Proprietary Limited

8

South Africa

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Kithara Limited

8

South Africa

100%

100%

Holding

Networkers International (China) Co. Limited

9

China

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Networkers International (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd

10

Malaysia

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Networkers International (Canada) Inc.

11

Canada

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Networkers International Trustees Limited4

5

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Non trading

The Comms Group Limited3

5

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Holding

CommsResources Limited3

4

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Gattaca Malaysia Sdn. Bhd

10

Malaysia

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Comms Software Limited4

5

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Non trading

Gattaca de Colombia SAS

12

Colombia

100%

100%

Non trading

Elite Computer Staff Limited4

5

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Non trading

NWKI Consultancy FZ LLC

13

Dubai

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Networkers Recruitment Services Limited4

5

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Non trading

MSB International GmbH

14

Germany

100%

100%

Non trading

NWKI Communications LLC2

13

Dubai

49%

49%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Networkers Consultancy (Singapore) PTE. Limited

15

Singapore

100%

100%

Non trading

Cappo Group Limited3

5

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Holding

Cappo Inc.

6

United States

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Cappo International Limited3

5

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Cappo Qatar LLC2

16

Qatar

49%

49%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Networkers Consultoria Em Technologia da Informacao Limiteda

17

Brazil

100%

100%

Non trading

Resourcing Solutions Limited1,3

18

United Kingdom

100%

70%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

MSB Consulting Services Limited4

5

United Kingdom

100%

100%

Non trading

Gattac SAS

19

France

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

Gattaca Recruitment ETT, SLU

20

Spain

100%

100%

Non trading

Gattaca Information Technology Services SLU

20

Spain

100%

100%

Provision of recruitment consultancy

All holdings by Gattaca plc are indirect except Matchtech Group (Holdings) Limited, Gattaca GmbH and Matchtech Group Management Company Limited.

 

All holdings are held as Ordinary share capital.

 

1   In 2018, the Group acquired the remaining 30% stake in Resourcing Solutions Limited for consideration of £3,552,000.

2   Gattaca plc has 100% of the beneficial interest in these entities, and consolidates them as wholly owned subsidiaries in line with IFRS 10.

3   For the year ended 31 July 2018, Gattaca plc has provided a legal guarantee under s479C of the Companies Act 2006 to these subsidiaries for audit exemption.

4   These dormant companies are exempt from preparing individual accounts by virtue of s394A of Companies Act 2006.

 

Registered office addresses:

1   1450 Parkway, Solent Business Park, Whiteley, Fareham, Hampshire, PO15 7AF

2   c/o Grant Thornton, Jahnstrasse 6, 70597 Stuttgart

3   Herengracht 124-128, 1015 BT Amsterdam, Netherlands

4   33 SW Flager Avenue, Stuart, Florida, USA

5   Hanover Place, 8 Ravensbourne Road, Bromley, Kent, BR1 1HP, subsequent to the year end the registered office changed to 1450 Parkway, Solent Business Park, Whiteley, Fareham, Hampshire, PO15 7AF

6   6400 International parkway, 1510, Plano TX 75093, USA

7   Torre Reforma Latino, Paseo de la Reforma 296, Piso 15 A. Del.Cuauhtemoc, C.P. 06600, Mexico

8   6th Floor Grant Thornton House, 119 Hertzog Boulevard, Foreshore, Cape Town, 8001, South Africa

9   B2701 Di San Zhi Ye Building, Shu Guang Xi Li, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China

10 Level 8, Symphony House, Block D13, Pusat Dagangan Dana 1, Jalan PJU 1A/46, 47301 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia

11 181 Bay Street, Suite 4400, Brookfield Place, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5J 2T3

12 Av 9 A Norte, 14 N 73 OF 202, Valle del Caua, Cali, Colombia

13 Office 3022, Shatha Tower, Dubai Media City, Dubai, UAE

14 Franlinstr. 48, 60456, Frankfurt, Germany

15 371 Beach Road, #15-09 Keypoint, Singapore 199597

16 Suite #204, Office #40 Al Rawabi Street, Muntazah, Doha, State of Qatar. PO Box 8306

17 Avenida Engenheiro Luiz Carlos Berrini, n° 1461, 12° andar, Cidade Moncoes, cidade de Sao Paulo,Estado Sao Paulo, CEP 04571-011

18 Ruscombe Park, Reading, RG10 9JW

19 1 Rue Favart, 75002, Paris, France

20 Calle General, Moscardo n.6, Espaco Office, Madrid 28202, Spain

 

14 Deferred Tax


Asset

2018

£'000

Liability

2018

£'000

Net

2018

£'000

Credited/(charged) to profit

2018

£'000

Charged to equity

2018

£'000

Foreign exchange

2018

£'000

Share-based payments

 92

 -

 92

 (142)

 (211)

 -

Depreciation in excess of capital allowances

 43

 -

 43

 (74)

 -

 -

Accelerated capital allowances

 -

 (1,398)

 (1,398)

 2,516

 -

 -

Other temporary and deductible differences

 -

 (238)

 (238)

 (451)

 -

2

Net deferred tax assets/(liabilities)

 135

 (1,636)

 (1,501)

 1,849

 (211)

 2

 


Asset

2017

£'000

Liability

2017

£'000

Net

2017

£'000

(Charged)/

credited to

profit

2017

£'000

Charged to equity

2017

£'000

Foreign exchange

2018

£'000

Share-based payments

 445

 -

 445

 (109)

 (121)

-

Depreciation in excess of capital allowances

 117

 -

 117

 9

 -

-

Acquired intangibles

 -

 (3,914)

 (3,914)

 1,027

 -

-

Other temporary and deductible differences

 211

 -

 211

 20

 -

5

Net deferred tax assets/(liabilities)

 773

 (3,914)

 (3,141)

 947

 (121)

5

 

The movement on the net deferred tax is as shown below:


Group


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

At 1 August

 (3,141)

 (3,317)

Acquired intangibles

 -

 (655)

Recognised in income (Note 9)

 1,849

 947

Recognised in equity

 (211)

 (121)

Foreign exchange

 2

 5

At 31 July

 (1,501)

 (3,141)

 

The movement on the net deferred tax is as shown below:


Group


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Deferred tax assets reversing within 1 year

 20

 626

Deferred tax liabilities reversing within 1 year

 (469)

 (611)


 (449)

 15

 


Group


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Deferred tax assets reversing after 1 year

 115

 147

Deferred tax liabilities reversing after 1 year

 (1,167)

 (3,303)


 (1,052)

 (3,156)

 

Unrecognised deferred tax assets


Group


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Tax losses carried forward against profits of future years

 537

 472

Depreciation in excess of capital allowances

 45

 45

Other temporary and deductible differences

 645

 645

Net deferred tax assets

 1,227

 1,162

 

Of unused tax losses of £1,730,000 (2017: £1,442,000) can be carried forward indefinitely and £99,000 (2017: £nil) expires within 20 years. No deferred tax is recognised on unremitted earnings of overseas subsidiaries as the Group is in a position to control the timing of the reversal of temporary differences and it is probable that such differences will not reverse in the foreseeable future. The temporary differences associated with the investments in subsidiaries for which a deferred tax liability has not been recognised aggregate to £10,617,000 (2017: £9,595,000). If the earnings were remitted, tax of £191,000 (2017: £177,000) would be payable.

 

The UK corporation tax rate reduced from 20% to 19% from 1 April 2017 and will reduce further to 17% from 1 April 2020. Deferred tax has been valued based on the substantively enacted rates at each balance sheet date at which the deferred tax is expected to reverse.

 

15 Trade and Other Receivables


Group

Company


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Trade receivables

 81,773

 82,296

 -

 -

Amounts owed by Group companies

 -

 -

 94,925

 86,606

Corporation tax receivable

 241

 -

 -

 -

Other receivables

 1,351

 1,729

 2

 2

Prepayments

 1,600

 2,291

 -

 -

Accrued income

 27,947

 28,681

 -

 -

Total

 112,912

 114,997

 94,927

 86,608

 

The amounts owed by Group undertakings in the Company Statement of Financial Position are considered to approximate to fair value.

 

Accrued income largely comprises timing differences between receipt of a client-approved timesheet and an invoice being raised, as well as smaller differences between the time that a worker delivers services and receipt of a client-approved timesheet.

 

Amounts owed by group companies are unsecured, repayable on demand and accrue no interest

 

The Directors consider that the carrying amount of trade and other receivables approximates to the fair value.

 

Included in the Group's trade receivable balance are debtors with a carrying amount of £14,162,000 (2017: £15,661,000) which are past due at the reporting date for which the Group has not provided as the Directors believe the amounts to be recoverable in full. The Group does not hold any collateral over these balances.

 

The Group uses a third party credit scoring system to assess the creditworthiness of potential new customers before accepting them. Credit limits are defined by customer based on this information. All customer accounts are subject to review on a regular basis by senior management and actions are taken to address debt ageing issues.

 

The Directors believe that there is no requirement for further provision over and above the allowance for doubtful debts.

 

Ageing of past due but not impaired trade receivables:


Group


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

0-30 days

 8,243

 9,007

30-60 days

 3,027

 3,233

60-90 days

 1,628

 1,463

90+ days

 1,264

 1,958

Total

 14,162

 15,661

 

Movement in the allowance for doubtful debts:


Group


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

At 1 August

 1,028

 915

Acquisitions

 -

 42

Impairment losses recognised

 519

 71

At 31 July

 1,547

 1,028

 

Ageing of impaired trade receivables:


Group


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Not past due at reporting date

 -

 -

0-30 days

 83

 -

30-60 days

 104

 -

60-90 days

 33

 -

90+ days

 1,327

 1,028

Total

 1,547

 1,028

 

16 Provisions


Group


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

At 1 August

 1,596

 602

Increase in year

 43

 994

Provisions released during the year

 (249)

 -

At 31 July

 1,390

 1,596




Non-current

 1,390

 1,596

Current

 -

 -

Total

 1,390

 1,596

 

The above relates to dilapidation provisions based on the requirement to return leased buildings to their original condition at the end of the lease term. The provision relates to offices held under lease arrangements that expire between August 2018 and March 2027.

 

17 Trade and Other Payables


Group

Company


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Trade payables

 2

 159

 -

 -

Amounts owed to group companies

 -

 -

 47,647

 32,031

Taxation and social security

 10,144

 8,627

 -

 -

Contractor wages payable

 16,560

 19,015

 -

 -

Accruals and deferred income

 11,980

 9,882

 -

 -

Other payables

 2,164

 1,307

 -

 -

Total

 40,850

 38,990

 47,647

 32,031

 

Accruals largely relate to staff costs, and lease arrangements. Amounts payable to group companies are unsecured, repayable on demand and accrue no interest.

 

18 Loans and Borrowings


Group

Company


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Working capital facility

 35,859

 25,693

 -

 -

Finance costs capitalised

 (158)

 (67)

 -

 -

Bank loans and borrowings due in less than one year

 35,701

 25,626

 -

 -






Term loan

 15,000

 20,714

 15,000

 20,714

Finance costs capitalised

 (69)

 (250)

 (69)

 (250)

Bank loans and borrowings due in more than one year

 14,931

 20,464

 14,931

 20,464






Total bank loans and borrowings

 50,632

 46,090

 14,931

 20,464

 

At 31 July the Group had agreed banking facilities with HSBC totalling £95m comprising a £75m Invoice Financing facility and a £20m Term Loan Facility. Subsequent to the year end, the facility was amended with the Term Loan Facility reduced from £20m to £15m, providing total banking facilities of £90m committed until October 2020.

 

The Group has working capital facilities with HSBC which are secured by way of an all assets debenture, which contains fixed and floating charges over the assets of the Group. This facility allows the Company to borrow up to 90% of its invoiced debtors up to a maximum of £75m. Interest is charged on borrowings at a rate of 1.6% (2017: 1.1%) over HSBC Bank base rate.

 

At 31 July 2018 the Group has a £20m (2017: £30m) Term Loan Facility agreement with HSBC which is secured by way of a fixed and floating charge over assets of the Group. Interest is charged on borrowings at a rate of 3.25% (2017: 3.0%) over HSBC LIBOR rate.

 

19 Financial Assets and Liabilities Statement of Financial Position Classification

The carrying amount of the Group's financial assets and liabilities as recognised at the Statement of Financial Position date of the reporting periods under review may also be categorised as follows:

 

Financial assets are included in the Statement of Financial Position within the following headings:


Group

Company


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Trade and other receivables





Loans and receivables

111,071

 112,706

 94,927

 86,608

Cash and cash equivalents





Loans and receivables

 9,758

 5,802

 -

 -

Total

120,829

 118,508

94,927

 86,608

 

Financial liabilities are included in the Statement of Financial Position within the following headings:


Group


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Borrowings



Financial liabilities recorded at amortised cost

 50,632

 46,090

Trade and other payables



Financial liabilities recorded at amortised cost

 30,706

 30,363

Total

 81,338

 76,453

 

The amounts at which the assets and liabilities above are recorded are considered to approximate to fair value.

 

20 Commitments Under Operating Leases

The Group had commitments to pay the following amounts under non-cancellable operating leases as set out below:


Group




2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Land/buildings

Payments falling due:

within 1 year

 2,067

 2,454



within 1 to 5 years

 6,894

 7,950



after 5 years

 4,670

 6,419






Other

Payments falling due:

within 1 year

183

364



within 1 to 5 years

176

 510

 

21 Share Capital

Authorised share capital


Company


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

40,000,000 (2017: 40,000,000) ordinary shares of £0.01 each

 400

 400

 

Allotted, called up and fully paid:


Company


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

32,256,000 (2017: 31,801,000) ordinary shares of £0.01 each

 323

 318

 

The number of shares in issue in the Company is shown below:


Company


2018

'000s

2017

'000s

In issue at 1 August

 31,801

 31,167

Exercise of share options

 455

 634

In issue at 31 July

 32,256

 31,801

 

Share Options

The following options arrangements exist over the Company's shares:


2018

'000s

2017

'000s

Date of

grant

Exercise

price

pence


Exercise period

From

To

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 1

 1

18/01/2010

1

18/01/2012

18/01/2020

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 1

 1

18/01/2010

1

18/01/2013

18/01/2020

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 1

 1

04/02/2011

1

03/02/2013

04/02/2021

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 1

 1

04/02/2011

1

03/02/2014

04/02/2021

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 1

 1

31/01/2012

1

30/01/2014

31/01/2022

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 1

 2

31/01/2012

1

30/01/2015

31/01/2022

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 2

 3

31/01/2013

1

30/01/2015

31/01/2023

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 4

 7

31/01/2013

1

30/01/2016

31/01/2023

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 6

 6

01/01/2014

1

01/01/2016

01/01/2024

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 41

 53

01/01/2014

1

01/01/2017

01/01/2024

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 5

 7

28/01/2015

1

28/01/2017

28/01/2025

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 35

 92

28/01/2015

1

28/01/2018

28/01/2025

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 -

 31

30/01/2015

1

30/01/2018

30/01/2025

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 -

 5

26/06/2015

1

26/06/2018

26/06/2025

Value Creation Plan

 -

 380

02/07/2015

1

18/11/2017

18/11/2021

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 10

 -

16/10/2015

1

16/10/2018

16/10/2025

Long Term Incentive Plan Options

 13

 33

11/02/2016

1

11/02/2019

11/02/2026

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 -

 65

11/02/2016

1

11/02/2018

11/02/2026

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 60

 65

11/02/2016

1

11/02/2019

11/02/2026

Long Term Incentive Plan Options

 -

 23

11/02/2016

225

11/02/2018

11/02/2026

Long Term Incentive Plan Options

 15

 23

11/02/2016

225

11/02/2019

11/02/2026

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 62

 159

03/02/2017

1

03/02/2020

03/02/2027

Zero Priced Share Option Bonus

 122

 176

31/01/2017

1

31/01/2020

31/01/2027

Long Term Incentive Plan Options

 83

 92

31/01/2017

72

31/01/2019

31/01/2027

Long Term Incentive Plan Options

 83

 92

31/01/2017

72

31/01/2020

31/01/2027

Long Term Incentive Plan Options

 55

 79

31/01/2017

145

31/01/2019

31/01/2027

Long Term Incentive Plan Options

 55

 79

31/01/2017

145

31/01/2020

31/01/2027

Total

 657

 1,477





 

No share options were granted during 2018.

 

During 2017, the Group granted share options under a Zero Priced Share Option for Executive Directors and senior management, and Long Term Incentive Plan (LTIP) Options for key staff. The Zero Priced Share Options were granted on 31 January and 3 February 2017 to members of staff subject to a three year holding period and are subject to an TSR, EPS and share price performance targets. The Long Term incentive Plan Options were granted to staff on 31 January 2017 and are subject to a Share Price performance target. The Long Term Incentive Plan Options were granted to staff on 31 January 2017 and are subject to two and three year holding periods with a release price of 290 pence per share. All share options have a life of 10 years and are equity settled on exercise.

 

The movement in share options is shown below:


2018

2017


Number

'000s

Weighted

average

exercise

price

(pence)

Weighted

average

share

price

(pence)

Number

'000s

Weighted

average

exercise

price

(pence)

Weighted

average

share

price

(pence)

Outstanding at 1 August

 1,477

 30.4

 -

 1,650

 9.3

 -

Granted

 -

 22.6

 -

 758

 51.1

 -

Forfeited/lapsed

 (365)

 40.5

 -

 (182)

 31.1

 -

Exercised

 (455)

 1.7

 276.6

 (749)

 1.0

 293.3

Outstanding at 31 July

 657

 48.2


 1,477

 30.4









Exercisable at 31 July

109

 1.0


 83

 1.0


 

The numbers and weighted average exercise prices of share options vesting in the future are shown below:


2018

2017

Exercise Date

Weighted

average

remaining

contract

life

(months)

Number

'000s

Weighted

average

exercise

price

(pence)

Weighted

average

remaining

contract

life

(months)

Number

'000s

Weighted

average

exercise

price

(pence)

18/11/2017

 -

 -

 -

 4

 380

 1.0

28/01/2018

 -

 -

 -

 6

 92

 1.0

30/01/2018

 -

 -

 -

 6

 31

 1.0

11/02/2018

 -

 -

 -

 7

 88

 60.0

26/06/2018

 -

 -

 -

 11

 5

 1.0

31/01/2019

 6

 138

 101.8

 18

 171

 105.6

11/02/2019

 7

 88

 41.1

 19

 121

 44.5

31/01/2020

 18

 260

 53.8

 30

 347

 52.5

03/02/2020

 18

 62

 1.0

 30

 159

 1.0

Total


 548



 1,394


 

In addition to the share option schemes the Group operated a Share Incentive Plan (SIP), which is an HMRC approved plan available to all employees enabling them to purchase shares out of pre-tax salary. For each share purchased the Company grants an additional share at no cost. During the year the company purchased 83,740 shares (2017: 49,604) under this scheme, incurring a charge of £26,723 (2017: £32,480) recognised in the share based payment reserve.

 

The fair values of the LTIP options were calculated using a Monte Carlo simulation method along with the assumptions detailed below. The fair values of the SIPS were calculated as the market values on the date of the grant adjusted for the assumptions as detailed below.

Date of grant


Share price on the date of grant

(£)

Exercise price

(£)

Volatility

(%)

Vesting period

(years)

Dividend yield

(%)

Risk free rate of interest

(%)

Fair value

(£)

05/08/2015

SIP

 5.81

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 5.81

04/09/2015

SIP

 5.64

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 5.64

05/10/2015

SIP

 5.18

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 5.18

15/10/2015

LTIP

 5.05

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 4.51

03/11/2015

SIP

 5.45

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 5.45

08/12/2015

SIP

 5.43

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 5.43

05/01/2016

SIP

 5.35

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 5.35

05/02/2016

SIP

 5.08

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 5.08

11/02/2016

LTIP

 4.35

0.01

21.4%

3.00

5.1%

0.4%

 1.45

11/02/2016

LTIP

 4.35

2.25

21.4%

3.00

5.1%

0.4%

 0.88

11/02/2016

Zero price bonus

 4.50

0.01

20.9%

3.00

4.9%

0.5%

 3.88

07/03/2016

SIP

 4.29

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 4.29

14/04/2016

SIP

 4.74

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 4.74

10/05/2016

SIP

 4.65

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 4.65

06/06/2016

SIP

 4.25

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 4.25

05/07/2016

SIP

 3.19

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.19

05/08/2016

SIP

 3.54

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.54

09/09/2016

SIP

 3.87

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.87

07/10/2016

SIP

 3.57

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.57

08/11/2016

SIP

 3.16

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.16

07/12/2016

SIP

 2.95

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 2.95

16/01/2017

SIP

 2.98

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 2.98

31/01/2017

Zero price bonus

 2.92

0.01

31.6%

3.00

7.9%

0.3%

 1.27

31/01/2017

Zero price bonus

 2.92

0.01

31.6%

3.00

7.9%

0.3%

 1.51

31/01/2017

Zero price bonus

 2.90

0.01

31.6%

3.00

7.9%

0.3%

 1.23

31/01/2017

Zero price bonus

 2.90

0.01

31.6%

3.00

7.9%

0.3%

 1.49

31/01/2017

LTIP

 2.90

0.72

37.9%

2.00

7.9%

0.2%

 0.99

31/01/2017

LTIP

 2.90

0.72

31.6%

3.00

7.9%

0.3%

 0.86

31/01/2017

LTIP

 2.90

1.45

37.9%

2.00

7.9%

0.2%

 0.80

03/02/2017

LTIP

 2.90

1.45

31.6%

3.00

7.9%

0.3%

 0.66

07/02/2017

SIP

 2.94

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 2.94

07/03/2017

SIP

 2.94

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 2.94

07/04/2017

SIP

 3.10

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.10

09/05/2017

SIP

 3.18

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.18

07/06/2017

SIP

 3.28

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.28

07/07/2017

SIP

 3.09

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.09

07/08/2017

SIP

 2.87

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 2.87

08/09/2017

SIP

 2.99

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 2.99

09/10/2017

SIP

 3.10

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.10

08/11/2017

SIP

 3.12

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.12

08/12/2017

SIP

 3.05

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.05

09/01/2018

SIP

 3.00

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 3.00

08/02/2018

SIP

 2.63

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 2.63

08/03/2018

SIP

 2.31

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 2.31

12/04/2018

SIP

 1.84

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 1.84

09/05/2018

SIP

 1.40

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 1.40

08/06/2018

SIP

 1.58

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 1.58

09/07/2018

SIP

 1.25

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 1.25

08/08/2018

SIP

 1.50

0.01

N/A

3.00

N/A

N/A

 1.50

 

The volatility of the Company's share price on each date of grant was calculated as the average of the annualised standard deviations of daily continuously compounded returns on the Company's stock, calculated over five years back from the date of grant, where applicable. The risk-free rate is the yield to maturity on the date of grant of a UK Gilt Strip, with term to maturity equal to the life of the option.

 

22 Transactions with Directors and Related Parties

During the year the Group made sales of £152,000 (2017: £381,000) to InHealth Group and purchases of £7,000 from Preventicum UK Limited (2017: £nil) which are related parties by virtue of common directorship of Richard Bradford and also sales of £393,000 (2017: £863,000) to the Waterman Group by virtue of common directorship of Ric Piper. As at the year end, Waterman Group had a balance outstanding of £34,000 (2017: £126,000) and Inhealth Group has a balance outstanding of £5,000 (2017: £26,000). Group policy is for all transactions with related parties to be made on an arm's length basis and no guarantees have been given to, or received from, related parties.

 

There were no other related party transactions with entities outside of the Group.

 

During the year Matchtech Group (UK) Limited charged Gattaca plc £803,000 (2017: £921,000) for provision of management services. Further details of transactions with Directors are included in the Director's Remuneration Report.

 

23 Financial Instruments

The financial risk management policies and objectives including those related to financial instruments and the qualitative risk exposure details, comprising credit and other applicable risks, are included within the Chief Financial Officer's Report under the heading 'Group financial risk management'.

 

Maturity of financial liabilities

The following table sets out the contractual maturities of financial liabilities, including interest payments. This analysis assumes that interest rates prevailing at the reporting date remain constant:

Group

2018

0 to <1 year

£'000

1 to <2 years

£'000

2 to <5 years

£'000

5 years and

over

£'000

Contractual cash flows

£'000

Term loan

 556

 500

 15,121

 -

 16,177

Working Capital invoice Financing Facility

 35,907

 -

 -

 -

 35,907

Trade payables

 18,725

 -

 -

 -

 18,725

Total

 55,188

 500

 15,121

 -

 70,809







2017






Term loan

 548

 556

 500

 15,121

 16,725

Working Capital Invoice Financing Facility

 25,693

 -

 -

 -

 25,693

Trade payables

 20,481

 -

 -

 -

 20,481

Total

 46,722

 556

 500

 15,121

 62,899

 

Company

2018

0 to <1 year

£'000

1 to <2 years

£'000

2 to <5 years

£'000

5 years and over

£'000

Contractual cash flows

£'000

Term loan

 556

 500

 15,121

 -

 16,177

Total

 556

 500

 15,121

 -

 16,177







2017






Term loan

 548

 556

 500

 15,121

 16,725

Total

 548

 556

 500

 15,121

 16,725

 

Borrowing facilities

The Group makes use of working capital facilities and a term loan, details of which can be found in Note 18. The undrawn facility available at 31 July 2018 in respect of which all conditions precedent had been met was as follows:


Group

Company


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Expiring in 1 to 5 years

 19,506

 58,593

 5,000

 9,286

 

The Directors have calculated that the effect on profit of a 100 basis point movement in interest rates would be an expense of £756,000 (2017: expense of £526,000).

 

The Directors believe that the carrying value of borrowings approximates to their fair value.

 

Foreign currency risk

The Group's main foreign currency risk is the short-term risk associated with the trade debtors denominated in US dollars and Euros relating to the UK operations whose functional currency is Sterling. The risk arises on the difference between exchange rates at the time the invoice is raised to when the invoice is settled by the client. For sales denominated in foreign currency, the Group ensures that direct costs associated with the sale are also denominated in the same currency. Further foreign exchange risk arises where there is a gap in the amount of assets and liabilities of the Group denominated in foreign currencies that are required to be translated into sterling at the year end rates of exchange. Where the risk to the Group is considered to be significant, the Group will enter into a matching forward foreign exchange contract with a reputable bank.

 

Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is the risk that the Group will encounter difficulty in meeting the obligations associated with its financial liabilities that are settled by delivering cash or another financial asset. The Group has a robust approach to forecasting both net debt and trading results on a monthly basis, looking forward to at least the next two covenant periods. As at 31 July 2018 the Group has financing facilities of £95m comprising a £75m Invoice Financing Facility and a £20m Term Loan Facility. Subsequent to the year end, the facility was amended and Term Loan Facility was reduced from £20m to £15m, making the total banking facilities of £90m until October 2020.

 

The available financing facilities in place are sufficient to meet the Group's forecast cash flows.

 

Net foreign currency monetary assets are shown below:


Group


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

US Dollar

 8,371

 8,097

Euro

 5,541

 3,503

 

The effect of a 25 cent strengthening of the Euro and US Dollar against Sterling at the financial position date on the Euro and US Dollar denominated trade and other receivables and payables carried at that date would, all other variables held constant, have resulted in a net increase in pre-tax profit for the year and increase of net assets of £3,567,000 (2017: £2,898,000). A 25 cent weakening in the exchange rates would, on the same basis, have decreased pre-tax profit and reduced net assets by £2,353,000 (2017: £1,928,000).

 

Company

The Company holds no material balances of this nature other than intercompany balances, which are not subject to a fair value adjustment.

 

24 Capital Management Policies and Procedures

Gattaca plc's capital management objectives are:

 

·      to ensure the Group's ability to continue as a going concern;

·      to provide an adequate return to shareholders: and

·      pricing products and services commensurately with the level of risk.

 

The Group monitors capital on the basis of the carrying amount of equity as presented on the face of the Statement of Financial Position.

 

The Group sets the amount of capital in proportion to its overall financing structure, i.e. equity and financial liabilities. The Group manages the capital structure and makes adjustments in the light of changes in economic conditions and risk characteristics of the underlying assets. Capital for the reporting period under review is summarised as follows:


Group


2018

£'000

2017

£'000

Total equity

 47,019

 84,702

Cash and cash equivalents

 (9,758)

 (5,802)

Capital

 37,261

 78,900




Total equity

 47,019

 84,702

Borrowings

 50,632

 46,157

Overall financing

 97,651

 130,859




Capital to overall financing ratio

38%

60%

 

25 Alternative performance measures

Alternative performance measures are disclosed below to show the underlying trading performance of the Group

 

Net debt

Net debt is the total amount of cash and cash equivalents less interest-bearing loans and borrowings. The table below also provides the required reconciliation evaluating the changes in liabilities arising from financing activities.

 

Net cash flows include the net drawdown of loans and borrowings and cash interest paid relating to loans and borrowings.

 

2018

1 August

2017

£'000

Net cash flows

£'000

Acquisitions

£'000

Amortisation of financing costs

£'000

31 July

2018

£'000

Cash and cash equivalents

 5,802

3,956

 -

 -

 9,758

Interest-bearing term loan

 (20,714)

 5,714

 -

 -

 (15,000)

Working capital facilities

 (25,693)

 (10,166)

 -

 -

 (35,859)

Total net debt

 (40,605)

 (496)

 -

 -

 (41,101)

Capitalised finance costs

 317

 25

 -

 (115)

 227

Total net debt after capitalised finance costs

 (40,288)

 (471)

 -

 (115)

 (40,874)

 

2017

1 August

2016

£'000

Net cash flows

£'000

Acquisitions

£'000

Amortisation of financing costs

£'000

31 July

2017

£'000

Cash and cash equivalents

 7,428

 (1,626)

 -

 -

 5,802

Interest-bearing term loan

 (13,608)

 (7,106)

 -

 -

 (20,714)

Working capital facilities

 (18,939)

 (2,970)

 (3,784)

 -

 (25,693)

Total net debt

 (25,119)

 (11,702)

 (3,784)

 -

 (40,605)

Capitalised finance costs

 106

 250

 -

 (39)

 317

Total net debt after capitalised finance costs

 (25,013)

 (11,452)

 (3,784)

 (39)

 (40,288)

 

26 Non-Controlling Interests

The non-controlling interests in 2017 related to a 30% minority stake in Resourcing Solutions Limited. The total non-controlling interest as at 31 July 2017 was £2,222,000, which included profit in the year of £172,000 and deferred consideration of £2,050,000.

 

In 2018, the Group acquired the remaining 30% stake in Resourcing Solutions Limited for consideration of £3,552,000. From that date, it was consolidated as a wholly owned subsidiary with no non-controlling interest.

 

27 Contingent liabilities

The Group is subject to corporate and other tax rules in the jurisdictions where it conducts its business operations. Changes in tax rates, tax reliefs and tax laws, changes in practice or interpretation of the law by the relevant tax authorities, increasing challenges by relevant tax authorities on transfer pricing and other matters, or any failure to manage tax risks adequately could result in increased charges, financial loss, penalties and reputational damage, which may materially adversely affect the Group's financial condition and results of operations.

 

The Group is currently reviewing the systems and processes in respect of their compliance obligations under the Construction Industry Scheme ('CIS'). As part of this review the Group has sought guidance from the tax authorities as to the correct interpretation of the current CIS legislation.

 

If HMRC disagree with our current interpretation, this could lead to increased tax liabilities in excess of those provided in the Group's Balance Sheet, and result in additional tax payments becoming due, which may also be subject to interest charges from the relevant authority. The Group has taken external advice and considers that it has strong support for its position. However, the timing and resolution of this issue is uncertain.

 

28 Events after the reporting date

On 4 September 2018 the Company announced that it is withdrawing from the contract Telecoms Infrastructure markets in Africa, Asia and Latin America as well as its operations in Dubai, Malaysia and Qatar. Given the timing of the announcement, these are not disclosed as discontinued operations in the Financial Statements for the year ended 31 July 2018.

 


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