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Chaarat Gold Hlgs Ld (CGH)

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Tuesday 24 May, 2022

Chaarat Gold Hlgs Ld

Tulkubash Reserve and Resource Update

RNS Number : 5200M
Chaarat Gold Holdings Ltd
24 May 2022
 

24 May 2022

Chaarat Gold Holdings Limited

("Chaarat" or "the Company")

Tulkubash Reserve and Resource Update

Chaarat (AIM:CGH), the AIM-quoted gold mining Company with an operating mine in Armenia, and assets at various stages of development in the Kyrgyz Republic is pleased to announce the results of the revised JORC compliant Tulkubash Mineral Resource Estimate ("MRE") and Ore Reserves ("OR") estimate following the 2021 drilling programme.

Highlights

·   Contained gold ounces in the Ore Reserves increased by 13% to 647 thousand ounces ("koz") compared to 571 koz in the 2021 bankable feasibility study (BFS).

·   Proven & Probable Reserves increased from 20.9Mt to 23.1Mt (+11%) with a slightly increased grade of 0.87 g/t compared to 0.85 g/t (+2%) in the BFS;

·   The pit shell optimisation for the Ore Reserve was based on a USD$ 1,600/oz gold price vs USD 1,450/oz gold price in the 2021 BFS as per latest long term gold price forecasts.

The targeted 2021 drilling programme has resulted in an improved Mineral Resource model which has contributed to an increase in Ore Reserves. Contained gold in the Measured and Indicated Resources remains unchanged at 789 koz, while Measured and Indicated Resources decreased from 28.5 to 25.1 Mt (-12%) and gold grade increased from 0.86 g/t to 0.98 g/t (+14%). The Inferred Resources have decreased as a result of more conservative constraining factors applied to the MRE. Drilling within the existing Mineral Resource footprint demonstrated increased continuity in and between the ore zones and was successful in improving the pit designs.

Further exploration conducted at Tulkubash during 2021 identified several additional new target areas, confirming the Company's belief that Tulkubash has the potential for further mine life extensions. To date, only about 5 kms of a prospective 24 km trend has been systematically drilled. An additional 4 kms of the prospective trend has been trenched and drill tested in 2021, confirming further perspectivity to the northeast.

 

Mike Fraser, Chief Executive Officer, commented:

"I'm pleased to report the results of the 2021 drilling programme at our Tulkubash gold project in the Kyrgyz Republic. The drilling has delivered a 13% increase in gold in the Ore Reserve to 647koz at a grade of 0.87g/t, adding about a year of production to what was already an economically robust project, while also improving our understanding of this exciting asset."

 

 

UpdateD MINERAL Resource Statement

 

The objective of the 2021 drilling programme was to upgrade Inferred and unclassified Mineral Resources in the mid zone and east area for potential conversion to Ore Reserves. For further information on the drilling campaign please refer to the 2021 release here .

The results of the 2021 drilling have been incorporated into an updated JORC-compliant Mineral Resource Estimate. The new block model and MRE addresses the recommendations of the external consultants that reviewed the 2021 BFS MRE.

The table below summarizes the updated Tulkubash end of year 2021 Mineral Resource at 0.21 g/t Au cut-off grade constrained by a USD$1,800/oz pit shell. Operating cost parameters used were as per the 2021 BFS.

Table 1. End of Year 2021 Mineral Resource Estimate ("EOY 2021")

Classi fication

Tonnes (Mt)

Au (g/t)

Metal (Oz)

Measured

-

-

-

Indicated

25.1

0.98

789

M&I

25.1

0.98

789

Inferred

11.2

0.62

222

TOTAL

36.3

0.87

1,011

 

·     Figures are rounded in accordance with disclosure guidelines. 

·     The Mineral Resource was estimated using 5 m x 5 m x 5 m (x, y, z) blocks, with minimum sub-block dimensions of 1 m x 1 m x 1 m (x, y, z). 

·     The estimate was constrained to the mineralised zone using wireframe solid models. 

·     Grade estimates were based on 1.5 m composited assay data. 

·     The interpolation of the metal grades was undertaken using Ordinary Kriging. 

·     The Mineral Resource was bounded by a pit shell based on a gold price of $1,800/oz Au. 

·     A cut-off grade of 0.21 g/t Au was applied to report the Mineral Resources. 

 

A JORC Table appears as an Appendix to this press release.

 

UPDATED ORE Reserve Statement

 

The updated Ore Reserve for the Tulkubash project based on a gold price of $1,600/oz is shown below. Total OR are estimated at 23.1 Mt grading 0.87 g/t Au and containing 647 koz of gold. This is an 13% increase in contained gold in Proven & Probable Reserves compared to the 2021 BFS OR.

 

Table 2. 2022 Tulkubash Ore Reserve Estimate ("2022 OR")

 

Classification

Ore (Mt)

Grade (g/t Au)

Contained Au (koz)

Proven

--

--

--

Probable

23.1

0.87

647

Total

23.1

0.87

647

 

Notes to the Ore Reserve Statement:

 

 

The Ore Reserve has a strip ratio of 2.9:1 and an average recovery of 74.1% representing 479,000 oz Au recovered. By-product silver is not reported as part of the reserve as its contribution to the project value is immaterial.

 

 

Changes from 2021 BFS

 

While tonnes have decreased in the EOY 2021 MRE gold grade has increased from the BFS as has waste and strip ratio. Wire frames have been revised, a variable rather than fixed gold recovery has been developed. These changes are summarised in table 3. Details can be found in the MRE Report that is available on our homepage.

 

Table 3. Comparison of EOY 2021 MRE and 2021 BFS MRE

 


M&I

Au

Inferred

Au

Recovery

Mt

g/t

Koz

Mt

g/t

Koz

%

EOY 2021

25.1

0.98

789

11.2

0.62

222

74.1

2021 BFS

28.5

0.86

789

21.4

0.56

388

73.6

Variance

-3.4

0.12

-

-9.8

0.06

166

0.5

 

 

 

The additional 2021 infill drilling targeted areas led to an increase in Ore Reserves and an improved recovery model. The updated pit design also resulted in a slightly increased strip ratio.

 

Table 4. Comparison of 2022 and 2021 BFS Ore Reserves

 

 

Ore

Au

Recovery

Waste

Total

Strip Ratio

Mt

g/t

Koz

% Au

Koz

Mt

Mt

w:o

2022 OR

23.1

0.87

647

74.1

479

66.4

89.5

2.9

2021 BFS

20.9

0.85

571

73.6

420

54.0

74.9

2.6

Variance

2.1

0.02

76

0.5

57

12.4

4.6

0.3

 

 

The largest portion of the Ore Reserve is contained in the Main Zone (MZ) Pit (19.8 Mt). To the northeast of MZ lies the Mid Zone, composed of six small satellite pits, accounting for a further 3.1 Mt of ore. Further northeast lies the East Zone, which contains another 0.2 Mt in a single separate pit. The East Zone is not fully drilled off and offers the opportunity to continue growing the Ore Reserve in the coming drill seasons.

 

Table 5. Breakdown of the updated Ore Reserves by Zone

 

Zone

Ore

Grade

Metal

Waste

Total

Strip Ratio

Mt

g/t Au

Koz Au

Mt

Mt

w:o

Main

19.8

0.90

570

55.6

74.8

2.8

Mid

3.1

0.66

65

9.4

12.5

3.1

East

0.2

1.46

12

1.4

1.6

5.7

Total

23.1

0.87

647

66.4

89.5

2.9

 

 

 

Enquiries


 


Chaarat Gold Holdings Limited

+44 (0)20 7499 2612

Mike Fraser, Chief Executive Officer

[email protected]

 

 

Canaccord Genuity Limited (NOMAD and Joint Broker)

+ 44 (0)20 7523 8000

Henry Fitzgerald-O'Connor

 

James Asensio


 


finnCap Limited (Joint Broker)

+44 (0)20 7220 0500

Christopher Raggett

 

 

 

Panmure Gordon (UK) Limited (Joint Broker)

+44 (0)20 7886 2500

John Prior

Hugh Rich

 

 

 

About Chaarat

Chaarat is a gold mining company which owns the Kapan operating mine in Armenia as well as Tulkubash and Kyzyltash Gold Projects in the Kyrgyz Republic. The Company has a clear strategy to build a leading emerging markets gold company through organic growth and selective M&A.

Chaarat aims to create value for its shareholders, employees and communities from its high-quality gold and mineral deposits by building relationships based on trust and operating to the best environmental, social and employment standards. Further information is available at  www.chaarat.com/ .

 

 

Competent Person- Mineral Resource Estimate

The information in this announcement that relates to exploration results is based on and fairly represents information and supporting documentation prepared by Dimitar Dimitrov, P. Geo, AIG member and a Competent Person as defined in the 2012 edition of the JORC Code 'Australasian Code for Reporting of Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and Ore Reserves' and is a Qualified Person under the AIM Rules . Mr. Dimitar Dimitrov is a full-time employee of the company. Mr. Dimitrov consents to the publication of this new release dated May 24th, 2022 by Chaarat. Mr. Dimitrov certified that this news release fairly and accurately represents the information for which he is responsible.

 

Competent Person -Ore Reserve Estimate

 

The updated Ore Reserve estimate was prepared by Chaarat engineering staff at their Bishkek offices in the Kyrgyz Republic.  The work was reviewed by Peter C. Carter, BSc, MBA, P.Eng, a consulting engineer registered in the province of British Columbia, Canada. Mr. Carter is qualified as a Competent Person as defined by the JORC code (2012) and a Qualified Person under the AIM Rules. He has reviewed the technical information related to the Ore Reserves in this press release and approves their use herein.

 

Quality Assurance/Quality Control Procedures: Sampling Methodology and Quality Control

All results used in the mineral resource estimate are from mostly diamond core drill holes, only 2020 drilling is reverse circulation. All core samples are cut along its long axis, half core packed, weighted and shipped to the ALS Global Laboratory in Kara-Balta, Kyrgyz Republic for sample preparation and assay. Gold is analysed using a 30-gramme fire assay with an atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) finish. A quality control/quality assurance protocol is employed in the programme which includes standards and blanks in every batch of assays. External check assays are conducted on every 20th sample by a second independent laboratory, SGS Vostok Limited Lab in Chita, Russia.

 

 

Geological Modelling Procedures

Only drilling data was engaged in the Resource estimation, although channels, trenches, and road cuts assays were used for ore zones interpretation as well. The Tulkubash deposit is interpreted as a brittle shear zone, formed in a shallow epithermal environment, consisting of a SW-NE corridor of low-grade mineralization, hosting a series of discrete, higher grade, steeply dipping lodes. Only the oxidized portion of the mineralisation is targeted for the planned conventional open pit mining and further heap leaching. The ore wireframes, including low- and high-grade types has been generated manually from section to section. Gold grades estimation was done by using Ordinary Kriging (OK), and Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW2) approach was used for the Silver and density interpolation. MicromineTM  was used in the process of ore modelling, variography and resource estimation.

 

Pit Optimisation

 

Ore Reserves were defined as a subset of Measured and Indicated Resources. Whittle 4X pit optimization software was applied to the resource block model to develop a series of nested pit shells, corresponding to a range of gold prices from $1,000/oz to $1,800/oz.

 

Technical and economic parameters applied to drive the optimization are based on those from the 2021 FS. Cost parameters used to define the Ore Reserve are shown in the table below.   A gold price of $1,600/oz, based on consensus forecasts for the operating period, was used to value the resulting pit shells.

 

The pit slopes used during the optimization varied between 49 degrees and 55 degrees based on feasibility design recommendations for the MZ Pit area.

 

Table 6. Cost Parameters applied for Pit Optimization

 

Operating Cost

Units

Value

Mining (ore)

$/t mined

2.5 5

Mining (waste)

$/t mined

1.83

Mining (owner)

$/t processed

0.34

Process

$/t processed

4.79

G&A

$/t processed

1.27

Refining

$/oz

9.78

Royalty

%

1 4 .0*

* Sliding scale royalty appropriate at Au prices of $1,501-$1,600/oz

 

Gold recovery for the updated Reserve averaged 73%. Recovery was estimated on a block-by-block basis using oxidation state and extractions derived from metallurgical test work. The improvement in recovery from the 2021 FS was due to the inclusion of more, highly oxidized material from the Mid and East Zones in the reserve.

 

Optimisation Results

 

The results of the pit optimization indicated that a gold price of $1,350/oz produced the highest value shell with the lowest risk. The shell was composed of seven separate entities, collectively containing 21.8 Mt ore at a grade of 0.97 g/t Au and a strip ratio of 2.9:1. This pit shell was selected as the basis for developing minable pit designs.

 

Mine Design

 

The shell for each separate pit was used to guide a computer-aided, manual design process. Constructible features such as ramps and safety benches were designed within the optimised pit limits to turn the three-dimensional surface into a minable pit design.  The result of the pit design process was an ore reserve within 5% of the optimised minable resource.

 

The tonnage and grade in the minable pits, was adjusted for mining dilution and ore losses expected from the mining process. Mining dilution was calculated directly from the block model along the ore/waste contacts. Average dilution was estimated at 10% and varied from zone to zone. Ore losses from mining were applied at 2.5%.

 

Glossary of Technical Terms

 

"Ag"

chemical symbol for silver

"Au"

chemical symbol for gold

"AuEq"

 

the value of a tonne of mineralised material calculated by summing the value of each contained payable metal and expressing it as an equivalent gold content at a given set of metals prices

"Cu"                                                                                      

the chemical symbol for copper

"cut-off"

the lowest grade value that is included in a Resource statement. It must comply with JORC requirement 19: "reasonable prospects for eventual economic extraction" the lowest grade, or quality, of mineralised material that qualifies as economically mineable and available in a given deposit. It may be defined on the basis of economic evaluation, or on physical or chemical attributes that define an acceptable product specification

 

"g/t"

grammes per tonne, equivalent to parts per million

 

"Inferred Resource"

that part of a Mineral Resource for which tonnage, grade and mineral content can be estimated with a low level of confidence. It is inferred from geological evidence and assumed but not verified geological and/or grade continuity. It is based on information gathered through appropriate techniques from locations such as outcrops, trenches, pits, workings and drill holes which may be limited or of uncertain quality and reliability

 

"Indicated Resource"

that part of a Mineral Resource for which tonnage, densities, shape, physical characteristics, grade and mineral content can be estimated with a reasonable level of confidence. It is based on exploration, sampling and testing information gathered through appropriate techniques from locations such as outcrops, trenches, pits, workings and drill holes. The locations are too widely or inappropriately spaced to confirm geological and/or grade continuity but are spaced closely enough for continuity to be assumed

 

"JORC"

The Australasian Joint Ore Reserves Committee Code for Reporting of Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and Ore Reserves 2012 (the "JORC Code" or "the Code"). The Code sets out minimum standards, recommendations and guidelines for Public Reporting in Australasia of Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and Ore Reserves

 

"koz"

thousand troy ounces of gold

 

"Measured Resource"

that part of a Mineral Resource for which tonnage, densities, shape, physical characteristics, grade and mineral content can be estimated with a high level of confidence. It is based on detailed and reliable exploration, sampling and testing information gathered through appropriate techniques from locations such as outcrops, trenches, pits, workings and drill holes. The locations are spaced closely enough to confirm geological and grade continuity

 

"Mineral Resource"

a concentration or occurrence of material of intrinsic economic interest in or on the Earth's crust in such form, quality and quantity that there are reasonable prospects for eventual economic extraction. The location, quantity, grade, geological characteristics and continuity of a Mineral Resource are known, estimated or interpreted from specific geological evidence and knowledge. Mineral Resources are sub-divided, in order of increasing geological confidence, into Inferred, Indicated and Measured categories when reporting under JORC

 

"Mt"

million tonnes

 

"oz"

troy ounce (= 31.103477 grammes)

"Pb"

the chemical symbol for lead

"Probable Reserve"

 

 

the part of Indicated and in some cases Measured Resource that can be mined at a profit.  It includes diluting materials and allowances for losses that may occur during mining.

"Proven Reserve"

the part of Indicated Measured Resource that can be mined at a profit.  It includes diluting materials and allowances for losses that may occur during mining.

 

"Ore Reserves"

the part of a Measured and/or Indicated Mineral Resource that can be mined at a profit. Ore Reserves are subdivided in order of increasing confidence into Probable and Proven categories when reporting under JORC.

 

"t"

tonne (= 1 million grammes)

"Zn"

the chemical symbol for zinc

 

Appendix 1: JORC_Table

JORC Code, 2012 Edition - Table 1 report template

Section 1 Sampling Techniques and Data

Criteria

JORC Code explanation

Commentary

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- Fire assay - lead collection with AA

- Aqua Regia digestion with following ICP-OES reading

- Analyses of Stotal, Ssulphide, Ssulphate, by chemical treatment and LECO, for certain selected samples (above 0.25 ppm Au)

- LeachWELL analysis for certain selected samples ( above 0.25 ppm Au)

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Section 2 Reporting of Exploration Results

Criteria

JORC Code explanation

Commentary

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BHID

Az

DIP

East

North

RL

Depth

DH21T587

140

-55

12680050

4657226

2853

134.6

DH21T588

140

-55

12680084

4657241

2855

163.1

DH21T589

140

-47

12679982

4657121

2781

80.1

DH21T590

140

-50

12680458

4657549

2722

80.7

DH21T591

140

-55

12680481

4657579

2725

80

DH21T592

135

-55

12680602

4657748

2821

140

DH21T593

135

-60

12680894

4658292

3084

175.2

DH21T594

136

-70

12681103

4658543

3117

149.8

DH21T595

135

-50

12680948

4658294

3063

110.2

DH21T597

136

-50

12681105

4658543

3117

71.5

DH21T599

135

-60

12680739

4658062

2997

90.5

DH21T600

135

-65

12680706

4658090

3021

150.4

DH21T602

135

-50

12680771

4658146

3034

150

DH21T606

95

-55

12681281

4658537

3037

100.2

DH21T609

135

-55

12681179

4658588

3132

80.5

DH21T610

135

-50

12681182

4658740

3129

85

DH21T611

135

-58

12681146

4658608

3146

150.4

DH21T612

135

-60

12681226

4658634

3120

85

DH21T613

135

-50

12680097

4657281

2857

130.2

DH21T614

135

-65

12680042

4657176

2819

120.4

DH21T616

135

-50

12681190

4658682

3139

160

DH21T617

135

-60

12681151

4658663

3156

85.1

DH21T618

136

-50

12681231

4658755

3140

60.2

DH21T619

135

-58

12679996

4657168

2817

127.2


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Section 3 Estimation and Reporting of Mineral Resources

Criteria

JORC Code explanation

Commentary

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·     The wireframing process is using 0.2 ppm and 0.7 ppm Au to contour high and low grade domains.

·     The low grade domains are considered as Resource outer shell, while the high grades are incorporated within it

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·     The Reported results are giving reasonable prospects for eventual economic extraction, taking in to account the estimated gold recovery

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Density (g/cm 3 )

Mt

Au (g/t)

Au (koz)

Class

2.66

25.11

0.98

789

Indicated

2.56

11.226

0.62

222

Inferred

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c

Item

Unit

 Resource_update_2021 Open pit optimization

Econ.

Initial Capital Cost

$'000

99016.42

Selling Cost

$/oz

9.89

Royalty

%

18

Discount Rate

%

5

Metal Price

Au

$/oz

1800

Ag

$/oz

21.7

OP. Costs

Mining

$/t mined

1.89

Extra Ore Mining /Haulage

$/t ore

0.84

Processing

$/t ore

4.25

Stacking

$/t ore

0.54

Owner's Mining Cost

$/t ore

0.34

G/A

$/t ore

1.27

Other Par.

Recovery Au

%

Variable by block

Refining Recovery-Au

%

99.8

Refining Recovery-Ag

%

60

Internal Cut-off

g/t

0.21

Pit Slopes



Variable by location

Op. Limits

Mining

t/year

27000000

Processing

t/year

5000000


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Recovery_Au (%)

Class

Zone

71.91

Indicated

Main_Pit

75.97

Indicated

East_zone

75.01

Indicated

Mid_zone

74.47

Inferred

Main_Pit

75.49

Inferred

East_one

76.14

Inferred

Mid_zone


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Section 4 - Estimation and Reporting of Ore Reserves

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