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Lloyds Banking Group (LLOY)

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Thursday 13 February, 2014

Lloyds Banking Group

2013 Results

RNS Number : 9581Z
Lloyds Banking Group PLC
13 February 2014
 



Lloyds Banking Group plc

 

2013 Results

 

13 February 2014

 

 



 

BASIS OF PRESENTATION

This report covers the results of Lloyds Banking Group plc together with its subsidiaries (the Group) for the year ended 31 December 2013.  In accordance with the Listing Rules of the UK Listing Authority, these preliminary results have been agreed with the Company's auditors, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, even though an audit opinion has not yet been issued.  The Directors have not been made aware of any likely modification to the auditors' report to be included with the annual report and accounts for the year ended 31 December 2013.

Statutory basis

Statutory information is set out on pages 80 to 128.  However, a number of factors have had a significant effect on the comparability of the Group's financial position and results.  As a result, comparison on a statutory basis of the 2013 results with 2012 is of limited benefit.

Underlying basis

In order to present a more meaningful view of business performance, the results of the Group and divisions are presented on an underlying basis.  The key principles adopted in the preparation of the underlying basis of reporting are described below.

·    In order to reflect the impact of the acquisition of HBOS, the following have been excluded:

-    the amortisation of purchased intangible assets; and

-    the unwind of acquisition-related fair value adjustments.

·    The following items, not related to acquisition accounting, have also been excluded from underlying profit:

-   the effects of certain asset sales, liability management and volatile items;

-   volatility arising in insurance businesses;

-   Simplification costs;

-   Verde costs;

-   payment protection insurance provision;

-   insurance gross up;

-   certain past service pensions items in respect of the Group's defined benefit pension schemes; and

-   other regulatory provisions.

The financial statements have been restated following the implementation of IAS 19R Employee Benefits and IFRS 10
Consolidated Financial Statements with effect from 1 January 2013.  Further details are shown on page 
123.

 

To enable a better understanding of the Group's core business trends and outlook, certain income statement, balance sheet and regulatory capital information is analysed between core and non-core portfolios.  The non-core portfolios consist of businesses which deliver below-hurdle returns, which are outside the Group's risk appetite or may be distressed, are subscale or have an unclear value proposition, or have a poor fit with the Group's customer strategy.  The EC mandated retail business disposal (Project Verde) is included in core portfolios.

 

The Group's core and non-core activities are not managed separately and the preparation of this information requires management to make estimates and assumptions that impact the reported income statements, balance sheet, regulatory capital related and risk amounts analysed as core and as non-core.  The Group uses a methodology that categorises income and expenses as non-core only where management expect that the income or expense will cease to be earned or incurred when the associated asset or liability is divested or run-off, and allocates operational costs to the core portfolio unless they are directly related to non-core activities.  This results in the reported operating costs for the non-core portfolios being less than would be required to manage these portfolios on a stand-alone basis.  Due to the inherent uncertainty in making estimates, a different methodology or a different estimate of the allocation might result in a different proportion of the Group's income or expenses being allocated to the core and non-core portfolios, different assets and liabilities being deemed core or non-core and accordingly a different allocation of the regulatory effects.

 

Unless otherwise stated income statement commentaries throughout this document compare the year ended 31 December 2013 to the year ended 31 December 2012, and the balance sheet analysis compares the Group balance sheet as at 31 December 2013 to the Group balance sheet as at 31 December 2012.

 

Additional pro forma disclosures: Non-core assets, risk-weighted assets and the fully loaded CRD IV capital ratios are also presented on a pro forma basis.  The pro forma basis reflects the impact of certain announced transactions which have yet to complete as at the balance sheet date.  As at 31 December 2013 these were the announced sales of Heidelberger Leben, Scottish Widows Investment Partnership and Sainsbury's Bank.

 

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

This announcement contains forward looking statements with respect to the business, strategy and plans of the Lloyds Banking Group and its current goals and expectations relating to its future financial condition and performance.  Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about the Group or the Group's management's beliefs and expectations, are forward looking statements.  By their nature, forward looking statements involve risk and uncertainty because they relate to future events and circumstances that will or may occur.  The Group's actual future business, strategy, plans and/or results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in these forward looking statements as a result of a variety of factors, including, but not limited to, UK domestic and global economic and business conditions; the ability to derive cost savings and other benefits, including as a result of the Group's Simplification programme; and to access sufficient funding to meet the Group's liquidity needs; changes to the Group's credit ratings; risks concerning borrower or counterparty credit quality; instability in the global financial markets, including Eurozone instability and the impact of any sovereign credit rating downgrade or other sovereign financial issues; market-related risks including changes in interest rates and exchange rates; changing demographic and market-related trends; changes in customer preferences; changes to laws, regulation, accounting standards or taxation, including changes to regulatory capital or liquidity requirements; the policies and actions of governmental or regulatory authorities in the UK, the European Union, or other jurisdictions in which the Group operates, including the US; the implementation of Recovery and Resolution Directive and banking reform following the recommendations made by the Independent Commission on Banking; the ability to attract and retain senior management and other employees; requirements or limitations imposed on the Group as a result of HM Treasury's investment in the Group; the ability to satisfactorily dispose of certain assets or otherwise meet the Group's EC State aid obligations; the extent of any future impairment charges or write-downs caused by depressed asset valuations, market disruptions and illiquid markets; the effects of competition and the actions of competitors, including non-bank financial services and lending companies; exposure to regulatory scrutiny, legal proceedings, regulatory investigations or complaints, and other factors.  Please refer to the latest Annual Report on Form 20-F filed with the US Securities and Exchange Commission for a discussion of certain factors together with examples of forward looking statements.  The forward looking statements contained in this announcement are made as at the date of this announcement, and the Group undertakes no obligation to update any of its forward looking statements. 



CONTENTS

 


Page 

Key highlights and outlook

Results summary

Consolidated income statement

Balance sheet and key ratios

Consolidated income statement - core and non-core

Balance sheet and key ratios - core and non-core

Summary consolidated balance sheet

Group Chief Executive's statement

Group Finance Director's review of financial performance

12 

Underlying basis segmental analysis

21 

Underlying basis quarterly information

24 



Divisional highlights


Retail

25 

Commercial Banking

27 

Wealth, Asset Finance and International

29 

Insurance

31 

Group Operations

34 

Central items

34 



Additional information


Reconciliation between statutory and underlying basis results

35 

Banking net interest margin

36 

Volatility arising in insurance businesses

36 

Number of employees (full-time equivalent)

38 

Remuneration

38 



Risk management

39 

Principal risks and uncertainties

40 

Credit risk portfolio

42 

Funding and liquidity management

65 

Capital management

70 



Statutory information

80 

Primary statements


Consolidated income statement

81 

Consolidated statement of comprehensive income

82 

Consolidated balance sheet

83 

Consolidated statement of changes in equity

85 

Consolidated cash flow statement

87 

Notes

88 




RESULTS FOR THE FULL YEAR

Substantial strategic progress and improved performance

 

'Over the last three years we have reshaped, strengthened and simplified our business to create a low-risk efficient retail and commercial bank that is focused on our customers and on helping Britain prosper.  These results, with Group underlying profit more than doubled to £6.2 billion, confirm that the Group is returning to robust health, thanks to the commitment of our people and the consistent execution of the strategy we set out in June 2011.  We have a strong business model and have made significant progress, despite our legacy issues, in improving our capital position and profitability in a sustainable way.  As a result, the UK Government started the process of returning the Group to full private ownership.

 

Looking ahead, we see a range of opportunities to grow our business with both retail and commercial customers, supported by our revitalised Lloyds Bank and Scottish Widows brands, and the good momentum we have in our Halifax challenger brand and in Bank of Scotland.  In 2014, we expect to make further improvements to customer service, and to continue to grow our core loan book, especially in SMEs, and reduce costs and risk.  We also expect to apply to the regulator in the second half of the year to restart dividend payments at a modest level and to deliver progressive and sustainable payments to shareholders thereafter.  This will be another important milestone on our journey to rebuild trust and confidence in our Group.'

António Horta-Osório

Group Chief Executive

 

KEY HIGHLIGHTS AND OUTLOOK

 

In 2013, we made substantial progress on our strategy to become the best bank for customers and to create a customer focused, highly efficient, profitable and low risk bank:

·     Grew lending in our core business by 3 per cent to support our customers and help Britain prosper

·     Invested in our products and services for our customers, while further reducing costs and improving efficiency through our Simplification programme

·     Significantly improved our financial performance, with Group underlying profit more than doubled to £6.2 billion, and a statutory profit before tax of £415 million

·     Substantially strengthened our balance sheet, despite a charge for legacy business provisions totalling £3.5 billion, primarily relating to legacy Payment Protection Insurance business

·     Lowered risk by reducing non-core assets and our international presence, and by growing our customer deposits and reducing our reliance on funding from the wholesale markets

·     As a result, the UK Government began reducing its stake in the Group in September

 

Looking ahead, we expect to make further progress on the execution of our strategic plan.  We expect to:

·     Increase lending to core customers: for retail customers, mortgage market net lending in 2014 expected to grow, supported by our target to lend around £10 billion to approximately 80,000 first time buyers in 2014; for commercial customers, above market lending growth led by strong momentum in SME lending

·     Invest in product propositions and digital capabilities across our brands and divisions, to deliver the products our customers need through the channels they prefer, while improving efficiency and customer service

·     Grow our deposit base supported by our multi-brand strategy

·     Achieve a low cost of equity and funds by further reducing costs and risk, resulting in a unique competitive position

·     Expect, prior to any dividends, to generate fully loaded CET1 capital of around 2.5 percentage points over the next two years, and thereafter 1.5 - 2 percentage points per annum

·     Apply in the second half of 2014 to restart dividend payments, and to move to a dividend payout ratio of at least 50 per cent of sustainable earnings in the medium term



 

RESULTS SUMMARY

Substantial progress on strategic plan, enhancing service for customers whilst helping Britain prosper

·     Continue to support the UK economy through lending to SMEs and first-time buyers with active participation in the Funding for Lending Scheme and Help to Buy

·     Core loan book now growing in all divisions; returned mortgage lending to growth in the third quarter

·     Launched a rebranded, revitalised Lloyds Bank and returned TSB to the high street in September

·     Further strong performance in customer service with Net Promoter Scores increasing by 11 per cent over the year  

·     Continued reduction in FCA reportable banking complaints (excluding PPI) to 1.0 per 1,000 accounts, the lowest of any major UK bank; Halifax now at 0.8 per 1,000 accounts

 

Balance sheet further strengthened and risk reduced as we simplify the Group

·     Strong capital build despite legacy charges, with pro forma fully loaded CET1 ratio of 10.3 per cent and core tier 1 ratio of 14.0 per cent

·     Group loan to deposit ratio improved to 113 per cent (31 Dec 2012: 121 per cent); core ratio improved to 100 per cent

·     Non-core asset reduction of £34.9 billion during the year, to £63.5 billion, ahead of plan and £2.6 billion capital accretive overall.  Non-retail non-core assets reduced to £24.7 billion

·     Further progress in reducing our international presence with exit from 21 countries since June 2011 now completed or announced; target for international presence of 10 countries or fewer in 2014 already achieved

·     Strong leverage ratios of 4.1 per cent (pro forma CRD IV basis) and 4.5 per cent (pro forma Basel III 2014 basis)

 

Group underlying profit and returns substantially increased; core profit and returns further improved

·     Underlying profit increased by 140 per cent to £6,166 million in 2013

·     Return on risk-weighted assets increased to 2.14 per cent (2012: 0.77 per cent)

·     Underlying income of £18,805 million, up 2 per cent

·     Banking net interest margin increased 19 basis points to 2.12 per cent, and to 2.29 per cent in the fourth quarter

·     Costs reduced by 5 per cent to £9,635 million

·     Credit quality continues to improve: impairment charge reduced by 47 per cent to £3,004 million; impairment charge as a percentage of average advances improved to 0.57 per cent (2012: 1.02 per cent)

·     Core underlying profit increased by 24 per cent to £7,574 million

·     Core return on risk-weighted assets increased from 2.54 per cent in 2012 to 3.26 per cent in 2013

 

Statutory profit before tax of £415 million; tangible net asset value per share of 48.5p

·     Statutory profit before tax of £415 million (2012: loss of £606 million) including charge for legacy PPI business of £3,050 million

·     Tangible net asset value per share at 31 December 2013 48.5p (31 Dec 2012: 51.9p); includes loss on capital accretive non-core disposals, deferred tax write-offs, adverse reserve movements, and legacy charges

Guidance reflects confidence in the future

·     2014 full year Group net interest margin expected to stabilise at around the Q4 2013 level of 2.29 per cent, excluding impact of TSB disposal

·     Costs for 2014 are expected to be around £9 billion, excluding TSB running costs

·     Impairment charge as a percentage of average advances expected to reduce to around 50 basis points for 2014

·     Run-off portfolio (non-core non-retail assets and certain non-core retail assets) expected to reduce to c.£23 billion and non-core non-retail assets to c.£15 billion by the end of 2014

·     Expect, prior to any dividends, to generate fully loaded CET1 capital of around 2.5 percentage points over the next two years, and thereafter 1.5 - 2 percentage points per annum

·     Expect to apply to the PRA in the second half of 2014 to restart dividend payments, commencing at a modest level

·     Progressive dividend policy expected thereafter moving to a dividend payout ratio of at least 50 per cent of sustainable earnings in the medium term



 

UNDERLYING BASIS CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT

 




2013 


20121

 

 

Change



£ million 


£ million 


%








Net interest income


10,885 


10,335 


Other income


7,920 


8,051 


(2)

Total underlying income


18,805 


18,386 


Total costs


(9,635)


(10,124)


Impairment


(3,004)


(5,697)


47 

Underlying profit


6,166 


2,565 


140 

Core


7,574 


6,112 


24 

Non-core


(1,408)


(3,547)


60 








Asset sales, liability management and volatile items


(280)


2,532 



Simplification and Verde costs


(1,517)


(1,246)



Legacy items


(3,455)


(4,225)



Other items


(499)


(232)



Profit (loss) before tax - statutory


415 


(606)



Taxation


(1,217)


(781)



Loss for the year


(802)


(1,387)










Loss per share


(1.2)p 


(2.1)p 


0.9p 








Banking net interest margin


2.12% 


1.93% 


19bp 

Average interest-earning banking assets


£510.9bn 


£543.3bn 


(6) 

Cost:income ratio (excluding St. James's Place)


52.9% 


55.1% 


(2.2)pp 

Asset quality ratio2


0.57% 


1.02% 


(45)bp 

Return on risk-weighted assets


2.14% 


0.77% 


137bp 

 

BALANCE SHEET AND KEY RATIOS

 



At  31 Dec 

2013 


At  31 Dec 

2012 


Change 








Loans and advances to customers3


£495.2bn 


£512.1bn 


(3)

Customer deposits4


£438.3bn 


£422.5bn 


Loan to deposit ratio5


113% 


121% 


(8)pp 

Total assets


£847.0bn 


£934.2bn 


(9)

Wholesale funding


£137.6bn 


£169.6bn 


(19)

Wholesale funding <1 year maturity


£44.2bn 


£50.6bn 


(13)

Risk-weighted assets


£263.9bn 


£310.3bn 


(15)

Core tier 1 capital ratio


14.0% 


12.0% 


2.0pp 

Pro forma fully loaded common equity tier 1 ratio6


10.3% 


8.1% 


2.2pp 

Pro forma fully loaded CRD IV leverage ratio (including tier 1 instruments)6,7


4.1% 


3.8% 


0.3pp 

Fully loaded common equity tier 1 ratio


10.0% 


8.1% 


1.9pp 

Fully loaded CRD IV leverage ratio (including tier 1 instruments)7


4.0% 


3.8% 


0.2pp 








Net tangible assets per share1


48.5p 


51.9p 


(3.4)p 

 

1

Restated to reflect the implementation of IAS 19R and IFRS 10.  See page 123.

2

Impairment charge as a % of average advances.

3

Excludes reverse repos of £0.1 billion (31 December 2012: £5.1 billion).

4

Excludes repos of £3.0 billion (31 December 2012: £4.4 billion).

5

Loans and advances to customers excluding reverse repos divided by customer deposits excluding repos.

6

Pro forma ratios include the benefit of the announced sales of Heidelberger Leben, Scottish Widows Investment Partnership and Sainsbury's Bank.

7

Includes the full value of tier 1 instruments reported under the prevailing rules as at 31 December 2013.

 

UNDERLYING BASIS CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT - CORE AND NON-CORE

 

Core



2013 


20121


Change 



£ million 


£ million 









Net interest income


10,638 


9,868 


Other income


7,606 


7,417 


3 

Total underlying income


18,244 


17,285 


Total costs


(9,149)


(9,254)


Impairment


(1,521)


(1,919)


21 

Underlying profit


7,574 


6,112 


24 








Banking net interest margin


2.49% 


2.32% 


17bp 

Asset quality ratio


0.35% 


0.44% 


(9)bp 

Return on risk-weighted assets


3.26% 


2.54% 


72bp 

 

Non-core




 










Net interest income


247 


467 


(47)

Other income


314 


634 


(50)

Total underlying income


561 


1,101 


(49)

Total costs


(486)


(870)


44 

Impairment


(1,483)


(3,778)


61 

Underlying loss


(1,408)


(3,547)


60 








Banking net interest margin


0.41% 


0.55% 


(14)bp 

Asset quality ratio


1.61% 


3.08% 


(147)bp 

 

BALANCE SHEET AND KEY RATIOS - CORE AND NON-CORE

Core


At  31 Dec 
2013 

 

 

At  31 Dec 
2012 


Change 














Loans and advances to customers2


£436.9bn 


£425.3bn 


Customer deposits3


£435.6bn 


£419.1bn 


Core loan to deposit ratio4


100% 


101% 


(1)pp 








Risk-weighted assets


£224.9bn 


£237.4bn 


(5)








Non-core





















Retail non-core assets


£38.8bn 


£49.9bn 


(22)

Non-retail non-core assets


£24.7bn 


£48.5bn 


(49)

Total non-core assets


£63.5bn 


£98.4bn 


(35)








Risk-weighted assets


£39.0bn 


£72.9bn 


(47)








 

 

1

Restated to reflect the implementation of IAS 19R and IFRS 10.  See page 123.

2

Excludes reverse repos of £0.1 billion (31 December 2012: £5.1 billion).

3

Excludes repos of £3.0 billion (31 December 2012: £4.4 billion).

4

Loans and advances to customers excluding reverse repos divided by customer deposits excluding repos.



 

SUMMARY CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

 



At 31 Dec 
2013 


At  31 Dec 
20121

Assets


£ million 


£ million 






Cash and balances at central banks


49,915 


80,298 

Trading and other financial assets at fair value through profit or loss


142,683 


160,620 

Derivative financial instruments


33,125 


56,557 

Loans and receivables:





Loans and advances to customers


495,281 


517,225 

Loans and advances to banks


25,365 


32,757 

Debt securities


1,355 


5,273 



522,001 


555,255 

Available-for-sale financial assets


43,976 


31,374 

Other assets


55,330 


50,117 

Total assets


847,030 


934,221 

 

 

Liabilities

Deposits from banks


13,982 


38,405 

Customer deposits


441,311 


426,912 

Trading and other financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss


43,625 


33,392 

Derivative financial instruments


30,464 


48,676 

Debt securities in issue


87,102 


117,253 

Liabilities arising from insurance and investment contracts


110,758 


137,592 

Subordinated liabilities


32,312 


34,092 

Other liabilities


48,140 


55,318 

Total liabilities


807,694 


891,640 






Total equity


39,336 


42,581 

Total liabilities and equity


847,030 


934,221 

 

1

Restated to reflect the implementation of IAS 19R and IFRS 10.  See page 123.

 



 

GROUP CHIEF EXECUTIVE'S STATEMENT

 

Summary

In 2013 the Group delivered a strong performance, underpinned by the rapid progress we have made on our strategic objectives, many of which we have now delivered ahead of plan.  Since we set these objectives in June 2011, we have substantially reduced costs and risk, strengthened our balance sheet and capital base and increased investment in our core franchise, creating a unique competitive position with a low cost of equity.  We continue to be well placed to support our customers and the UK economic recovery and to deliver strong and sustainable returns to shareholders above our cost of equity.  As a result of this progress, we have substantially improved our underlying performance, returned the Group to profitability in spite of additional legacy costs and in September the UK government began returning the Group to full private ownership.  We have also confirmed that the Board expects that it will apply to the Prudential Regulatory Authority (PRA) in the second half of 2014 to restart dividend payments, commencing at a modest level.

 

Results overview

We delivered a substantially improved financial performance in 2013.  Group underlying profit more than doubled to £6,166 million when compared to 2012, reflecting improved profitability in the core business and a significant reduction in non-core losses.

 

On an underlying basis, the Group net interest margin increased 19 basis points to 2.12 per cent, total costs reduced 5 per cent to £9,635 million and the impairment charge fell by 47 per cent to £3,004 million, more than offsetting a fall in other income, which was down 2 per cent, mainly driven by the non-core asset reductions made in the year, which overall were capital accretive.  As a result, the Group return on risk-weighted assets improved 137 basis points to 2.14 per cent.

 

We made excellent progress in our core business, where we have returned lending to growth in all our banking divisions, and underlying profit rose 24 per cent to £7,574 million. This growth in profit was largely driven by an 8 per cent increase in net interest income, and a 21 per cent reduction in the impairment charge.  The return on risk-weighted assets in the core business improved by 72 basis points to 3.26 per cent.

 

On a statutory basis, the Group reported a profit before tax of £415 million, compared to a pre-tax loss of £606 million in 2012.  Strong performance in our core business and reduced non-core losses were the main drivers behind the improvement which, together with gains on the sale of government securities of £787 million, was partly offset by charges of £3,455 million for legacy issues, principally Payment Protection Insurance (PPI).  Our statutory result also included the costs of our Simplification programme and preparations for the TSB disposal (together £1,517 million), and losses on asset sales, including those from capital accretive non-core asset disposals, of £687 million.

 

Strengthening the balance sheet

Over the course of 2013 we made further progress in strengthening the balance sheet and reducing risk, while continuing to manage down our wholesale funding. 

 

We substantially strengthened our capital position, with our pro forma fully loaded common equity tier 1 ratio increasing by 2.2 percentage points to 10.3 per cent, despite the additional legacy charges during the year.  This uplift was driven by capital generation in the core business, as well as management actions including the reshaping of our core business portfolio, the substantial reduction of non-core assets in a capital accretive manner and the payment of dividends of £2.2 billion to the Group by the Insurance business.  We reduced non-core assets by £34.9 billion, while at the same time releasing approximately £2.6 billion of capital.

 

The Group's funding structure and liquidity position remain robust.  We further reduced wholesale funding by £32.0 billion, representing a 19 per cent decrease in the year, with the proportion of funding with a maturity of less than a year at 32 per cent.  We continue to maintain a strong liquidity position including £89.3 billion of cash and highly rated, low risk securities.  The 4 per cent increase in customer deposits, together with non-core asset reduction, drove a further improvement in the Group's loan to deposit ratio to 113 per cent at the end of 2013 from 121 per cent at the end of 2012, with the core loan to deposit ratio improving to 100 per cent by the end of 2013.



 

GROUP CHIEF EXECUTIVE'S STATEMENT (continued)

 

In acknowledgement of the significant progress we have made in improving the Group's capitalisation and transforming its financial profile, the rating agencies Fitch and Standard & Poor's upgraded Lloyds Bank's standalone rating to 'bbb+' in September and December 2013 respectively, and affirmed their long-term credit ratings on Lloyds Bank at 'A'.

 

Legacy

Our results and capital position reflect further provisions for legacy issues taken in 2013 totalling £3,455 million which had a material effect on our statutory performance.  We remain committed to resolving these issues, while treating our customers fairly.  Of these provisions, £3,050 million related to PPI and £130 million related to the sales of interest rate hedging products to certain small and medium-sized businesses.

 

We increased our provision for PPI by £1,800 million in the fourth quarter principally based on revised expectations for complaint volumes, uphold rates, and related administrative costs.  Further detail on the provisions for legacy issues is given in the Group Finance Director's review of financial performance on page 17, and in note 24 on page 108 of this news release.

 

Reshaping the Group to increase our focus on the UK and our core customers

We made a number of asset disposals during 2013, including the sales of our shares in St. James's Place and the announced disposal of our German life insurance operation, Heidelberger Leben.  We also continued to increase our focus on our core UK business and reduce our international presence, completing the sales of our Australian and Spanish banking businesses and have now exited, or announced the exit from, 21 countries or overseas branches since June 2011.  Following completion of these exits, we will operate in nine countries, achieving our target of operating in 10 countries or fewer by the end of 2014.

 

In November 2013, we announced that we had agreed to sell our asset management business Scottish Widows Investment Partnership (SWIP) to Aberdeen Asset Management (Aberdeen) for a consideration valued at the time at up to £660 million.  We also agreed to enter into a long-term strategic relationship with Aberdeen which is expected to result in a stronger asset management partner for the Group and its customers, combining Aberdeen's and SWIP's strengths across asset classes once the sale completes, which is expected in the first quarter of 2014.

 

We continue to refresh our operating structure and from the beginning of 2014 our unified Wealth business will be integrated into the Retail division.  This will allow us to sharpen our focus on delivering value-added Wealth services to eligible retail customers and will represent a key growth opportunity.  We have also moved our Business Banking unit, which services approximately one million small business customers with less complex needs, into Retail, allowing us to draw on the collective expertise of Retail and Commercial Banking colleagues to manage these customer relationships in a way which leverages existing Retail infrastructure, via branch, telephony and digital channels.

 

Our Asset Finance business is the foundation of a newly created Consumer Finance division, which will also include our consumer and corporate credit card business.  Bringing these business units together will increase management focus and allow us to capitalise on growth opportunities, continuing our good momentum in asset-backed lending and with the aim of growing our market presence in credit cards.  Consumer Finance will work in close partnership with Retail and Commercial Banking to ensure we continue to offer our customers excellent customer service. 

 

Substantial further progress in our Simplification programme

Our Simplification programme remains central to the successful delivery of our strategy, both in terms of realising further cost savings and efficiencies, and in improving the products and services we offer our customers.  Through Simplification, we have made excellent progress in improving and rationalising processes, and reducing layers, suppliers and our non-branch property portfolio.  The ongoing programme realised approximately £0.6 billion in further cost savings in 2013, generating a total of around £1.5 billion annual run-rate savings since inception and having identified further opportunities we are now increasing our target run-rate savings by a further £100 million to £2 billion by the end of 2014.  The total spent on the programme to the end of 2013 was £1.7 billion.



 

GROUP CHIEF EXECUTIVE'S STATEMENT (continued)

 

We have now fully automated the collection of maturity instructions from term deposit customers, reducing completion time by approximately 85 per cent, substantially reducing error rates and have completed the transfer of 1.7 million mortgage accounts to a single mortgage platform.  Similarly, we have made great strides in delayering the organisation, increasing spans of control and simplifying the Group so that 98 per cent of employees are now within seven layers.  During 2013 we also made significant progress in reducing the number of legal entities, which are now down to 929, a reduction of over 40 per cent since the start of the Simplification programme in 2011, and the number of Group suppliers was further reduced by 14 per cent to 9,066 in 2013, to around half the level at the start.  Meanwhile we exited 19 non-branch properties in 2013, reducing the overall total to 161.

 

All of these changes help to put us firmly on the path to being the best bank for customers, enabling better service by making day-to-day tasks easier and freeing up colleague time to focus on our customers' needs.

 

Investing in the business

We are reinvesting a significant proportion of the savings realised from Simplification to further improve processes and the quality of customer interaction through branches, via the telephone and digital channels. 

 

In the second half of the year, we relaunched the Lloyds Bank brand, building on its 250-year heritage of serving the people and businesses of Britain, to take its place alongside our key high street banking brands, Halifax and Bank of Scotland.  The relaunch of Lloyds Bank followed the separation of TSB, which has brought another new challenger to the high street.  The Group has received an agreement in principle from the European Commission to pursue an Initial Public Offering of TSB as planned in 2014 and to extend the deadline for the completion of the TSB divestment to the end of 2015.

 

We are continuing to develop and grow our Halifax challenger brand, including extending its geographical reach into Scotland, and in 2013 Bank of Scotland began its first ever national campaign targeting lending to small and
medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).  In Insurance, 2014 has seen us relaunch the Scottish Widows brand, refining its focus on providing a more secure financial future for our customers and demonstrating our continued commitment to be a leader in the life planning and retirement market.

 

Our strong portfolio of differentiated brands underlines our commitment to service and to helping our customers with the things that really matter - planning for the future, enabling them to purchase their home and protecting their families - as well as supporting UK business.  Brand revitalisation is being reinforced by an extensive programme of branch refurbishment and investment in telephony and digital channels.  We have so far refurbished over 1,500 branches since the Strategic Review, creating bright, modern environments incorporating screenless counters.  We have also introduced active management of our banking halls, increased colleague training and extended opening hours at selected branches, enhancing the overall branch banking experience for our customers.  In turn, this has resulted in a further 11 per cent improvement in Net Promoter Scores and a fall in Group reportable banking complaints to 1.0 per 1,000 accounts (excluding PPI).  This level of complaints represents the lowest of any major UK bank, with Halifax leading the way amongst our brands with 0.8 complaints per 1,000 accounts, and we expect to maintain this industry leading position.

 

In telephone banking, we launched a number of improvements to our automated Interactive Voice Recognition (IVR) system in 2013, incorporating the latest speech recognition software to get things right first time when customers call us.  With simplified menu structures, increased service functionality and improved call routing, nearly two-thirds of all calls are fulfilled at point of IVR first contact.

 

Our digital channels go from strength to strength, with active internet banking users now increased to over 10.5 million and mobile banking users to more than four million, and over 1.2 billion log-ons in 2013.  We have now created a new Digital, Marketing and Customer Development function to capitalise on our achievements to date, focusing our investment and ensuring our success in Retail is replicated by sharing digital product development across all divisions.



 

GROUP CHIEF EXECUTIVE'S STATEMENT (continued)

 

In Commercial Banking we continue to strengthen our capabilities and position ourselves for growth.  In 2013, we launched a new Global Transaction Banking platform to support clients in payments, liquidity management and working capital financing, thereby deepening our client relationships by fulfilling a broader spectrum of their product needs.

 

In General Insurance, we have redesigned our claims process to make it more efficient and simpler and as a result, the majority of our Home Claims customers are receiving their settlements 30 per cent faster.  Customers making a claim are now looked after by a dedicated advisor throughout the life of their claim and regular contact is maintained.

 

Supporting our customers and the economic recovery

Lloyds Banking Group is the UK's largest retail and commercial lender, and in 2013 we continued to deliver on our pledge to help Britain prosper and support sustainable economic recovery.  We were the first bank to access funding from the government's Funding for Lending (FLS) scheme, and are its largest lender, and committed over £37 billion of gross new lending with net core growth of £13 billion since the start of the scheme.  We remain committed to passing on the benefits of this low cost funding to our UK customers.

 

In Retail, we helped more than 80,000 new homeowners to purchase their first home, exceeding our target of 60,000 and advancing mortgages totalling over £9.7 billion.  Through our participation in government schemes such as Help to Buy in the Halifax and Bank of Scotland brands (now also launched under the Lloyds Bank brand in 2014), we are providing strong support for the recovery in the housing market, by facilitating access to mortgage financing for creditworthy home buyers at up to 95 per cent of property purchase values.

 

September 2013 saw the introduction of a new industry-wide service to make it easier and quicker for customers to switch their current account.  Key Lloyds Banking Group brands are taking part in this scheme, which allows customers to switch their accounts within seven working days.  During the course of the year switch-ins have exceeded switch-outs by approximately 144,000, particularly driven by switching into our challenger brand, Halifax.  This is testament to some of the product innovations we have implemented, including loyalty schemes such as Halifax's Cashback Extras, and Everyday Offers at Lloyds Bank and Bank of Scotland, recognising and rewarding the faith placed in us by our customers to provide a consistent, high quality service. 

 

In Commercial Banking, we continue to strengthen our client relationships, supporting businesses of all sizes from SMEs to Global Corporates.  We have demonstrated our focus to support clients consistently through the economic cycle with net lending to SMEs growing by 6 per cent in 2013 despite a market contraction of 3 per cent; committing over £1.3 billion to the UK manufacturing sector by the end of September, exceeding our £1 billion target three months early; and providing finance to approximately 120,000 start-up enterprises, beating our target by 20,000.  In 2013 we continued to approve eight out of 10 business loan and overdraft applications from SMEs.  Meanwhile the Hire Purchase and Leasing team within Commercial Finance achieved record monthly lending levels.  We have further supported loan growth by launching a partnership to deliver mobile card payment solutions to small businesses which is cutting technology costs and opening up growth opportunities.

 

For the ninth year running we were awarded the title of 'Business Bank of the Year' at the FDs' Excellence Awards, which are supported by the Confederation of British Industry and the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England
and Wales.

 

In Insurance, we have seen excellent growth in our Corporate Pensions area, stimulated by the market changes as a result of the Retail Distribution Review and the support we are giving to our customers in managing the transition to
auto-enrolment.  We also launched an enhanced annuity product in both the intermediary and direct channels, expanding our offering, while enabling our retail bank customers to secure a higher retirement income via a new online comparison tool.  We continue to enhance our market-leading bancassurance protection proposition as we look to address the UK population's protection gap.  In 2013, we addressed the protection needs of 200,000 new customers and paid out around £200 million in claims to existing customers.  In General Insurance, in the aftermath of the October and December storms, our Home Claims teams worked hard to offer seamless service at a distressing time for many of our customers.



 

GROUP CHIEF EXECUTIVE'S STATEMENT (continued)

 

Within Asset Finance, we were pleased to announce a partnership between our Black Horse business and Jaguar Land Rover which will see us provide lending facilities to over 200 motor dealerships to cover vehicle stock and personal finance to customers seeking to purchase a car.  Black Horse also enabled customers to make payments via mobile devices this year.  Within Wealth, we also now provide better support and faster advice through a newly inaugurated Private Banking client centre while harnessing the latest customer relationship management technology, halving the time from initial contact to customer interview.

 

Regulation

2013 was an important year for the UK's supervisory framework for financial services companies, with two new bodies coming into existence in April, the PRA and the Financial Conduct Authority, replacing the FSA.  While uncertainty remains in relation to the impact of many reforms affecting our industry, both in the UK and from abroad, there is now greater clarity on regulatory capital requirements.  Our simplified, low risk, UK focused model is closely aligned to the new regulatory landscape, and with the reshaping we have undertaken, we are better positioned than ever to adapt to the changes we may face in the future and conduct our day-to-day business in a way that puts our customers' needs first.  We also continue to work with the relevant authorities on the evolution of regulation connected to the Financial Services (Banking Reform) Act, although we expect the majority of our operations to be within the ring fence which this legislation will create when it comes into effect at the start of 2019.  

 

Colleagues

Our success relies on the dedication of colleagues, the service they provide to our customers and the long-term partnerships they build with them.  Our stated aim of becoming the best bank for customers would not be possible without their talent and hard work.  I would like to personally thank all colleagues for their tremendous efforts that have enabled us to move further and faster towards our goals in 2013.  

 

I would also like to take this opportunity to thank our Chairman, Sir Winfried Bischoff, who will retire from the Group in April 2014.  His stewardship and guidance, in a challenging operating environment both from a regulatory and economic perspective, have been invaluable.  I look forward to working closely with Lord Blackwell, who will take over as Chairman from April, on the next steps in the evolution of the Group.

 

We are committed to attracting, retaining and developing our people.  In 2013, over 51,000 Lloyds Banking Group customer facing colleagues achieved the Chartered Banker Foundation Standard for Professional Bankers.  This Standard enables bankers to demonstrate to colleagues and customers that they have the knowledge and skills to perform their role, that they take responsibility for acting ethically and professionally, and that they adhere to the Chartered Banker Code of Professional Conduct to deliver the best outcomes for our customers. 

 

Colleague feedback is highly valued and in 2013, Community Bank and Telephone Banking colleagues made almost 3,000 suggestions, contributing towards a culture of continuous improvement and innovation, enabling us to deliver more tangible enhancements to our customer offering.  Also vital are our Back to the Floor days which take our senior leaders from the wider Group back into the branches and operational centres to experience our services and processes first hand, giving them important insights into how improvements are being implemented. 

 

Our 2013 Colleague Survey had the highest ever participation rate, reaching over 75 per cent.  There were improvements in scores across all key categories and we compare favourably with other UK companies.  Notably the Employee Engagement Index (EEI), which shows the extent to which colleagues feel motivated to contribute to the success of the Group, and are willing to apply discretionary effort to help the business succeed, rose to 64 per cent, 16 points higher than in 2012.  Meanwhile, the Performance Excellence Index (PEI), which shows how strongly colleagues believe the Group is committed to delivering, and continuously improving, high quality products and services to customers, rose to 76 per cent, 8 points higher than in 2012.  There are many factors that influence these scores; the ongoing delivery of our strategy, the achievement of key milestones, together with the recent start of our return to full private ownership, have all contributed to the improvement in engagement. 



 

GROUP CHIEF EXECUTIVE'S STATEMENT (continued)

 

I am also delighted to have announced, as part of our Helping Britain Prosper Plan, that we are moving towards a target of 40 per cent of our most senior roles being held by women by 2020.  We do recognise however, that there is more to be done on our journey to being the best bank for customers and amongst the best-rated companies in the UK by
our colleagues.

 

I am proud that, amongst many other accolades received during the year, we were named 'Best Bank (UK)' at the 2013 Euromoney Awards and 'Bank of the Year' at The Banker's 2013 Awards.  These awards reflect the strong capabilities and diligence of our people who continue to support the delivery of our strategy.

 

Dividends

In the second half of 2013, the Group commenced discussions with the PRA on the timetable and conditions for resuming dividend payments.  Given the progress the Group has made in substantially strengthening its capital position and improving its financial performance, the PRA has now confirmed that it will consider the Group's applications to make dividend payments in line with its normal procedures for other banks.

 

In the light of this, and subject to a return to sustainable profitability and there being no major unexpected changes in the Group's business outlook or regulatory requirements, the Board expects that it will apply to the PRA in the second half of 2014 to restart dividend payments, commencing at a modest level.  The Board expects thereafter to have a progressive dividend policy with the aim of moving, over the medium term, to a dividend payout ratio of at least 50 per cent of sustainable earnings.

 

Outlook

We have made further substantial progress in 2013 on our strategy to be the best bank for customers.  We delivered a significantly improved financial performance while increasing investment in our core franchise and people, strengthening our balance sheet and capital position, reducing costs and risk, and addressing legacy issues.

 

The progress we have made means we have a simpler, more efficient, lower risk business, which given the additional investments we are making, is well placed to serve our customers and to help Britain prosper.  We therefore remain confident in the Group's prospects, despite continued regulatory uncertainty, and in our ability to generate strong and sustainable returns for our shareholders.

 

António Horta-Osório

Group Chief Executive



 

GROUP FINANCE DIRECTOR'S REVIEW OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE

 

Overview

In 2013, we significantly improved the Group's profitability and further strengthened our capital position, while improving margins, and reducing costs and non-core assets as we simplified and de-risked the business.  Income grew as funding costs fell, core lending increased and we benefited from gains on the sales of shares in St. James's Place.  This growth in income, combined with lower operating costs and impairments resulted in an increase in core underlying profits to £7.6 billion.  The Group also returned its lending to core corporate customers to growth in the first half of 2013, and to mortgage customers in the second half, while non-core asset reductions continued to be capital accretive overall, with underlying losses from the non-core portfolio declined significantly.

 

Significantly improved Group underlying and statutory profitability

Group underlying profit more than doubled, increasing by £3,601 million to £6,166 million compared to 2012.  The return on risk-weighted assets improved to 2.14 per cent from 0.77 per cent, driven by increased earnings and by risk-weighted asset reductions, predominantly in the non-core business.  Core underlying profit before tax grew 24 per cent to £7,574 million, primarily reflecting reduced impairment charges and stronger net interest income.

 

Underlying income grew by per cent to £18,805 million, including the gain of £540 million from the sales of shares in St. James's Place.  Excluding the gain on sales and income from St. James's Place (together St. James's Place effects), total underlying income was unchanged with a stronger contribution from net interest income offsetting a reduction in other income.  Group net interest income improved by 5 per cent to £10,885 million as a result of improved net interest margin and growth in core lending volumes.  Other income decreased by 6 per cent excluding St. James's Place effects, primarily as a result of non-core disposals made during the course of the year.

 

We maintained our focus on cost control and efficiency, with total costs falling by per cent to £9,635 million, in line with the upgraded guidance given in the first quarter of 2013.  The impairment charge improved by 47 per cent to £3,004 million, driven by the reduction in non-core assets and the sustained improvement in Group asset quality.

 

Core underlying profit improved to £7,574 million from £6,112 million and the return on risk-weighted assets increased to 3.26 per cent from 2.54 per cent. Excluding St. James's Place effects, the return on risk-weighted assets was 3.00 per cent.  Core underlying income increased 6 per cent to £18,244 million, and by per cent excluding St. James's Place effects given improved net interest income from core loan growth and higher margins.  The core net interest margin increased by 17 basis points to 2.49 per cent, driven mainly by improved deposit margins.  Core other income increased 3 per cent to £7,606 million but excluding St. James's Place effects was down 2 per cent reflecting current economic conditions and the regulatory environment.

 

Core costs decreased by 1 per cent, driven by further savings from the Simplification programme and the deconsolidation of St. James's Place, partially offset by additional staff related costs and inflation.  The core impairment charge decreased 21 per cent to £1,521 million with the reduction primarily attributable to Commercial Banking impairments, which reduced by 40 per cent year-on-year reflecting better quality new business and lower defaults due to the low interest rate environment.

 

Non-core losses reduced by 60 per cent to £1,408 million year-on-year, largely as a result of the reduction in non-core assets which was also the primary driver of the 61 per cent reduction in the impairment charge to £1,483 million.

 

The Group statutory profit before tax of £415 million for 2013 compared to a pre-tax loss of £606 million in 2012, driven by the improvement in underlying profit and a lower provision for legacy issues of £3,455 million compared to the £4,225 million charge in 2012.  In 2013 the Group was subject to a higher effective tax rate than the UK statutory rate primarily due to an additional tax charge arising from the impacts on the net deferred tax asset of the reduction in the UK Corporation tax rate, the disposal of our Australian operation and policyholder tax.  The loss after tax was £802 million and the loss per share was 1.2p, compared to the loss per share of 2.1p in 2012.



GROUP FINANCE DIRECTOR'S REVIEW OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE (continued)

Lower risk, stronger balance sheet with core loan growth and a substantially enhanced capital position

We have now substantially completed our work to transform the balance sheet, by strengthening our funding, liquidity and capital position, and reducing non-core assets, and we returned core corporate and mortgage lending to growth
in 2013.

 

We reduced non-core assets by £34.9 billion to £63.5 billion during the year, with non-retail non-core assets reduced to £24.7 billion.  Non-core asset reductions continue to be capital accretive overall and, together with core underlying profit generation and management actions, resulted in a considerable strengthening of our capital ratios.  The Group's pro forma fully loaded CRD IV common equity tier 1 ratio improved to 10.3 per cent from 8.1 per cent at 31 December 2012, in spite of theadditional legacy charges, changes to pension accounting following the implementation of IAS 19R and other statutory items.

 

Core loans and advances grew by £11.6 billion or 3 per cent to £436.9 billion, primarily driven by increases in Commercial Banking and Wealth, Asset Finance and International.  We also returned Retail secured lending to growth, as expected in the third quarter and delivered £1.9 billion of further loan growth in our core book in the fourth quarter. 

 

Underlying income



Total


Core
















2013 


2012 


Change 


2013 


2012 


Change 



£ million 


£ million 



£ million 


£ million 















Net interest income


10,884 


10,331 



10,637 


9,864 


Other income


7,259 


7,726 


(6)


6,945 


7,092 


(2)

Total underlying income excluding St. James's Place


18,143 


18,057 


- 


17,582 


16,956 


4 

St. James's Place


662 


329 




662 


329 



Total underlying income


18,805 


18,386 



18,244 


17,285 


6 














Banking net interest margin


2.12% 


1.93% 


19bp 


2.49% 


2.32% 


17bp 

Average interest-earning banking assets


£510.9bn 


£543.3bn 


(6)


£420.5bn 


£423.7bn 


(1)

Loan to deposit ratio


113% 


121% 


(8)pp


100% 


101% 


(1)pp 

 

Group underlying income increased by 2 per cent to £18,805 million and, excluding St. James's Place effects, was broadly unchanged at £18,143 million, with strong growth in net interest income offsetting the reduction in other income. The growth in core income more than offset the decline in non-core income which resulted from the continued reduction of non-core assets.

 

Net interest income (excluding St. James's Place effects) increased by 5 per cent to £10,884 million in 2013, and grew for the fourth successive quarter.  The growth reflected increased core lending and the improved net interest margin, partly offset by reduced net interest income from the smaller non-core asset portfolio.

 

The improvement in Group net interest margin to 2.12 per cent for the full year, and to 2.29 per cent in the fourth quarter, was principally driven by a strong performance in deposit margin, which more than offset a small decline in asset margin and an 8 basis points reduction from repositioning our government bond portfolio.  The net interest margin also benefited, relative to our expectations at the beginning of the year, from the effect of repositioning our structural hedge. This repositioning is now largely complete and provides the Group with a greater level of protection from changes in net interest income from movements in interest rates.

 

Core net interest income increased 8 per cent principally as a result of the significant improvement in margin.



 

GROUP FINANCE DIRECTOR'S REVIEW OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE (continued)

 

Other income excluding St. James's Place fell by 6 per cent to £7,259 million, reflecting the significant reduction in
non-core assets and lower sales of bancassurance and protection products in the core business, partly as a result of changes in our product offering following implementation of the Retail Distribution Review (RDR).  Around £400 million of the decline in other income excluding St. James's Place related to businesses sold in the year.

 

Total costs




2013 



2012 


Change 



£ million 


£ million 









Core


9,149 


9,254 


Non-core


486 


870 


44 

Total costs


9,635 


10,124 









Cost:income ratio


51.2% 


55.1% 


(3.9)pp 

Simplification savings annual run-rate


1,457 


847 



 

Total costs fell by 5 per cent to £9,635 million driven by around £600 million of savings from Simplification initiatives, and the effect of disposals in the year, partly offset by staff related costs and inflation. Total costs include a bank levy charge of £238 million (2012: £179 million).  We continue to expect costs in 2014 to reduce to around £9 billion, excluding TSB running costs.

 

Core costs fell 1 per cent to £9,149 million driven by strong cost management, benefits from the Simplification programme and the deconsolidation of St. James's Place from the beginning of April. These reductions were partly offset by additional staff related costs, inflation and the increase in the bank levy. Non-core costs fell 44 per cent due to the significant reduction in non-core assets.

 

The Group continues to make good progress on Simplification, improving service for customers through more streamlined end-to-end processes, and, among other initiatives, centralising support functions, reducing layers of management and rationalising its supplier base. We continue to reinvest a part of these savings in the core business.

 

At 31 December 2013, we had achieved annual run-rate cost savings of £1,457 million from our initiatives to simplify the Group, an increase of £610 million since 31 December 2012. We have now increased our expectations for annual
run-rate cost savings from the Simplification programme at the end of 2014 from £1.9 billion to £2.0 billion.



 

GROUP FINANCE DIRECTOR'S REVIEW OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE (continued)

 

Impairment




2013 



2012 


Change 



£ million 


£ million 









Core


1,521 


1,919 


21 

Non-core


1,483 


3,778 


61 

Total impairment charge


3,004 


5,697 


47 

 




2013 



2012 


Change 













Asset quality ratio:







Core


0.35 


0.44 


(9)bp 

Non-core


1.61 


3.08 


(147)bp 

Group


0.57 


1.02 


(45)bp 








Impaired loans as a % of closing advances:







Core


2.6 


3.0 


(0.4)pp 

Non-core


30.0 


32.1 


(2.1)pp 

Group


6.3 


8.6 


(2.3)pp 








Provisions as a % of impaired loans:







Core


40.6 


41.2 


(0.6)pp 

Non-core


54.8 


50.7 


4.1pp 

Group


50.1 


48.2 


1.9pp 

 

The impairment charge reduced by 47 per cent to £3,004 million reflecting the improved credit quality of the core portfolio, continued prudent management of impaired loans and a further reduction in non-core assets.  The asset quality ratio improved by 45 basis points to 0.57 per cent, and is now within the target range for the Group set out in our Strategic Review of 50 to 60 basis points.  The core asset quality ratio remains low at 0.35 per cent.

The 21 per cent decrease in the core impairment charge to £1,521 million was primarily driven by lower impairment in Commercial Banking, which was down 40 per cent compared to 2012 given the improvement in the economic environment together with higher releases in 2013 compared to the same period in 2012.  The significant improvement in the non-core impairment charge of 61 per cent compared to 2012 reflected reductions in the Corporate Real Estate and Irish portfolios following asset disposals.

 

Impaired loans as a percentage of closing advances reduced substantially to 6.3 per cent, from 8.6 per cent at 31 December 2012, driven by the reduced non-core portfolio and improvements in both the Retail and Commercial Banking portfolios.  Provisions as a percentage of impaired loans increased from 48.2 per cent at 31 December 2012 to 50.1 per cent.



 

GROUP FINANCE DIRECTOR'S REVIEW OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE (continued)

 

Statutory profit

Statutory profit before tax was £415 million compared to a pre-tax loss of £606 million in 2012.  Further detail on the reconciliation of underlying to statutory results is included on page 35.

 

 

 


2013 



20121



£ million 


£ million 






Underlying profit


6,166 


2,565 

Asset sales, liability management and volatile items:





Asset sales


(687)


(660)

Sale of government securities


787 


3,207 

Liability management


(142)


(229)

Own debt volatility


(221)


(270)

Other volatile items


(457)


(478)

Volatility arising in insurance businesses


668 


312 

Fair value unwind


(228)


650 



(280)


2,532 

Simplification and Verde costs





Simplification costs


(830)


(676)

Verde costs


(687)


(570)



(1,517)


(1,246)

Legacy items:





Payment protection insurance provision


(3,050)


(3,575)

Other regulatory provisions


(405)


(650)



(3,455)


(4,225)

Other items:





Past service pensions (charge) credit


(104)


250 

Amortisation of purchased intangibles


(395)


(482)



(499)


(232)

Profit (loss) before tax - statutory


415 


(606)

Taxation


(1,217)


(781)

Loss for the year


(802)


(1,387)

Loss per share


(1.2)p 


(2.1)p 

 

1

Restated to reflect the implementation of IAS 19R and IFRS 10.  See page 123.

 

Asset sales, liability management and volatile items

Asset sales included gains on the sale of government securities of £787 million (2012: £3,207 million) and a net loss of £687 million (after a related fair value unwind benefit of £1,384 million), principally from the significant reduction in
non-core assets.  Despite net losses in the year, non-core disposals were capital accretive in aggregate contributing to the £2.6 billion of capital generated by non-core reduction.  The level of net losses from asset sales incurred in 2013 is not expected to be repeated in 2014.

 

The Group's statutory profit before tax is affected by insurance volatility caused by movements in financial markets generating a variance against expected returns, and policyholder interests volatility which primarily reflects the gross up of policyholder tax included in the Group tax charge.  The statutory result included £668 million of positive insurance and policyholder interests volatility (2012: positive volatility of £312 million), reflecting the rise in equity markets in the period.

 

Simplification and Verde costs

Simplification programme costs in 2013 were £830 million and the total spent on the programme to the end of 2013 was £1,691 million. 



 

GROUP FINANCE DIRECTOR'S REVIEW OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE (continued)

This had delivered annual run-rate cost savings of £1,457 million by December 2013.  Our expectations for annual
run-rate cost savings by the end of 2014 have now increased from £1.9 billion to £2.0 billion.  We now expect the total costs to be around £2.5 billion by the end of 2014, of which £2.4 billion is anticipated to be directly expensed through the profit and loss account.

The Group continues to progress the European Commission (EC) mandated business disposal (Verde), with an Initial Public Offering (IPO) planned for mid-2014.  Subject to meeting a number of criteria, this plan has been agreed in principle by the EC but remains subject to final regulatory and EC approval.  The Project Verde branches were rebranded in September 2013, and now operate as TSB as a separate business within the Lloyds Banking Group.  The costs of building TSB were £687 million in the year and, from inception to the end of December 2013, have totalled £1,468 million.  We expect to complete the build of TSB at a cost in 2014 of around £200 million with further dual running and transaction costs of around £150 million.

 

PPI

The Group made a further provision in the fourth quarter for expected PPI costs of £1,800 million, which brought the amount provided in 2013 for PPI to £3,050 million, and the total amount provided to £9,825 million.  Total costs incurred in the three months to 31 December 2013 were £687 million, including £165 million of administration costs, and as at 31 December 2013, £2,807 million of the total provision remained unutilised.

 

The volume of PPI complaints continues to fall.  Average monthly complaint volumes (excluding complaints where no PPI was held) reduced to approximately 37,000 in the fourth quarter of 2013, and were 24 per cent below volumes in the third quarter, and 56 per cent below the fourth quarter of 2012.  While fourth quarter volumes fell in line with our revised end of third quarter expectations, following further statistical modelling and the results of the most recent customer survey, we are now forecasting a slower decline in future volumes than previously expected.  The additional provision taken in the fourth quarter is based on the assumption that we will receive approximately a further 550,000 complaints.  Together with an increase in administrative costs, this revised forecast for future complaint volumes accounts for approximately £1.1 billion of the £1.8 billion additional provision taken in the fourth quarter.

 

A revision of our forecasts for uphold rates and response rates to proactive mailings together account for approximately £0.4 billion of the increased provision, and reflect forecast rates above our recent experience.  The Group has also increased its estimates for remediation costs, which principally relate to the re-review of previously defended complaints, and this accounts for approximately £0.3 billion of the increased provision.

 

Since the commencement of the PPI redress programme in 2011 we estimate we have contacted, settled or provided for approximately 40 per cent of the policies sold since 2000, covering both customer-initiated complaints and actual and expected proactive mailings undertaken by the Group.  The proactive mailings arise from a detailed Past Business Review, carried out by the Group as agreed with the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), as a result of which the Group is contacting customers identified as having the highest likelihood of required redress.  These mailings are expected to be substantially complete by the end of the first half of 2014.  In terms of customer-initiated complaints, the fourth quarter monthly average run-rate of approximately 37,000 complaints is around 70 per cent below its peak and complaints have declined in each of the last six quarters.

 

The total amount provided for PPI represents our best estimate of the likely future costs, albeit a number of risks and uncertainties remain, in particular complaint volumes, uphold rates, average redress costs, the scope and cost of proactive mailings and remediation, and the outcome of the FCA Enforcement Team investigation.  The cost of these factors could differ materially from our estimates, with the risk that a further provision could be required.

 

Other provisions

A further provision of £130 million was made in the fourth quarter relating to the sale of interest rate hedging products to certain small and medium-sized businesses. This brings the amount provided to £530 million, of which £218 million relates to administration costs.  As at 31 December 2013, £368 million of the total provision remained unutilised.



 

GROUP FINANCE DIRECTOR'S REVIEW OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE (continued)

 

In the course of its business, the Group is engaged in discussions with the PRA, FCA and other UK and overseas regulators and governmental authorities on a range of matters; a provision is held against the costs expected to be incurred.  In 2013 these provisions were increased by a further £200 million, in respect of matters affecting the Retail, Commercial and Wealth and Asset Finance businesses, bringing the total amount to £300 million, of which £75 million had been utilised at 31 December 2013.  This includes a fine of £28 million from the FCA following an investigation into its historic systems and controls governing legacy incentive schemes for branch advisors.

 

Other provisions also included £75 million recognised in the first half of 2013 for claims relating to policies issued by Clerical Medical Insurance Group Limited in Germany, bringing the total provision to £400 million, of which £246 million remains unutilised at 31 December 2013.

 

Other items

The Group recognised a charge for other statutory items of £499 million in the period, compared to a charge of £232 million in 2012.  This comprises a charge for the amortisation of intangible assets of £395 million, and  a charge of £104 million as a result of changes to early retirement and commutation factors in two of the Group's principal defined benefit schemes (2012: £250 million gain related to a change in policy in respect of discretionary pension increases).

 

Taxation

The tax charge for 2013 was £1,217 million.  This reflected a higher effective tax rate than the UK statutory rate primarily due to an additional tax charge arising from the impact on the net deferred tax asset of the reductions in UK corporation tax rate to 21 per cent from 1 April 2014 and 20 per cent from 1 April 2015; the write-down of a deferred tax asset in respect of Australian trading losses following the sale of our Australian operations; and policyholder taxes.  We expect the effective tax rate in future periods will be in the range of 20-25 per cent, subject to policyholder tax and any possible effect from disposals such as Verde.

 

Risk-weighted assets and capital ratios



At 31 Dec 

2013 


At 31 Dec1

2012 


Change 








Core risk-weighted assets


£224.9bn 


£237.4bn 


(5)

Non-core risk-weighted assets


£39.0bn 


£72.9bn 


(47)

Total risk-weighted assets


£263.9bn 


£310.3bn 


(15)

Core tier 1 capital ratio


14.0% 


12.0% 


2.0pp 

Tier 1 capital ratio


14.5


13.8% 


0.7pp 

Total capital ratio


20.8


17.3% 


3.5pp 








Pro forma fully loaded risk-weighted assets2


£271.9bn 


£321.1bn 


(15)

Pro forma fully loaded common equity tier 1 ratio2


10.3


8.1% 


2.2pp 

Pro forma fully loaded CRD IV leverage ratio2,3


4.1


3.8% 


0.3pp 

Pro forma fully loaded Basel III leverage ratio (2014 rules)2,3,4


4.5% 












Fully loaded risk-weighted assets


£271.1bn 


£321.1bn 


(16)

Fully loaded common equity tier 1 ratio


10.0% 


8.1% 


1.9pp 

Fully loaded CRD IV leverage ratio3


4.0


3.8% 


0.2pp 

Fully loaded Basel III leverage ratios (2014 rules)3,4


4.4% 





 

1

Comparatives have not been restated to reflect the implementation of IAS 19R and IFRS 10.

2

Pro forma ratios include the benefit of the announced sales of Heidelberger Leben, Scottish Widows Investment Partnership and Sainsbury's Bank.

3

Includes the full value of tier 1 instruments reported under the prevailing rules as at 31 December 2013.

4

Estimated in accordance with January 2014 revised Basel III leverage ratio framework.

 



 

GROUP FINANCE DIRECTOR'S REVIEW OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE (continued)

 

We have significantly strengthened the Group's capital ratios in the year. The Group's pro forma fully loaded common equity tier 1 (CET1) ratio has increased to 10.3 per cent from 8.1 per cent at 31 December 2012. The improvement was driven by capital generation in the core business, the decrease in risk-weighted assets from non-core asset reductions, improving economic conditions and a number of management actions. These management actions included the disposal of St. James's Place, the announced disposals of Scottish Widows Investment Partnership and Heidelberger Leben, the sale of a US residential mortgage-backed security (RMBS) portfolio and a number of overseas businesses as well as dividends of £2.2 billion from the Insurance business to the Group. This improvement in the capital ratio was partially offset by charges for legacy items, losses on disposal of non-core assets, and other statutory items including the effects of changes to pension accounting and the costs of Simplification and Verde.

 

The Group's total capital ratio under prevailing rules improved to 20.8 per cent, with £25.4 billion of tier 1 and tier 2 securities contributing to the £54.8 billion capital base.

 

The Group's pro forma fully loaded CRD IV leverage ratio, including tier 1 capital, increased to 4.1 per cent from 3.8 per cent at the end of 2012 and to 3.4 per cent from 3.1 per cent excluding tier 1 capital. In January 2014 the Basel Committee published a revised Basel III definition of leverage ratio, and we anticipate that CRD IV will be amended in due course to align with this definition. As at 31 December 2013 the Group's pro forma Basel III leverage ratio was 4.5 per cent including tier 1 capital, and 3.8 per cent excluding tier 1 capital.  Both of these ratios exceed the Basel Committee's proposed minimum of 3 per cent applicable from 2018.

 

Given its improved capital strength the Group will no longer seek to fund the payment of coupons on certain hybrid capital securities through the issuance of equity.

 

In addition, the PRA has now confirmed that it will consider the Group's application to make dividend payments in line with its normal procedures for other banks. In arriving at this assessment, the PRA considered the Group's financial plans including any actions contained therein.  The PRA's assessment was made in the context of previous announcements as to UK regulatory capital targets and expectations, including the PRA's news release on capital standards issued on 29 November 2013.  Subject to a return to sustainable profitability and there being no major unexpected changes in the Group's business outlook or regulatory requirements, the Board expects that it will apply to the PRA in the second half of 2014 to restart dividend payments.

 

Funding and liquidity



At 31 Dec 

2013 


At 31 Dec 

20121


Change 








Core loans and advances to customers2


£436.9bn 


£425.3bn 


Funded assets


£510.2bn 


£538.7bn 


(5)

Non-core assets


£63.5bn 


£98.4bn 


(35)

Non-retail non-core assets


£24.7bn 


£48.5bn 


(49)

Customer deposits3


£438.3bn 


£422.5bn 


4 

Wholesale funding


£137.6bn 


£169.6bn 


(19)

Wholesale funding <1 year maturity


£44.2bn 


£50.6bn 


(13)

Of which money-market funding <1 year maturity4


£21.3bn 


£25.0bn 


(15)

Loan to deposit ratio


113


121% 


(8)pp 

Core loan to deposit ratio


100


101% 


(1)pp 

Primary liquid assets


£89.3bn 


£87.6bn 


 

1

Restated to reflect the implementation of IAS 19R and IFRS 10. See page 123.

2

Excludes reverse repos of £0.1 billion (31 December 2012: £5.1 billion).

3

Excludes repos of £3.0 billion (31 December 2012: £4.4 billion) (all core).

4

Excludes balances relating to margins of £2.2 billion (31 December 2012: £4.5 billion) and settlement accounts of £1.3 billion
(31 December 2012: £1.5 billion).

 



 

GROUP FINANCE DIRECTOR'S REVIEW OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE (continued)

 

During 2013, lending to core customers increased by £11.6 billion to £436.9 billion with all banking divisions returning to growth.  Customer deposits grew by £15.8 billion to £438.3 billion, with the core loan to deposit ratio improving to 100 per cent.  The Group loan to deposit ratio also improved, falling to 113 per cent, reflecting the reduction in the
non-core asset portfolio and associated wholesale funding.

 

Non-core assets were £63.5 billion at December 2013, 35 per cent lower than at the end of 2012.  Non-core asset reductions included £6.6 billion in Australia as well as £6.7 billion in UK commercial real estate and £2.7 billion in the shipping portfolio.  The higher risk non-retail element of the portfolio reduced by £23.8 billion, or 49 per cent, in the year to £24.7 billion, and is expected to reduce to around £15 billion by the end of 2014.  The average risk weighting of the non-core portfolio reduced from 74 per cent to 61 per cent.  Non-core asset reductions continue to be capital accretive overall, releasing approximately £2.6 billion of capital in the year.

 

The non-core portfolio now poses substantially less risk to the Group.  As a result, approximately £31 billion of retail
non-core assets including our UK and Dutch mortgage portfolios and the majority of the UK Asset Finance business
will be reabsorbed into the core business, with the remaining non-core assets managed in a separate run-off unit.  We will no longer report on a core/non-core basis in 2014, but will continue to report separately on those assets that remain in
run-off.

 

The Group's wholesale funding requirement has reduced given the reduction in non-core assets and continued growth in customer deposits in the year.  Together these have enabled us to reduce wholesale funding by £32 billion and, as reported at the half year, repay the full amount of the Long Term Refinancing Operation funding from the European Central Bank of €13.5 billion ahead of schedule.  The Group has so far committed over £37 billion of gross new lending to British customers under the Funding for Lending Scheme (FLS) with drawings under the scheme amounting to £8 billion as at the end of 2013.  The Group will continue to have a modest wholesale funding requirement and we anticipate that in 2014 this will be in the range of £5-10 billion of public issuance, while the Group's aggregate usage of wholesale funding is expected to further reduce in 2014.

 

The Group's liquidity position remains strong, with primary liquid assets of £89.3 billion at 31 December 2013 (31 December 2012: £87.6 billion).  Primary liquid assets represent approximately 4.2 times our money-market funding with a maturity of less than one year, and are approximately 2.0 times our short-term wholesale funding, providing a substantial buffer in the event of market dislocation.  In addition to primary liquid assets, the Group has significant secondary liquidity holdings of £105.4 billion (31 December 2012: £117.1 billion).  Total liquid assets represent approximately 4.4 times our wholesale funding with a maturity of less than one year.

 

The Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR) is expected to become the Pillar 1 standard for liquidity in the UK in 2015, and the PRA has the ability to impose firm-specific liquidity requirements.  The European Commission is to adopt further legislation by 30 June 2014 to specify the definition, calibration, calculation, and phase-in of the LCR for implementation in 2015.  The Group expects to meet the new requirements ahead of the implementation dates.

 

The significant reduction of non-core assets and the balance sheet strengthening undertaken in the year supports the Group in becoming a lower risk bank with a stronger and more sustainable earnings outlook.

 

Conclusion

The Group has delivered improvements in underlying profits and core returns with growth in core lending, underlying income and net interest margin, and further reductions in costs and impairments.  The continued progress in reducing balance sheet risk and the strengthening of the Group's capital ratios leaves us well positioned to continue growing our core business as we support the UK economic recovery.

 

George Culmer

Group Finance Director

 



UNDERLYING BASIS - SEGMENTAL ANALYSIS

 

2013


Retail 

Commercial 
Banking 


Wealth, 
Asset 
Finance 
and Int'l 

Insurance 

Group 
Operations 
and Central  items 


Group 



£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 














Net interest income


7,536 


2,426 


870 


(103)


156 


10,885 

Other income


1,410 


2,708 


1,809 


2,236 


113 


8,276 

Insurance claims





(356)



(356)

Total underlying income


8,946 


5,134 


2,679 


1,777 


269 


18,805 

Total costs


(4,096)


(2,392)


(1,991)


(687)


(469)


(9,635)

Impairment


(1,101)


(1,167)


(730)



(6)


(3,004)

Underlying profit (loss)


3,749 


1,575 


(42)


1,090 


(206)


6,166 














Banking net interest margin


2.23


1.95


2.20






2.12

Asset quality ratio


0.32


0.83


1.79






0.57

Return on risk-weighted assets


4.11


1.04


(0.13)% 






2.14














Key balance sheet items
at 31 Dec 2013


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 














Loans and advances to customers1


341.9 


126.4 


24.2 




2.7 


495.2 

Customer deposits2


269.0 


123.5 


45.8 





438.3 

Total customer balances


610.9 


249.9 


70.0 




2.7 


933.5 














Risk-weighted assets


85.7 


138.5 


25.9 




13.8 


263.9 

 

 

2012


 

 


 


 





£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 














Net interest income


7,195 


2,206 


799 


(78)


213 


10,335 

Other income


1,462 


2,932 


2,043 


2,294 


(315)


8,416 

Insurance claims





(365)



(365)

Total underlying income


8,657 


5,138 


2,842 


1,851 


(102)


18,386 

Total costs


(4,199)


(2,516)


(2,291)


(744)


(374)


(10,124)

Impairment


(1,270)


(2,946)


(1,480)



(1)


(5,697)

Underlying profit (loss)


3,188 


(324)


(929)


1,107 


(477)


2,565 














Banking net interest margin


2.08% 


1.58% 


1.65% 






1.93% 

Asset quality ratio


0.36% 


1.85% 


3.12% 






1.02% 

Return on risk-weighted assets


3.21% 


(0.18)% 


(2.31)% 






0.77% 














Key balance sheet items
at 31 Dec 2012


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 














Loans and advances to customers1


343.3 


134.7 


33.4 




0.7 


512.1 

Customer deposits2


260.8 


109.7 


51.9 




0.1 


422.5 

Total customer balances


604.1 


244.4 


85.3 




0.8 


934.6 














Risk-weighted assets


95.5 


165.2 


36.2 




13.4 


310.3 

 

1

Excludes reverse repos.

2

Excludes repos.

 



 

UNDERLYING BASIS - CORE BUSINESS

 

2013


Retail 

Commercial 
Banking 


Wealth, 
Asset 
Finance 
and Int'l 

Insurance 

Group 
Operations 
and Central 
items 


Group 



£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 














Net interest income


7,525 


2,444 


574 


(107)


202 


10,638 

Other income


1,400 


2,480 


1,748 


2,221 


113 


7,962 

Insurance claims





(356)



(356)

Total underlying income


8,925 


4,924 


2,322 


1,758 


315 


18,244 

Total costs


(4,092)


(2,307)


(1,658)


(670)


(422)


(9,149)

Impairment


(1,059)


(424)


(32)



(6)


(1,521)

Underlying profit (loss)


3,774 


2,193 


632 


1,088 


(113)


7,574 














Banking net interest margin


2.40


2.53


8.91






2.49

Asset quality ratio


0.33


0.39


0.50






0.35

Return on risk-weighted assets


4.55


1.74


6.67






3.26














Key balance sheet items
at 31 Dec 2013


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 

Loans and advances to customers1


318.2 


109.5 


6.5 




2.7 


436.9 

Customer deposits2


269.0 


121.0 


45.6 





435.6 

Total customer balances


587.2 


230.5 


52.1 




2.7 


872.5 














Risk-weighted assets


78.8 


123.3 


9.0 




13.8 


224.9 

 

 

2012


 

 


 


 





£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 














Net interest income


7,163 


2,242 


312 


(87)


238 


9,868 

Other income


1,446 


2,442 


1,964 


2,245 


(315)


7,782 

Insurance claims





(365)



(365)

Total underlying income


8,609 


4,684 


2,276 


1,793 


(77)


17,285 

Total costs


(4,193)


(2,232)


(1,795)


(710)


(324)


(9,254)

Impairment


(1,192)


(704)


(22)



(1) 


(1,919)

Underlying profit (loss)


3,224 


1,748 


459 


1,083 


(402)


6,112 














Banking net interest margin


2.25% 


2.22% 


5.90% 






2.32% 

Asset quality ratio


0.37% 


0.67% 


0.45% 






0.44% 

Return on risk-weighted assets


3.60% 


1.36% 


5.07% 






2.54% 














Key balance sheet items
at 31 Dec 2012


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 

Loans and advances to customers 1


317.3 


102.0 


5.3 




0.7 


425.3 

Customer deposits2


260.8 


107.2 


51.0 




0.1 


419.1 

Total customer balances


578.1 


209.2 


56.3 




0.8 


844.4 














Risk-weighted assets


86.6 


127.8 


9.6 




13.4 


237.4 

 

1

Excludes reverse repos.

2

Excludes repos.

 



 

UNDERLYING BASIS - NON-CORE BUSINESS

 

2013


Retail 

Commercial 
Banking 


Wealth, 
Asset 
Finance 
and Int'l 

Insurance 

Group 
Operations 
and Central 
items 


Group 



£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 














Net interest income


11 


(18)


296 


4 


(46)


247 

Other income


10 


228 


61 


15 



314 

Total underlying income


21 


210 


357 


19 


(46)


561 

Total costs


(4)


(85)


(333)


(17)


(47)


(486)

Impairment


(42)


(743)


(698)




(1,483)

Underlying (loss) profit


(25)


(618)


(674)


2 


(93)


(1,408)














Banking net interest margin


0.07


0.14


0.92






0.41

Asset quality ratio


0.17


2.32


2.03






1.61














Key balance sheet items
at 31 Dec 2013


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 














Total non-core assets


23.7 


21.3 


18.2 


0.3 



63.5 

Risk-weighted assets


6.9 


15.2 


16.9 






39.0 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2012


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 














Net interest income


32 


(36)


487 



(25)


467 

Other income


16 


490 


79 


49 



634 

Total underlying income


48 


454 


566 


58 


(25)


1,101 

Total costs


(6)


(284)


(496)


(34)


(50)


(870)

Impairment


(78)


(2,242)


(1,458)




(3,778)

Underlying (loss) profit


(36)


(2,072)


(1,388)


24 


(75)


(3,547)














Banking net interest margin


0.12% 


0.35% 


1.13% 






0.55% 

Asset quality ratio


0.29% 


4.28% 


3.42% 






3.08% 














Key balance sheet items
at 31 Dec 2012


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 


£bn 














Total non-core assets


26.0 


43.0 


28.9 


0.5 



98.4 

Risk-weighted assets


8.9 


37.4 


26.6 






72.9 

 



 

 

UNDERLYING BASIS - QUARTERLY INFORMATION

 



Quarter 
ended 
31 Dec 
2013 


Quarter 
ended 
30 Sept 
2013 


Quarter 
ended 
30 June 
2013 


Quarter 
ended 
31 Mar 
2013 


Quarter 
ended 
31 Dec 
2012 



£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 


£m 












Group






















Net interest income


2,918 


2,761 


2,653 


2,553 


2,545 

Other income


1,991 


1,879 


1,984 


2,422 


2,040 

Insurance claims


(123)


(85)


(62)


(86)


(30)

Total underlying income


4,786 


4,555 


4,575 


4,889 


4,555 

Total underlying income excl. SJP


4,672 


4,537 


4,525 


4,409 


4,448 

Total costs


(2,525)


(2,361)


(2,341)


(2,408)


(2,587)

Impairment


(521)


(670)


(811)


(1,002)


(1,278)

Underlying profit


1,740 


1,524 


1,423 


1,479 


690 












Banking net interest margin


2.29


2.17% 


2.06% 


1.96% 


1.94% 

Asset quality ratio


0.40


0.51


0.57% 


0.80% 


0.96% 

Return on risk-weighted assets


2.55


2.14% 


1.93% 


1.96% 


0.87% 

 

 

Core






















Net interest income


2,896 


2,711 


2,579 


2,452 


2,487 

Other income


1,971 


1,803 


1,923 


2,265 


1,932 

Insurance claims


(123)


(85)


(62)


(86)


(30)

Total underlying income


4,744 


4,429 


4,440 


4,631 


4,389 

Total underlying income excl. SJP


4,630 


4,411 


4,390 


4,151 


4,282 

Total costs


(2,429)


(2,252)


(2,199)


(2,269)


(2,341)

Impairment


(290)


(324)


(416)


(491)


(568)

Underlying profit


2,025 


1,853 


1,825 


1,871 


1,480 












Banking net interest margin


2.64


2.54% 


2.43% 


2.34% 


2.33% 

Asset quality ratio


0.23


0.32


0.34% 


0.51% 


0.50% 

Return on risk-weighted assets


3.55


3.19


3.11% 


3.20% 


2.47% 

 

 

Non-core






















Net interest income


22 


50 


74 


101 


58 

Other income


20 


76 


61 


157 


108 

Total underlying income


42 


126 


135 


258 


166 

Total costs


(96)


(109)


(142)


(139)


(246)

Impairment


(231)


(346)


(395)


(511)


(710)

Underlying loss


(285)


(329)


(402)


(392)


(790)












Banking net interest margin


0.40


0.41% 


0.37% 


0.44% 


0.37% 

Asset quality ratio


1.29


1.41


1.62% 


2.03% 


2.80% 



 

DIVISIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

 

RETAIL

 

Progress against strategic initiatives

·     Significant progress made in our strategy to be the best bank for customers in the UK with continued focus on meeting the needs of our customers through investment in our products, service and distribution.

·     Further enhancements delivered to simplify the business with customers now benefitting from improvements to everyday services resulting in service scores increasing 11 per cent and complaints down to 1.0 per 1,000 accounts (excluding PPI), the lowest of any major UK bank. 

·     The iconic Lloyds Bank brand re-launched and revitalised; and TSB created as a new challenger bank on the
High Street.

·     Continued innovation and investment to refresh our core product range, launching new propositions such as the Lloyds Bank and Bank of Scotland Loyalty Loan, Help to Buy, the Lloyds Bank Choice Rewards credit card and our seven-day switching service, with particularly strong net 'switcher in' performance being delivered by our challenger brand, Halifax.

·     New everyday banking propositions launched featuring cashback services that help customers to make more of their money whilst rewarding loyalty.

·     Continued development of our multi-channel offering, including enhancements to our digital proposition.  Active online customer base now over 10.5 million, with over four million customers regularly using our mobile
banking services.

·     Exceeded lending commitment to new-to-market buyers, helping one-in-four to buy their first home and exceeding our first time buyer lending target of 60,000 new mortgages by over 20,000 at year-end.  In 2014, we have committed to lend around £10 billion to approximately 80,000 first-time buyer customers.

·     Core loan book returned to growth in the third quarter, supported by strong performance in our mortgage portfolio.

·     Continued to support local communities, through our contribution to Group programmes and the personal commitment of colleagues involved in helping local organisations and charities.

 

Financial performance

·     Underlying profit increased 18 per cent to £3,749 million, driven by improved margins, reduced costs and
favourable impairments.

·     Return on risk-weighted assets increased to 4.11 per cent from 3.21 per cent in 2012, driven primarily by favourable income and continuing effective credit risk management.

·     Net interest incomeincreased 5 per cent.  Margin performance was strong, increasing 15 basis points to 2.23 per cent in 2013 from 2.08 per cent in 2012, driven by improved deposit mix and a favourable funding environment, more than offsetting reduced lending rates.

·     Other income down 4 per cent, with lower income from bancassurance and protection following the Retail Distribution Review in 2012, partially offset by the benefit of a revised commission arrangement in relation to the home
insurance book.

·     Total costs down 2 per cent to £4,096 million, primarily as a result of the Simplification programme and ongoing cost management activity.

·     Impairment reduced 13 per cent to £1,101 million, with the unsecured book remaining stable and secured charges decreasing largely due to lower impaired loan balances.

 

Balance sheet

·     Loans and advances to customers were broadly in line with 2012 at £341.9 billion.  Gross new mortgage lending increased £10.7 billion to £36.9 billion, contributing to core lending balances returning to growth in the third quarter, increasing further in the fourth quarter.

·     Customer deposits increased 3 per cent to £269.0 billion.  Relationship balances (including Lloyds, Halifax, BoS and TSB branded Personal Current Accounts) increased 6 per cent in 2013, ahead of market growth, driven by the effect of our strong product offerings, particularly in the Lloyds Bank brand.

·     Risk-weighted assets decreased by £9.8 billion to £85.7 billion driven by improving house prices and an improvement in the credit quality of retail assets.

 

RETAIL (continued)

 



2013 


20121


Change 



£m 


£m 









Net interest income


7,536 


7,195 


Other income


1,410 


1,462 


(4)

Total underlying income


8,946 


8,657 


Total costs


(4,096)


(4,199)


Impairment


(1,101)


(1,270)


13 

Underlying profit


3,749 


3,188 


18 








Banking net interest margin


2.23% 


2.08% 


15bp 

Asset quality ratio


0.32% 


0.36% 


(4)bp

Return on risk-weighted assets


4.11% 


3.21% 


90bp 

 

Key balance sheet items


At 
31 Dec 
2013 


At 
31 Dec 
2012 


Change 



£bn 


£bn 









Loans and advances to customers2


341.9 


343.3 


Customer deposits3


269.0 


260.8 


Total customer balances


610.9 


604.1 









Risk-weighted assets


85.7 


95.5 


(10)

 



Core


Non-core
















2013 


20121


Change 


2013 


2012 


Change 



£m 


£m 



£m 


£m 















Net interest income


7,525 


7,163 



11 


32 


(66)

Other income


1,400 


1,446 


(3)


10 


16 


(38)

Total underlying income


8,925 


8,609 



21 


48 


(56)

Total costs


(4,092)


(4,193)



(4)


(6)


33 

Impairment


(1,059)


(1,192)


11 


(42)


(78)


46 

Underlying profit (loss)


3,774 


3,224 


17 


(25)


(36)


31 














Banking net interest margin


2.40% 


2.25% 


15bp 


0.07% 


0.12% 


(5)bp 

Asset quality ratio


0.33% 


0.37% 


(4)bp 


0.17% 


0.29% 


(12)bp 

Return on risk-weighted assets


4.55% 


3.60% 


95bp 







 

Key balance sheet items


At 
31 Dec 
2013 


At 

31 Dec 
2012 


Change


At 
31 Dec 
2013 


At 

31 Dec 
2012 


Change



£bn 


£bn 



£bn 


£bn 















Loans and advances to customers2


318.2 


317.3 


- 


23.7 


26.0 


(9)

Customer deposits3


269.0 


260.8 



- 



Total customer balances


587.2 


578.1 



23.7 


26.0 


(9)














Total non-core assets








23.7 


26.0 


(9)

Risk-weighted assets


78.8 


86.6 


(9)


6.9 


8.9 


(22)

 

1

Restated.

2

Excludes reverse repos.

3

Excludes repos.



COMMERCIAL BANKING

Progress against strategic initiatives

·     Continue to execute our strategy to be the best bank for clients.

·     Reshaped our Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SME) and Mid Markets segments to better serve client needs and improved relationship returns in Global Corporates and Financial Institutions through our continued focus on capital optimisation.

·     Strengthened the balance sheet and funding position: increasing the volume and quality of deposits within Transaction Banking; and de-risking the balance sheet by reducing non-core assets by 50 per cent and risk-weighted assets by 59 per cent, particularly in Corporate Real Estate and European exposures.

·     Continued to invest in our core infrastructure, with ongoing benefits from the Simplification programme and tight cost management enabling significant upgrades to deliver scalability and functionality in our Transaction Banking and Markets businesses.

·     Simplified our geographic footprint by exiting Spain and Australia as we focus on our UK and UK-linked clients, in addition to improving service delivery to frontline staff and end-to-end client support by streamlining infrastructure
and processes.

·     Played a prominent role in supporting the UK economywhilst maintaining a prudent risk appetite: net growth in SME lending of 6 per cent in the last 12 months, against market contraction of 3 per cent; 80 per cent acceptance rate on SME loan and overdraft applications;  supported approximately 120,000 business start-ups; committed over £36 billion to UK customers through Funding for Lending since the start of the scheme; committed over £1.3 billion to UK manufacturing in the year to end September 2013, ahead of target; and helped clients access £8 billion of
non-bank lending.

·     Played a leading role in the development of the UK retail bond market, becoming a market maker on the London Stock Exchange for retail bond investors, providing the market with continuous pricing in bonds and gilts.

·     Awarded Business Bank of the Year at the FD's Excellence Awards for the ninth year in a row.

 

Financial performance

·     Returned to profitability with underlying profit of £1,575 million driven by the significant reduction in impairments as a result of lower charges across the core and non-core portfolios, increased core income partially offset by lower
non-core income from our capital accretive asset reduction strategy.

·     Core underlying income grew by 5 per cent to £4,924 million driven by SME, Mid Markets and Financial Institutions underpinned by strong performances in Transaction Banking and LDC and a resilient performance in Financial Markets and Capital Markets products.  Income continues to be well balanced across the four client segments.

·     Core underlying profit increased by 25 per cent to £2,193 million due to increased income and lower impairment charges. Core return on risk-weighted assets increased by 38 basis points to 1.74 per cent.

·     Core net interest margin increased 31 basis points through disciplined pricing of new business, in addition to reduced funding costs driven by increased high quality deposits which contributed to a reduction in the Group's requirement for wholesale funding.

·     Core asset quality ratio improved 28 basis points reflecting better quality origination with the low interest rate environment helping to maintain defaults at a lower level. Non-core asset quality ratio decreased 196 basis points reflecting disciplined management and deleveraging of the portfolio.

 

Balance sheet

·     Core lending increased by 7 per cent driven by a 6 per cent increase in SME, and a strong performance in Mid Markets and Global Corporates resulting in an 8 per cent increase in Other Commercial Banking. This has been achieved whilst reducing risk-weighted assets resulting in improved capital efficiency.

·     Core customer deposits increased by 13 per cent, with increases in all client segments and growth in high quality deposits reflecting the strength of the customer franchise.

·     Core risk-weighted assets decreased 4 per cent as a result of selective participation, specifically in Global Corporates, in addition to active portfolio management across all client segments to reduce risk-weighted assets in the lending and Financial Markets businesses.

·     Non-core loans and advances to customers decreased by £15.8 billion, as a result of the Group's capital accretive asset reduction strategy.

 

COMMERCIAL BANKING (continued)

 



2013 


20121


Change 



£m 


£m 









Net interest income


2,426 


2,206 


10 

Other income


2,708 


2,932 


(8)

Total underlying income


5,134 


5,138 


Total costs


(2,392)


(2,516)


Impairment


(1,167)


(2,946)


60 

Underlying profit (loss)


1,575 


(324)










Banking net interest margin


1.95% 


1.58% 


37bp 

Asset quality ratio


0.83% 


1.85% 


(102)bp

Return on risk-weighted assets


1.04% 


(0.18)% 


122bp 

 

Key balance sheet items


At 
31 Dec 
2013 


At 
31 Dec 
2012 


Change 



£bn 


£bn 









Loans and advances to customers2


126.4 


134.7 


(6)

Debt securities and available-for-sale financial assets


4.1 


9.5 


(57)



130.5 


144.2 


(10)








Customer deposits3


123.5 


109.7 


13 

Risk-weighted assets


138.5 


165.2 


(16)

 



Core


Non-core
















2013 


20121


Change 


2013 


2012 


Change 



£m 


£m 



£m 


£m 















Net interest income


2,444 


2,242 



(18)


(36)


50 

Other income


2,480 


2,442 



228 


490 


(53)

Total underlying income


4,924 


4,684 



210 


454 


(54)

Total costs


(2,307)


(2,232)


(3)


(85)


(284)


70 

Impairment


(424)


(704)


40 


(743)


(2,242)


67 

Underlying profit (loss)


2,193 


1,748 


25 


(618)


(2,072)


70 














Banking net interest margin


2.53% 


2.22% 


31bp 


0.14% 


0.35% 


(21)bp 

Asset quality ratio


0.39% 


0.67% 


(28)bp 


2.32% 


4.28% 


(196)bp 

Return on risk-weighted assets


1.74% 


1.36% 


38bp 







 

Key balance sheet items


At 
31 Dec 
2013 


At 

31 Dec 
2012 


Change


At 
31 Dec 
2013 


At 

31 Dec 
2012 


Change 



£bn 


£bn 



£bn 


£bn 















SME4


28.2 


26.6 








Other5


81.3 


75.4 








Loans and advances to customers2


109.5 


102.0 



16.9 


32.7 


(48)

Customer deposits3


121.0 


107.2 


13 


2.5 


2.5 


Total customer balances


230.5 


209.2 


10 


19.4 


35.2 


(45)














Total non-core assets








21.3 


43.0 


(50)

Risk-weighted assets


123.3 


127.8 


(4)


15.2 


37.4 


(59)

 

1

Restated.

2

Excludes reverse repos.

3

Excludes repos.

4

SME comprises clients with turnover of up to £25 million in line with lending data supplied by the Bank of England.

5

Includes Mid Markets, Global Corporates, Financial Institutions and Other.



 

WEALTH, ASSET FINANCE AND INTERNATIONAL

Progress against strategic initiatives

·     International presence reduced to nine countries, achieving our target of fewer than 10 by the end of 2014.

·     Wealth improved client service and accessibility through a new Private Banking Client Centre and the roll out of a new point of sale system.

·     Asset Finance continued to invest in infrastructure and growth initiatives, resulting in 3.2 per cent fleet growth for Lex Autolease and a 28.6 per cent increase in new business volumes for Black Horse motor finance.

·     Reinforced the focus on our banking businesses through the announced sale of Scottish Widows Investment Partnership and the sales of shares in St. James's Place.

·     Total cost reductions of 13 per cent driven by simplification initiatives and disposals enabled reinvestment for future growth opportunities.

 

Financial performance

·     Losses reduced by 95 per cent to £42 million driven by lower impairments in non-core, mainly in Ireland, and strong profitable growth in the core business.

·     Core underlying profits increased by 38 per cent to £632 million (86 per cent excluding St. James's Place) driven by strong income growth in Wealth and Asset Finance, and cost savings.

·     Core return on risk-weighted assets increased from 5.07 per cent to 6.67 per cent, largely as a result of repricing of liabilities.

·     Net interest income in the core business increased by 84 per cent driven by strong and improving margins in Wealth and in the Online Deposits businesses within Asset Finance, and by growth in Black Horse motor finance volumes.

·     Core margin improved by 301 basis points from 5.90 per cent to 8.91 per cent driven by deposit pricing.

·     Core other income (excluding St. James's Place and other disposals from the International portfolio) was broadly flat with growth in Asset Finance and new Wealth revenue streams offset by a reduction in trail income following implementation of the Retail Distribution Review.

·     Total cost reductions of 13 per cent (8 per cent excluding St. James's Place).  Savings from the run-down of non-core businesses, from simplification of the organisational structure in both Wealth and Asset Finance, and optimisation of our direct channel customer service in Wealth, enabled investment in building our customer propositions in
UK Wealth and Asset Finance.

·     Impairment charges reduced by £750 million to £730 million, including a reduction of £637 million in the Irish portfolio.

 

Balance sheet

·     Core loans and advances to customers increased by 23 per cent driven mainly by Asset Finance as a result of continued growth in UK motor finance business.

·     Non-core assets reduced by 37 per cent following the sale of our Australian Asset Finance and Spanish retail businesses, and other reductions in our non-core portfolio mainly within Ireland.

·     Customer deposits reduced by 12 per cent, driven byreductions in our international footprint within Wealth, and attrition in customer balances within Online Deposits, mainly driven by deposit repricing.

·     Risk-weighted assets reduced by 28 per cent driven by sales and repayments of non-core assets within Asset Finance and Ireland.

·     Funds under management (excluding St. James's Place and other disposals from the International portfolio) have grown by 2 per cent largely as a result of stronger equity markets.

 



WEALTH, ASSET FINANCE AND INTERNATIONAL (continued)





Excluding St. James's Place



2013 


20121


Change 


2013 


20121


Change 



£m 


£m 



£m 


£m 


Net interest income


870 


799 



869 


795 


Other income


1,809 


2,043 


(11)


1,688 


1,718 


(2)

Total underlying income


2,679 


2,842 


(6)


2,557 


2,513 


Total costs


(1,991)


(2,291)


13 


(1,947)


(2,123)


Impairment


(730)


(1,480)


51 


(730)


(1,480)


51 

Underlying loss


(42)


(929)


95 


(120)


(1,090)


89 

Underlying profit (loss) by business:













Wealth


338 


302 


12 


260 


141 


84 

Asset Finance


505 


322 


57 


505 


322 


57 

International


(885)


(1,553)


43 


(885)


(1,553)


43 



(42)


(929)


95 


(120)


(1,090)


89 














Banking net interest margin


2.20% 


1.65% 


55bp 


2.20% 


1.65% 


55bp 

Asset quality ratio


1.79% 


3.12% 


(133)bp 


1.79% 


3.12% 


(133)bp 

Return on risk-weighted assets


(0.13)% 


(2.31)% 


218bp 


(0.38)%


(2.71)% 


(233)bp 

 

Key balance sheet items


At 31 

Dec 
2013 


At 31 

Dec 
2012 


Change 



£bn 


£bn 


Loans and advances to customers2


24.2 


33.4 


(28)

Customer deposits2


45.8 


51.9 


(12)

Operating lease assets


2.8 


2.8 



Total customer balances


72.8 


88.1 


(17)








Risk-weighted assets


25.9 


36.2 


(28)

 



Core


Non-core

 



2013 


20121


Change 


2013 


2012 


Change 



£m 


£m 



£m 


£m 


Net interest income


574 


312 


84 


296 


487 


(39)

Other income


1,748 


1,964 


(11)


61 


79 


(23)

Total underlying income


2,322 


2,276 



357 


566 


(37)

Total costs


(1,658)


(1,795)



(333)


(496)


33 

Impairment


(32)


(22)


(45)


(698)


(1,458)


52 

Underlying profit (loss)


632 


459 


38 


(674)


(1,388)


(51)

Underlying profit excluding St. James's Place3


554 


298 


86 




















Banking net interest margin


8.91% 


5.90% 


301bp 


0.92% 


1.13% 


(21)bp 

Asset quality ratio


0.50% 


0.45% 


5bp 


2.03% 


3.42% 


(139)bp 

Return on risk-weighted assets


6.67% 


5.07% 


160bp 







 

Key balance sheet items


At 
31 Dec 
2013 


At 

31 Dec 
2012 


Change


At 
31 Dec 
2013 


At 

31 Dec 
2012 


Change 

 



£bn 


£bn 



£bn 


£bn 


 

Loans and advances to customers2


6.5 


5.3 


23 


17.7 


28.1 


(37)

 

Customer deposits2


45.6 


51.0 


(11)


0.2 


0.9 


(78)