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easyJet PLC (EZJ)

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Wednesday 15 May, 2013

easyJet PLC

Half Yearly Report

RNS Number : 7213E
easyJet PLC
15 May 2013
 



           

15 May 2013

easyJet plc 

Results for the six months ended 31 March 2013

easyJet's strategy continues to deliver returns and profitable growth

 

A.   HIGHLIGHTS

  

2013

2012

     Change

Total revenue (£ million)

1,601

1,465

9.3

%

Loss before tax (£ million)

(61)

(112)

45.5

%

Pre-tax margin (%)

(3.8)

(7.6)

+3.8

ppt

Loss per share - basic (pence)

(12.0)

(21.2)

43.4

%

Return on capital employed (%) (1)

(0.9)

(2.8)

+1.9

ppt

Revenue initiatives and the focus on maintaining easyJet's cost advantage, combined with competitor capacity reductions and the timing of Easter have enabled easyJet to reduce its first half pre-tax loss year on year by £51 million to £61 million.  

easyJet ended the first half of the financial year with £1,194 million of cash, a decrease of £17 million against last year. Net cash as at 31 March 2013 was £433 million compared to £42 million at 31 March 2012.

On 1 May 2013, John Barton succeeded Sir Mike Rake as easyJet Chairman. The whole team at easyJet wishes to note its thanks for Sir Mike Rake's strong leadership of the Board for three years during which easyJet's total shareholder return was 233%.

 

Progress against strategic objectives:

 

Drive demand, conversion and yields across Europe

·      Total revenue per seat increased by 8.6% year on year on a constant currency basis, and by 5.8% per seat on a reported basis, to £53.39 as the half year benefited from an early Easter, competitor capacity retrenchment, returns focused changes to easyJet's network and improvements to its revenue management system.

·      Average load factors increased by 1.7 percentage points to 88.6% whilst capacity grew by 3.3% to 30 million seats.

 

Maintain cost advantage

·      Cost per seat excluding fuel grew by 3.4% on a constant currency basis and by 3.1% on a reported basis to £38.89. Year on year cost increases were largely driven by increased charges at regulated airports and from higher weather related disruption and de-icing costs.

·      easyJet lean delivered an incremental £25 million of savings in the period.

 

Build strong number 1 and 2 network positions

·      Successful deployment of capacity from Madrid base which was exited in December 2012 to strengthen easyJet's position in Edinburgh, Manchester, Gatwick, Geneva, Lisbon and Lyon.

 

Disciplined use of capital

·      In the six months to 31 March 2013, easyJet has returned £85 million or 21.5 pence per share to shareholders through the increased payment of ordinary dividend, at three times earnings cover.

·      Further to the January 2013 IMS, easyJet has signed sale and operating leaseback agreements for 12 new A320 and 12 of the oldest A319 aircraft.

·      Significant improvements have been made in underperforming routes increasing overall network returns.

 

·      easyJet is in the final stages of the commercial evaluation of the next generation of short-haul engine technology. The process has been subject to high standards of governance.  In the event that the Board of easyJet concludes that an order will be in the interest of all shareholders, easyJet will bring a proposal to shareholders that will cover both the next generation of deliveries, which are likely to be after 2017, and a plan for the bridging period from 2015 to 2017.

 

 

Commenting on the results, Carolyn McCall, easyJet Chief Executive said:

"easyJet delivered  a strong first half performance, demonstrating the Company's structural advantage in the European short-haul market against both legacy and low cost competition, and a continuing resilience against a challenging European macro-economic environment.

Our performance reflects measurable progress against easyJet's four key strategic objectives that have been amply demonstrated by a significant reduction in the loss for the first half and significant improvement in ROCE over the same period.

Whilst there is always the potential for unexpected events to impact short term financial performance, the outlook for the second half of the financial year combined with the strong reduction in first half losses means that easyJet expects to deliver improved returns and profitability for the year ending 30 September 2013."

 

 

For further details please contact easyJet plc: 

 

Institutional investors and sell side analysts:

Rachel Kentleton                                Investor Relations                                           +44 (0)7961 754 468

Tom Oliver                                           Investor Relations                                           +44 (0)7950 996 262

Will MacLaren                                     Investor Relations                                           +44 (0)7961 763 879

 

Media:

Paul Moore                                          Corporate Communications                         +44 (0)7860 794 444

Edward Simpkins                               Finsbury                                                            +44 (0)207 251 3801

                                                                                                                                           +44 (0)7947 740 551

 

There will be an analyst presentation at 9:30 am BST on 15 May 2013 at Nomura, One Angel Lane, London, EC4R 3AB

 

A live webcast of the presentation will be available at www.easyJet.com

 

Live conference call (Listen only):

·      UK Access Number:           + 44 (0) 20 3426 2887

·      UK Toll Free Number:         0808 237 0031

·      US Access Number:           + 1 718 873 9077

·      US Toll Free Number:        +1 866 928 7517

 

Replay facility (available for 7 days):

·      UK Toll Access Number:   +44 (0)20 3426 2807

·      UK Toll Free Number:        0808 237 0026 

·      US Toll Free Number:        +1 866 535 8030

·      Conference Reference:       638845#



 

B.  INTRODUCTION

 

easyJet is structurally well positioned due to its cost advantage, leading market positions at convenient airports and a superior customer proposition of low fares with friendly and efficient service.  This is supported by a strong balance sheet.  easyJet's strategy is focused on delivering sustainable growth and returns in the European short-haul aviation market.

 

European short-haul airlines typically generate the majority of their returns in the busy summer period and look to minimise their losses over winter. During the first six months of the financial year, easyJet reduced its winter losses by 45.5% to £61 million, driven by its focus on network returns through early and decisive action taken on scheduling.  This was coupled with a 2.8% decline in competitor capacity on its routes (2).

 

Year on year cost increases were driven by the anticipated rises in charges at regulated airports as well as increases in disruption and de-icing costs due to the prolonged adverse winter weather.  This was partly offset by savings delivered through the 'easyJet lean' programme.

 

In the six months to 31 March 2013, easyJet returned £85 million or 21.5 pence per share to shareholders through the increased payment of ordinary dividend, at three times earnings cover.

 

easyJet's balance sheet remains strong with gearing of 11%, net cash of £433 million and cash and money market deposits of £1,194 million at the end of the period.

 

C.  MARKET OVERVIEW

 

Competitive landscape

 

The competitive environment over the winter period has been characterised by capacity retrenchment across the European short-haul market. As a consequence of the sustained high price of aviation fuel combined with restricted European economic growth and consumer spending, rising aviation taxes and scarcity of financing, airlines have understandably been cautious about deploying capacity.  easyJet's competitors reduced capacity by 2.8% on easyJet's routes and by 4.6% within the whole short-haul European market in the six months to 31 March 2013 (2).  In the same period, easyJet increased capacity by 3.3%.

 

Competitor capacity retrenchment continues to present opportunities for easyJet to leverage its low cost base in order to moderately add capacity to improve returns. Lower levels of competitor capacity have helped to drive yields and load factors on its existing routes.

 

Overall demand in the European aviation market in the medium term is expected to grow slightly ahead of GDP growth (3). This growth, combined with expected continued competitor capacity restraint and withdrawals by weaker carriers, means that there are structural opportunities for carriers such as easyJet, with robust business models and strong competitive positions, to grow profitably.

 

Regulatory environment

 

The regulatory environment continues to have a significant impact on easyJet. In the first six months of the financial year there have been further unnecessary regulatory increases in charges impacting all airlines. However, there are some signs of an improvement in the EU regulatory framework.

 

The proposed changes to the ground handling framework have now reached the EU Parliament and proposed changes to the slot framework are likely to be considered soon by the EU Parliament.  easyJet supports these proposals, as they would increase competition across Europe and allow better access to congested airports.  easyJet has worked with the EU Parliament to help them understand the importance of the pro-competition elements. In particular, easyJet supports the legalisation of secondary slot trading at airports across Europe and an increase in competition within the ground handling market, which would lead to lower costs and an improved service. This is particularly important in Germany and Portugal, where anti-competitive restrictions on the number of ground handlers at an airport have led to excessive costs.

 

easyJet supports the work to make airspace more efficient through the Single European Sky initiative, and the European Commission's efforts to drive lower costs into airspace. Europe now has a real opportunity to address the inefficiencies in airspace through the next airspace charges target setting process ('RP2'), which will for the first time involve formal EU regulation of en-route airspace charges across the EU. easyJet will play a full role in the RP2 process.

 

In March the European Commission set out proposed amendments to the EU 261 regulations, which govern passenger rights. Whilst easyJet has concerns about some aspects of the proposals, it supports significant elements, in particular the proposal to cap the cost risk airlines face with extreme events such as 2010's volcanic ash cloud. easyJet will continue to work with the EU, and believes in the importance of providing passengers with the right level of protection that they value. 

 

easyJet was disappointed that in the March budget, the UK government chose to ignore independent economic evidence that Airline Passenger Duty is damaging to growth and instead retained the passenger tax at current levels.

 

easyJet's network focuses on primary airports where people want to fly to and this provides easyJet with access to important catchment areas and drives up unit revenues.  Primary airports tend to have pricing power and could engage in monopolistic behaviour if they are not regulated. Where airports are monopolies, regulation is the only effective answer to protect passengers from excessive airport charges and poor service.  easyJet has focused on ensuring that there is effective regulation where it is needed, but also that regulators understand the needs of point-to-point airlines and their passengers.

 

There is cost pressure from regulated airports across Europe from a combination of lower passenger volumes, restricted access to finance and increasing regulatory charges.  Over winter there were unjustified increases at Rome, and easyJet is actively engaged in discussions surrounding the upcoming reviews of charges at Gatwick, Geneva and Stansted. 

 

D.  STRATEGIC PROGRESS

 

Returns and growth

 

easyJet is making good progress against its strategy to drive sustainable returns and growth for its shareholders and uses a return on capital employed (ROCE) metric to enable transparent and consistent communication of progress to shareholders.

 

As a consequence of the reduced winter losses, there was an improvement in ROCE over the first six months of the financial year in comparison to the same period last year.

 


H1 2013

H1 2012

Change

Return on capital employed (1)

(0.9)%

(2.8)%

+1.9 ppt

 

Progress against strategic objectives

 

easyJet improved its first half financial performance by continuing to focus on its four key strategic objectives and has made significant progress over the winter period:

 

1.             Drive demand, conversion and yields across Europe

2.             Maintain cost advantage

3.             Build strong number 1 and 2 network positions

4.             Disciplined use of capital

 

Progress against each of these objectives is summarised below.

 

1.   Drive demand, conversion and yields across Europe

 

A key part of easyJet's strategy is to drive revenues by optimising its network, improving brand awareness, developing its competitive advantage through its bespoke revenue management system, improving its customer relationship management capabilities, driving conversion through easyJet.com and implementing its wider digital strategy. 

 

Successful execution of this strategy drove the significant unit revenue improvement in the six months to 31 March 2013.

 

First half revenue performance

 

easyJet's total revenue grew by 9.3% on a reported basis to £1,601 million; a 12.2% improvement at constant currency.  Revenue per seat grew by 5.8% on a reported basis to £53.39 and by 8.6% on a constant currency basis. There was a 3.3% growth in capacity to 30 million seats and a 1.7 percentage point improvement in load factor to 88.6%.  Passenger numbers increased by 5.3% to 26.6 million.

 

The strong performance, which was marginally ahead of the guidance issued in January 2013, was driven by the following:

·      Changes made to the network with early decisions taken on winter thinning and the reallocation of aircraft from the Madrid base, which was closed in the period, to higher performing routes.

·      Changes to the revenue management system which have enabled more granular yield management for a larger range of flights.

·      The timing of Easter which fell on 31 March, a week earlier than in 2012.  The early Easter moved circa £25 million of revenue from April into March and increased first half revenue per seat by around 1.5%.  It is anticipated that this will reduce second half revenue per seat growth by around 1%.

·      Competitor capacity retrenchment resulting in a 2.8%, or 2 million seat, decline in competitor capacity on easyJet routes during the six months period to 31 March 2013 (2).  As competitors withdrew, easyJet made changes to its network, reallocating capacity to the routes which would drive the highest returns.

·      Uplift from the introduction of allocated seating which has delivered higher revenues than the speedy boarding product it replaced. In the first half of the financial year, 0.5% of the 8.6% revenue per seat growth at constant currency was driven through the introduction of allocated seating. Allocated seating has been well received by customers and there has been a 2.6 percentage point increase in customer satisfaction with the boarding experience to 70.5% (4).

 

Non-seat revenue per seat declined by 8.9% on a constant currency basis (10.9% on a reported basis) to £0.83 per seat, driven in part by the continuing structural decline in the travel insurance market coupled with the transition to new partners which diluted first half results. easyJet expects new partners and products to offset the decline in the first half non-seat revenue during the second half of the year.

 

Average sector lengths continued to decline as a result of the introduction of shorter French domestic routes and increased levels of continental European based aircraft.

 

Passengers travelling on Business

 

easyJet continues to make progress with its business travel initiative.  easyJet's offer to business travellers, with its competitive fares, leading network and frequencies connecting primary airports, now combined with allocated seating and leading punctuality continues to attract an increasing share of the business travel market.  Business travellers are attractive to easyJet as they book closer to departure driving higher yields.  They also fly all year-round helping to reduce seasonality.

To access the business travel market, easyJet has secured deals with the leading Global Distribution System (GDS) suppliers, the major Travel Management Companies (TMCs) who manage a significant proportion of business travel bookings on behalf of large organisations and many of the large scale public sector and private organisations directly, including the Scottish public sector and several large banks.  The leading GDS providers have invested in technology to standardise the way in which easyJet seats are presented within their systems to allow users to more easily access the easyJet fares.  Amadeus and Galileo solutions will be in place in the third quarter of the financial year.

easyJet continues to introduce innovative products to the business travel market including allowing fast track security for its Flexi-Fare passengers at selected airports.  New business friendly routes introduced include Milan Linate to Rome Fiumicino; London Gatwick to Luxembourg; London Gatwick to Moscow and Manchester to Moscow.

In the last two years, easyJet has seen continued improvements in GDS penetration, take up of Flexi-Fare and TMC contracts which have led to a growth in business passenger volumes.  Business passenger volumes in the first half grew by 4.1% year on year.  On average, business travellers deliver higher yields than leisure passengers.

 

2.   Maintain cost advantage

 

easyJet has a cost advantage in the airports it operates from allowing it to offer competitive and affordable fares. Maintaining easyJet's cost advantage is a core part of the easyJet strategy. easyJet's key competitors are the legacy carriers and package operators who operate out of primary airports. These tend to have older, less efficient aircraft, lower asset utilisation, lower seat densities with lower load factors and higher levels of fixed costs.

 

First half cost performance

 

easyJet's cost per seat excluding fuel of £38.89 was 3.4% or £1.26 higher year on year on a constant currency basis, 3.1% on a reported basis.

 

Unit cost increases were driven by the anticipated increases in airport charges, especially those in Spain and Italy, which were highlighted in the November 2012 preliminary results statement. Underlying airport charges were £39 million or £1.29 per seat higher year on year.

 

The increased costs of disruption and de-icing from adverse weather in the second quarter were partially offset by savings from benign weather in the first quarter. easyJet cancelled 436 flights in the first half of the year against 384 flights in the more benign 2012. Disruption costs were £1.4 million higher driven by increased EU261 passenger compensation payments, whilst de-icing costs driven by the cold weather were £6.3 million higher.

 

Cost per seat pressures were offset by the increased proportion of larger A320 aircraft, which has approximately 7-8% lower cost per seat than an A319 aircraft; shorter average sector lengths and the easyJet lean programme.

 

Operational performance

 

A strong operational performance is critical to easyJet maintaining its cost performance. Ensuring aircraft depart on time minimises the costs of disruption and is also a key driver of customer satisfaction and encourages repeat purchases.

 

easyJet's on-time performance in the first half of the financial year was impacted by the return to more typical winter weather in the second quarter, with increased incidents of frost and snowfalls against the same period last year. Cancellations in the second quarter rose from 148 in 2012 to 372 in the three months to 31 March 2013. However, easyJet's on-time performance remains industry leading (5).

 

The impact of the roll-out of allocated seating on our on-time performance has been less than anticipated so far and easyJet continues to implement changes to its turnaround and boarding procedures as part of the easyJet turn initiative to maintain its market-leading punctuality.

 

OTP % arrivals within 15 minutes (6)

 

October

November

December

January

February

March

H1

F'13

88%

89%

81%

86%

85%

87%

86%

F'12

88%

91%

86%

91%

86%

94%

89%

 

easyJet lean

 

easyJet is committed to maintaining its structural cost advantage against the legacy and charter operators who are its major competitors in the airports it operates from. Under the sponsorship of the Chief Financial Officer, easyJet lean is a programme designed to ensure unit cost growth excluding fuel is kept below inflation. The focus is on reducing both existing costs and initiatives designed to keep cost out, with targets set through to 2015 and beyond.

 

easyJet lean had delivered £99 million of sustainable savings by the end of September 2012 and a further £25 million savings in the first half of the current financial year.  Savings to date have focused on ground handling and from non-regulated airports with further significant savings extracted from engineering and fuel burn initiatives.

 

Fleet

 

In the six months to 31 March 2013, easyJet took delivery of two A320 aircraft under the terms of the Airbus easyJet agreement whilst 6 aircraft were returned to lessors.

 

The total fleet at 31 March 2013 comprised 210 aircraft. In the six months to 30 September 2013, one A319 aircraft will exit with a further 8 A320 deliveries planned.  As at 30 September 2013, the fleet will consist of 217 aircraft, with 153 A319's and 64 A320's. A further 9 A320 easyJet specification aircraft deliveries are currently planned for delivery by 30 September 2014. This number includes the 3 A320 options easyJet has recently decided to exercise in order to fly the summer 2014 programme.    

 

A further 39 Airbus A320 family aircraft options remain providing additional flexibility to easyJet.

 

Committed fleet plan as at 31 March 2013:


Owned

Operating leases

Finance

Leases

Total

Changes since Sep '12

Future committed deliveries (7) 

Unexercised purchase rights and options (8)

easyJet

A319

99

49

6

154

(12)

-

-

easyJet

A320

37

14

5

56

18

17

70

GB Airways A320 family

-

-

-

-

-

2

-


136

63

11

210

6

19

70

 


easyJet

A320 family

At 31 March 2013

210

At 30 September 2013

217

At 30 September 2014

226

 

 

The larger A320 aircraft have been introduced over the last few years with minimal reduction in yields. These aircraft deliver a per seat cost saving of approximately 7-8% over the A319 aircraft through improved economies of scale, efficiencies in crew, ownership, fuel and maintenance.

 

easyJet is in the final stages of the commercial evaluation of the next generation of short-haul engine technology; the process has been subject to high standards of governance.  In the event that the Board of easyJet concludes that an order will be in the interest of all shareholders, easyJet will bring a proposal to shareholders that will cover both the next generation of deliveries, which are likely to be after 2017, and a plan for the bridging period from 2015 to 2017.

 

 

3.   Build strong number 1 and 2 network positions

 

A significant source of easyJet's competitive advantage is its pan-European network, which connects more of the top 100 city to city market pairs than any other airline in Europe (2). Additionally, easyJet has built number 1 and number 2 market share positions at its bases and at key slot-constrained airports such as Gatwick, Paris Orly, Milan Malpensa, Amsterdam and Geneva.

 

easyJet's strategy is to continue to build positions of strength in its key markets to take advantage of competitor retrenchment and to reallocate aircraft to the routes and bases which will deliver the highest return on capital employed.

 

easyJet regularly reviews its route portfolio and re-orientates its network to optimise returns. Significant changes to the network include the closure of the Madrid base and the reduction of the number of aircraft based in Liverpool.  easyJet dropped 30, or 6%, of the routes flown over winter 2012 and allocated aircraft to routes with higher potential returns including flights to Moscow from Manchester and Gatwick and on the important Italian business route from Milan Linate to Rome Fiumicino.

 

An overview of the developments in each of easyJet's key markets is shown below.

 

Country overview

 

UK (2)

 

easyJet is the UK's largest short-haul airline and grew capacity by 2.8% over the winter period. easyJet increased its presence in Edinburgh, Gatwick, Manchester and Southend with the allocation of additional aircraft and reduced the number of aircraft in Liverpool and Luton. 

 

In March, easyJet introduced routes to Moscow from Manchester and from Gatwick having won the right to fly from London as part of a bilateral agreement with Russia. Other significant new routes from the UK include Luxembourg from London Gatwick and Tel Aviv from Manchester.

 

easyJet continues to make steady progress in the Business to Business arena in the UK, with 50 deals now signed across UK corporate clients and leading Travel Management Companies (TMCs).

 

Switzerland (2)

 

easyJet is Switzerland's second largest airline and has the largest share of the short-haul market from Geneva and Basel airports. easyJet operated 21 aircraft out of Switzerland over the winter with two additional aircraft joining the fleet. easyJet increased its capacity in Geneva by 11% in the first half of the financial year and grew by 17% in Basel whilst reducing traffic into Zurich.

 

New routes introduced over the winter season include Basel to Budapest and Brussels and Geneva to Seville and Lille. This summer, easyJet will commence flights from Basel to Antalya and Catania.

 

easyJet is currently working with the Geneva airport authorities as part of the regulatory review process which is expected to continue over the summer period.

 

France (2)

 

easyJet continues to grow capacity and market share in France increasing capacity by around 7% this winter with additional aircraft positioned in its French regional bases in Nice, Toulouse and Lyon. easyJet is the second largest carrier in France with a 13% market share over winter.

 

New routes flown this winter include regional France connections including Bordeaux to Lille. This summer will see the introduction of Paris Charles de Gaulle to Bari and to Corfu, Toulouse to Bastia and increasing frequency on Paris Orly to Rome, an important business route which now operates 5 times a day.

 

Contracts have been signed with all the main French corporate travel agents and with a significant proportion of large French blue chip corporations.

 

Italy (2)

 

easyJet is Italy's third largest carrier with a 12% market share with 24 aircraft based across Milan Malpensa and Rome Fiumicino. easyJet grew by around 6% in Italy over the winter.

 

In March, easyJet flew its inaugural flight on the key Italian business route connecting Milan Linate to Rome Fiumicino, having challenged the Alitalia monopoly with the Italian regulator. Other new routes flown include Turin to London Gatwick and Milan Malpensa to Sharm El Sheikh. This summer will see inaugural flights on new routes such as Rome Fiumicino to Hamburg and from Milan Malpensa to Larnaca and to Belgrade.

 

easyJet has been steadily increasing its brand perception scores in Italy and has increased the brand perception score by 11 percentage points with business travellers.

 

Germany (2)

 

easyJet's presence in Germany is concentrated in Berlin with eight aircraft based in Berlin Schoenfeld this winter. easyJet has a 50% share of Schoenfeld and has a 15% share of the Berlin market.

 

This winter saw the introduction of routes from Berlin to Marrakech and Edinburgh and from Hamburg to Edinburgh and Rome. Other significant network points to be opened this summer include Berlin to Sofia and London Southend.

 

easyJet was disappointed with the delay in opening the new Berlin Brandenburg airport and is working with the appropriate authorities to understand the new timelines and charging structure.

 

Portugal (2)

 

easyJet is the second largest carrier in Portugal with a market share of around 14% and is also the second carrier in Lisbon Portela airport, following the base opening in April 2012. The base launched with two aircraft with a third aircraft added in November 2012 and a fourth aircraft added in March 2013 ahead of the summer season.

 

This summer, easyJet will start flights from Lisbon into Bilbao and Valencia.

 

Spain (2)

 

In December, easyJet closed its Madrid base and now serves Madrid as an inbound carrier from other points on the easyJet network. Capacity to Spain declined by 6% in the six months ended 31 March 2013, but easyJet still has an 8% share of the Spanish market.

 

Routes dropped from Madrid include Naples, Amsterdam, Copenhagen and Venice.

 

 

4.   Disciplined use of capital

 

easyJet allocates its aircraft and capacity to optimise the returns across its network. In 2012, 56 routes were delivering less than 40% of the average return, by the end of the first half of the financial year there were only 20 routes as 18 routes had improved and 18 routes had been dropped. Routes no longer flown include Liverpool to Brussels, Amsterdam to Barcelona and Brest to Paris Charles de Gaulle. The Madrid closure was implemented efficiently and the withdrawn capacity was allocated to routes which will drive higher returns.

 

easyJet has maintained a strong balance sheet and low gearing and derives a competitive advantage through access to funding at a lower cost.  Over the cycle, easyJet is committed to earning returns in excess of its cost of capital, and intends to fund both aircraft purchases and dividends from the cash generated from the business.

 

easyJet has the following targets to ensure its capital structure remains both robust and efficient:

·      a maximum gearing of 50% giving investors and finance providers assurance that easyJet will not over-leverage;

·      a limit of £10 million net debt per aircraft; and

·      a minimum £4 million liquidity per aircraft.

 

These measures allow easyJet to withstand external shocks such as an extended closure of airspace, significant fuel price increases or a sustained period of low yields whilst being in a position to drive growth and returns for shareholders.

 

Further to the January 2013 IMS, easyJet has signed sale and leaseback agreements for 12 new A320 and 12 of the oldest A319 aircraft, using a structure which conserves the operational benefits of leasing while minimising financing costs.  At 31 March 2013, payments had been received for eight of the A320 and six of the A319 transactions, with the remaining transactions to be completed in the second half of the year.

 

At 31 March 2013, easyJet had cash and money market deposits (excluding restricted cash) of £1,194 million and net cash of £433 million. Adjusted net debt, including leases at seven times at 31 March 2013 was £211 million against £672 million at 31 March 2012.

 

E.   LOOKING FORWARD

 

Hedging positions

 

easyJet operates under a clear set of treasury policies agreed by the Board.  The aim of easyJet's hedging policy is to reduce short term earnings volatility. Therefore, easyJet hedges forward, on a rolling basis, between 65% and 85% of the next 12 months anticipated fuel and currency requirements and between 45% and 65% of the following 12 months anticipated requirements.  Details of current hedging arrangements are set out below:

 

Percentage of anticipated requirement hedged

Fuel

requirement

US Dollar requirement

Euro

surplus

Six months to 30 September 2013

83%

80%

85%

Average rate

$980/ tonne

1.60

1.18

Full year ending 30 September 2013

85%

82%

85%

Average rate

$983/ tonne

1.60

1.18

Full year ending 30 September 2014

67%

62%

71%

Average rate

$984/ tonne

1.58

1.20

 

 

Sensitivities(9 / 10)

 

easyJet hedges cash flows and profitability can be impacted by year on year changes in the fuel price and exchange rates. The sensitivity of easyJet's second half profit to further movements in fuel and foreign exchanges rates is estimated below:

 

·      A $10 movement in the fuel price per metric tonne impacts the FY'13 fuel bill by $1.3 million.

·      A one cent movement in £/$ exchange rate impacts the FY'13 profit before tax by £0.9 million.

·      A one cent movement in £/€ exchange rate impacts the FY'13 profit before tax by £0.4 million.

 

Outlook

 

With around 50% of second half seats now booked, trading in the second half of the year continues to be in line with management's expectations. The movement of Easter in 2013 into the first half of the financial year is expected to reduce revenue per seat growth in the second half of the year by one percentage point. Consequently, revenue per seat growth at constant currency for the six month period to 30 September 2013 is expected to be around 4%.

 

The impact of increased airport charges particularly in Spain and Italy means that easyJet expects cost per seat (excluding fuel and currency movements) to increase by around 4% in the second half of the financial year assuming normal levels of disruption and load factors similar to prior year.

 

It is estimated that at current exchange rates(9) and with fuel remaining within its $900 m/t to $1,000 m/t trading range, easyJet's unit fuel bill for the second half of the financial year will be up to £10 million favourable year on year. Using current rates(9), it is estimated that year on year exchange rate movements (including those related to fuel) will have an adverse impact of up to £5-10 million in the second half of the financial year.

 

Whilst there is always the potential for unexpected events to impact short term financial performance, the outlook for the second half of the financial year combined with the strong reduction in first half losses means that easyJet expects to deliver improved returns and profitability for the year ending 30 September 2013.

 

(1)   ROCE shown on a lease adjusted basis with aircraft operating leases capitalised at seven times the annual lease rental.

(2)   Source: market share data from OAG. Size of European market and easyJet routes based on internal easyJet definition. Historic data based on April download for the six months to 31 March 2013.

(3)   Source: EUROCONTROL Seven-Year Forecast (published February 2013).

(4)   Source: Millward Brown research commissioned by easyJet.

(5)   Source: independently published on-time performance statistics from flightstats.com.

(6)   Source: easyJet generated on-time performance figures using internal systems.

(7)   The 17 future easyJet deliveries and 2 ex-GB Airways deliveries are anticipated to be delivered over the next three financial years; 8 in FY13 (including one added in April 2013), 9 in FY14. The two aircraft to be delivered as part of a GB Airways commitment are scheduled to arrive in FY15.

(8)   Purchase options and rights may be taken on any A320 family aircraft and are valid until 2015.

(9)   Rates as at 11.00hrs 13 May 2013: Euro to sterling 1.18; US$ to sterling 1.54; Jet fuel cif US$912 per metric tonne.

(10) FX sensitivities shown relate to the impact of changes in the fx rate on the unhedged element of currency over and away from the outlook statement and the rates shown in footnote (9)

 

 

 

F.   FINANCIAL RESULTS FOR SIX MONTHS ENDED 31 MARCH 2013

 

Key performance indicators

 

easyJet has delivered a strong financial performance for the six months to 31 March 2013, with loss before tax reducing by 45.5% from £112 million (£3.87 per seat) to £61 million (£2.04 per seat).  Despite the continued economic downturn in Europe, easyJet has achieved revenue growth of 9.3% driven by an increase in load factor and improved ticket prices.  This was partly reduced by the negative impact of foreign exchange rate movements in the period.  Loss after tax was £47 million, an improvement of 47.8% compared to £90 million in the prior half year. 

 

Return on capital employed and capital structure

 


2013

2012

Change

ROCE

(0.9%)

(2.8%)

+1.9ppt

Gearing

11%

31%

(20.0ppt)

 

Return on capital employed for the period was (0.9%), an improvement of 1.9 percentage points as a result of the reduced losses in the period.  Average adjusted capital employed remained in line with the last half year.

 

Gearing has decreased significantly to 11% (2012: 31%) driven by improved cash flow performance, proceeds from sale and leaseback transactions and the release of restricted cash.

 

Total shareholder return

The market based measure of total shareholder return for the period 1 October 2012 to 22 March 2013, showed TSR performance of 70.4%.  The Company's performance is measured against a comparator group consisting of UK listed companies ranked, as at 1 October 2012, in the positions FTSE 51 to 150 on the basis that they are broadly of a similar size.  Based on the performance to 22 March 2013, easyJet's ranking is in the upper quartile of the group.

Financial performance per seat

 




2013



2012


£ million

£ per seat

Pence per ASK

£ million

£ per seat

Pence per ASK

Total revenue

1,601

53.39

5.12

1,465

50.47

4.76

Operating costs excluding fuel

1,042

34.75

3.33

982

33.82

3.19

Fuel

496

16.54

1.59

483

16.64

1.57

Ownership costs

124

4.14

0.40

112

3.88

0.36

Loss before tax

(61)

(2.04)

(0.20)

(112)

(3.87)

(0.36)

 

Total revenue grew by 9.3% to £1,601 million resulting in growth of 5.8% in revenue per seat to £53.39. At constant currency, revenue per seat grew by 8.6% to £54.80. The revenue increase was driven partly by the increase in both capacity and load factor, however, the primary driver of the revenue growth has been improved yields. This is the result of easyJet's efficient management of its network, reflected in the slight reduction in the rate of owned aircraft utilisation, combined with the competitor capacity reductions. easyJet has also benefitted from the timing shift of the Easter break in 2013 (from April into March), which has provided the opportunity to further increase yields and load factors. 

 

Excluding fuel, operating costs per seat increased by 2.7% to £34.75, and by 4.6% at constant currency.  This was mainly driven by a significant increase in charges at regulated airports (primarily in Spain and Italy), with the higher load factor also impacting on the increase.  In addition, cost per seat was affected by higher de-icing costs, following one of the longest periods of adverse weather experienced across the network in the last few years. 

 

Fuel costs have increased by £13 million as easyJet's average fuel price increased to $988 per tonne compared with $972 per tonne last half year.  However, fuel cost per seat decreased slightly from £16.64 to £16.54 as a result of the increased proportion of A320 aircraft in the fleet and shorter average sector lengths.

 

Ownership costs increased from £3.88 to £4.14 per seat due to the increase in net exchange losses, as sharp movements in the exchange rates were experienced in the current period.  However, ownership costs fell by 7.1% at constant currency due to a fall in aircraft leasing costs and other financing costs.

 

Overall, the loss before tax was reduced by £51 million (£1.83 per seat) to £61 million (£2.04 per seat).

 

Using rates enacted at 31 March 2013, the effective tax rate for the period is 23% (compared to 20% in 2012).  This is slightly below the standard UK rate of 24% due to deferred tax being provided at 23%.  The resultant tax credit in the period was therefore £14 million.

 

Loss per share and dividends per share

 

 


2013

2012

Change

Loss per share

12.0p

21.2p

43.4%

 

The loss per share reduced by 43.4% to 12.0 pence as a consequence of the improved first half results from the prior period, with a small impact of the share consolidation which took place on 5 March 2012.  If the share consolidation had taken place at the beginning of the last half year, the loss per share for the six months to 31 March 2012, on a proforma basis, would be 22.8 pence.

 

In March 2013, easyJet paid an ordinary dividend of 21.5 pence per share (£85 million), an increase of 104.8% from the 2011 ordinary dividend of 10.5 pence per share (£46 million), paid in March 2012.  easyJet has increased its dividend policy from one-fifth to one-third of profit after tax.

 

Exchange rates

 

The weakening of the Euro against Sterling has resulted in a slight change in the currency profile of the business from prior half year, with a marginally higher percentage of revenue in Sterling than Euro.

 


Revenue

Costs


2013

2012

2013

2012

Sterling

45%

44%

25%

25%

Euro

44%

46%

37%

34%

US dollar

1%

-

31%

35%

Other (principally Swiss Franc)

10%

10%

7%

6%

 

 





Average effective exchange rates after hedging


2013

2012

Change

Euro - revenue


€1.22

€1.16

(5.0%)

Euro - costs


€1.22

€1.18

(2.9%)

US Dollar


$1.62

$1.60

(1.2%)

Swiss Franc


CHF 1.48

CHF 1.44

(2.8%)

 

Compared with the last half year, the effective Euro rate for revenue weakened by 5.0% and by 2.9% for costs.  Accordingly, as the business generates a Euro surplus (Euro revenue exceeds Euro costs), the result of these movements was a net loss of £30 million. 

 

During the last half year, the Euro weakened against the Sterling from 1.16/£1 at 1 October 2011 to €1.20/£1 at 31 March 2012, whereas the Euro has strengthened against the Sterling from €1.25/£1to €1.19/£1 for the period 1 October 2012 to 31 March 2013.  Although the business generates Euro surplus and therefore, overall, benefits from Euro strengthening, the recognition of this benefit in the income statement is deferred.  This is because bookings are received in advance of travel and therefore the impact of the exchange rate movement is realised over time as revenue is recognised. 

 

The total negative impact on loss for the period of changes in exchange rates was £34 million as shown below:

 

Favourable / (adverse)

Euro

Swiss franc

US dollar

Other

Total


£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Revenue

(36)

(6)

(1)

(43)

Fuel

3

4

7

Costs excluding fuel

3

1

(1)

(1)

2

Total

(30)

(5)

3

(2)

(34)

 

 

Revenue










2013



2012


£ million

£ per seat

Pence per ASK

£ million

£ per seat

Pence per ASK

Seat revenue

1,576

52.56

5.04

1,438

49.53

4.67

Non-seat revenue

25

0.83

0.08

27

0.94

0.09

Total revenue

1,601

53.39

5.12

1,465

50.47

4.76

 

Revenue per seat improved by 5.8% compared with the prior period to £53.39 reflecting strong performances across the network, with average load factor improving by 1.7 percentage points to 88.6%. 

 

Seats flown grew by 3.3% to 30 million, principally in France, Switzerland and the UK. Passengers increased by 5.3% to 26.6 million.

 

Seat revenue contributed 6.1% of the increase in total revenue per seat.  Non seat revenue contracted by 10.9% to £0.83 per seat.  This was driven in part by the structural decline in the travel insurance market coupled with the transition to new partners for other revenue streams including hotels, which has diluted first half results.

 

 

Operating costs excluding fuel









2013



2012


£ million

£ per seat

Pence per ASK

£ million

£ per seat

Pence per ASK

Ground operations

464

15.47

1.49

414

14.23

1.34

Crew

215

7.17

0.69

206

7.11

0.67

Navigation

122

4.07

0.39

123

4.23

0.40

Maintenance

90

2.99

0.29

95

3.29

0.31

Selling and marketing

50

1.68

0.15

55

1.90

0.18

Other costs

101

3.37

0.32

89

3.06

0.29


1,042

34.75

3.33

982

33.82

3.19

 

Operating costs per seat excluding fuel increased by 2.7% to £34.75 and by 4.6% to £35.36 per seat at constant currency.

 

Ground operations cost per seat increased by 8.7% and by 10.9% excluding the effect of changes in exchange rates. This is largely attributed to the substantial increase in charges at airports operated in Spain by AENA and the implementation of the 'contratto di programma' programme in Italy, with the higher load factor also contributing to the higher airport charges. The increases in AENA charges were a factor in our decision to close the Madrid base in December 2012.  In addition, the prolonged adverse weather experienced this winter had a significant impact on the current period, resulting in an increase in de-icing costs.

 

Crew cost per seat increased by 0.9%, and by 2.1% at constant currency, predominantly driven by the increase in salaries.

 

Navigation costs per seat fell by 3.8% to £4.07 per seat and were down 0.9% at constant currency due to the slightly shorter average sector lengths and the higher proportion of A320 aircraft in the fleet.

 

Maintenance costs have decreased by 9.1% to £2.99 per seat.  This decrease reflects the one-off adjustment to the leased engine maintenance provision in the prior half year.  Excluding one-off costs, maintenance costs were broadly flat. The cost benefits from reducing the proportion of leased aircraft in the fleet have come to an end and the average age of the fleet is gradually increasing.   However, the increased proportion of the larger A320 aircraft, with lower maintenance cost per seat, has partially offset the impact of the ageing fleet.

 

Other costs increased by 10.3% at £3.37 per seat. This is due to higher performance-related employee costs, investment in IT development resources and the increase in disruption costs. 

 

Fuel










2013



2012


£ million

£ per seat

Pence per ASK

£ million

£ per seat

Pence per ASK

Fuel

496

16.54

1.59

483

16.64

1.57

 

The average price paid by easyJet increased by $16 from $972 per tonne to $988 per tonne.  Total fuel costs have increased by £13 million to £496 million.  Fuel cost per seat has decreased by £0.10 as easyJet has benefited from the increased number of A320 aircraft in the fleet and shorter average sector lengths.

 

Ownership costs










2013



2012


£ million

£ per seat

Pence per ASK

£ million

£ per seat

Pence per ASK

Aircraft dry leasing

47

1.56

0.15

50

1.75

0.16

Depreciation

51

1.70

0.16

45

1.57

0.15

Amortisation

5

0.16

0.02

4

0.13

0.01

Interest receivable

(3)

(0.08)

(0.01)

(5)

(0.18)

(0.02)

Interest payable and other financing charges

8

0.27

0.03

12

0.42

0.04

Net exchange losses

16

0.53

0.05

6

0.19

0.02


124

4.14

0.40

112

3.88

0.36

 

Ownership costs increased from £3.88 to £4.14 per seat, driven mainly by the movement in exchange losses, which has increased from £0.19 per seat to £0.53 per seat.  Due to the size of assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than Sterling, the movements in exchange rates, in particular the sharp movements in the second quarter have resulted in a significant increase in exchange losses.

 

We now operate a standardised fleet with two gauges of Airbus aircraft. Depreciation cost per seat increased by £0.13 to £1.70 driven by the increased proportion of owned aircraft in the fleet during the period in comparison to the same period last year.  The leased proportion of the fleet at 31 March 2013 is 30%, which is comparable to the same period last year however, there was a slightly higher average proportion of owned aircraft during the current six month period.

 

Interest payable and other financing charges have decreased by £0.15 per seat to £0.27 per seat as easyJet repaid a number of relatively high-coupon mortgage loans early as part of its liquidity management strategy.

 

 

Summary consolidated statement of cash flows





2013

2012

Change


£ million

£ million

£ million

Net cash generated from operating activities (excluding dividends)

377

288

89

Ordinary dividend paid

(85)

(46)

(39)

Special dividend paid

(150)

150

Net capital expenditure

(97)

(111)

14

Net loan and lease finance repayment

(46)

(109)

63

Net decrease in money market deposits

23

63

(40)

Decrease / (increase) in restricted cash

131

(40)

171

Other including the effect of exchange rates

(11)

(16)

5

Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

292

(121)

413

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

645

1,100

(455)

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

937

979

(42)

Money market deposits at end of period

257

232

25

Cash and money market deposits at end of period

1,194

1,211

(17)

 

In line with prior periods, easyJet generated strong operating cash flow in the period driven principally by the growth in forward bookings and revenue per seat.

 

Net capital expenditure primarily comprises the acquisition of two A320 aircraft (compared to three acquired in the same period last year) and the advance purchase of life-limited parts used in engine restoration.

 

Net loan and lease finance repayment comprises £193 million proceeds received in respect of 14 aircraft sale and leaseback transactions entered into in the period, offset by £239 million of debt repayment.  This includes mortgage loans on 27 aircraft which were fully repaid, one of which had reached its contractual end, but the remaining 26 of high-coupon mortgage debt, totalling £180 million, were repaid early as part of easyJet's liquidity management strategy. 

 

Restricted cash movement of £131 million relates to previously held restricted cash being recalled to free cash in the period as easyJet made changes in card acquiring service providers, reducing the requirement to hold cash on deposit.

 

 

Summary consolidated statement of financial position





31 March

30 September

Change


2013

2012

Change


£ million

£ million

£ million

Goodwill

365

365

-

Property, plant and equipment

2,192

2,395

(203)

Net working capital

(1,210)

(792)

(418)

Restricted cash

30

159

(129)

Net cash / (debt)

433

(74)

507

Current and deferred taxation

(182)

(227)

45

Other non-current assets and liabilities

39

(32)

71


1,667

1,794

(127)





Opening shareholders' equity

1,794

1,705


(Loss) / profit for the period

(47)

255


Ordinary dividend paid

(85)

(46)


Special dividend paid

-

(150)


Change in hedging reserve

(4)

28


Other movements

9

2



1,667

1,794


 

Net assets decreased by £127 million driven by the loss for the period and the payment of ordinary dividends.

 

The net book value of property plant and equipment decreased by £203 million driven principally by the sale and operating leaseback transactions on 14 aircraft entered into in the period.

 

Net working capital improved by £418 million to a negative £1,210 million. Passengers pay for their flights in full when booking, therefore the key component of this balance is unearned revenue, which increased by £444 million from £496 million to £940 million. The seasonal nature of the industry leads to a significantly higher unearned revenue balance at 31 March compared to 30 September each year.

 

Reconciliation of net cash flow to movement in net cash / (debt)


2013

2012

Change


£ million

£ million

£ million

Cash and cash equivalents

937

979

(42)

Money market deposits

257

232

25


1,194

1,211

(17)

Bank loans

(548)

(957)

409

Finance lease obligations

(213)

(212)

(1)


(761)

(1,169)

408

Net Cash

433

42

391

 

easyJet ends the year with £1,194 million in cash and money market deposits; a decrease of £17 million from the last half year. 

 

Net borrowings decreased by £408 million as easyJet made a significant number of early repayments on relatively high-coupon mortgage loans as part of its liquidity management strategy.

 

Net cash at 31 March 2013 was £433 million compared with £42 million at the last half year, driven by proceeds on sale and leaseback transactions and the release of restricted cash in the period.  Adjusted net debt has decreased by £461 million to £211 million.  As a result, gearing has reduced significantly from 31% at the last half year to 11%.

 

 

G.  KEY STATISTICS

Operational measures

2013

2012

Change

Seats flown (millions)

30.0

29.0

3.3%

Passengers (millions)

26.6

25.2

5.3%

Load factor

88.6%

86.9%

+1.7ppt

Available seat kilometres (ASK) (millions)

31,241

30,785

1.5%

Revenue passenger kilometres (RPK) (millions)

28,395

27,329

3.9%

Average sector length (kilometres)

 1,042

 1,061

(1.8%)

Sectors

 185,329

 181,904

1.9%

Block hours

 343,552

 342,708

0.2%

Number of aircraft owned/leased at end of period

210

204

2.9%

Average number of aircraft owned/leased during period

212.3

202.8

4.7%

Number of aircraft operated at end of period

201

192

4.7%

Average number of aircraft operated during period

193.9

189.6

2.3%

Operated aircraft utilisation (hours per day)

9.7

9.9

(1.4%)

Owned aircraft utilisation (hours per day)

8.9

9.2

(3.7%)

Number of routes operated at end of period

612

562

8.9%

Number of airports served at end of period

134

130

3.1%





Financial measures




Return on capital employed

(0.9%)

(2.8%)

+1.9ppt

Gearing

11%

31%

(20ppt)

Loss before tax per seat (£)

(2.04)

(3.87)

47.3%

Loss before tax per ASK (pence)

(0.20)

(0.36)

46.3%

Revenue




Revenue per seat (£)

53.39

50.47

5.8%

Revenue per seat at constant currency (£)

54.80

50.47

8.6%

Revenue per ASK (pence)

5.12

4.76

7.7%

Revenue per ASK at constant currency (pence)

5.26

4.76

10.5%

Costs




Per seat measures




Total cost per seat (£)

55.43

54.34

2.0%

Total cost per seat excluding fuel (£)

38.89

37.70

3.1%

Total cost per seat excluding fuel at constant currency (£)

38.96

37.70

3.4%

Operational cost per seat (£)

51.29

50.46

1.6%

Operational cost per seat excluding fuel (£)

34.75

33.82

2.7%

Operational cost per seat excluding fuel at constant currency (£)

35.36

33.82

4.6%

Ownership cost per seat (£)

4.14

3.88

6.6%

Per ASK measures




Total cost per ASK (pence)

5.32

5.12

3.8%

Total cost per ASK excluding fuel (pence)

3.73

3.55

5.0%

Total cost per ASK excluding fuel at constant currency (pence)

3.74

3.55

5.2%

Operational cost per ASK (pence)

4.92

4.76

3.5%

Operational cost per ASK excluding fuel (pence)

3.33

3.19

4.6%

Operational cost per ASK excluding fuel at constant currency (pence)

3.39

3.19

6.5%

Ownership cost per ASK (pence)

0.40

0.36

8.6%

 

 

H.  PRINCIPAL RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES

 

The risks and uncertainties described below are considered to have the most significant effect on easyJet's business, financial results and prospects. This list is not intended to be exhaustive.

 

easyJet carries out a detailed risk management process, to ensure that risks are identified and mitigated where possible, although many remain outside the Company's full control, for example adverse weather, pandemics, acts of terrorism, changes in government regulation and macroeconomic issues.

 

Inherent risk is assessed prior to the determination of all current mitigation.

 

There have been no changes to the risks and uncertainties since last reported in the Annual report and accounts for the year ended 30 September 2012.

 

Strategic impact

Risk description and potential impact

Current mitigation

SAFETY FIRST

Major safety incident / accident

 

Failure to prevent a major safety incident or deal with it effectively.

This could adversely affect easyJet's reputation, and its operational and financial performance.

easyJet's number one priority is the safety, including security, of its customers and people. easyJet operate a strong safety management system through having:

- Fatigue Risk Management System.

- Incident reporting.

- Safety Review Board.

- Safety Action Group.

- Management and control system for easyJet's operations including weekly operations meetings and reporting.

- Regular review by the Board of Directors.

easyJet have response systems in place and provide training for crisis management; combined with full crisis management exercises performed regularly.

Insurance is held which is believed to be in line with other airlines.

easyJet constantly ensure that security regulations required by relevant Governments are enforced.  Crew are trained within the current guidelines.

 

Security and terrorist threat or attack

 

Failure to prevent a major security related threat or attack from either internal or external sources or deal with it effectively.

 

This could adversely affect easyJet's reputation, and its operational and financial performance.

 

Strategic impact

Risk description and potential impact

Current mitigation

OPERATIONAL EXCELLENCE

Impact of mass disruption in peak seasonal months

 

A number of factors can lead to wide spread disruption to easyJet's network, including epidemics/pandemics, forces of nature (extreme weather, volcanic ash, etc), acts of terrorism, union activity and strike action.  Any widespread disruption could adversely affect easyJet's reputation, and its operational and financial performance.

If the widespread disruption occurred during easyJet's peak summer months then easyJet's financial results would be significantly impacted. 

Processes are in place to adapt to wide-spread disruption.  A full crisis management exercise is performed regularly and a business continuity programme is in place.

Significant analysis and senior management focus has resulted in crewing solutions being put into place to further recognise the external factors and volatility that impact the airline industry.

easyJet has a strong financial balance sheet allowing us to be in a strong position to withstand potential events that result in periods of reduced revenues.

Single fleet risk

 

easyJet is currently dependent on Airbus as its sole supplier for aircraft, with two aircraft types (A319 and A320). 

There are significant cost and efficiency advantages of a single fleet, however there are two main associated risks: 

·      Technical or mechanical issues that could ground the full fleet or part of the fleet which could cause negative perception by the flying public.

·      Valuation risks which crystallise on the ownership exit of the aircraft.  The main exposure at this time is with the ageing A319 fleet, where easyJet is reliant on the future demand for second-hand aircraft.

The efficiencies achieved by operating a single fleet type are believed to outweigh the risks associated with the company's single fleet strategy.

Rigorous established maintenance programme is followed.

easyJet constantly reviews the second-hand market and has a number of different options when looking at fleet exit strategies, e.g. easyJet's targeted fleet mix is a 70:30 split between owned and leased.  This facilitates the exit strategy of older A319s, protects residual values as well as increasing flexibility in managing the fleet size.

IT system failure

 

easyJet is dependent on a number of key IT systems and processes operated at London Luton airport and other key facilities. 

A loss of systems and access to facilities including the website, could lead to significant disruption and have an operational, reputational and financial impact.

Key systems are hosted in multiple datacentres in two distinct locations with failover arrangements between them. 

A business continuity programme including disaster recovery arrangements is in place.  This is being refined to ensure continued alignment to operational requirements.

Alternative sites are available should there be a need to relocate critical staff at short notice due to a loss of facilities.

Dependence on third party service providers

 

easyJet has entered into agreements with third party service providers for services covering a significant proportion of its operation and cost base. 

Failure to adequately manage third party performance would affect easyJet's reputation and its operational and financial performance.  Loss of these contracts, inability to renew or negotiate favourable replacement contracts could have a material adverse effect on future operating costs.

Processes are in place to manage third party service provider performance.

Centralised procurement department that negotiates key contracts.

Most developed markets have suitable alternative service providers.

Industrial action

 

Large parts of the easyJet workforce are unionised.  Similar issues exist at its key third party service providers.  If any action was taken this could impact on easyJet's ability to maintain its flight schedule.

This could adversely affect easyJet's reputation, and its operational and financial performance.

 

 

Employee and union engagement takes place on a regular basis.

Significant analysis and senior management focus has resulted in crewing solutions being put into place to further recognise the external factors and volatility that impact the airline industry.

Strategic impact

Risk description and potential impact

Current mitigation

EFFICIENT ASSET UTILISATION

Asset allocation

 

easyJet has a leading presence on the top 100 routes in Europe and positions at primary airports that are attractive to time sensitive consumers. easyJet manages the performance of its network by careful allocation of aircraft to routes and optimisation of its flying schedule.

If easyJet fails to continue to optimise its network and fleet plan this will have a major impact on easyJet's ability to grow and gain the required yield.  In addition, poor planning of the correct number of aircraft to fly the schedule would have a critical impact on easyJet's costs and reputation.

 

A Network Portfolio Management Strategy is in place which looks to take a balanced approach to the route portfolio that easyJet flies to ensure that it optimises each aircraft to get the best return for each time of day, each day of the week. 

Route performance is monitored on a regular basis and operating decisions are made to improve performances where required.

STRONG BALANCE SHEET

Exposure to fuel price fluctuations and other macroeconomic shifts

 

Sudden and significant increases in jet fuel price and movements in foreign exchange rates would significantly impact fuel and other costs. Increases in fuel costs have a direct impact on the financial performance of the company. If not protected against, this would have a material adverse effect on financial performance.

easyJet's business can also be affected by macroeconomic issues outside of its control such as weakening consumer confidence, inflationary pressure or instability of the Euro.  This could give rise to adverse pressure on revenue, load factors and residual values of aircraft.

 

Board approved hedging (jet fuel and currency) in place that is consistently applied.  Policy is to hedge within a percentage band for rolling 24 month period.

To provide protection, easyJet uses a limited range of hedging instruments traded in the over the counter (OTC) markets, principally forward purchases, with a number of approved counterparties.

A strong balance sheet supports the business through fluctuations in the economic conditions for the sector.

Regular monitoring of markets and route performance by easyJet's network and fleet management teams.

Financing and interest rate risk

 

All of easyJet's debt is asset related, reflecting the capital intensive nature of the airline industry.

Market conditions could change the cost of finance which may have an adverse effect on easyJet's financial performance.

 

easyJet's interest rate management policy aims to provide certainty in a proportion of its financing.

Operating lease rentals are a mix of fixed and floating rates.

All on balance sheet debt floating rate, re-priced up to six months.

None of the agreements contain financial covenants.

A portion of US dollar mortgage debt is matched with US dollar money market deposits.

Liquidity risk

 

easyJet continues to hold significant cash or liquid funds as a form of insurance.

Lack of sufficient liquid funds could result in business disruption and have a material adverse effect on easyJet's financial performance.

 

Board policy is to maintain target liquidity at £4m per aircraft.

This allows the business to better manage the impact of downturns in business or temporary curtailment of activities (e.g. fleet grounding, security incident, extended industrial dispute at key supplier).

Credit risk

 

Surplus funds are invested in high quality short-term liquid instruments, usually money market funds or bank deposits.

Possibility of material loss arising in the event of non-performance of counterparties.

 

Cash is placed on deposit with institutions based upon credit rating with a maximum exposure of £150 million for AAA counterparty money market funds.

 

 

Strategic impact

Risk description and potential impact

Current mitigation

REPUTATIONAL RISKS

Major shareholder / investor relationship issues

 

easyJet has a major shareholder (easyGroup Holdings Limited) controlling over 25% of ordinary shares. Shareholder activism could adversely impact the reputation of the Company and cause a distraction to management.

easyJet does not own its company name or branding which is licensed from easyGroup IP Licensing. As for all brand licensees, the easyJet brand could be impacted through actions of the easyGroup or other easyGroup licensees.

 

easyJet has a very active shareholder engagement programme led by its Investor Relations team. easyJet seeks to engage with easyGroup Holdings Limited on a regular basis alongside all its other major shareholders as part of that programme with a view to ensuring the Board and management team are kept aware of the views of all shareholders.

A team of individuals from the Board and senior management take responsibility for addressing issues arising from the activist approach adopted by the major shareholder.  The objective is to address issues when they arise as effectively as possible in order to minimise the disruptive effect on day to day management of the Company's operation and to anticipate and plan for potential future activism.

Ineffective or non-delivery of the business strategy

 

A number of key projects have been set up to deliver key elements of the strategy.  If these projects do not deliver the benefits and cost savings planned easyJet could fall short of its planned financial results. 

 

Programme management office and experienced project teams have been set up to oversee delivery and track the budget and benefits realisation of all projects.

Steering Group set up with key senior management on it to ensure monitoring, challenge and key decisions are being made at the appropriate level.

Information security

 

easyJet faces external and internal information security risks.  The Company receives most of its revenue through credit card transactions and operates as an e-commerce business.

A security breach could result in a material adverse impact for the business and reputational damage.

 

Systems are secured and monitored against unauthorised access. This will receive continued focus.

Information security controls are being further enhanced in key areas including third parties, Governance, HR, Physical Security and IT/Technical.

The security of internal systems and easyJet.com are reviewed quarterly through penetration testing. 

Employee security sessions are run periodically to maintain staff awareness.

Scanning software for fraudulent customer activity is monitored and controlled by the Revenue Protection team.

 

Strategic impact

Risk description and potential impact

Current mitigation

REPUTATIONAL RISKS

Bribery Act 

 

The Bribery Act came into force in July 2011.  To date there are no precedents set in respect of how this will be enforced with respect to corporations. As with all companies, if easyJet were found to be in breach of the Act this could adversely affect us financially and reputationally.

 

 

easyJet has a strong ethical tone from the top.

The adoption of appropriate anti-bribery controls has been a key point of focus for the legal compliance programme at easyJet.  These have included:

·      completion of risks assessments to determine specific compliance needs

·      Introduction of new policies, including an anti-bribery and corruption policy

·      Development of an online training module and mandatory training for all managers and administrative employees in the UK and across the easyJet network

·      Targeted face-to-face training for employee groups perceived as higher risk

·      The adoption of standard anti-bribery clauses for inclusion in supplier contracts

In addition, as part of easyJet's evaluation of the next generation of short-haul engine technology, additional controls and monitoring have been implemented including a more restrictive gifts and hospitality policy, enhanced recording of contact with potential suppliers, assurance visits to assess standards of anti-bribery controls of potential suppliers and close monitoring of the completion of mandatory compliance training.  These extra controls have been the subject of monitoring by an independent third party auditor.

 

New offerings add complexity to customer experience

 

easyJet has the ability to deliver value to the customer by ensuring the end to end customer proposition continues to make travel easy. 

There is a risk that as easyJet continues to grow it could add additional complexity into its business model.

 

 

 

Rigorous change governance process in place. 

The customer experience is at the heart of all changes or new offerings considered by easyJet.

 

 

 

Strategic impact

Risk description and potential impact

Current mitigation

EXTERNAL RISKS

Competition and industry consolidation

 

easyJet operates in competitive marketplaces against both flag carriers and other low-cost airlines.

One of easyJet's key competitive advantages is its strong cost base.  If easyJet lost sight of this or relaxed its stance over cost control this could significantly reduce any competitive advantage and impact profitability.

 

Industry consolidation will also affect the competitive environment in a number of markets. This could cause a loss of market share and erosion of revenue.

 

 

Regular monitoring of competitor activity and potential impact of any consolidation activity.

Rapid response in anticipation of and to changes.

Strong cost control across the company.  'easyJet lean' drives cost reduction and efficiency into targeted areas.

 

Evaluation of the next generation of short-haul engine technology considering the long-term impact on easyJet's cost base.

Regulator intervention

 

The airline industry is currently heavily regulated, with expected increased regulator intervention. This includes environmental, security and airport regulation which have charges levied by regulatory decision rather than by commercial negotiation.  

easyJet is exposed to various regulators across its network, which will increase as the Company grows geographically. 

 

This could have an adverse impact to easyJet's reputation, cost base and market share.  An inadequate knowledge or misinterpretation of local regulations could result in fines or enforcement orders.

 

easyJet has a key role in influencing the future state of regulations. 

A Regulatory Affairs Group coordinates the work and effort in this area.

 

 

I.    CONDENSED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Consolidated income statement (unaudited)



Six months ended 31 March 2013

Six months ended 31 March 2012




Notes

£ million

£ million

Seat revenue


1,576

1,438

Non-seat revenue


25

27

Total revenue

11

1,601

1,465





Fuel


(496)

(483)

Ground operations


(464)

(414)

Crew


(215)

(206)

Navigation


(122)

(123)

Maintenance


(90)

(95)

Selling and marketing


(50)

(55)

Other costs


(101)

(89)

EBITDAR


63

-





Aircraft dry leasing


(47)

(50)

Depreciation

6

(51)

(45)

Amortisation of intangible assets


(5)

(4)

Operating loss


(40)

(99)





Interest receivable and other financing income


3

5

Interest payable and other financing charges


(24)

(18)

Net finance charges


(21)

(13)





Loss before tax


(61)

(112)





Tax credit

3

14

22





Loss for the period


(47)

(90)





Loss per share, pence




Basic

4

12.0

21.2

 

 

 

Consolidated statement of comprehensive income (unaudited)



Six months ended 31 March 2013

Six months ended 31 March 2012






Notes

£million

£million

Loss for the period


(47)

(90)

Other comprehensive (loss) / income




Cash flow hedges




   Fair value gains in the period


32

154

   Gains transferred to income statement


(37)

(40)

   Related tax

3

1

(28)



(4)

86

Total comprehensive loss for the period


(51)

(4)

 

All items in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income go through the income statement

 

 

 

Consolidated statement of financial position (unaudited)



31 March 2013

30 September 2012




Notes

£ million

£ million

Non-current assets




Goodwill


365

365

Other intangible assets


91

91

Property, plant and equipment

6

2,192

2,395

Derivative financial instruments


39

21

Loan notes


10

10

Restricted cash


28

29

Other non-current assets


138

57



2,863

2,968





Current assets




Trade and other receivables


273

241

Derivative financial instruments


64

73

Restricted cash


2

130

Money market deposits


257

238

Cash and cash equivalents


937

645



1,533

1,327





Current liabilities




Trade and other payables


(1,440)

(1,021)

Borrowings


(90)

(129)

Derivative financial instruments


(34)

(26)

Current tax liabilities


(2)

(29)

Maintenance provisions


(73)

(59)



(1,639)

(1,264)





Net current (liabilities) / assets


(106)

63





Non-current liabilities




Borrowings


(671)

(828)

Derivative financial instruments


(21)

(24)

Non-current deferred income


(63)

(46)

Maintenance provisions


(155)

(141)

Deferred tax liabilities


(180)

(198)



(1,090)

(1,237)





Net assets


1,667

1,794





Shareholders' equity




Share capital

7

108

108

Share premium


657

656

Hedging reserve


38

42

Translation reserve


1

1

Retained earnings


863

987



1,667

1,794

 

 

 

Consolidated statement of changes in equity (unaudited)




£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

At 1 October 2012

108

656

42

1

987

1,794

Total comprehensive (loss)

(4)

(47)

(51)

Dividends paid

(85)

(85)

Share incentive schemes







   Proceeds from shares issued

1

1

   Value of employee services

7

7

   Related tax (note 3)

7

7

   Purchase of own shares

(6)

(6)

At 31 March 2013

108

657

38

1

863

1,667









Share

capital

Share premium

Hedging reserve

Translation reserve

Retained earnings

Total



£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

At 1 October 2011

108

654

14

1

928

1,705

Total comprehensive income / (loss)

86

(90)

(4)

Dividends paid

(196)

(196)

Share incentive schemes







   Proceeds from shares issued

1

1

   Value of employee services

5

5

   Related tax (note 3)

2

2

   Purchase of own shares

(7)

(7)

At 31 March 2012

108

655

100

1

642

1,506








The hedging reserve comprises the effective portion of the cumulative net change in fair value of cash flow hedging instruments relating to highly probable transactions that are forecast to occur after the period end.

 

Consolidated statement of cash flows (unaudited)







Six months ended 31 March 2013

Six months ended 31 March 2012




Notes

£ million

£ million

Cash flows from operating activities




Cash generated from operations (excluding dividends)

8

413

310

Ordinary dividends paid


(85)

(46)

Special dividends paid


(150)

Net interest and other financing charges paid


(12)

(11)

Tax paid


(24)

(11)

Net cash generated from operating activities


292

92





Cash flows from investing activities




Purchase of property, plant and equipment


(92)

(106)

Purchase of other intangible assets


(5)

(5)

Net cash used by investing activities


(97)

(111)





Cash flows from financing activities




Net proceeds from issue of ordinary share capital


1

1

Purchase of own shares for employee share schemes


(6)

(7)

Repayment of bank loans


(234)

(105)

Repayment of capital elements of finance leases


(5)

(4)

Net proceeds from sale and operating leaseback of aircraft


193

Net decrease in money market deposits


23

63

Decrease / (increase) in restricted cash


131

(40)

Net cash generated from / (used by) financing activities


103

(92)





Effect of exchange rate changes


(6)

(10)





Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents


292

(121)





Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period


645

1,100





Cash and cash equivalents at end of period


937

979

 

 

 

Notes to the condensed financial information (unaudited)

 

1. Basis of preparation

 

The condensed financial information has been prepared in accordance with the Disclosure and Transparency Rules of the Financial Conduct Authority and with IAS 34 "Interim Financial Reporting" as adopted by the European Union. It should be read in conjunction with the Annual report and accounts for the year ended 30 September 2012, which were prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the European Union.

 

The condensed financial information does not constitute statutory accounts within the meaning of sections 434 and 435 of the Companies Act 2006. Statutory accounts for the year ended 30 September 2012 were approved by the Board of Directors on 19 November 2012, and have been delivered to the Registrar of Companies. The report of the auditors was unqualified, and did not contain either an emphasis of matter paragraph or any statement made under section 498 of the Companies Act 2006.

 

In adopting the going concern basis for preparing this condensed financial information, the Directors have considered the business activities, factors likely to affect its future development and performance, as well as easyJet's principal risks and uncertainties. Based on easyJet's cash flow forecasts and projections, the Board is satisfied that easyJet will be able to operate within the level of its available facilities and cash for the foreseeable future. For this reason easyJet continues to adopt the going concern basis.

 

The accounting policies adopted are consistent with those described in the Annual report and accounts for the year ended 30 September 2012.

 

There are two amended standards effective for the current financial year, but neither of them has had any material impact on the condensed financial information.

 

2. Seasonality

 

The airline industry is highly seasonal and demand and yields are significantly higher during the summer. Accordingly revenue and profitability are higher in the second half of the financial year. Historically, easyJet has reported a loss for the first half of the financial year and a profit in the second half.

 

3. Tax credit

 

Tax on loss on ordinary activities




2013

2012


£ million

£ million

Current tax (credit) / charge

(3)

2

Deferred tax

(11)

(24)


(14)

(22)




Effective tax rate

23%

20%

 

The effective tax rate is lower than the standard rate of corporation tax in the United Kingdom (24%) principally due to deferred tax being provided at lower than the standard rate.




Tax on items recognised directly in other comprehensive income or shareholders' equity




2013

2012


£ million

£ million

Credit / (charge) to other comprehensive income



Deferred tax on fair value movements of cash flow hedges

1

(28)




Credit to shareholders' equity



Current tax on share-based payments

1

Deferred tax on share-based payments

6

2


7

2

 

 

4 Loss per share


2013

2012


£ million

£ million

Loss for the period

(47)

(90)





2013

2012


million

million

Weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue

393

425





2013

2012


pence

pence

Loss per share - basic

12.0

21.2

 

On 5 March 2012, the shares of easyJet plc were consolidated on an 11 for 12 basis. 

 

Diluted loss per share for the six months ended 31 March 2013 and 2012 is not presented as the impact of potential ordinary shares is anti-dilutive.

 

5. Dividends

 

The company paid an ordinary dividend of 21.5 pence per share (2012: 10.5 pence per share). The total dividend paid was £85 million (2012: £46 million ordinary dividend and £150 million special dividend).

 

6. Property, plant and equipment


2013

2012


£ million

£ million

At 1 October

2,395

2,149

Additions

97

110

Transfers to intangible assets

(5)

(4)

Disposals

(19)

(17)

Aircraft sold and leased back

(225)

-

Depreciation

(51)

(45)

At 31 March

2,192

2,193

 

At 31 March 2013 easyJet is contractually committed to the acquisition of 16 Airbus A320 family aircraft, with a total list price of US$0.9 billion before escalations and discounts for delivery in the period to April 2015. Deposits paid against these aircraft at 31 March 2013 totalled £82 million.

 

7. Share capital

 


Number


Value


2013

2012

2013

2012


million

million

£ million

£ million

At 1 October

396

431

108

108

Share consolidation following special dividend

(36)

At 31 March

396

395

108

108

 

 

 

8. Reconciliation of operating loss to cash generated from operations


2013

2012


£ million

£ million

Operating loss

(40)

(99)




Adjustments for non-cash items:



Depreciation

51

45

Amortisation of intangible assets

5

4

Share based payments

7

5




Changes in working capital and other items of an operating nature:



Increase in trade and other receivables

(24)

(48)

Increase in trade and other payables

415

391

Increase in provisions

1

13

(Increase) / decrease in other non-current assets

11

3

(Increase) / decrease in derivative financial instruments

(3)

3

Increase / (decrease) in non-current deferred income

(10)

(7)


413

310

 

 

 

9. Reconciliation of net cash flow to movement in net (debt) / cash


01 October 2012

Exchange differences

Loan issue costs

Net

cash flow

31 March 2013



£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Cash and cash equivalents

645

(6)

-

298

937

Money market deposits

238

42

-

(23)

257


883

36

-

275

1,194







Bank loans

(752)

(28)

(2)

234

(548)

Finance lease obligations

(205)

(13)

-

5

(213)


(957)

(41)

(2)

239

(761)







Net (debt) / cash

(74)

(5)

(2)

514

433

 

 

10. Contingent liabilities

easyJet is involved in various disputes or litigation in the normal course of business. Whilst the results of such disputes cannot be predicted with certainty, management considers that the ultimate resolution of these disputes will not have a material effect on easyJet's financial position, results or cash flows.

 

11. Geographical revenue analysis


2013

2012


£ million

£ million

United Kingdom

703

619

Southern Europe

551

533

Northern Europe

324

294

Other

23

19


1,601

1,465

 

Southern Europe comprises countries lying wholly or mainly south of the border between Italy and Switzerland, plus France.

 

easyJet's non-current assets principally comprise its fleet of 147 owned and finance leased aircraft. A further 63 aircraft are held under operating leases, giving a total fleet of 210 at 31 March 2013.  All of these aircraft are registered in the United Kingdom except for 21 registered in Switzerland. These assets are used flexibly across the entire route network, and accordingly there is no suitable basis for allocating them to geographic segments.

 

12. Related parties

 

The Company licences the easyJet brand from easyGroup IP Licensing Limited ('easyGroup'), a wholly owned subsidiary of easyGroup Holdings Limited, an entity which easyJet's founder, Sir Stelios Haji-Ioannou, holds a beneficial interest and holds 26.02% of the issued share capital of the Company.

 

Under the Amended Brand Licence signed in October 2010, an annual royalty of 0.25% of total revenue is payable for a minimum term of ten years. The full term of agreement is 50 years.

 

A new brand protection protocol was also agreed, under which easyJet will contribute up to £1 million per annum to meet the costs to protect the 'easy' and 'easyJet' brands  and easyGroup will contribute £100,000 per annum. Beyond the first £1.1 million of costs, easyJet can commit up to an aggregate £5.5 million annually to meet brand protection costs, with easyGroup continuing to meet its share of costs on a 10:1 ratio. easyJet must meet 100% of any brand protection costs it wishes to incur above this limit.

 

A separate agreement has been entered with Sir Stelios ('the Comfort Letter'), dated 9 October 2010, under which, in return for certain non-compete obligations, easyJet makes payment of a fee of £300,000, adjusted annually per the UK Retail Price index, each year for five years (or until the expiry of the longest subsisting restriction, whichever is later). Whilst certain of those obligations have since expired, remaining in force are the following:

 

·      For three years from the date of the Comfort Letter, to not sell the easyJet brand or the shares in easyGroup IP Holdings Limited to any airline licensed in any EEA country, or Switzerland, or the owner or indirect owner of such airline.

·      For five years from the date of the Comfort Letter, Sir Stelios shall not use his own name (or a derivative thereof) to brand an airline flying to or from any EEA country, or Switzerland.

 

The Amended Brand Licence and Comfort Letter were approved by the shareholders at a general meeting held on 10 December 2010. The amounts included in the income statement for the six months ended 31 March 2013 for these items were as follows:

 


2013

£ million

2012

£ million

Annual royalty

4.8

2.5

Brand protection (legal fees paid through easyGroup to third parties)

0.5

0.4

Agreement with Sir Stelios Haji-Ioannou

0.2

0.2


5.5

3.1

 

There were no amounts outstanding as at 31 March 2013 (2012: £nil).

 

 

 

Statement of Directors' responsibilities

 

The Directors are responsible for preparing the interim report in accordance with applicable law and regulations.

The Directors confirm that the condensed consolidated interim financial information has been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 as adopted by the European Union. The interim management report includes a fair review of the information required by the Disclosure and Transparency Rules paragraphs 4.2.7 and 4.2.8, namely:

·      an indication of important events that have occurred during the six months ended 31 March 2013 and their impact on the condensed set of financial information, and a description of the principal risks and uncertainties for the remaining six months of the financial year; and

 

·      material related-party transactions during the six months ended 31 March 2013 and any material changes in the related-party transactions described in the last Annual report and accounts.

The Directors of easyJet plc are listed in the Annual report and accounts 2012. Since that date, Sir Michael Rake resigned as a Director and John Barton has been appointed as a Director. A list of current Directors is maintained on the easyJet plc website: www.easyjet.com.

The Directors are responsible for the maintenance and integrity of the Company's website. Legislation in the United Kingdom governing the preparation and dissemination of financial information may differ from legislation in other jurisdictions.

The interim report was approved by the Board of Directors and authorised for issue on 14 May 2013 and signed on behalf of the Board by:

 

 

 

 

Carolyn McCall OBE                           Chris Kennedy

Chief Executive                                    Chief Financial Officer

 

 

Glossary

 

 

Aircraft dry / wet leasing

Payments to lessors under dry leasing arrangements relate solely to the provision of an aircraft. Payments to lessors under wet leasing arrangements relate to the provision of aircraft, crew, maintenance and insurance.

 

Aircraft owned / leased at end of year

Number of aircraft owned or on lease arrangements of over one month's duration at the end of the period.

 

Available seat kilometres (ASK)

Seats flown multiplied by the number of kilometres flown.

 

Average fare

Passenger and ancillary revenue divided by passengers.

 

Block hours

Hours of service for aircraft, measured from the time that the aircraft leaves the terminal at the departure airport to the time that it arrives at the terminal at the destination airport.

 

Cost per ASK

Revenue less profit before tax, divided by available seat kilometres.

 

Cost per seat

Revenue less profit before tax, divided by seats flown.

 

Cost per seat, excluding fuel

Revenue, less profit before tax, plus fuel costs, divided by seats flown.

 

EBITDAR

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortisation, aircraft dry leasing costs, and profit or loss on disposal of assets held for sale.

 

Gearing

Net debt (adjusted by adding seven times aircraft dry leasing payments for the year and deducting restricted cash) divided by the sum of shareholders' equity and adjusted net debt.

 

Load factor

Number of passengers as a percentage of number of seats flown. The load factor is not weighted for the effect of varying sector lengths.

 

Operated aircraft utilisation

Average number of block hours per day per aircraft operated.

 

Other costs

Administrative and operational costs not reported elsewhere, including some employee costs, compensation paid to passengers, exchange gains and losses and the profit or loss on the disposal of property plant and equipment.

 

Passengers

Number of earned seats flown. Earned seats comprises seats sold to passengers (including no-shows), seats provided for promotional purposes and seats provided to staff for business travel.

 

Profit before tax per seat

Profit before tax divided by seats flown.

 

Return on capital employed (ROCE) excluding operating leases

Normalised profit after tax divided by average net debt plus average shareholders' equity.

 

Return on capital employed (ROCE) including operating leases

Normalised profit after tax adjusted for implied interest on operating lease costs, divided by average net debt plus average shareholders' equity, plus an adjustment to capitalise operating leases at seven times the annual lease rental, in line with market practice.

 

Return on equity

Profit for the year divided by the average of opening and closing shareholders' equity.

 

Revenue

The sum of passenger revenue and ancillary revenue.

 

Revenue passenger kilometres (RPK)

Number of passengers multiplied by the number of kilometres those passengers were flown.

 

Revenue per ASK

Revenue divided by available seat kilometres.

 

Revenue per seat

Revenue divided by seats flown.

 

Seats flown

Seats available for passengers.

 

Sector

A one-way revenue flight.

 

 

Independent review report to easyJet plc

 

Introduction

 

We have been engaged by the company to review the condensed set of financial information in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended 31 March 2013, which comprises the Consolidated income statement, Consolidated statement of comprehensive income, Consolidated statement of financial position, Consolidated statement of changes in equity, Consolidated statement of cash flows, and the related notes. We have read the other information contained in the half-yearly financial report and considered whether it contains any apparent misstatements or material inconsistencies with the information in the condensed set of financial information.

 

Directors' responsibilities

 

The half-yearly financial report is the responsibility of, and has been approved by, the Directors. The Directors are responsible for preparing the half-yearly financial report in accordance with the Disclosure and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

 

As disclosed in note 1, the annual accounts of the group are prepared in accordance with IFRSs as adopted by the European Union. The condensed set of financial information included in this half-yearly financial report has been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34, "Interim Financial Reporting", as adopted by the European Union.

 

Our responsibility

 

Our responsibility is to express to the company a conclusion on the condensed set of financial information in the half-yearly financial report based on our review. This report, including the conclusion, has been prepared for and only for the company for the purpose of the Disclosure and Transparency Rules of the Financial Conduct Authority and for no other purpose. We do not, in producing this report, accept or assume responsibility for any other purpose or to any other person to whom this report is shown or into whose hands it may come save where expressly agreed by our prior consent in writing.

 

Scope of review

 

We conducted our review in accordance with International Standard on Review Engagements (UK and Ireland) 2410, 'Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity' issued by the Auditing Practices Board for use in the United Kingdom. A review of interim financial information consists of making enquiries, primarily of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters, and applying analytical and other review procedures. A review is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK and Ireland) and consequently does not enable us to obtain assurance that we would become aware of all significant matters that might be identified in an audit. Accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion.

 

Conclusion

 

Based on our review, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the condensed set of financial information in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended 31 March 2013 is not prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 as adopted by the European Union and the Disclosure and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

 

 

 

PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Chartered Accountants
St Albans, Hertfordshire

14 May 2013

 

 


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