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Unilever PLC (ULVR)

  Print      Mail a friend       Annual reports

Thursday 06 August, 2009

Unilever PLC

2nd Quarter Results 2009

RNS Number : 9666W
Unilever PLC
06 August 2009
 





SECOND QUARTER UNDERLYING SALES GROWTH 4.1%, VOLUME GROWTH 2.0%.

CASH FLOW € 1.6 BILLION AHEAD OF LAST YEAR IN FIRST HALF.



 Key Financials (unaudited, at current rates) 

Second Quarter 2009

Half Year 2009

Turnover (€ million)


 

10,458

+ 1 %

19,963

+ 0 %








Operating profit (€ million)



1,320

4 %

2,554

- 20 %

Operating profit before RDIs* (€ million)

1,523

4 %

2,915

- 3 %








Net profit (€ million)


 

833

- 15 %

1,636

-31 %

Net profit before RDIs* (€ million)

997

- 12 %

1,914

- 12 %








Earnings per share (€)



0.27

- 16 %

0.53

- 33 %

Earnings per share before RDIs* (€)

0.33

- 12 %

0.63

- 13 %

* RDIs: Restructuring, disposals and other one-off items






Note: operating profit in the first half of 2008 included profits on disposal of €516 million pre-tax.



Second Quarter highlights

  • Underlying sales growth 4.1%. Volume growth 2.0%with all regions positive. Growth driven by improved execution, innovation and increased marketing spend.  

  • Advertising and promotion spend increased by 50 bps.  

  • Operating margin before RDIs down by 60 bps (including 30 bps of margin dilution from disposals), in line with expectations.  


First Half Highlights

  • Underlying sales growth 4.4%, with volumes up 0.2%. Turnover in line with last year after the effects of currency movements (-0.9%) and disposals/acquisitions (-3.2%).   

  • Operating margin before RDIs down by 50 bps (including 30 bps of margin dilution from disposals), in line with expectations.  

  • Earnings per share before RDIs down 13%, including -6% from the pensions finance charge and -3% from a higher first half tax charge

  • Net cash flow from operating activities €1.6 billion ahead of last year with much improved working capital.


Paul Polman, Chief Executive Officer:  'While conditions remain difficult in many markets, I am encouraged by the return to volume growth across all regions and the majority of countries and categories. More of our brands are improving share again behind strong innovations, greater consumer value, increased marketing support and better execution.  We continue to focus on restoring volume growth while protecting margins and cash flow for the year as a whole.'


6 August 2009 


INTERIM MANAGEMENT REPORT FOR HALF YEAR TO JUNE 2009


In the following commentary we report underlying sales growth (abbreviated to 'USG' or 'growth') at constant exchange rates, excluding the effects of acquisitions and disposals. Turnover includes the impact of exchange rates, acquisitions and disposals. Unilever uses 'constant rate' and 'underlying' measures primarily for internal performance analysis and targeting purposes. We also comment on trends in operating margins before RDIs (restructuring, disposals, and other one-off items).  We may also discuss net debt, for which we provide an analysis in the notes to the financial statements.  Unilever believes that such measures provide additional information for shareholders on underlying business performance trends. Such measures are not defined under IFRS and are not intended to be a substitute for GAAP measures of turnover, operating margin, profit, EPS and cash flow. Please refer also to notes 2 and 3 to the financial statements. Further information about certain of these measures is available on our website at www.unilever.com/investorrelations


OPERATIONAL REVIEW


Second Quarter 2009

Half Year 2009

 

Turnover

USG

 Volume

Price 

Turnover

USG

 Volume

Price 

 

€ m

%

%

%

€ m

%

%

%

Asia Africa CEE

3,856

8.2

3.3

4.8

7,431

8.8

1.3

7.4

Americas 

3,335

4.9

1.6

3.2

6,491

5.9

0.4

5.5

Western Europe 

3,267

(1.1)

1.0

(2.0)

6,041

(1.9)

(1.2)

(0.7)

Unilever Total

10,458

4.1

2.0

2.1

19,963

4.4

0.2

4.2

Savoury, dressings & spreads

3,232

(0.2)



6,544

1.4



Ice cream & beverages

2,468

4.9



4,132

4.5



Personal care

2,996

5.4



5,803

4.6



Home care & other

1,762

9.2



3,484

9.9



Unilever Total

10,458

4.1



19,963

4.4




REGIONS

Asia Africa CEE - Half year USG +8.8%, Volume +1.3%

Underlying sales have grown in all our main developing and emerging markets and in all categories. The region returned to positive volume growth in the second quarter as we rolled out innovations and increased our level of marketing support. Overall consumer demand in our categories has continued to grow this year, but with volumes increasing at a slower rate than in the past.

We have established a regional supply chain centre, based in Singapore, and are progressively rolling out common systems across the region. We have continued to invest in our priority markets of Russia and China. We have completed a new global R&D centre in Shanghai.  In Russiawe completed the acquisition of Baltimor, the market leader in ketchup, on 3 July, and we have announced the construction of a new ice cream factory to support Inmarko which has grown rapidly since its acquisition last year.  

The operating margin before RDIs was up by 150 bps in the first half year.

The Americas - Half year USG +5.9%, Volume +0.4%

The region has sustained a good performance.  North America grew by 2.7% in the first half year, with volumes sustained at last year's levels despite lower foodservice sales including the exit from unbranded business. Sales in Latin America have grown at around 10% in the first half year with an improving volume trend.

The integration of the USCanada and Caribbean businesses is progressing well and Canada will move onto the US SAP platform on 1 October. Our new Customer Insight and Innovation Centre is helping to generate ideas for fresh ways of growing with our customers.  

The operating margin before RDIs was up by 40 bps in the first half year.

Western Europe - Half year USG -1.9%, Volume -1.2%

Markets remain very challenging.  Our own business returned to positive volume growth in the second quarter, with an improving trend across all key countries and benefiting from good ice cream sales in the first half of the season. Net prices were lower than last year as commodity cost pressures eased and we restored price competitiveness.  

We made good progress on reducing costs. This includes rationalising the supply chain, investing in more efficient production lines, leveraging our single IT system to drive regional synergies and streamlining overheads.  

The operating margin before RDIs was lower by 330 bps in the first half year reflecting high commodity costs, the depreciation of sterling, and investments to reignite volume growth.


CATEGORIES


We have grown sales in all categories in the first half year, despite the economic environment. We are seeing the benefits of rolling out innovations faster across countries and regions under our strong global brands. Consumers are looking, more than ever, for good value in the products they buy, so our innovation programme places even greater emphasis on superior functional benefits, backed up by clinical proofs and strong communication. At the same time we continue to build consumption in our categories by developing new market segments and converting users from alternative products.  


Savoury, dressings and spreads - Half year USG +1.4%


In spreads and dressings, we continued the roll-out of the successful 'goodness of margarine' campaign, while reducing prices to reflect the easing of edible oil prices.  Ware re-launching our value brands in a number of countries to compete at the lower end of the market. In savoury, Knorr has grown well in the Americas and Asia Africa CEE but sales were down in Western Europe. We have implemented comprehensive 30 day action plans to address this and have seen an improving trend, particularly in Germany. The roll-out of Knorr Stockpots throughout Europe has gone well and consumption is building. In the US we have capitalised on the move to more in-home eating with successful campaigns behind Hellmann's mayonnaise, Ragú pasta sauces and Bertolli frozen meals.  This was partly offset by lower Foodservice sales, including the exit from unbranded business.  Hellmann's new 'double whisked' light mayonnaise is driving good growth for the brand globally. 


Ice cream and beverages - Half year USG +4.5%


The good performance in the first half has been led by strong growth in Developing and Emerging markets in both ice cream and tea. In tea we are benefiting from innovations behind a portfolio of brands covering all consumer income levels. We have introduced a range of herbal infusions under our value brand in Russia and a new flavour under our value brand in Poland. Growth of our premium brand Lipton has been boosted by pyramid bags, while Lipton Linea slimming teas are building well in Europe and have recently been launched in Russia and China. We have continued to extend distribution for ice cream brands in Asia Africa CEE and Latin America with good results. In Western Europe we saw good growth in the second quarter, and sales were up for the half year. Magnum, with the successful 'Temptation' variant, and Ben & Jerry's were particularly strong.  


Personal care - Half year USG +4.6%


Growth in personal care was driven by our global innovation programme, supported by strong advertising, as well as an increased focus on value across the portfolio. Skin cleansing performed well with new functional advertising for Dove bar, the roll-out of Lux Soft Skin in Latin America and campaigns that address current heightened needs for hygiene. In North America we also introduced Dove shower gels with new technology which reverses dryness.  In hair care we benefited from the launch of Lux Shine in China and Japan, continued momentum for Clear anti-dandruff shampoo in Developing and Emerging markets and good growth for Suave, our value brand in the US.  We have launched a new Dove deodorant which makes underarms look and feel hair-free for longer and a new Axe body spray fragrance. The successful Signal White Now oral care range has been extended with the introduction of a mouthwash line. 


Home care and other - Half year USG +9.9%


Both laundry and household cleaning have performed very well in the first half year. Growth has come from innovation supported by strong advertising and increased promotional intensity. In laundry, we have upgraded our 'Dirt is Good' range in key Developing and Emerging markets and launched a version for semi-automatic machines in Brazil. In Europe we are seeing good momentum in Small & Mighty concentrated liquids and in new 'clear and fresh' Surf detergents.  In household cleaning Cif 'acti-fizz' and Domestos '24 hour protection' continue to do well and we have now launched Cif in India.  



ADDITIONAL COMMENTARY ON THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - FIRST HALF YEAR


Finance costs and tax


The cost of financing net borrowings was €244 million. This was €36 million higher than last year because of a higher average level of net debt and one-off charges this year. The interest rate on borrowings was 4.6%, slightly lower than last year. 


There was a net charge of €90 million for pensions financing compared with a credit of €67 million in the first half of last year.


The effective tax rate was 29.4% and the underlying tax rate, before RDIs, was 28.5%. The underlying tax rate is expected to be lower in the second half and to be around 27% for the year as a whole. Our longer term guidance remains around 26%. 


Joint ventures, associates and other income from non-current investments


Net profit from joint ventures and associates, together with other income from non-current investments contributed €72 million. This compares with €92 million last year which included a one-time gain on the extension of the Pepsi/Lipton joint venture for ready-to-drink tea in the first quarter.  On an underlying basis there was an increase of €4 million.


Cash Flow


Cash flow from operating activities was €1.6 billion higher than last year in the first half. Working capital improvement has been a priority for the business and the good progress made has largely offset the normal seasonal working capital movements

 

Balance sheet


Balances at the half year include the acquisition of the TIGI hair care business. The net deficit on pensions increased from €3.4 billion at the start of the year to €3.7 billion, mainly reflecting lower corporate bond rates used to discount liabilities.  Changes in the level and maturity profile of financial liabilities reflect bond issues and redemptions since the start of the year. Currency changes had significant effects on goodwill and financial liabilities. 



PRINCIPAL RISK FACTORS


On pages 25 to 27 of our 2008 Report and Accounts we set out our assessment of the principal risk issues that would face the business through 2009, including global economic slowdown and changing consumer demand; competitive markets and consolidation of customers; financial risks relating to liquidity, currency, interest, pensions and taxation; exposure to developing and emerging markets; input costs, supplier and supply chain reliance; safety, sustainability and environment; restructuring and changes to the way we operate; and people and talent.  In our view, the nature and potential impact of such risks remains essentially unchanged as regards our performance over the second half of 2009.



COMPETITION LAW INVESTIGATIONS


As previously reported, in June 2008 the European Commission initiated an investigation into potential competition law infringements in the European Union in relation to consumer detergents. Unilever has received a number of requests for information from the European Commission regarding the investigation and has been subject to unannounced investigations at some of its premises. No statement of objections against Unilever has been issued to date.  It is too early to be able reasonably to assess the outcome or to estimate the fines which the Commission may seek to impose on Unilever as a result of this investigation, if determined against Unilever. Therefore no provision has been made. However, substantial fines can be levied as a result of European Commission investigations. Fines imposed in other sectors for violations of competition rules have amounted to hundreds of millions of euros. 


Unilever is, as previously reported, involved in a number of other on-going investigations by national competition authorities within the EU in relation to potential national competition law infringements, primarily in relation to the home care and personal care sectors. It is too early to be able reasonably to assess the outcome or to estimate the fines which the authorities may seek to impose on Unilever as a result of these national investigations, if determined against Unilever. Therefore no provision has been made.



OTHER INFORMATION


This document represents Unilever's half-yearly report for the purposes of the Disclosure and Transparency Rules (DTR) issued by the UK Financial Services Authority (DTR 4.2) and the Dutch Act on Financial Supervision, section 5:25d (8)/(9) (Half-yearly financial reports). In this context: (i) the condensed set of financial statements can be found on pages 6 to 14; (ii) pages to 5 comprise the interim management report; and (iii) the Directors' responsibility statement can be found on page 15.  No material related parties transactions have taken place in the first six months of the year.




CAUTIONARY STATEMENT


This announcement may contain forward-looking statements, including 'forward-looking statements' within the meaning of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as 'expects', 'anticipates', 'intends', 'believes', or the negative of these terms and other similar expressions of future performance or results, including any financial objectives, and their negatives are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based upon current expectations and assumptions regarding anticipated developments and other factors affecting the Group. They are not historical facts, nor are they guarantees of future performance. Because these forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, there are important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements, including, among others, competitive pricing and activities, consumption levels, costs, the ability to maintain and manage key customer relationships and supply chain sources, currency values, interest rates, the ability to integrate acquisitions and complete planned divestitures, the ability to complete planned restructuring activities, physical risks, environmental risks, the ability to manage regulatory, tax and legal matters and resolve pending matters within current estimates, legislative, fiscal and regulatory developments, political, economic and social conditions in the geographic markets where the Group operates and new or changed priorities of the Boards. Further details of potential risks and uncertainties affecting the Group are described in the Group's filings with the London Stock Exchange, Euronext Amsterdam and the US Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Annual Report and Accounts on Form 20-F. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this announcement. Except as required by any applicable law or regulation, the Group expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in the Group's expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.


ENQUIRIES


Media: Media Relations Team

UK +44 20 7822 6805 tim.johns@unilever.com

or +44 20 7822 6010 trevor.gorin@unilever.com

NL +31 10 217 4844  fleur-van.bruggen@unilever.com


Investors: Investor Relations Team  

+44 20 7822 6830  investor.relations@unilever.com

  



There will be a web cast of the results presentation available at:

www.unilever.com/ourcompany/investorcentre/results/quarterlyresults/default.asp



CONDENSED INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


INCOME STATEMENT

(unaudited)


Second Quarter

€ million

Half Year

2009

2008

Increase/
(Decrease)


2009

2008

Increase/
(Decrease)



Current rates

Constant rates




Current rates

Constant rates














Continuing operations:














10,458

10,374

%

%

Turnover

19,963

19,945

- %

%










1,320

1,369

(4)%

(5)%

Operating profit

2,554

3,184

(20)%

(20)%










(203)

(212)



 Restructuring, business disposals and 
 other items (RDIs) (see note 3)

(361)

181



1,523

1,581

(4)%

(5)%

 Operating profit before RDIs

2,915

3,003

(3)%

(4)%










(151)

(55)



Net finance costs

(334)

(141)



19

27



  Finance income

44

51



(125)

(114)



  Finance costs

(288)

(259)



(45)

32



  Pensions and similar obligations

(90)

67












36

30



Share in net profit/(loss) of joint ventures

63

74



(2)

(1)



Share in net profit/(loss) of associates

(3)

8



(1)

10



Other income from non-current investments

12

10












1,202

1,353

(11)%

(12)%

Profit before taxation

2,292

3,135

(27)%

(27)%










(369)

(375)



Taxation

(656)

(750)












833

978

(15)%

(16)%

Net profit from continuing operations

1,636

2,385

(31)%

(31)%










-

-



Net profit/(loss) from discontinued operations

-

-












833

978

(15)%

(16)%

Net profit for the period

1,636

2,385

 (31)%

(31)%














Attributable to:





75

69



  Minority interests

147

137



758

909

(17)%

(17)%

  Shareholders' equity

1,489

2,248

(34)%

(34)%























Combined earnings per share





0.27

0.32

(16)%

(17)%

   Total operations (Euros)

0.53

0.79

(33)%

(33)%

0.27

0.31

(16)%

(16)%

   Total operations - diluted (Euros)

0.52

0.77

(33)%

(33)%












STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(unaudited)


€ million

Half Year


2009

2008




Net profit for the period

1,636

2,385




Other comprehensive income



Fair value gains/(losses) on financial instruments net of tax

85

(34)

Actuarial gains/(losses) on pension schemes net of tax

(270)

(126)

Currency retranslation gains/(losses) net of tax

142

(331)




Total comprehensive income for the period

1,593

1,894




Attributable to:



  Minority interests

152

91

  Shareholders' equity

1,441

1,803




STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

(unaudited)


€ million

Half Year


2009

2008




Equity at 1 January

10,372

12,819

Total comprehensive income for the period

1,593

1,894

Dividends

(1,361)

(1,352)

Movement in treasury stock

18

(1,520)

Share-based payment credit

65

54

Dividends paid to minority shareholders

(70)

(95)

Currency retranslation gains/(losses) net of tax

(6)

(17)

Other movements in equity

(33)

(11)

Equity at the end of the period

10,578

11,772



CASH FLOW STATEMENT

(unaudited)


€ million

Half Year


2009

2008




Operating activities



Cash flow from operating activities

2,450

885

Income tax paid

(431)

(481)

Net cash flow from operating activities

2,019

404




Investing activities



Interest received

38

64

Net capital expenditure

(506)

(491)

Acquisitions and disposals

(365)

403

Other investing activities

(5)

40

Net cash flow from/(used in) investing activities

(838)

16




Financing activities



Dividends paid on ordinary share capital

(1,302)

(1,194)

Interest and preference dividends paid

(258)

(201)

Change in financial liabilities

130

2,081

Share buy-back programme

-

(1,085)

Other movements on treasury stock

17

(19)

Other financing activities

(43)

(89)

Net cash flow from/(used in) financing activities

(1,456)

(507)




Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

(275)

(87)




Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the year

2,360

901




Effect of exchange rate changes

(176)

(152)




Cash and cash equivalents at the end of period

1,909

662



BALANCE SHEET

(unaudited)


€ million

As at

30 June

 2009

As at
31 December 2008 

As at

30 June

2008





Non-current assets




Goodwill 

12,338

11,665

12,015

Intangible assets

4,598

4,426

4,436

Property, plant and equipment

6,261

5,957

6,045

Pension asset for funded schemes in surplus

413

425

1,857

Deferred tax assets

1,083

1,068

966

Other non-current assets

1,591

1,426

1,245

Total non-current assets

26,284

24,967

26,564





Current assets




Inventories

3,759

3,889

4,431

Trade and other current receivables

4,813

3,823

5,514

Current tax assets

167

234

241

Cash and cash equivalents

2,082

2,561

1,060

Other financial assets

334

632

259

Non-current assets held for sale

13

36

277

Total current assets

11,168

11,175

11,782





Current liabilities




Financial liabilities

(2,470)

(4,842)

(5,947)

Trade payables and other current liabilities

(8,428)

(7,824)

(8,377)

Current tax liabilities

(408)

(377)

(457)

Provisions

(698)

(757)

(829)

Liabilities associated with non-current assets held for sale

-

-

(42)

Total current liabilities

(12,004)

(13,800)

(15,652)

Net current assets/(liabilities)

(836)

(2,625)

(3,870)

Total assets less current liabilities

25,448

22,342

22,694





Non-current liabilities




Financial liabilities due after one year

8,826

6,363

5,607

Non-current tax liabilities

231

189

231

Pensions and post-retirement healthcare benefits liabilities:




             Funded schemes in deficit

2,052

1,820

787

             Unfunded schemes

2,011

1,987

2,084

Provisions

695

646

785

Deferred tax liabilities

796

790

1,260

Other non-current liabilities

259

175

168

Total non-current liabilities

14,870

11,970

10,922





Equity




Shareholders' equity

10,085

9,948

11,344

Minority interests

493

424

428

Total equity

10,578

10,372

11,772

Total capital employed

25,448

22,342

22,694



NOTES TO THE INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)


1 ACCOUNTING INFORMATION AND POLICIES

The condensed interim financial statements are based on International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as adopted by the EU and IFRS as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board.  The basis of preparation is consistent with the year ended 31 December 2008, except as set out below, and is in compliance with IAS 34 'Interim Financial Reporting'.


With effect from 1 January 2009 we have implemented IAS 1 (Revised) 'Presentation of Financial Statements' and IFRS 8 'Operating Segments'.  Our reportable segments under IFRS 8 are our three geographic regions, and the Group's chief operating decision maker is the Unilever Executive (UEx).  In note 4 we provide analysis of the key measure of profit, being operating profit, which is used by UEx to assess the performance of the operating segments.   There are no material sales between our operating regions.  Figures for the prior year have been restated to reflect the fact that our operations in Central and Eastern Europe are now managed together with those in Asia and Africa  There has been no material change in the segmental analysis of assets since the position reported at 31 December 2008. We provide additional analysis by product area on a voluntary basis in note 5.


The condensed financial statements are shown at current exchange rates, while percentage year-on-year changes are shown at both current and constant exchange rates to facilitate comparison.  The income statement on page 6the statements of comprehensive income and movements in equity on page 7 and the cash flow statement on page are translated at rates current in each period.  The balance sheet on page and the analysis of net debt on page 13 are translated at period-end rates of exchange.


The financial statements attached do not constitute the full financial statements within the meaning of Section 240 of the UK Companies Act 1985 and Section 434 of the UK Companies Act 2006. Full accounts for Unilever for the year ended 31 December 2008 have been delivered to the Registrar of Companies. The auditors' report on these accounts was unqualified and did not contain a statement under Section 237(2) or Section 237(3) of the UK Companies Act 1985.


2 NON-GAAP MEASURES

In our financial reporting we use certain measures that are not recognised under IFRS or other generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). We do this because we believe that these measures are useful to investors and other users of our financial statements in helping them to understand underlying business performance. Wherever we use such measures, we make clear that these are not intended as a substitute for recognised GAAP measures. Wherever appropriate and practical, we provide reconciliations to relevant GAAP measures. The principal non-GAAP measure which we apply in our quarterly reporting is underlying sales growth, which we reconcile to changes in the GAAP measure turnover in notes 4 and 5. In note 8 we reconcile net debt to the amounts reported in our balance sheet and cash flow statement. We also comment on underlying trends in operating margin, by which we mean the movements recorded after setting aside the impact of restructuring, disposals and other one-off items, on the grounds that the incidence of these items is uneven between quarterly reporting periods. In addition, we report annually against two further non-GAAP measures: Ungeared Free Cash Flow and Return on Invested Capital. Further information about these measures and their reconciliation to GAAP measures is given on our website at www.unilever.com/investorrelations


3 SIGNIFICANT ITEMS WITHIN THE INCOME STATEMENT

In our income statement reporting we recognise restructuring costs, profits and losses on business disposals and certain other one-off items, which we collectively term RDIs. We disclose on the face of our income statement the total value of such items that arise within operating profit. In our operating review by geographic segment and in note we highlight the impact of these items on our operating margin.  The following schedule shows the impact on net profit of RDIs arising within operating profit, together with the related tax effect, and also highlights the impact of similar one-off items arising elsewhere in the income statement.


€ million


Second Quarter



Half Year

2009

2008



2009

2008




RDIs within operating profit:



(203)

(206)


      Restructuring

(361)

(330)

-

(1)


      Business disposals

-

516

-

(5)


      Impairments and other one-off items

-

(5)

(203)

(212)


Total RDIs within operating profit

(361)

181

58

58


Tax effect of RDIs within operating profit:

102

(3)

(19)

-


RDIs arising below operating profit:

(19)

24

(164)

(154)


Total impact of RDIs on net profit

(278)

202


The impact of RDIs on reported Earnings Per Share is given in note 9.



4 SEGMENTAL ANALYSIS BY GEOGRAPHY

Continuing operations - Second Quarter

€ million

Asia Africa
CEE

Americas

Western Europe

Total






Turnover  





  2008  

3,617

3,314

3,443

10,374

  2009

3,856

3,335

3,267

10,458

Change

6.6 %

0.6 %

(5.1)%

0.8 %

Impact of:





  Exchange rates

(0.8)%

3.6 %

(2.2)%

0.0 %

  Acquisitions

0.2 %

0.8 %

0.6 %

0.5 %

  Disposals

(0.9)%

(8.1)%

(2.4)%

(3.7)%






Underlying sales growth

8.2 %

4.9 %

(1.1)%

4.1 %

  Price

4.8 %

3.2 %

(2.0)%

2.1 %

  Volume

3.3 %

1.6 %

1.0 %

2.0 %






Operating profit





  2008

426

445

498

1,369

  2009

502

441

377

1,320






Operating profit before RDIs





  2008

444

487

650

1,581

  2009

523

495

505

1,523






Operating margin





  2008

11.8 %

13.4 %

14.5 %

13.2 %

  2009

13.0 %

13.2 %

11.5 %

12.6 %






Operating margin before RDIs





  2008

12.3 %

14.7 %

18.9 %

15.2 %

  2009

13.6 %

14.8 %

15.5 %

14.6 %


Continuing operations - Half Year

€ million

Asia Africa
CEE

Americas

Western Europe

Total






Turnover





  2008

7,022

6,453

6,470

19,945

  2009

7,431

6,491

6,041

19,963

Change

5.8 %

0.6 %

(6.6)%

0.1 %

Impact of:





  Exchange rates

(2.4)%

2.8 %

(2.9)%

(0.9)%

  Acquisitions

0.7 %

0.5 %

0.3 %

0.5 %

  Disposals

(1.0)%

(8.1)%

(2.3)%

(3.7)%






Underlying sales growth

8.8 %

5.9 %

(1.9)%

4.4 %

  Price

7.4 %

5.5 %

(0.7)%

4.2 %

  Volume

1.3 %

0.4 %

(1.2)%

0.2 %






Operating profit





  2008

836

882

1,466

3,184

  2009

966

883

705

2,554






Operating profit before RDIs





  2008

856

949

1,198

3,003

  2009

1,017

977

921

2,915






Operating margin





  2008

11.9 %

13.7 %

22.7 %

16.0 %

  2009

13.0 %

13.6 %

11.7 %

12.8 %






Operating margin before RDIs





  2008

12.2 %

14.7 %

18.5 %

15.1 %

  2009

13.7 %

15.1 %

15.2 %

14.6 %



5 SEGMENTAL ANALYSIS BY PRODUCT AREA

Continuing operations - Second Quarter

€ million


Savoury dressings and spreads

Ice cream 

and beverages

Personal 

care

Home care 
and 

other

Total








Turnover







  2008


3,433

2,377

2,761

1,803

10,374

  2009


3,232

2,468

2,996

1,762

10,458

Change


(5.8)%

3.8 %

8.5 %

(2.4)%

0.8 %

Impact of:







  Exchange rates


0.4 %

(0.8)%

1.5 %

(1.6)%

0.0 %

  Acquisitions


0.0 %

0.0 

1.5 %

0.6 %

0.5 %

  Disposals


(6.0)%

(0.2)%

0.0 %

(9.7)%

(3.7)%

Underlying sales growth


(0.2)%

4.9 %

5.4 %

9.2 %

4.1 %








Operating profit







  2008


507

370

365

127

1,369

  2009


417

339

387

177

1,320








Operating margin







  2008


14.8 %

15.6 %

13.2 %

7.0 %

13.2 %

  2009


12.9 %

13.7 %

12.9 %

10.0%

12.6 %


Continuing operations - Half Year

€ million


Savoury dressings 

and spreads

Ice cream 

and beverages

Personal 

care

Home care 
and 

other

Total








Turnover







  2008


6,859

3,999

5,481

3,606

19,945

  2009


6,544

4,132

5,803

3,484

19,963

Change


(4.6)%

3.3 %

5.9 %

(3.4)%

0.1 %

Impact of:







  Exchange rates


(0.5)%

(1.5)%

0.4 %

(3.1)%

(0.9)%

  Acquisitions


0.2 %

0.5 %

0.8 %

0.6 %

0.5 %

  Disposals


(5.6)%

(0.1)%

0.0 %

(9.8)%

(3.7)%

Underlying sales growth


1.4 %

4.5 %

4.6 %

9.9 %

4.4 %








Operating profit







  2008


1,422

586

880

296

3,184

  2009


857

493

901

303

2,554








Operating margin







  2008


20.7 %

14.7 %

16.1 %

8.2 %

16.0 %

  2009


13.1 %

11.9 %

15.5 %

8.7 %

12.8 %



6 TAXATION

The effective tax rate for the half year was 29.4% compared with 24.6% for 2008. The tax rate is calculated by dividing the tax charge by pre-tax profit excluding the contribution of joint ventures and associates.  


Tax effects of components of other comprehensive income were as follows:


€ million
Half Year 2009
Half Year 2008
 
 
Tax
 
 
Tax
 
 
Before
(charge)/
After
Before
(charge)/
After
 
tax
credit
tax
tax
credit
tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair value gains/(losses) on financial instruments net of tax
133
(48)
85
(29)
(5)
(34)
Actuarial gains/(losses) on pension schemes net of tax
(373)
103
(270)
(150)
24
(126)
Currency retranslation gains/(losses) net of tax
142
–  
142
(331)
–  
(331)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income
(98)
55
(43)
(510)
19
(491)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 



7 RECONCILIATION OF NET PROFIT TO CASH FLOW FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES


€ million

Half Year


2009

2008




Net profit

1,636

2,385

Taxation

656

750

Share of net profit of joint ventures/associates and other income from non-current investments

(72)

(92)

Net finance costs

334

141

Operating profit (continuing and discontinued operations)

2,554

3,184

Depreciation, amortisation and impairment

497

466

Changes in working capital

(260)

(2,140)

Pensions and similar provisions less payments

(333)

(42)

Restructuring and other provisions less payments

(123)

(55)

Elimination of (profits)/losses on disposals 

(2)

(565)

Non-cash charge for share-based compensation

65

54

Other adjustments

52

(17)

Cash flow from operating activities

2,450

885



8 NET DEBT

€ million

As at

30 June

2009

As at

31 December

2008

As at

30 June

2008





Total financial liabilities

(11,296)

(11 205)

(11,554)

Financial liabilities due within one year

(2,470)

(4 842)

(5,947)

Financial liabilities due after one year

(8,826)

(6 363)

(5,607)

Cash and cash equivalents as per balance sheet

2,082

2 561

1,060

Cash and cash equivalents as per cash flow statement

1,909

2 360

662

Add bank overdrafts deducted therein

173

201

398

Financial assets

334

632

259

Net debt

(8,880)

(8 012)

(10,235)


On 12 February 2009 we issued a bond comprising two senior notes: (a) US $750 million at 3.65% maturing in 5 years and (b) US $750 million at 4.80% maturing in 10 years. On 19 March 2009 we issued senior notes of £350 million at 4.0% maturing in December 2014.  On 29 May 2009 we redeemed floating rate notes of €750 million. On 11 June 2009 we issued fixed rate notes on the Eurodollar market for US $450 million at 3.125%, maturing in 2013. On 17 June 2009 we issued senior fixed rate notes for £400 million at 4.75%, maturing in 2017.



9  COMBINED EARNINGS PER SHARE

The combined earnings per share calculations are based on the average number of share units representing the combined ordinary shares of NV and PLC in issue during the period, less the average number of shares held as treasury stock.


In calculating diluted earnings per share, a number of adjustments are made to the number of shares, principally the following: 
(i) conversion into PLC ordinary shares in the year 2038 of shares in a group company under the arrangements for the variation of the Leverhulme Trust and (ii) the exercise of share options by employees.


Earnings per share for total operations for the six months were calculated as follows:



2009

2008




Combined EPS - Basic

Millions of units

Average number of combined share units 

2,792.4

2,828.1





€ million

Net profit attributable to shareholders' equity

1,489

2,248




Combined EPS (Euros)

0.53

0.79




Combined EPS - Diluted

Millions of units

Adjusted average number of combined share units 

2,881.5

2,925.6




Combined EPS - diluted (Euros)

0.52

0.77



Impact of RDIs on Earnings Per Share




€ million

Total impact of RDIs on reported net profit (see note 3)

(278)

202




Impact of RDIs on basic earnings per share (Euros)

(0.10)

0.07



The numbers of shares included in the calculation of earnings per share is an average for the period. During the period the following movements in shares have taken place:



Millions

Number of shares at 31 December 2008 (net of treasury stock)


2,789.1

Net movements in shares under incentive schemes


7.9

Number of shares at 30 June 2009


2,797.0



10 ACQUISITIONS AND DISPOSALS

On 2 April 2009 we announced the completion of our purchase of the global TIGI professional hair product business and its supporting advanced education academies.


On 23 June 2009 we announced that we had increased our holding in our business in Vietnam to 100%, following an agreement with Vinachem who previously owned 33.3% of the business.


On 3 July 2009 we completed the acquisition of Baltimor Holding ZAO's sauces business in Russia. The acquisition includes ketchup, mayonnaise and tomato paste business under the Baltimor, Pomo d'Oro and Vostochniy Gourmand brands - accounting for turnover of around €70 million - and a production facility at Kolpino, near St Petersburg.  



11 EVENTS AFTER THE BALANCE SHEET DATE

There were no material post balance sheet events other than those mentioned elsewhere in this report.



RESPONSIBILITIES OF DIRECTORS


The Directors declare that, to the best of their knowledge:


  • this condensed set of interim financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 'Interim Financial Reporting', gives a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and profit or loss of Unilever; and

  • the interim management report gives a fair review of the information required pursuant to UK DTR regulations of 4.2.7 and 4.2.8 and section 5:25d (8)/(9) of the Dutch Act on Financial Supervision (Wet op het financieel toezicht).


Unilever's Directors are listed in the Annual Report and Accounts for 2008, with the exception of the following changes:


  • The Lord Simon of Highbury CBE retired as a Non-Executive Director on 14 May 2009 following the Group's AGMs; and

  • Professor Louise Fresco, Ann Fudge and Paul Walsh became Non-Executive Directors on 14 May 2009 following their appointments at the Group's AGMs.


Details of all current Directors are available on our website at www.unilever.com 




By order of the Board


Paul Polman                          James Lawrence

Chief Executive Officer        Chief Financial Officer

6 August 2009 


This information is provided by RNS
The company news service from the London Stock Exchange
 
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