Financial Express (Holdings) Limited (“we”, “our”, “us” and derivatives) are committed to protecting and respecting your privacy. This Privacy Policy, together with our Terms of Use, sets out the basis on which any personal data that we collect from you, or that you provide to us, will be processed by us relating to your use of any of the below websites (“sites”).

  • FEAnalytics.com
  • FEInvest.net
  • FETransmission.com
  • Investegate.co.uk
  • Trustnet.hk
  • Trustnetoffshore.com
  • Trustnetmiddleeast.com

For the purposes of the Data Protection Act 1998, the data controller is Trustnet Limited of 2nd Floor, Golden House, 30 Great Pulteney Street, London, W1F 9NN. Our nominated representative for the purpose of this Act is Kirsty Witter.

WHAT INFORMATION DO WE COLLECT ABOUT YOU?

We collect information about you when you register with us or use any of our websites / services. Part of the registration process may include entering personal details & details of your investments.

We may collect information about your computer, including where available your operating system, browser version, domain name and IP address and details of the website that you came from, in order to improve this site.

You confirm that all information you supply is accurate.

COOKIES

In order to provide personalised services to and analyse site traffic, we may use a cookie file which is stored on your browser or the hard drive of your computer. Some of the cookies we use are essential for the sites to operate and may be used to deliver you different content, depending on the type of investor you are.

You can block cookies by activating the setting on your browser which allows you to refuse the setting of all or some cookies. However, if you use your browser settings to block all cookies (including essential cookies) you may not be able to access all or part of our sites. Unless you have adjusted your browser setting so that it will refuse cookies, our system will issue cookies as soon as you visit our sites.

HOW WE USE INFORMATION

We store and use information you provide as follows:

  • to present content effectively;
  • to provide you with information, products or services that you request from us or which may interest you, tailored to your specific interests, where you have consented to be contacted for such purposes;
  • to carry out our obligations arising from any contracts between you and us;
  • to enable you to participate in interactive features of our service, when you choose to do so;
  • to notify you about changes to our service;
  • to improve our content by tracking group information that describes the habits, usage, patterns and demographics of our customers.

We may also send you emails to provide information and keep you up to date with developments on our sites. It is our policy to have instructions on how to unsubscribe so that you will not receive any future e-mails. You can change your e-mail address at any time.

In order to provide support on the usage of our tools, our support team need access to all information provided in relation to the tool.

We will not disclose your name, email address or postal address or any data that could identify you to any third party without first receiving your permission.

However, you agree that we may disclose to any regulatory authority to which we are subject and to any investment exchange on which we may deal or to its related clearing house (or to investigators, inspectors or agents appointed by them), or to any person empowered to require such information by or under any legal enactment, any information they may request or require relating to you, or if relevant, any of your clients.

You agree that we may pass on information obtained under Money Laundering legislation as we consider necessary to comply with reporting requirements under such legislation.

ACCESS TO YOUR INFORMATION AND CORRECTION

We want to ensure that the personal information we hold about you is accurate and up to date. You may ask us to correct or remove information that is inaccurate.

You have the right under data protection legislation to access information held about you. If you wish to receive a copy of any personal information we hold, please write to us at 3rd Floor, Hollywood House, Church Street East, Woking, GU21 6HJ. Any access request may be subject to a fee of £10 to meet our costs in providing you with details of the information we hold about you.

WHERE WE STORE YOUR PERSONAL DATA

The data that we collect from you may be transferred to, and stored at, a destination outside the European Economic Area (“EEA”). It may be processed by staff operating outside the EEA who work for us or for one of our suppliers. Such staff may be engaged in, amongst other things, the provision of support services. By submitting your personal data, you agree to this transfer, storing and processing. We will take all steps reasonably necessary, including the use of encryption, to ensure that your data is treated securely and in accordance with this privacy policy.

Unfortunately, the transmission of information via the internet is not completely secure. Although we will do our best to protect your personal data, we cannot guarantee the security of your data transmitted to our sites; any transmission is at your own risk. You will not hold us responsible for any breach of security unless we have been negligent or in wilful default.

CHANGES TO OUR PRIVACY POLICY

Any changes we make to our privacy policy in the future will be posted on this page and, where appropriate, notified to you by e-mail.

OTHER WEBSITES

Our sites contain links to other websites. If you follow a link to any of these websites, please note that these websites have their own privacy policies and that we do not accept any responsibility or liability for these policies. Please check these policies before you submit any personal data to these websites.

CONTACT

If you want more information or have any questions or comments relating to our privacy policy please email publishing@financialexpress.net in the first instance.

 Information  X 
Enter a valid email address

Caledonia Inv PLC (CLDN)

  Print      Mail a friend       Annual reports

Thursday 29 May, 2008

Caledonia Inv PLC

Final Results

RNS Number : 4647V
Caledonia Investments PLC
29 May 2008
 






Preliminary Results for the 12 months ended 31 March 2008


Key points


  • 4.5% increase in annual dividend to 32.5p marks 41 years of progressive dividends
  • £204m invested and £114m of assets realised
  • 4.6% decrease in diluted NAV per share - 6.3% outperformance vs FTSE All-Share index
  • 254% growth in total shareholder return over five years 155% outperformance vs FTSE All-Share Total Return index
  • 228growth in total shareholder return over ten years 187% outperformance vs FTSE All-Share Total Return index



Tim Ingram, Chief Executive, commented:


'In a year which saw double-digit percentage falls in stock market levels, our minor decrease in NAV per share of 4.6% demonstrates the resilience of our business model. We are proposing a further uplift in the final dividend, making 41 years of unbroken annual dividend increases.'


29 May 2008



Enquiries:

Caledonia Investments plc

College Hill

Tim Ingram, Chief Executive 

Tony Friend 

Jonathan Cartwright, Finance Director

Roddy Watt 

Tel: 020 7802 8080

Tel: 020 7457 2020



Chairman's statement


Results

In a difficult year for markets, it is not surprising to report that our fifth year as an investment trust has resulted in a decline of 4.6% in our net asset value per share, although this should be taken in the context of an 10.9% decline in the FTSE All-Share index. Given that the share prices of our second and fourth largest holdings, being Close Brothers and Quintain Estates, fell by 39% and 50% respectively, this outperformance reflects the sound quality of our overall portfolio. It also reinforces the validity of our long standing investment approach, which is to take significant stakes for the longer term in promising quoted and unquoted companies with management teams whom we have got to know and trust. This is similarly reflected in our continued longer term outperformance against our benchmark FTSE All-Share Total Return index over five and ten years of 155% and 187% respectively.


Share price and discount

Our share price fell by 0.8% over the year from 2066 pence to 2050 pence and, against the 5% decline in net asset value per share already mentioned, this reflected a narrowing of the share price discount from 8.5% to 4.9%. Our share price total return over one year, which assumes reinvestment of dividends, was positive at 0.8%.


Dividend

We are pleased to propose a 4.6% increase of 1.0 pence in the final dividend to 22.6 pence per share payable on 14 August 2008. This will bring the total dividends for the year to 32.5 pence, representing an increase of 4.5% over the previous year and costing £18.7m. We shall have increased our annual dividend to shareholders for forty-one consecutive years.


Portfolio and liquidity

The Chief Executive reviews the detailed changes to our portfolio in his report. In overall terms we have adopted a more cautious approach to the market over the past year, with investments made in five new situations totalling £48m, compared with 14 new situations in the previous year costing £128m. Follow-on investments totalled £156m compared with £162m last year. Together investments made exceeded realisations during the year by £89m, which, adjusted for movements in working capital, reduced our net liquidity from £109m to £24m. Whilst we remain cautious about markets, we would wish to be in a position to take advantage of the potentially interesting opportunities which are likely to arise from these difficult times and we are looking at arranging appropriate borrowing facilities.


Economic and political background

I have customarily made reference to the economic and political background and the impact it has on our business and for some years I have been strongly critical of the present Government. In the past year many of their chickens have come home to roost and what a shabby lot they look. Shorn of integrity and economic competence, Rooster Brown has even less feathers than Rooster Blair and lacks the latter's knack of preening himself. It is heartening that both the recent elections, exemplified by the change of the Mayor in London and the Crewe by-election, would suggest that the electorate is seeking change.


Fuelled by the greed of the US investment banks, the principal culprits in the sub-prime crisis, many other banks had lowered their standards to an alarming degree which the Government, through its Brown-imposed three way regulatory framework of Treasury, Bank of England and Financial Services Authority, utterly failed to spot. Over the past period of relative plenty, Brown has consistently and stealthily raised taxes and public expenditure in a way which has failed to deliver proper value. He blusters about prudent economic management when Britain is now at the lower end of a number of European economic league tables. Blair and Brown both promised a referendum on the new constitutional reforms in Europe and then reneged. What is particularly distressing in all this, is a growing politicisation of the civil service and the lack of example being set by those at the top in both politics and banking, with self interest dominating the willingness to take responsibility, which is hardly the right ethic to instil in future generations. All of this impinges on the prospects for growth in our economy.


Last year some of these factors led us to ask our shareholders for the authority to make contributions of up to £60,000 to the Conservative Party so that it can be equipped better to form an alternative government. I am pleased to report that we had a ringing endorsement in favour of this from the overwhelming majority of our shareholders. The year just past has strengthened our belief in this initiative although the Conservatives will have to be careful and consistent with their policy pronouncements. We shall ask our shareholders for permission to donate again to the Conservative Party with an increase in the contribution to £75,000 in case the next twelve months turns out to be an election year. The focus of giving will remain on building resource in the marginal seats where the past year's contributions were also targeted.


Staff

We are fortunate to have a close knit and dedicated team at Caledonia and it has been a busy year for them. Regulations, which often emanate from an unaccountable bureaucracy in Brussels or are imposed on industry in a manner which the UK Government opts out of for its own account as in the public sector pensions arena, continue to grow alarmingly and impose an unwelcome additional burden on the workload of our team and, worse, for the competitiveness of our economy in global markets. I would like to thank the Caledonia team on behalf of shareholders for their unstinting and diligent efforts.


Outlook

The financial markets have suffered unprecedented difficulties and the impact of all this is only now filtering through to the wider economy. This undoubtedly has further to go and inflation is likely to be the next issue to consider. So there is no easy road ahead but opportunities are bound to present themselves which we shall address with our traditional approach ever mindful of the difficult environment.



Peter Buckley

Chairman


Chief Executive's report


This time last year we expressed a cautious stance to investment, and the last 12 months have shown this to be right. We have seen considerable turbulence in the markets and major falls in many asset values. Over the 12 months ended 31 March 2008, the FTSE AllߛShare index fell by 10.9%. Against this backdrop the much smaller fall in our own diluted net asset value ('NAV') per share of 4.6%, although disappointing in absolute terms, nonetheless represented outperformance of 6.3% against the FTSE All-Share index and has demonstrated the resilience of our business model in these conditions.


Our aim is to ensure that over rolling five year periods our total shareholder return consistently outperforms the FTSE All-Share Total Return, as well as producing positive absolute returns. To achieve that aim, we put our efforts into ensuring that our NAV per share consistently outperforms the FTSE All-Share index over the medium term. Although we cannot always expect in the shorter term period of one year to meet this objective, nonetheless it should be noted that for each of the last five years - since we converted to investment trust status and have been measuring NAV on a consistent basis - our NAV per share has outperformed the FTSE All-Share index. Our long term approach to investment is working to produce for our shareholders the results to which we aspire, and has been delivering in both upturns and downturns in the market.


Our business philosophy, which centres around being a long term supportive and constructively involved shareholder, does mean that we do not normally liquidate our shareholdings in good companies just because of anticipated downturns in the market as a whole. Instead, during the last financial year and in order to provide some downside protection of the value of our portfolio in a falling market, we invested, through a subsidiary, a total of £12m in FTSE 250 put options. The value of these put options had of course substantially grown by the end of the period as a result of both falls in the index and increased volatility and this increase (of £7.6m pre-tax) has helped in part to offset the falls in value of some of our investments.


Significant changes in value

The falls in market prices of equities in the financial and property sectors have been particularly severe and, over the 12 months, the FTSE Financial sector as a whole fell by 23.6%, while the Real Estate sector fell by 35.3%. Not surprisingly, the values of a number of our investments in these sectors also fell.


Our investment in Close Brothers fell in value by over £70m. In the short term its business was adversely affected by the unwelcome threat of a hostile bid (which never materialised) by the much smaller Cenkos Securities. Nonetheless, we believe Close Brothers is now particularly well positioned for present market conditions and we have in fact taken advantage of the low share price to invest a further £7.3m during March 2008 as we believe there should be significant potential for value creation over the medium term.


Our investment in Quintain Estates produced the other substantial fall in value with a diminution of £53.4m. Its share price fall over the year was also accentuated by the confirmation from an unwelcome bidder that its potential offer would not proceed. Notwithstanding the malaise in the property sector, we consider Quintain Estates, with its relatively low level of debt and special development situations in Wembley and Greenwich, also to be well positioned for value creation over the longer term.


Other significant falls in value within these sectors included Polar Capital (down £16.9m), Terrace Hill (down £12.6m) and Rathbone Brothers (down £12.0m). In all cases we believe these to be well run, strong companies, and are confident that they will show good gains in value over the medium term.


Substantially offsetting the various falls in value have been a number of notable gains in value including:


o

Oval (£27.2m gain), our unquoted UK insurance broking investment, which has been successfully acquiring and consolidating smaller broking businesses and thereby significantly increasing profitability.

o

TGE Marine (£15.5m gain), our formerly unquoted marine gas engineering investment headquartered in Bonn, which is enjoying strong revenue and profitability growth. Since our financial year end, this business has listed on the AIM market leading to further substantial value gains.

o

Bristow Group (£16.2m gain), the US quoted helicopter operating company, which is benefiting from the buoyant conditions in the oil and gas industry.

o

Cobepa (£12.1m gain), the unquoted Brussels based private equity investment company.

o

Marketform (£10.5m gain), where we realised our investment in this UK unquoted insurance company through a trade sale.


Investment activity

The year was another one of busy activity. Our investment committee analysed 104 new investment opportunities (which compares with 130 the previous year) but, as a result of our cautious stance, only made five new investments totalling £48m (versus 14 totalling £128m in the previous year). We were however more active in follow-on situations, where we have been able to benefit from falls in market prices providing good buying opportunities in businesses we know well. We thus invested a further £144m in follow-on business investments and, as mentioned above, £12m in FTSE 250 put options, making a total investment of £204m - considerably lower than the £290m we had invested in the previous year.


More information on investments is given in the business review. It is worth noting that as at 31 March 2008 the total value of our Indian investments (including two UK quoted entities that focus exclusively on India) was £88m, representing 7.0% of shareholders' funds - up from 5.4% at the previous year end, and reflecting both further investment and growth in value.


Much effort is spent on being actively and constructively involved with the managements of our investee companies to help create long term value. It is our normal policy for Caledonia executives to join the board of an investee company where we have a significant stake and at the year end we had our executives on the boards of 26 of our top 30 investments.


Realisations totalled £114m, substantially down on the £317m realised during the previous year. The largest was the sale for £21m of our 27% stake in Marketform, an unquoted insurance company, which represented a 100% uplift in the value of this investment as at 31 March 2007. More information on realisations is given in the business review.


During the year, we purchased into treasury 277,229 of our shares at a total cost of £5.6m.


We started the year with around £109m of liquidity. Essentially as a result of the above activity this reduced to about £24m at 31 March 2008.


Costs

We continued to keep a tight rein on costs, believing that every pound spent is a pound less of our shareholders' net assets. Although our investment style is considerably more hands-on than most investment trusts, it is our continuing aim to contain our pre-tax total expense ratio ('TER') around the 1% level, and to keep it significantly below the average for the investment trust industry as a whole.


Our pre-tax TER for the year was 1.0%, which is significantly below the pre-tax weighted investment trust industry average of 1.4%. Moreover, given that our expenses contain all performance payments to executives, including bonus and share-based payments, this compares very favourably indeed with the private equity industry, which also involves a 'hands-on' investment style, but which industry is much shorter term than Caledonia and one where investors typically have to pay fees of both 2% per annum of assets managed and 20% of the gains made.


Outlook

The immediate economic outlook is not encouraging. In the USconsumer debt, including mortgages, has increased over the last seven years from around 65% of annual GDP to 94% - it is a similar picture in the UK with the ratio increasing from 70% to just over 100%. The UK economy is now starting to feel the adverse effects of this excessive binge-borrowing. Recession is a real possibility. However, we believe we are well positioned through being invested and involved in sound businesses that we understand well, and where usually we have board participation.


As the economic situation further unfolds, we expect a number of particularly good investment opportunities to arise and may well put in place term bank facilities for up to £100m.



Tim Ingram

Chief Executive

  Business review


OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGY


Objectives

Caledonia aims to achieve a long term total shareholder return in excess of the FTSE All-Share Total Return index, whilst maintaining a progressive annual dividend, through a focused portfolio of significant stakes in companies where we believe there to be good opportunities for building value.


Caledonia measures its performance over the long term by comparing its total shareholder return against the FTSE All-Share Total Return index over five and ten year periods.


In addition, Caledonia aims to achieve a positive total return over rolling five year periods.


Strategy

Caledonia's strategy is to invest in and actively manage significant stakes in 30 to 40 companies and situations where we believe there to be good opportunities for building value. Active management will usually be achieved by working closely and constructively with the investee managements, and usually with board representation, as a long term supportive shareholder. We self-manage our portfolio, using in-house expertise, as well as using third party managers who specialise in particular asset classes or geographical areas.


Caledonia seeks new investments with a typical size of £10m to £25m, although we may invest up to £100m in exceptional circumstances. Although Caledonia usually aims to have an influential minority stake, we will, on occasion, be prepared to take a controlling interest where we believe that this will maximise shareholder value. When considering an investment opportunity, we take particular care in appraising the capabilities and commitment of the management team of the prospective investee company. The anticipated total return from the investment, the strategy in relation to it, and the overall risks, are carefully analysed as part of the investment process.


Caledonia will invest part of its portfolio in third party managed funds. Again, a core skill is our ability to assess the capabilities and commitment of the fund management team and we will often seek to obtain a significant stake in the management company, thereby potentially enhancing returns to shareholders.


Caledonia seeks to work closely and constructively with the managements of companies that it has backed and to make available the considerable experience of our own team to help the investee companies' managements to address their business issues. The strategy for each investment, including the returns and the timing of eventual disposal, is reviewed regularly. Investments are realised when we believe that the funds released can provide better long term returns, but in a manner consistent with Caledonia's reputation as a supportive, long term investor.


Whilst the source of funding for new investments generally comes from its own resources, Caledonia may at times seek to enhance returns by taking on moderate levels of gearing.


Tight control is exercised over costs, notwithstanding Caledonia's active and participative management style. Cost containment is significantly aided by managing the large majority of investments through our in-house management team.

  

FINANCIAL REVIEW


The financial review discusses the results of the company for the financial year and refers to the company's income statement and balance sheet. In addition to holding minority stakes in investee businesses, the company holds majority stakes in a number of companies. The results of these companies are included in the consolidated financial statements. However, management views these majority stakes as part of the company's investment portfolio and they are included in the discussion below in this context. Where appropriate, the financial review refers to aspects of the consolidated financial statements.


Key performance indicators

Our key performance indicators are as follows:


o

Diluted net asset value per share growth against the movement in the FTSE All-Share over one year

o

Share price total return performance against the FTSE All-Share over five and ten years

o

Absolute share price total return over five years

o

Total expenses ratio

o

Deal flow.


Diluted net asset value per share

Net asset value ('NAV') per share, on a diluted basis, was 2155p at 31 March 2008, compared with 2258p at the same date in 2007 and 2044p in 2006. The decrease over the year of 103p (ߛ4.6%) resulted principally from the movement in portfolio value (ߛ11.8%) and annual dividends paid (ߛ1.5%).


Table 1 shows the components of the movement in diluted NAV per share over the year.


Table 1: Movement in diluted NAV per share


Net 

Number 

Dilution 

Diluted 


assets 

of shares 

adjustment 

NAV/share 


£m 

000's 

000's 

At 31 March 2007

1,323.2 

57,952 

646 

2258 

Total return

(43.3)

- 

- 

(74)

Annual dividends[1]

(18.2)

- 

- 

(32)

Treasury shares

(10.6)

(521)

37 

- 

Employee share options

(0.8)

(12)

- 

Share-based payments

1.6 

- 

- 

At 31 March 2008

1,251.9 

57,434 

671 

2155 

1.

NAV per share movement is taken as the dividend per share.


The company's NAV at 31 March 2008 of £1,251.9m (2007 - £1,323.2m) differs from the group's consolidated NAV of £1,247.9m (2007 - £1,311.0m) due to the inclusion of investments in subsidiaries at fair value in the company balance sheet as opposed to the underlying share of net assets in the consolidated balance sheet.


Total return

Caledonia incurred a negative total return for the year ended 31 March 2008 of £43.3m, which equates to ߛ3.3% on opening equity, compared with +10.5% in 2007. The key components were net losses on investments, partially offset by investment income recognised over the year. The loss for the year and net income recognised directly in equity together comprise the company's total return, summarised in table 2.


  Table 2: Total return


2008 

2007 


£m 

£m 

Gains and losses on investments

(70.2)

96.5 

Gains and losses on derivatives

0.3 

5.6 

Investment income

39.5 

40.1 

Investment income impairment

(9.3)

- 

Gross portfolio return

(39.7)

142.2 

Management expenses

(11.2)

(11.0)

Other expenses

(1.7)

(1.1)

Net portfolio return

(52.6)

130.1 

Treasury income and expenses

3.9 

3.5 

Taxation

4.8 

2.5 

Profit/(loss) for the year

(43.9)

136.1 

Gains and losses recognised in equity

0.6 

1.6 

Total recognised income and expense ('total return')

(43.3)

137.7 


Gross portfolio return

Gross portfolio return comprises gains and losses on investments, investment income and other items. The reduced performance of ߛ2.4% in 2008, compared with +12.4% in 2007, reflected the downturn in equity markets. The FTSE All-Share fell by 10.9% in 2008, compared with an increase of 7.7% in 2007.


Net gains and losses on investments for the year amounted to a £70.2m loss, compared with a gain of £96.5m for the previous year. An analysis of this return is given in table 3.


Table 3: Net gains and losses on investments


2008 

2007 


£m 

£m 

Unquoted investments

91.2 

54.4 

Quoted investments

(161.4)

42.1 


(70.2)

96.5 


Gains on unquoted investments included £27.2m for Oval, the UK regional insurance broker, £15.5m for TGE Marine, the German gas transport and storage engineering business, £12.1m for Cobepa, the Belgian investment company, and £10.5m for Marketform, the non-US medical insurance services business, the value of which was realised near the year end. Losses on unquoted investments included £17.7m relating to Incisive Media, the UK business to business publisher, and £9.7m for Ermitage, the Jersey-based funds of hedge funds manager. Losses on quoted investments included £70.7m for Close Brothers, £53.4m for Quintain Estates, £16.9m for Polar Capital, £12.6m for Terrace Hill and £12.0m for Rathbone Brothers, partially offset by gains including £16.2m for Bristow Group.


Net gains on derivatives of £0.3m comprised gains on forward currency purchase contract, compared with £5.6m in 2007, of which £6.0m related to gains on forward currency sale contracts, to hedge our US dollar exposure, and £0.4m related to a loss on a basket of options to hedge against fluctuations in deferred proceeds on the sale of an investment.


Investment income of £39.5m was 1.5% lower than the £40.1m booked in 2007. This decrease resulted principally from the receipt in 2007 of dividends from Sterling Industries, the Sloane Club and Buckingham Gate, which were not repeated in 2008. The investment income provision in 2008 comprised a provision against interest accrued from high-yielding loan notes.


An analysis of gross portfolio returns in 2008 is shown in table 4.


Table 4: Gross portfolio returns


Gains/ 

Net 

Gross 


(losses) 

income 

returns 


£m 

£m 

£m 

Oval

27.2 

1.1 

28.3 

TGE Marine

15.5 

2.7 

18.2 

Bristow Group

16.2 

0.4 

16.6 

Cobepa

12.1 

0.8 

12.9 

Marketform

10.5 

0.6 

11.1 

Rathbone Brothers

(12.0)

1.7 

(10.3)

Ermitage

(9.7)

(1.8)

(11.5)

Terrace Hill

(12.6)

0.4 

(12.2)

Polar Capital

(16.9)

0.7 

(16.2)

Incisive Media

(17.7)

- 

(17.7)

Quintain Estates

(53.4)

1.3 

(52.1)

Close Brothers

(70.7)

11.5 

(59.2)

Other investments

41.6 

10.8 

52.4 


(69.9)

30.2 

(39.7)


Oval's return of £28.3m reflected improved trading and a recent arm's length market transaction. TGE Marine's increase of £18.2m reflected a substantial improvement in the offshore business. Bristow Group benefited from high levels of activity in the oil and gas industry, with firm oil prices and strong demand. Cobepa's investment portfolio showed strong gains. Marketform's uplift resulted from the sale of our stake during the year. A decline in the equity markets over the year was reflected in the reduced market prices of Rathbone Brothers, Terrace Hill, Polar Capital, Quintain Estates and Close Brothers. 'Other investments' comprised a number of investments with gross returns of less than £7.0m of gain or loss each.


Expenses

Management expenses comprised the costs incurred in managing the operations of the company and totalled £11.2m for the year, compared with £11.0m in 2007.


Other expenses of £1.7m (2007 - £1.1m) comprised transaction costs of potential and completed investments of £0.3m (2007 - £0.5m), £0.6m of performance fees to third party managers and £0.8m of other costs. In 2007, £0.6m of expenses related to the elective special dividend.


Treasury income and expenses

Treasury income and expenses, totalling £3.9m (2007 - £3.5m), reflected the net returns on treasury assets during the year. The company held net liquidity in term deposits, averaging £58.6m over the year. Also included were exchange losses of £0.2m (2007 - £0.7m), which arose from holding foreign currency balances.


Dividends

During the year, we paid dividends of 31.5p per share (2007 - 30.0p), amounting to £18.2m (2007 - £18.5m), representing the final dividend in respect of the year ended 31 March 2007 of 21.6p per share and the interim dividend in respect of the year ended 31 March 2008 of 9.9p per share. Caledonia maintains a progressive dividend policy and has an unbroken record of annual dividend increases over the last 41 consecutive years.


In July 2006, we paid £102.9m in the form of an elective special dividend of 1902.17p for each share elected subsequent to an offering to shareholders to participate in a return of funds. The elected shares were subsequently cancelled for £nil consideration.


Treasury and employee trust shares

Shares held in treasury and held by the employee share trust are excluded from the NAV per share calculations.


At 31 March 2008, 661,131 shares were accounted as held in treasury, of which 277,229 shares were bought during the year at a cost of £5.6m and 243,902 shares were subject to a buy-back arrangement whereby, for the duration of the close period from 1 April 2008 to the announcement of our preliminary results on 29 May 2008, we had given an irrevocable undertaking to our broker, JPMorgan Cazenove, to purchase the company's shares on our behalf, within certain parameters. This instruction was subject to a maximum of £5.0m or 250,000 shares. At 31 March 2008, £5.0m represented the equivalent value of 243,902 shares at the mid-market price on that day.


Caledonia operates an employee share trust to hold shares pending transfer to employees as a result of the exercise of share options or calling of deferred bonus awards. At 31 March 2008, 700,079 shares were held by the trust, decreased from 703,284 shares held at the end of the previous year. During the year, the trust transferred 68,781 shares to staff on exercise of share options and bought 65,576 shares. These transactions resulted in a net payment by the trust of £0.8m.


NAV per share dilution

The NAV per share dilution adjustment measures the effect of re-issuing treasury shares at a discount to NAV per share and from the exercise of executive share options and the calling of deferred bonus shares by assuming that these events take place at the year end. The adjustment is expressed as a free shares equivalent.


At 31 March 2008, re-issuing the 661,131 shares (2007 - 140,000 shares) accounted as held in treasury at the closing mid-market price would have yielded proceeds of £13.6m (2007 - £2.9m). In addition, the exercise of the 1,205,896 in-the-money executive share options and calling of deferred bonus shares (2007 - 1,217,383) would have yielded proceeds of £12.3m (2007 - £12.9m).


The NAV dilution adjustment of 671,000 (2007 - 646,000) represents the issue of an equivalent number of shares for £nil consideration to achieve the same dilution effect.


Share price total return

We measure our longer term performance by comparing our share price total return against the FTSE All-Share Total Return index over five and ten year periods and also by our absolute share price total return over rolling five year periods. The total return measure assumes the re-investment of dividends on the ex-dividend date at the closing share price on that date.


Whilst the share price total return provides an accurate measure of investors' returns, it should be noted that it is based on the company's share price, which is not within the company's direct control.


Shares in Caledonia have produced a total return to investors of 254% over five years and 228% over ten years, compared with total returns of 99% and 41% respectively from the FTSE All-Share - outperformance of 155% and 187%.


As well as seeking to outperform the FTSE All-Share Total Return index over five and ten year periods, the company also aims to deliver positive total return on a rolling five year basis.


Over the last ten years, we have made a positive total return over rolling five year periods, except for a short period in late March and early April 2003.


Total expenses ratio

The calculation of our pre-tax total expenses ratio ('TER') is based on our adjusted annualised management expenses, divided by closing net assets. Management expenses reflect the cost of managing the investment portfolio and exclude third party performance fees, investment transaction costs and restructuring costs.


For the purposes of calculating the TER, management expenses reported in the income statement are adjusted to expense the fair value of equity rights granted under our deferred bonus plan in the year to which the awards relate. This differs from the accounting treatment, which expenses some of the entitlements over the three year vesting period. The effect of this adjustment is to increase reported management expenses by £1.7m to £12.9m in 2008, by £0.1m to £11.1m in 2007 and by £1.4m to £12.2m in 2006.


Deal flow

Our ability to access attractive investment opportunities, through our extensive network, is crucial to our strategy of being a long term, supportive investor. We measure our deal flow according to the number of opportunities that have passed our initial screening process and warrant further investigation as opportunities in which we might be interested in investing. During the year, we actively considered 104 new investment opportunities, compared with 130 in 2007.

 

Cash flows

The key cash flows during the year comprised an aggregate inflow of £115.0m (2007 - £309.5m) from the realisation of investments and outflow of £199.7m (2007 - £290.4m) for the purchase of investments. In addition, in 2007, there was a cash outflow of £102.9m in respect of the elective special dividend paid in July 2006.


At the year end, we held cash equivalents totalling £23.5m (2007 - £108.6m).


Gearing

Caledonia had no debt at 31 March 2008 (2007 - £nil). During 2007, borrowings rose to £43.0m for a short period to finance in part the elective special dividend. Those borrowings were repaid between July and September 2006 from the proceeds of investment realisations.


Subsidiary companies of Caledonia had borrowings totalling £67.8m at 31 March 2008 (2007 - £66.0m) to finance operations. Caledonia provided bank guarantees in respect of £63.7m of these borrowings (2007 - £51.5m).


Investment portfolio

The value of the investment portfolio at 31 March 2008 was £1,248.1m, compared with £1,228.9m at 31 March 2007.


  Movement

Table 5 illustrates the movement in the value of the portfolio over the year.


Table 5: Movement in value of the investment portfolio


2008 

2007 


£m 

£m 

Opening investment portfolio

1,228.9 

1,148.0 

Investment

203.8 

290.0 

Realisation proceeds[1]

(114.4)

(316.8)

Gains and losses on investments[1]

(70.2)

102.1 

Rolled-up interest

- 

5.2 

Limited partnership current accounts

- 

0.4 

Closing investment portfolio

1,248.1 

1,228.9 

1.

2007 comparatives included £5.6m of net gains on derivatives


Investment

Caledonia invested a total of £203.8m in the year, compared with £290.0m in 2007. A summary of the principal investments, analysed between new and follow-on situations, is given in table 6.


Table 6: Investment


Resulting  






equity  






holding  


Country of


Cost 

Name

 

Category

Domicile

Business

£m 

New investments






London & Stamford Property

6.8  

Equity

Guernsey

Property investment

19.5 

Retif

15.4  

Equity/loans

France

Shop fittings supplier

12.9 

Vietnamese portfolio


Equity

Vietnam

Various

9.7 

Celona[1]

  

Loans

UK

Telecoms

5.0 

Arihant

3.3  

Equity

India

Property development

1.0 






48.1 

Follow-on investments






Quintain Estates

10.0  

Equity

UK

Property investment/ development

27.5 

Incisive Media


Capital

UK

Business publisher

15.6 

Hedging subsidiary[2]

100  

Loans

UK

FTSE 250 put options

12.0 

Polar Capital funds


Shares

Cayman

Hedge funds

10.0 

Eddington Capital fund


Shares

Cayman

Fund of hedge funds

10.0 

Serica Energy

13.2  

Equity

UK

Oil/gas exploration

9.8 

Oval

24.1  

Equity/loans

UK

Insurance broking

9.1 

Avanti Communications

24.4  

Equity/loans

UK

Satellite communic-

8.0 





ations services


Close Brothers

12.9  

Equity

UK

Merchant banking

7.3 

Other investments





46.4 






155.7 

Total





203.8 

1.

The company also holds warrants to subscribe for shares representing up to 49.9% of the equity.

2.

Subsidiary company used to purchase FTSE 250 put options.


  During the year, we appraised 104 new opportunities and invested £48.1m in five of these. Of the new investments, £10.7m was invested in Asia, in line with our strategy of increasing our investment exposure to this region.


Realisations

Caledonia made full and partial realisations of holdings during the year with total proceeds of £114.4m (2007 - £316.8m), a summary of which is given in table 7.


Table 7: Realisations




Realised 



Proceeds 

gain 

Name

Nature of realisation

£m 

£m 

Polar Capital funds

Redemptions

23.3 

1.6 

Marketform

Full sale of holding

21.0 

5.8 

CF AVI Global Fund

Redemption

9.3 

2.3 

BIA Pacific Fund

Redemption

6.0 

1.9 

Kandia

Capital distribution

5.8 

1.2 

Pragma

Capital distribution

5.7 

4.1 

Conduit Latin American Power fund

Capital distributions

5.4 

1.6 

Other realisations


37.9 

13.7 



114.4 

32.2 


We sold our stake in Marketform, the non-US medical insurance services company, for £21.0m, realising a gain over cost of £5.8m.


Analysis

Portfolio value by business sector

Table 8 below analyses the investment portfolio by business sector. Over the year, there has been a shift in the weighting of our portfolio from financial, reflecting the overall decline in market values of financial stocks in the wake of the US sub-prime mortgage crisis, and into industrial, with the investment in Retif and increase in the valuation of TGE Marine.


Table 8: Portfolio value by business sector


2008 

2007 


Financial

26 

30 

Funds

28 

28 

Property

13 

14 

Oil and gas

Industrial

1

Consumer

11 

11 


100 

100 


Portfolio value by security type

Table 9 below shows the analysis by security type. The reduction in quoted equities resulted from the overall decline in equity markets over the year and the increased percentage in unquoted equities reflected an increase in values resulting from improved trading prospects and recent transactions in specific investments.


  Table 9: Portfolio value by security type


2008 

2007 


Equities quoted

55 

62 

Equities unquoted

20 

15 

Loans and fixed income

12 

Hedge and other funds

13 

14 


100 

100 


Portfolio value by currency

The analysis by currency of the investment instruments is shown in table 10 below. The principal changes over the year were a reduced percentage in sterling, reflecting the general fall in UK equity prices and an increase in the euro as a result of the investment in Retif, increased valuation of European investments and the strength of the euro currency.


Table 10: Portfolio value by currency


2008 

2007 


Pound sterling

77 

83 

Euro

10 

US dollar

Indian rupee

Other


100 

100 


Portfolio value by age

Table 11 below analyses the investment portfolio value by the age of investments, measured from the date of initial investment. The value of investments held for under one year has reduced this year as the rate of new investment has slowed.


Table 11: Portfolio value by age


2008 

2007 


Under 1 year

11 

1 to 3 years

20 

17 

3 to 5 years

23 

14 

5 to 7 years

Over 7 years

47 

49 


100 

100 


As at 31 March 2008, the weighted average age of the investment portfolio, measured from the date of initial investment, was 9.5 years (2007 - 9.8 years).


Portfolio value by geography

Table 12 below analyses the investment portfolio value by geographical region, based on the country of listing for quoted securities, country of registration for unquoted securities and underlying geographical allocation for funds. Over the year, there has been a reduction in UK interests, reflecting the general fall in UK equity prices, and an increase in Europe, with new investments and increasing valuations.


  Table 12: Portfolio value by geography


2008 

2007 


United Kingdom

60 

67 

Continental Europe

16 

11 

North America

Asia and Far East

11 

12 

Other countries

Unallocated


100 

100 


Significant holdings

Table 13 lists our investment portfolio holdings of over 1% of net assets.


Table 13: Significant holdings


Equity  


 

 

 

Proportion 


holding  

Country of

Business


Total 

of net  

Name

%  

domicile

sector

Nature of business

£m 

assets % 

British Empire Securities[1,2]

18.5  

UK

Funds

Investment trust

140.0 

11.2 

Close Brothers[1,2]

12.9  

UK

Financial

Merchant banking

118.7 

9.5 

Oval[2]

24.1  

UK

Financial

Insurance broking

65.9 

5.3 

Quintain Estates[1]

10.0  

UK

Property

Property investment and development

58.6 

4.7 

Bristow Group[1,2]

6.8  

US/UK

Oil and gas

Helicopter services

55.0 

4.4 

Cobepa[2]

9.9  

Belgium

Funds

Investment company

48.0 

3.8 

Rathbone Brothers[1,2] 

10.7  

UK

Financial

Fund management

47.8 

3.8 

Eddington Capital funds[2]

 

Cayman

Funds

Funds of hedge funds

39.7 

3.2 

TGE Marine[2,3]

49.9  

Germany

Industrial

Gas engineering

38.0 

3.0 

Melrose Resources[1,2]

9.7  

UK

Oil and gas

Oil and gas exploration

35.0 

2.8 

Polar Capital funds[2]

 

Ireland/Cayman

Funds

Hedge/long-only funds

34.1 

2.7 

Satellite Information Services[2]

22.5  

UK

Consumer

Betting information distribution

24.6 

2.0 

Sterling Industries[2]

100  

UK

Industrial

Engineering

23.2 

1.8 

Avanti Communications[1,2]

24.4  

UK

Consumer

Satellite commun-ications services

22.6 

1.8 

AG Barr[1]

9.4  

UK

Consumer

Soft drinks

20.5 

1.6 

Alok Industries[1,2]

14.9  

India

Consumer

Textiles manufacturer

19.9 

1.6 

London & Stamford Property[1]

6.8  

Guernsey

Property

Property investment

19.5 

1.6 

Serica Energy[1,2]

13.2  

UK

Oil and gas

Oil and gas exploration

18.6 

1.5 

Novae Group[1,2]

7.2  

UK

Financial

Insurance services

18.4 

1.5 

Union-Castle[2]

100  

UK

Financial

Hedging subsidiary

17.3 

1.4 

The Sloane Club[2]

100  

UK

Consumer

Residential club owner and operator

16.8 

1.3 

Buckingham Gate[2]

100  

UK

Property

Property investment

15.4 

1.2 

India Capital Growth Fund[1,2]

24.0  

Guernsey

Funds

Investment company

15.3 

1.2 

Nova Springboard[2]

 

Guernsey

Funds

Investment fund

15.2 

1.2 

Varun Shipping[1,2]

11.0  

India

Industrial

Shipping services

14.9 

1.2 

Retif[2]

15.4  

France

Industrial

Shop fittings supplier

14.8 

1.2 

Incisive Media[2]

 

UK

Consumer

Business publisher

14.4 

1.1 

Edinmore[2]

100  

UK

Property

Property trading

13.3 

1.1 

Other investments[4]





262.6 

21.0 

Total investments

 

 

 

 

1,248.1 

99.7 

Cash and other net assets

 

 

 

 

3.8 

0.3 

Net assets

 

 

 

 

1,251.9 

100.0 

1.

Equity securities quoted on UK or overseas stock exchanges.

2.

Board representation.

3.

Listed on 15 May 2008.

4.

Comprised investments of less than 1% of net assets each.


  Income statement 
for the year ended 31 March 2008



Company

Group


2008 

2007 

2008  

2007  


£m 

£m 

£m  

£m  

Gains and losses on investments held at





    fair value through profit or loss

(70.2)

96.5 

(80.7

66.0  

Gains and losses on derivatives used to





    hedge the fair value of investments

0.3 

5.6 

7.9  

5.9  

Provisions

- 

- 

-  

(3.1

Investment income

39.5 

40.1 

35.7  

25.5  

Investment income impairment

(9.3)

- 

(5.1

-  

Gross portfolio return

(39.7)

142.2 

(42.2

94.3  

Management expenses

(11.2)

(11.0)

(11.2

(11.0

Other expenses

(1.7)

(1.1)

(1.7

(1.1

Net portfolio return

(52.6)

130.1 

(55.1

82.2  

Revenue from sales of goods and services

- 

- 

120.5  

135.0  

Operating expenses

- 

- 

(106.6

(120.0

Gain/(loss) on disposal of operations

- 

- 

(0.1

4.4  

Gain on investment property

- 

- 

4.4  

-  

Share of results of joint ventures

- 

- 

0.4  

6.1  

Profit/(loss) before finance costs

(52.6)

130.1 

(36.5

107.7  

Gains on money market funds held at





    fair value through profit or loss

- 

1.0 

-  

1.0  

Treasury interest receivable

4.1 

3.5 

4.5  

4.3  

Exchange movements

(0.2)

(0.7)

(1.0

(0.7

Finance costs

- 

(0.3)

(4.2

(4.1

Profit/(loss) before tax

(48.7)

133.6 

(37.2

108.2  

Taxation

4.8 

2.5 

(1.7

(0.3

Profit/(loss) for the year

(43.9)

136.1 

(38.9

107.9  






Attributable to





Equity holders of the parent

(43.9)

136.1 

(38.1

106.1  

Minority interest

- 

- 

(0.8

1.8  


(43.9)

136.1 

(38.9

107.9  






Basic earnings per ordinary share

-76.0p 

228.6p 

-65.9p  

178.3p  

Diluted earnings per ordinary share

-76.0p 

226.9p 

-65.9p  

176.9p  


  Statement of recognised income and expense
for the year 
ended 31 March 2008



Company

Group


2008 

2007 

2008  

2007  


£m 

£m 

£m  

£m  

Exchange differences on translation of





    foreign operations

- 

- 

2.5  

(1.2

Actuarial gains and losses on





    defined benefit pension schemes

1.5 

(0.3)

1.5  

0.2  

Tax on items recognised directly in equity

(0.9)

1.9 

(0.9

1.7  

Net income recognised directly in equity

0.6 

1.6 

3.1  

0.7  

Profit/(loss) for the year

(43.9)

136.1 

(38.9

107.9  

Total recognised income and expense

(43.3)

137.7 

(35.8

108.6  






Attributable to





Equity holders of the parent

(43.3)

137.7 

(35.1

106.8  

Minority interest

- 

- 

(0.7

1.8  


(43.3)

137.7 

(35.8

108.6  


  Balance sheet
a31 March 2008



Company

Group


2008 

2007 

2008  

2007  


£m 

£m 

£m  

£m  

Non-current assets





Investments held at





    fair value through profit or loss

1,247.3 

1,228.1 

1,127.7  

1,125.9  

Investments in subsidiaries held at cost

0.8 

0.8 

-  

-  

Available for sale investments

- 

- 

0.5  

0.5  

Intangible assets

- 

- 

39.5  

40.7  

Property, plant and equipment

- 

- 

88.3  

78.6  

Investment property

- 

- 

5.4  

5.8  

Interests in joint ventures

- 

- 

7.7  

11.6  

Deferred tax assets

1.7 

5.8 

4.7  

8.0  

Employee benefits

2.0 

- 

2.0  

-  

Non-current assets

1,251.8 

1,234.7 

1,275.8  

1,271.1  

Current assets





Inventories

- 

- 

16.2  

19.5  

Trade and other receivables

4.2 

6.5 

49.6  

29.0  

Current tax assets

- 

- 

0.3  

0.2  

Money market funds held at





    fair value through profit or loss

- 

- 

-  

0.3  

Cash and cash equivalents

23.5 

108.6 

42.7  

123.2  

Current assets

27.7 

115.1 

108.8  

172.2  

Total assets

1,279.5 

1,349.8 

1,384.6  

1,443.3  

Current liabilities





Bank overdrafts

- 

- 

-  

(1.5

Interest-bearing loans and borrowings

- 

- 

(16.5

(1.3

Trade and other payables

(9.7)

(4.8)

(32.7

(27.1

Employee benefits

- 

- 

(3.9

(3.1

Current tax liabilities

(3.3)

(5.2)

(6.9

(6.6

Provisions

(13.5)

(13.5)

(14.1

(14.1

Current liabilities

(26.5)

(23.5)

(74.1

(53.7

Non-current liabilities





Interest-bearing loans and borrowings

- 

- 

(51.3

(64.7

Employee benefits

(1.1)

(0.9)

(5.2

(5.4

Deferred tax liabilities

- 

(2.2)

(2.7

(3.6

Non-current liabilities

(1.1)

(3.1)

(59.2

(73.7

Total liabilities

(27.6)

(26.6)

(133.3

(127.4

Net assets

1,251.9 

1,323.2 

1,251.3  

1,315.9  


  


Company

Group


2008 

2007 

2008 

2007 


£m 

£m 

£m 

£m 

Equity





Share capital

3.3 

3.3 

3.3  

3.3  

Share premium

1.3 

1.3 

1.3  

1.3  

Capital redemption reserve

1.2 

1.2 

1.2  

1.2  

Capital reserve

998.1 

1,063.5 

-  

-  

Retained earnings

274.3 

268.8 

1,266.7  

1,320.8  

Foreign exchange translation reserve

- 

- 

1.7  

(0.7

Own shares

(26.3)

(14.9)

(26.3

(14.9

Equity attributable to owners of the parent

1,251.9 

1,323.2 

1,247.9  

1,311.0  

Minority interest

- 

- 

3.4  

4.9  

Total equity

1,251.9 

1,323.2 

1,251.3  

1,315.9  






Undiluted net asset value per ordinary share

2180p 

2283p 



Diluted net asset value per ordinary share

2155p 

2258p 




  Cash flow statement
for the year ended 31 March 2008



Company

Group


2008 

2007 

2008  

2007  


£m 

£m 

£m  

£m  

Operating activities





Dividends received

25.6 

29.7 

25.3  

12.8  

Interest received

7.5 

7.9 

7.3  

7.2  

Cash received from customers

- 

-

127.6  

144.8  

Cash paid to suppliers

(13.5)

(10.1)

(116.5

(130.5

Taxes received/(paid)

2.9 

- 

1.7  

(4.5

Group relief received

1.4 

0.4 

-  

-  

Net cash flow from operating activities

23.9 

27.9 

45.4  

29.8  

Investing activities





Purchases of investments held at





    fair value through profit or loss

(199.7)

(290.4)

(188.3) 

(253.3) 

Proceeds on disposal of investments held at





    fair value through profit or loss

115.0 

309.5 

108.1  

251.0  

Proceeds on disposal of money market funds





    held at fair value through profit or loss

76.8 

0.3  

76.8  

Net receipts/(payments) from derivatives

0.3 

4.4 

(11.3) 

5.1  

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

- 

- 

(9.5

(18.9

Proceeds from disposal of





    property, plant and equipment

- 

- 

1.1  

0.7  

Proceeds on disposal of joint ventures

- 

- 

4.0  

4.0  

Proceeds on disposal of investment property

- 

- 

4.8  

-  

Purchases of subsidiaries net of cash acquired

- 

- 

(0.7

(17.1

Proceeds on disposal of subsidiaries





    net of cash disposed

- 

- 

(1.5

3.0  

Net cash flow from/(used in) investing activities

(84.4)

100.3 

(93.0

51.3  

Financing activities





Interest paid

- 

(0.3)

(3.9

(2.7

Distributions paid to holders of equity shares

(18.2)

(18.5)

(18.2

(18.5

Dividends paid to minority interests

- 

- 

(0.1

(0.4

Elective special dividend paid

- 

(102.9)

-  

(102.0

Proceeds from new borrowings

- 

43.0 

6.0  

83.8  

Repayment of borrowings

- 

(43.0)

(9.5

(73.9

Net purchase of own shares

(6.4)

(1.7)

(6.4

(1.7

Net cash flow used in financing activities

(24.6)

(123.4)

(32.1

(115.4

Net increase/(decrease) in cash





    and cash equivalents

(85.1)

4.8 

(79.7

(34.3

Cash and cash equivalents at year start

108.6 

103.8 

121.7  

156.5  

Exchange gains/(losses) on cash and





    cash equivalents

- 

- 

0.7  

(0.5

Cash and cash equivalents at year end

23.5 

108.6 

42.7  

121.7  


  Notes to the preliminary results


Note 1

The information in this news release does not constitute statutory accounts within the meaning of Schedule 240 of the Companies Act 1985 (the 'Act'). The statutory accounts for the year ended 31 March 2008 will be delivered to the Registrar of Companies in England and Wales in accordance with Section 242 of the Act. The auditor has reported on those accounts; the report was unqualified and did not contain a statement under Section 237(2) or (3) of the Act.


Copies of this statement are available at the company's registered office, Cayzer House, 30 Buckingham Gate, London SW1E 6NN.


Note 2

Subject to approval by shareholders at the annual general meeting to be held on 29 July 2008, the final dividend of 22.6p per share will be payable on 14 August 2008 to holders of shares on the register on 27 June 2008. The ex-dividend date will be 25 June 2008.


Note 3

Whilst the financial information included in this preliminary results announcement has been computed in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards ('IFRSs'), this announcement does not itself contain sufficient information to comply with IFRSs. The company expects to publish financial statements that comply with IFRSs on 18 June 2008.

 

 

This information is provided by RNS
The company news service from the London Stock Exchange
 
END
 
 
FR APMPTMMATBRP